Month: August 2014

Different Types of Sound In Film Work and How They Contribute to the Overall Sense of Meaning in a Film

As we have been discussing, the mise en scène of a film is the use of a variety of design elements to create the visual theme. Last week, we examined how different lighting styles and choices affected the final impact of a film. This week, we will consider different types of sound at work in film and assess how they contribute to the overall sense of meaning in a film.

There are many types of sound in a film. Some are diegetic (sounds that are represented as coming from within the world of the film); others are non-diegetic (sounds that come from outside the world of the film). Using specific examples from your chosen film, construct a blog post in which you:

  1. Describe each of the three basic categories of sound (dialogue, sound effects, and music).
  2. Explain how the different categories of sound are being used in your chosen film.
  3. Assess the impact of sound in establishing the theme.
    • How does the use of sound inform the mood of the scene, or the film overall?
    • Can you identify specific sounds in your film that allow you to infer a particular genre?
    • Since each category of sound may produce a range of effects, how might you characterize the effects in your film? For example, realistic and expected sound effects may have a different effect on a viewer than exaggerated or unexpected ones.
  4. Assess how the scene or sequence would play differently if you changed or removed a key category of sound.

You must use at least two outside sources, in any combination of embedded video clips, still photos, or scholarly sources. All sources should be documented in APA style, as outlined by the Ashford Writing Center. It is suggested that you approach this blog by focusing your attention on the same film you will write about in your Week Three Assignment. To submit this blog, you will be required to post a link to the specific blog entry in the discussion forum. You are encouraged to explore your classmates’ blogs, but no replies are required.

Coca-Cola Company versus PepsiCo

Assignment 1: Coca-Cola Company versus PepsiCo, Inc.

Recent events in the world of corporate finance have shown the importance of proper administration and funding of corporate pension plans. Evaluate the information in the Comparative Analysis Case of Coca-Cola and PepsiCo found in the book’s companion Website for Chapter 20.

Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you:
1.    Analyze and discuss the current effects of IFRS on the pension reporting for Coca-Cola and PepsiCo at 2009 year-end.
2.    Calculate the funding levels and capital gains experienced by Coca-Cola and PepsiCo in their respective pension funds.
3.    Analyze which of the two (2) companies had a more secure pension fund, and explain why.
4.    Evaluate how the status of the pension fund affects the level of risk that must be reported in the annual report. Justify your answer.
5.    Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
•    Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
•    Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

Hiring, Inducting And Retaining A Cinema Human Resource Manager

You are the Human Resource manager of a large cinema chain based in London. The cinema manager in one of the branches will soon retire. You have been asked to hire a new cinema manager who will be responsible for the overall running of that cinema. Outline and explain the steps you need to follow to hire and successfully induct and retain the new cinema manager. How will the current state of the UK employment market affect your resourcing approach? Use academic sources to support your answer.’ (2,500-3,000 words)
A good approach to the essay topic would:

  • Discuss the role of Human Resource planning in the resourcing process and discuss how HR planning should be used in the cinema scenario;
  • Explain the importance of the job analysis stage and how it should be conducted for the cinema manager role;
  • Present and justify the choice of internal/external recruitment tools and selection techniques appropriate for hiring the cinema manager;
  • Discuss the importance of an effective induction and appropriate retention strategies in ensuring that the cinema manager effectively settles in his/her new role and does not leave the organisation;
  • Discuss the current state of the UK employment market and how it might affect the resourcing strategy for the cinema manager;
  • Provide an effective conclusion.

Sociology of Mental Health and Illness

Sociology of Mental Health and Illness

Reflection on Mental Health – Where art thou dear friend?

Being a member of a social system which is dominated by the medical model would lead one to adopt a rather narrow view of health in general and mental health in particular.   We are left with two alternatives; either being healthy is defined as a negative or as an ideal.  Thus if you are not sick then you must be healthy or we are left with the World Health Organization’s Definition as “Health is not only the absence of infirmity and disease but also a state of physical, mental and social well-being.”   Generally speaking, neither the negative nor the ideal are useful in understanding one’s mental health or even what one might to do “be” healthy.
In the last two sections, we have covered Laing, Fromm, and Whitaker who each try to grapple with this complex problem of situating health within a social system.  For each, the person is an existential being that is deeply embedded in a social nexus.  Loosely adopting Fromm’s view that we are ‘being born’ most of our time here, you are to reflect on moving towards increasing your mental health, lest we face, “…the tragic fate of most individuals to d(ying) before we are born.” (Fromm, 1955:26)
Your reflection needs to be in six paragraphs as set out below and you need to follow college writing guidelines.  Each paragraph is to be about one page.  Please use New Roman Times, 12 font.  The writing assignment is worth 35 points.


