Browse Month: April 2014

The impact brought by plastic bag ban in seattle on the economy and environment

Economic point of view

Economic effect of Los angelas county bag ban by national center for policy analysis impacts on

  • sales, Incorporated stores experienced an increase in sales of 3.4 percent.
    However, unincorporated stores reported a decline in sales of –3.3 percent.
  • Impact on Retail Employment. stores in the unincorporated areas all reported that the number of individuals they employed dropped after the bag ban — by an average of 10.4 percent.
  • Impact on Bag Purchases.

STUDY: PLASTIC BAG BANS HAVE HARSH ECONOMIC, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT

“greater impact on American manufacturing, and the real environmental ramifications of such policies.”
“most thin-film plastic bags are made in the United States, and the plastics manufacturing industry employs more than 30,000 people directly and many more indirectly.” In contrast, “most reusable bags are imported.”

Environmental point of view

PLASTIC BAGS: HAZARDS AND MITIGATION By Brittany Turner and Jessica Sutton pros:

  • plastic bags are non-biodegradable (take up to 100 years before any decomposition takes place)
  • easily be blown away by the wind, The state of California spends on average twenty-four million dollars transporting plastic bags to the landfills where they will continue to remain for decades
  • Plastic bags can block water ways especially the gutter system as well as the storm drains. Overflows and larger scale floods become a common phenomenon as a result of these blockages.

cons:

  • harm the forest ecosystem
  • The availability of such a large amount of wood to manufacture enough paper bags for the whole of the American population would be difficult. They also argue that trees are also an integral part in reducing the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and it is for this reason that cutting of these trees should be kept at a minimum.
  • The pollution of the marine environment by plastic debris: a review

This has been shown by the increasing numbers of plastic bags that are found along the beaches. They occupy the top surface of water due to their lightness. The effect of this occupation is the depletion of the marine life of oxygen. This means that the living organisms that are living in that part of the ocean do not have enough oxygen since the only supply of oxygen available to them is blocked by the plastic bags. It has been found that plastic bags account for a 10 percent of the total debris that is usually washed in the American shoreline Marine debris accumulation in the nearshore marine habitat of the endangered Hawaiian monk seal, Monachus schauinslandi1999–2001
The death of these seal plants, for example the sea grass, means that fish and other organisms that depend on these sea plants for food are left with nothing to eat and they eventually die (Boland and Donohue, 1386) other resources

The Plastic Bag Ban: A Battle of Socio-Economic Policy

  • Seattle Bans Plastic Bags, and Sets a Charge for Paper
  • The Economic Effect of Plastic Bag Bans by NCPA

The Treasure of Sierra Madre (Film)

ntroductory Paragraph – 15 points

The introductory paragraph is fully developed (100+ words), coherent and smoothly leads to a concise and focused thesis which is the last sentence of this paragraph. The introductory remarks or the thesis contains the title of the film (placed in italics).
The thesis is concise and presents a clear focus on the essay’s topic, which is your point of view on the film. In other words, what is it about this film which makes it considered a classic today?
Body Paragraphs – 40 points

The first body paragraph provides a brief overview of the film. Do NOT write an extended plot summary.
The remaining body paragraphs are unified, coherent and appropriately structured paragraphs containing restricted topic sentences, primary and secondary supports.

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The secondary supports are specific examples and details from the film as well as research from outside sources. The essay is a combination of your ideas and smoothly integrated research you found from the secondary sources.
These paragraphs are 150 – 200 words each.
MLA format – 20 points

A complete heading is placed in the upper left hand corner, and the title of the essay is centered.
The essay is double-spaced and each paragraph is indented.
The smoothly integrated research is from a minimum of 4- 5 sources using appropriate MLA parenthetical documentation for all direct quotes, summary and paraphrase.
The Works Cited section is correctly formatted.
Concluding paragraph – 5 points

This paragraph is appropriately structured and brings closure to the essay (50+ words).
Mechanics – 20 points

Your essay contains correct sentence structure: no run-on sentences, awkward sentences or sentence fragments.
Your essay contains correct grammar, punctuation, spelling and word choice.
Word choice includes the use of third person objective point-of-view; no first person “I”, second person “you”/”your” or third person “we”/”us”/”our.

