For thousands of years, human beings have experienced a variety of addictions; however, over the last few centuries, the assumed causes of an individual’s addiction have changed. In earlier centuries, “inebriates” were considered to have a moral defect or character flaw—the concept of addiction did not exist. Then, in the 18th century, the disease model emerged based on the belief that drugs themselves created addiction. Recent scientific research results support the disease model, with evidence that addictions have biological as well as psychological roots.
To prepare for this Discussion:
- Consider how addiction is viewed in your culture.
- Judge whether you believe an addiction is a moral defect.
- Review the articles “Alcohol Research: Past, Present, and Future” and “Addiction as a Psychological Symptom” in this week’s Learning Resources, and reflect on whether or not these articles support your belief.
- Analyze the models of addiction you explored this week, and select the one that most supports your belief.
Post a description of how addiction is socially perceived in your culture. Then, explain whether you think addicts have a moral and/or character defect. Provide an informed argument using the model that most supports your belief.
Be sure to support your postings and responses with specific references to the Learning Resources.
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