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Environmental economics in developing countries

15 report in regards to an economics related environmental problem. Specifically in regards to China’s growing dependency on polluting technologies that cause negative environmental impacts. Possible subjects to be discussed may be the impact of fossil fuel dependence, air quality and pollution, health detriments as a result of the environmental damage, etc. All environmental problems discussed must be explored from the lenses from an Economics perspective. Such as the explicit and implicit costs onto society for using antiquated coal burning technologies. We also need to explore aspects such as remedies and their associated costs. An example of this would be requiring smokestacks or clean burning coal technologies: “By adopting this technology the projected annual savings in costs would be $XXXXXXX and this would reduce emissions by YYYYYYYY tons causing a health savings of $XXXXXXXXXX and reduction of health problems by XXXX%” Essay can include graphs and models but they need to be thoroughly explained. All cites need to be sorted and dated. No requirement for specific MLA format or Chicago format but consistency is required. Paper should explore several topics within the environmental economics spectrum with an economics analytical approach that are interrelated and should produce a clear image of an overall problem trend. Remedies should be suggested but it should not be definitive as there is no single solution that solves all problems.

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What is the difference between a theory and a hypothesis

1.       What is the difference between a theory and a hypothesis? 
2.      Distinguish between the “general principles” of the APA ethics code and the “standards” of the code. Describe any three of the general principles.
3.      What is a “theory” in psychology, and what are the attributes of good theories?
4.      Describe the essential difference between descriptive and inferential statistics.
5.      What is a confound and why does the presence of one make it impossible to interpret the results of a study?
6.      What is a cohort sequential design, and how does it improve on cross-sectional and longitudinal designs?
7.      Describe the Stroop effect, the experimental design used by Stroop and his method for controlling sequence effects.

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What is meant by the concept of leakage and how might it be prevented

1.        What is meant by the concept of leakage and how might it be prevented?
2.        Define reliability and describe two ways to assess it.
3.        Briefly describe the attributes of the four main types of program evaluation research.
4.        Define the case study method and describe its strengths and limitations.
5.        Describe two varieties of e-surveys. What are the advantages and disadvantages of e-surveying?
6.        If you are conducting a written survey, what can you do to increase the return rate?  What is meant by a nonresponsive bias?
7.        What is plagiarism?
8.        What is APA Citation Format and give an example (page 509).

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Comparative Study of State and Local Governments

To complete this assignment, go to this week’s Final Paper link in the left navigation:

Comparative Study of State and Local Governments

American federalism is one of the most effective methods for sustaining American democracy. This overlapping and complementary system of government allows for citizens at all levels to develop their own governance structures and provide services to constituencies. However, there appears to be drawbacks to these systems as well as each State and Local government pursues its own government methodology with differing results. Each of these systems has its strengths and weaknesses.

During this assignment, students will analyze and compare three state and local governments that are recognize for their distinctive features, which separate themselves from the norm. Students will examine the following three case studies and comparatively analyze the strengths and weaknesses of each. In addition, students must answer the following questions with respect to these case studies and follow this general outline. 

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Case Study #1- Examination of Direct Democracy- Government of California (length two to three pages)

What distinguishes the California government system from other state governments?
Why is it different from other state governments?
How does the California system of direct democracy affect the performance of the government in providing services?
Does the legislature or governor have more power in California based on your analysis?
How is the provision of funds to local and state efforts affected or optimized by direct democracy?
What are the advantages of direct democracy for California citizens? What are the disadvantages?
Case Study #2- French governance influences on Louisiana State government (length two to three pages)

What distinguishes the Louisiana government system from other state governments?
Why is it different from other state governments?
How does the Louisiana system of government affect the performance of the government in providing services?
Does the legislature or governor have more power in Louisiana based on your analysis?
How is the provision of funds to local and state efforts affected or optimized by Louisiana’s French based system?
What are the advantages of direct democracy for Louisiana citizens? What are the disadvantages?
Case Study #3- New York City local government (length two to three pages)

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What distinguishes the New York City government system from other state governments and local governments?
Why is it different from other state and local governments?
How does the New York City system of government affect the performance of the government in providing services?
What type of local government structure, structures does New York City utilize?
How is the provision of funds to local sub-governments affected or optimized by the New York City governance system?
What are the advantages of New York City’s government system for its citizens? What are the disadvantages for its citizens?
Compare and Contrast- (length two to three pages)

Having analyzed three local and state government systems; what are the key factors in being a successful government?
If you were designing a state or local government from scratch, what structure or systems would you ensure were present for successful performance?
Comparing California State, Louisiana State, and New York City, which do you think is the most effective government? Why do you think your choice is the most effective?

Writing the Final Paper
The Final Paper:

Must be 10 to 12 double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a title page with the following:
Title of paper
Student’s name
Course name and number
Instructor’s name
Date submitted
Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
Must use at least five scholarly resources, including a minimum of two from the Ashford University Library.
Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

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Oriental bar at the mail box in uk

In order to access the correct frontispiece you will need to access the Assignment Tracking System (ATS) via UCB Online or directly by typing in http://ats.ucb.ac.uk. You will need to use the above Assignment Key to access the frontispiece which should be attached to your submitted work.

Module Learning Outcomes
1. Critically analyse marketing issues, plan appropriate courses of action and complete, present & defend a marketing plan within a hospitality & tourism context.
2. Critically analyse and develop marketing strategies with an emphasis on brand positioning and market segmentation strategies
3. Critically analyse integrated marketing communications and their implementation
4. Analyse and evaluate the effect of contemporary marketing issues on market planning within hospitality and tourism.

Assignment Remit
This assignment is divided into two parts:

Part A (30%) Group presentation – Marketing audit
In nominated teams of 3,4 select an individual hotel, restaurant or tourist attraction in Birmingham. This should be agreed with your seminar tutor. Critically analyse and evaluate the current situation of the organisation, considering any issue or problems relating to the future marketing direction of your organisation. You should use appropriate models, as well as an incorporation of relevant strategic marketing theory and frameworks. You should clearly provide evidence of research. It is important to be concise about the information you present and provide clear conclusions. You should also submit a copy of your presentation and any group logs and self-reflection form. 

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Your presentation should include the following key elements:

• Customer analysis – You should clearly identify potential segments and provide detailed analysis of consumer motivations and trends affecting your chosen segments. You should highlight any opportunities or threats relating to your chosen target market.
• Internal audit – this should clearly relate to the company’s critical success factors. This should include a discussion of assets and competencies and key strengths and weaknesses
• Competitor analysis – You should assess the relevant strategic group of competitors and clearly compare relevant assets and competencies.
• Audit of current marketing activity – you should comment on issues such as the company’s image, its marketing tools such as its website, use of social media, advertising, brochure, for example or other key marketing activities that you identify
• You should provide clear conclusions which state the marketing issues or problems affecting your chosen organisation
• You should provide a full list of references

Part B (70%) Individual report

Building on your findings and conclusions in part A, you are required to write an individual report outlining a suggested marketing strategy, focusing in detail on one of your target markets, for the future marketing direction of your chosen organisation. You should be considering the issues and / or problems identified in part A. 

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You should include the following:

Clearly identify the chosen target market, making reference to any relevant motivations and trends
Summarise the marketing issue(s), opportunities or challenges identified in your earlier presentation. Any issues should clearly relate to your chosen target market
Clearly identify and discuss in detail the image and positioning strategy required for your target market
Clearly identify and discuss other key marketing strategies relevant to your future success
Clearly outline a tactical marketing campaign, discussing in detail any relevant marketing mix activity. You should make specific reference to any promotional/communication mix activity and consider any specific interactive marketing needs, taking into account latest best practice of e-marketing techniques
You should discuss any potential issues/problems with the implementation, control and measurement of your ideas

Any strategies discussed should relate to the identified specific marketing issues concerning your individual organisation and not wider corporate strategic management issues.

Format
Part A
This is a group presentation (teams of no more than 4 students).

A copy of your PowerPoint should be submitted at the start of your presentation.

Each group is responsible for compiling a log sheet detailing each member’s contribution and attendance at meetings or contribution during online discussions. In addition, individual students are expected to complete a self-reflection form outlining their own contribution. These should also be handed in at the time of the presentation.

Presentations may be recorded for the purpose of internal verification.
Part B
This is an individual report.

Length

Part A: Group presentation – no more than 20 minutes with 5 minutes for questions.
Part B: Maximum of 3,000 words.

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Grading Criteria
The University’s Level 7 Generic Grading Criteria apply to this assignment. In addition you are asked to note the following advice:

Part A
Demonstrate clear evidence of wide reading and research. Clearly reference your research sources and apply any appropriate analytical models to your chosen organisation
DO NOT simply DESCRIBE the current situation but critically evaluate according to contemporary research.
You should provide clear conclusions as to the key issues found in your analysis
It is anticipated that the members will be awarded a group mark. However, if there is clear evidence of a discrepancy in contribution from individual group members, then individual marks will be allocated. For this, the teaching team will take into consideration individual contributions during seminar sessions, performance during the presentation and whether there are discrepancies with log sheets and self-reflection forms.
Part B
You should concentrate on marketing strategies rather than wider corporate strategic management issues
Where larger major corporate branded companies are concerned you should relate your answer to an individual hotel or restaurant, for example, rather than considering corporate strategy
You should focus on one target market
Develop an appropriate tactical marketing mix plan for reaching your chosen target market
Demonstrate evidence of wide research and reading.
Integrate appropriate models and theory to justify your response and discussions

Plagiarism
Please note that this assignment is an individual piece of work and should represent your own individual effort. University policy in case of plagiarism will apply.

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Cleveland Browns Organization

Please Read the Paper instructions I attached for directions. If possible I would love to have 2-3 pages done tonight so I can show my teacher if your on the right path. It is a sociological paper on the Cleveland Browns organization so you can write about whatever you want as long as it stays in that discipline. Thanks in advance for the help.

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The paper must be typed, double-spaced, stapled and the text must be a minimum of 10 full pages of text (no more than 12) in length plus title page, proper notes and bibliography. A minimum of 10 full pages of text is required; do not write more than 12 pages. You must use at least 10 sources cited – not just consulted – and 3 of those sources must be from professional journal research articles. Do not use encyclopedias or sketchy internet or other sources! There must be proper footnotes, endnotes, or parenthetical citations throughout the text of the paper

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ADOLESCENT LITERATURE

ADOLESCENT LITERATURE
These assignments are designed to encourage independent investigation of literature and related issues. Because the quizzes demand a focus on assigned texts, lectures, and class discussions, the papers provide you the opportunity to explore original territory in the field.They also monitor your abilities to formulate questions, topics, and theses of your own; to generate a thoughtful program of investigation and research; and to demonstrate your rhetorical and linguistic skills through the use of evidence and argumentation — of these valuable critical thinking tools you will need in any professional discipline.

Each paper must be 1500 words long (roughly five pages double-spaced in 12-point font) and make use of outside resources for purposes of quotation, evidence, and authoritative support. In most cases, that means a bibliography or “Works Cited” list of four to six sources, mostly critical works. You will find advice on how and where to seek acceptable sources on “Starting Points for Research” (below). Take advantage of it. Take advantage as well of my office hours, which will be expanded on the days indicated on the syllabus. I can help you formulate a topic that will interest you and a good thesis. Further suggestions for writing an “A” paper are appended as “Words for the Wise.”

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FINAL PAPER!!!:
1.Select a literary work that is not already acknowledged adolescent reading and make the case that it should be, either because of its literary value or a relevant theme.
2.Choose a book that is clearly aimed at the YA or adolescent reader, or that has been made popular by young readers, and argue a thesis for it. Some will be literary in orientation (e.g, Diary of a Wallflower), but many will be genre fiction like the later Harry Potter novels or the Hunger Games series. You might consider why your choice appeals to teen readers.
3.You may select a novel we have read in the second half of the quarter and pursue the same topic as Midterm (2) above.
(MIDTERM REQUIREMENT IS:
There are many literary works that conventionally find their way into secondary school literature classes and reading lists although they do not appear to have originally been written for adolescents. Choose one — perhaps one from your own school experience — and analyze it, as we have done in class. You may consider what justifies its inclusion as adolescent literature, looking back at adolescent themes outlined in the first week of lecture, or argue another thesis entirely. For this topic, your choice should not be a book on the syllabus.
You may select a novel we have read in the first half of the quarter (through Week Five) and explore it from a standpoint other than one advanced in class. This could be a critical response to issues mentioned in lecture or something completely original. Whatever you do, do not simply reprise material we have already covered.)

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To identify the connections between specific agricultural systems throughout the world, soil and climate patterns, and various agricultural and environmental issues

Objectives for the Unit IV Assignment

To identify the connections between specific agricultural systems throughout the world, soil and climate patterns, and various agricultural and environmental issues (e.g., soil quality, energy sustainability, agrochemical usage, genetic engineering).
To identify the cultural, social, environmental, and agricultural factors involved in building a sustainable, world crop production system.
Assignment

This assignment has two parts.

Read the 2 articles below (these were also presented in the first week of the class)
Write a 4-6 page (double-spaced) essay addressing the topic below. You will be evaluated using the Assignment Evaluation Criteria from Unit III.
Readings for the Unit IV Assignment

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Godfray, H.C.J., J.R. Beddington, I.R. Crute, L. Haddad, D. Lawerence, J.F. Muir, J. Pretty, S. Robinson, S.M. Thomas and C. Toulmin. 2010. Food security: The challenge of feeding 9 billion people. Sciencexpress. 28 January 2010. (this is a reading for the eGlobal

Agriculture Towards 2050 – How to Feed the World. FAO High Level Expert Forum, Rome 12-13 October 2009

Essay Topic – How Can We Feed 9+ Billion People?

To answer this question, you need to consider numerous questions:

What kind of production systems should we employ? Mixed farming? More Dairy/Ranching? Emphasize subsistence systems?
Who will feed the people? The developed nations with their high crop productivities? The nations with the most people?
What should the inputs be? More agrochemicals? Who will pay for them? Irrigation? Who will pay for it and where will the water come from? Who will pay for the high-yielding seeds?
How can we build sustainable cropping systems?
What is the effect of global warming on future food production and cropping systems?
What has history taught us about feeding people?
These are just a few of many questions that you can address in your essay. Consider the information in the two articles and what you have learned this semester. It may be useful to create an outline before you put together the essay. Make sure to justify all of your points with specific evidence* from the different readings, lessons, personal experiences, etc. As always, other outside resources are welcome. I don’t want to see simple summaries of the articles but, rather, will be looking for how you incorporate information from the lectures, readings, and discussions.

* Evidence = specific examples that substantiate your discussion.

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Provide at least three (3) various reasons why some health care organizations have been reluctant to implement electronic medical records

1. Provide at least three (3) various reasons why some health care organizations have been reluctant to implement electronic medical records.

2. Discuss the essential manner in which the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) impacts patient’s medical records.

3. Determine the main advantages and disadvantages of the adoption of The HITECH (the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health) Act for health care professionals. Next, suggest one (1) strategy that the medical staff members could use in order to mitigate the main disadvantages in question.

4. Review the typical workflow processes within health organizations, and decide the single most significant process that the health organization must eliminate in order to improve the service. Provide a rationale to support your response.

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5. Analyze the primary ways in which the key federal initiatives impact the standards of health care information for patient privacy, safety, and confidentially.

6. Specify the fundamental advantages of applying an IT system within health care organizations. Predict new IT developments in the health care industry for the next two (2) decades. Justify your response.

Use at least five (5) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar type Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

—————————————————————————————————————–*The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Examine the impact technologies have on health care information systems.

Examine the systems development life cycle of a custom application and the selection of proprietary systems.

Use technology and information resources to research issues in health information systems.

Write clearly and concisely about health information systems using proper writing mechanics.

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From the case study, it would appear Park Jeehee seemed skeptical about setting up his shop in the Kaesong Industrial Complex (KIC)

Read the case study at the end of the assignment (page 5) and answer the following questions:
QUESTION 1 [20 MARKS]
From the case study, it would appear Park Jeehee seemed skeptical about setting up his shop in the
Kaesong Industrial Complex (KIC).
Identify and critically discuss the key economic factors from the case study that Park Jeehee may
have considered when setting up his shop in KIC. Substantiate your answer with arguments from
credible academic sources.

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“Two days before her visit, Park had gotten a call from an old college friend who now worked for a
human rights group in London. The picture he painted of Kaesong was grim. The wages earned by
North Korean KIC workers were paid to the government, which supposedly distributed some of the
money to them—but it was impossible to know how much.”
With reference to the statement above, critically discuss the main attributes of the labour market
exhibited by the small manufacturing community at KIC, highlighting its key developmental
challenges.
QUESTION 3 [30 MARKS]
Most governments around the world use various economic tools to come up with the relevant public
policies on projects such as the one Park Jeehee was intending to undertake in KIC for financial,
socio-economic and environmental reasons.
Critically evaluate and discuss any SIX analysis tools the government of North Korea can use to
analyse and determine the benefits of setting up Park Jeehee’s shop in KIC. Support your
arguments with information provided in the case study as well as from other credible academic
sources.
Version

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Pursuasive Argument Against Gun Control

Thesis Sentence:

The second amendment, without question, gives citizens the right to keep and bear arms. Gun control is not going to address the real issue of why gun violence happens and gun control laws will not keep guns out of the hands of criminals.

Topic Sentence:
Gun control is not going to address the real issue of why gun violence happens and gun control laws will not keep guns out of the hands of criminals.

Detail A:
Criminals are the source of crime, no matter how they are armed.
Detail B:
Gun control will only hurt those that want to defend themselves.
Detail C:
A survey by the department of Justice of the 5,340,000 violent crimes committed during 2008, only 8% were committed by offenders armed with a gun

The Second Amendment is to protect the people against tyranny in government.

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Detail A:
The first clause of the Second Amendment, the preamble, a well-regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”
Detail B:
If the authors of the 2nd Amendment could have foreseen the debate, they might have phrased the amendment differently, because much of the debate has centered on the way the amendment is phrased.
Detail C:
None of these laws have deterred violent crimes in America
– the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act
– the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act
– the Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act

Statistics show that cities with strict gun laws have a higher rate of violent crimes with guns than other cities.

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Detail A:
According to data from the FBI’s uniform crime reports, California had the highest number of gun murders in 2011 with 1,220 — which makes up 68 percent of all murders in the state that year and equates to 3.25 murders per 100,000 people. . (Howerton, 2013)
Detail B:
Since the outset of the Chicago handgun ban, the percentage of Chicago murders committed with handguns has averaged about 40% higher than it was before the law took effect.
Detail C:
The FBI data also notes that Washington, D.C. had the highest murder rate per 100,000 people. The nation’s capital saw 12 gun murders per 100,000 in 2011. DC also finished first in gun-related robberies per 100,000 people – with 242.56 and yes they have one of the strictest gun laws in the United States. (Howerton, 2013)

Conclusion
The second amendment is to protect the rights of citizens to defend themselves from criminals who will obtain a gun no matter what the laws are. And the evidence clearly shows that strict gun laws do not keep guns out of the hands of criminals.

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Operant Conditioning and Corporal Punishment

Is it true that most African American children operant conditioning or time out does not work, taking away a privilege most times does not work, increasing chores does not work even the scare of corporal punishmentsometimes does not work, however a parent still must follow through with through with corporal punishment as the last resort?

Is it legal for a parent to apply corporal punishment to their children?

I heard of the rumor that being stern or strict goes over big with African American children. Do you think that this is true or not?

Is there any truth the statement that corporal punishment is prevalent in the African American families because of slavery times and the whippings that the African American people endured? Do you think that this was a learnedbehavior (or modeling) on how to control people?

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Is this true that (corporal punishment) is a way of controlling children which is also used by whites and other groups of people and that it is most prevalent in the more underprivileged communities?

Do you think that African American children are of a different temperament than white children?

However, if you find a white child or any other ethnic culture that has been predominately raised around the African American culture their parents seem to follow suit with the African American culture. What do you think about this synopsis?

If there is any research findings that most African American children are resistant to Operant conditioning or that African American children temperament is different than white children or other ethnic groups or to any other assumptions mention in this posted question about African American parents being strict or using corporal punishment to make their children behave.

The Four Major Approaches to Leadership Theory

1) There are at least four major approaches to leadership theory: Briefly compare and contrast the four leadership theories

The Trait Approach; this approach has also been called the great person theory of leadership.

The Position Approach

The Style Approach

The Distributed-Functions Approach

2) Select a historical figure (living or dead) who has been a leader. Use one of the theories to explain the successes and failures of the leader you selected.

3) What type of leader does your historical figure exemplify?

Min of one scholarly reference to support your claims

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Social Significance and Detriment of Certain Behaviors

One of the main goals of applied behavioral analysis (ABA) is to modify and change behaviors that are detrimental to an individual’s growth, development, and/or functioning. Now you will work on deciding the appropriate behavior to target. identify a socially significant behavior and discuss the following:

– Why this particular behavior is socially significant
– How the presence of this behavior has been detrimental to your client’s life
– How eliminating this behavior will help to improve your client’s life

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Research Methodology Paper: Observations and Sampling

Research Methodology Paper

a. Select two of the following research variables:
1) Observation
2) Measurement instruments
3) Sampling
4) Norms
b. Prepare a 1,050 to 1,400-word paper in which you compare and contrast your selected research variables using multicultural and traditional research methodology. In your paper, be sure to address the fundamental problems encountered by researchers during the implementation of these variables cross-culturally.

In your paper, be sure to address the fundamental problems encountered by researchers during the implementation of these variables cross-culturally.

The introduction previews major points. The conclusion is logical, flows from the body of the paper, and reviews the major points.

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How do ethics and motivation intersect? APA Code of Ethics

Please help me to understand the APA Code of Ethics which states that psychologists must inform research participants about ” incentives for participation”. Giving course credit to psychological research participants is ethical, but is it ethical to base students’ grades on whether they participate in the research? This is but one example of the relationship between ethics and motivation. what are some other ways that ethics and motivation intersect, particularly in educational settings or other learning environments.

Reference: American Psychological Association (APA). (2011). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx

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ABA Sports Psychology Case Study

The Case of Brenda

Brenda is 17 years old and plays competitive tennis. In fact, she hopes to get a scholarship to play in college. Brenda’s coach asked her to go see a sports psychologist who specializes in ABA because she is having difficulty with her serve. She does not have enough speed and accuracy to win matches. Her coach has tried every strategy he knows with no success. Based on her interview with Brenda and her review of videotapes of his serve, the behaviorist decides to use chaining to help. The behaviorist willbreak down Brenda’s serve into individual units of behavior such as the starting position; ball toss; swing of the racket back; acceleration of the racket, contact with the ball; and follow-through.

  1. Provide the rationale for the behaviorist’s selection of behavior chaining to help Brenda.
  2.  Discuss the concepts of primary and secondary reinforcement and how these work in behavior chaining.
  3. Suppose that Brenda was having difficulty mastering an aspect of the behavior chain. What would the behaviorist do to help with the mastery of this component of the chain?
  4. Discuss the two ways that mastery of a unit of behavior may be assessed.

Creating a Counseling Plan for a Case Study

The following topics, specifically related to the chosen case study, must be addressed in your plan:

– Assessment of sexuality (of the individuals involved in the selected case study relationship).
– Assessment of the dynamics of the relationship.
– Multi-axial diagnostic impression of the client in question.
– Integration of the sexual disorder in the case study with the sexual response cycle.

– Critical analysis and comparison of the sexual response cycle and the concept of sexual normality as applied to the case study.
– Creation of three measurable goals for treatment.
– If applicable, a discussion of how sexual orientation issues may have influenced the sexual dysfunction and the overall dynamics of relationship.
– Critical explication and assessment of evidence-based systemic counseling interventions for the sexual dysfunction presented in the case study you chose.
— Explain what techniques a counselor would use to help this client and couple.
— Evaluate biological, cultural, and psychological factors related to sexual issues in the case study.
— Incorporate ethical and culturally-relevant approaches to treating any sexual issues presented in the case study.

The Case of Mrs. Riley

Case 2: The Case of Mrs. Riley

This is Mrs. Riley. She has just been asked to take over a class of third graders who are very energetic and have tried the patience of many teachers. In fact, Mrs. Riley is the third teacher to take over the class this year and it is only November! These students are not only unruly but most of them did not earn passing marks on their most recent state administered exam of basic skills. Mrs. Riley thinks these poor scores were due to class time lost to constant disruption. The major behavior challenges in the class are, fighting, yelling out answers/questions, not staying seated during work time, and failure to complete in class assignments. Mrs. Riley contacted an ABA professional to design some effective behavior modification methods that would help the children settle down and be able to better focus on learning. The behaviorist recommended a token economy system in which Mrs. Riley would contract with the students on desired behaviors. Each student that makes it through the day without any behavior incidents will get a penny. Friday afternoons will be “store” time. The students will be able to trade their pennies in for different prizes. Some will be tangible items such as pieces of candy. Others will be privileges such as a week without homework. Students can “spend” their pennies each week or save up to buy bigger items like a day with early dismissal from school.

1. Discuss the rationale for the behaviorist’s recommendation of a token economy system to help Mrs. Riley with her class.
2. Explain the six steps in forming a token economy and the rationale for each step. 3. Discuss the role of tokens and back-up reinforcers in the token economy system. How does each work to modify behavior? Using the case study, identify the token and back-up reinforcer.

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Leadership Theories – Gandhi vs. MLK

How is the leader Mahatma Gandhi similar to or different from Martin Luther King Jr.? What theory or theories (Trait, Position Approach, Style Approach, or Distributed-Functions Approach ) would best account for the actions of this historical figure Mahatma Gandhi?

Trait approach. It implies that leaders are born not made and poses naturally features that do not need any training. In this theory the leader has special charisma with a sense of exact confidence in leading.

The second theory is the Position Approach is an authoritative leader that studies others behavior too.

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The third theory is the Style Approach that consists of three leadership styles authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire. The authoritarian sets goals and policies with dictate activities for its members. Democratic leadership there is extensive decision making that involves participation of its members. The laissez-faire style requires little participation of its leader where group members make decisions.

The fourth theory is the Distributed-Functions Approaches is were the leader helps his group perform acts within a group in order to reach goals.

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Sars epidemic

write a brief 5-7 page term paper on a health condition that occurs outside of the United States. The aim of the term paper is to allow students to experience a glimpse of the practice of epidemiology and the challenges faced when reviewing epidemiological studies. Students should ensure they do not copy any published or unpublished work as this will result in automatic dismissal from this institution. Please review the Student Handbook for details concerning this rule. Whenever citing sources either within the text of the paper or in the bibliography please use the APA (American Psychological Association) style of writing
Font size 12
Times New Roman or Arial style font.
5-7 pages

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What impact do benefit offerings have on marketplace competitiveness and the ability to attract and keep quality employees

Performance Management

Performance management is an important HRM function as it is the processes and actions taken to align employee performance with organizational objectives. Read the article and in 200-250 words evaluate whether your company’s formal performance evaluation process is effective. What steps could be taken to make it more effective? What is the role of HR in performance evaluation? Who is responsible for it?

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Assignment 2
Compensation and Benefits

What impact do benefit offerings have on marketplace competitiveness and the ability to attract and keep quality employees? Do you think pay is the primary motivating factor for most job applicants and existing employees?

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Scores and Interpretations

Psychologists often hear statements such as, “My child is in the 75th percentile in reading,” or “The child has an IQ one standard deviation below the mean.” Using Figure 3-6 (see attached file), describe to a novice the meaning of these statements, comparing them to other terms used when describing scores within a normal distribution.

Anastasi, A., & Urbina, S. (1997). Psychological testing (7th ed.). pg. 48-83. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. [250 Word Count excluding In text and References.]
Question 2
What is the greatest drawback of percentile scores? Why? How can this be overcome most effectively?
[250 word count Max. In text, citation required. Two scholarly references should be included in addition to Anastasi, A., & Urbina, S. (1997). Psychological testing (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall. Write in 3rd person scholarly writing. No quotes please.] This is a personally developed question not an assignment or home work.

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