#1 Topic:  Discuss Laing’s view of Ontological Security.

#2 Topic:  Discuss Fromm’s view of Human Needs and Being Born.

#3 Topic:  Discuss Whitaker’s community focus

#4 Context: In this paragraph, using one of the three viewpoints, discuss where the author
would see that you face a challenge/problem for your mental health.

Reflective Writing Components:  This genre seeks to get the writer to think more deeply about what he/she is doing.  Two devises are used to accomplish this: a metaphor and a discussion of what you have learned about yourself from the reflection.  To fulfill these two components, first (paragraph three) using a metaphor, discuss the problem that you overviewed in your topic paragraph in terms of a metaphor.  Second (paragraph four) discuss what you have learned about yourself from this assignment.  Do not use clichés such as ‘I need more knowledge’, ‘I need to work harder’, “I need to be more tolerant”, or “I need to be more understanding”.  You need to explore more deeply what you have learned about yourself as a person from this reflection.  Think deeply.

#5:  Metaphor:  Using a metaphor, discuss the problem that confronted you in the context
paragraph in terms of a metaphor.  First, state your problem as a
metaphor. Second discuss the metaphor and isolate its key components
and third, two of these components to an understanding of your problem.
#6:   Discuss two things you have learned about yourself from this reflection? – Think
deeply about you – as a person.

#7:  Writing requirements:  if used – attach print-outs; paragraphs are labeled, of proper
length, grammar/spelling corrected, well organized, and citations/reference
page – if needed)

Grading Rubric:  Comments are placed on the assignment.  The following is the overall appraisal for each area:

Check-plus – Strongly integrated presentation (4-5 points)

Check – Adequately covered for the assignment (2-3 points)

Check-minus – Underdeveloped or missing on the assignment (1 point).

Human Rights as interpreted from the Bill of Rights

Human Rights as interpreted from the Bill of Rights

For this assignment, you will write a paper of 5-7 pages.

1) Write an essay of 5-7 pages in length that examines the nature of U.S. citizen’s rights in the last half of the 20th Century based on interpretations of the Bill of Rights. As your evidence for this

examination, use documents that we have read and/or discussed in class; this can include one amendment from the Bill of Rights. Four of your documents should fall into the time period of the

Warren Court (1953-1969).The best essay has a point of view or thesis that is laid out in the first paragraph, relies on the documents to make your case, and ends with a conclusion demonstrating

how your evidence, the documents, proved your thesis. Remember to date your documents. Be sure to space out your documents so that you include the entire time period that this question


For of these essay topics, remember to answer the question and use specific details from the documents! Use these examples to illustrate your points regarding the issues you raise (for

example, specific aspects of due process). Draw on Urofsky and Finkenstein, March of Liberty to provide more detail about the documents and the events surrounding them. You may also use

events from the handouts and information from your lecture notes to further explain the meaning of the documents, but this paper’s focus is on the documents themselves.
As with your exam, you will be citing the documents. For this paper, you will cite using the author, the name of the book in italics, followed by the page number (Waldrep and Curry, Constitution

and the Nation: Establishing the Nation, p. 123). On the documents handed out in class, please use information from the citations written on them. To cite lecture notes or class handouts, use the

following citation: (Lecture notes, History 471, March 21).
Please put your name and the class title on the upper left-hand corner of the first page. Use double spacing, font size12, and one-inch margins to format your paper, and staple or clip the pages


Evaluation of Agency’s Human Resources Management

Evaluation of Agency’s Human Resources Management

As a consultant, you need to develop an in-depth analysis and evaluation of the selected agency’s human resources management system and processes and then provide recommendations for improvement. Therefore, you will conduct interviews with agency representatives and research related academic sources and Websites. The analysis will be read by the VP of Accounts and Client Support as well as by the leaders of the agency for whom you are working.

Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you:
1.    Analyze three to four (3-4) of the major components of the agency’s human resource system, processes, and performance evaluation plan for hiring and retaining a diversified workforce. (Title this section Human Resource Processes.)
2.    Analyze and describe the implications impacting the agency’s current employment trend, growth, and delivery of its products and services. (Title this section Implications of Human Resource Workforce.)
3.    Recommend two to three (2-3) managerial and professional skills and competencies required to improve the agency’s workforce by explaining each recommendation, providing reasons each recommendation would bring about improvement, providing two to three (2-3) ways the agency could implement programs in preparation for those skills not visible within the agency’s workforce as a method of promotion and advancement for current employees. (Title this section Succession Planning for Human Resource Management.)
4.    Describe the consultant position you are performing by (a) giving it a title; (b) explaining two to three (2-3) major specifications required of the job and how each will be measured in a performance evaluation; and by (c) explaining two to three (2-3) ways this position will be used within the various departments of the agency and for meeting the specific goals / objectives of the agency. (This job description will be provided to the Agency Director who has requested it. As a resource, you are to use the Dictionary of Occupational Titles, located at and published by the U. S. Department of Labor located at (Title this section Job Analysis and Design.)
5.    Provide proof of one to two (1-2) interviews submitting the completed interview form with a list of questions for and responses from each interviewee. (Put this in the Appendix under Interview Forms.)
6.    Provide four to five (4-5) relevant and credible outside resources that support the content of this assignment. (Include no more than one (1) non-government Website.)

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
•    Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
•    Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The sections must have appropriate titles. The cover page, reference page, and appendix pages are not included in the required assignment page length. The assignment must be submitted as a Microsoft Word document.

Leadership and Ethics in Heath Care as Public Policy

Leadership and Ethics in Heath Care as Public Policy

Paper instructions:
Leadership and Ethics

Analyze the main variables that impact the relationship between political responsiveness and managerial effectiveness. Propose two (2) challenges that political

responsiveness may present for management then  Write a four to five (4-5) page paper in which you:
1.    Propose two (2) ethical concerns that management may need to address. Create the context in which such concerns may or may not be ethical in nature. Provide

a rationale for your response.
2.    Analyze the overall manner in which organizational structure impacts organizational ethics. Select one (1) public agency or one (1) non-profit organization

in which your challenges may not be considered actual challenges. Provide a rationale for your response.

3.    Use the Inventory of Public Management Skills Management, located on pages 11 to 12 of  the textbook, to construct a self-evaluation. Assess your level of

development in each of the skills. Propose two (2) to three (3) activities that would help you to improve the skills in question.
4.    Use the results of your self-evaluation and recommendations from Question 3 to formulate a response to the challenges that you have presented that creates a

win-win situation for the organization, the employees, and the public. Predict two (2) potential obstacles to success and two (2) plans to overcome such obstacles.
5.    Include at least four (4) academic references (no more than five [5] years old) from material outside the textbook and no more than one (1) governmental

Website. Note: Appropriate academic resources include academic and governmental Websites, scholarly texts, and peer-reviewed articles. Wikipedia, other wikis, and any

other Websites ending in anything other than “.gov” do not qualify as academic resources.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
•    Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific

format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
•    Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the

reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
•    Parenthetical citations must be used.

Investigating Data Theft

Investigating Data Theft

Term Paper: Investigating Data Theft Due Week 10 and worth 150 points Suppose a large aerospace engineering firm has immediately hired you as a consultant to

investigate a potential violation of corporate policy and data theft. You have been informed that an employee may have been using corporate email to send confidential

corporate information to one or more personal email accounts, which may or may not belong to him. You have been told that this action has been happening each business

day for the last 13 days and the employee is unaware of any suspicion. Write an eight to ten (8-10) page paper in which you: 1. Explain, in detail, the initial actions

you would take based on the provided information including formal plans to preserve the crime scene(s) and eventual transportation of evidence to a lab.  2. Analyze

the physical and logical places where you would look for potential evidence on the suspect’s computer(s) and / or network servers. 3. Describe, in detail, how you

proceed with the email investigation, including the review of email headers and tracing. 4. Describe the processes that would be utilized in order to recover data that

may have been deleted from the suspect’s computer(s). 5. Identify the tools you would use to perform your investigation from beginning to end based on the information

you have on the incident. Provide a brief overview of each tool, to include: ? A description of the tool. ? How you would use the tool in the investigation. ? How the

tool helps the investigation and the evidence you expect it to provide. ? Why you believe the evidence the tool provides is critical to the investigation. 6. Use at

least five (5) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.  Your assignment must follow these

formatting requirements: ? Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA

or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. ? Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s

name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length. The specific

course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: ? Identify the role of computer forensics in responding to crimes and solving business challenges. ?

Outline system forensics issues, laws, and skills. ? Examine and explain the evidence life cycle. ? Identify the procurement of evidence in physical and virtualized

environments. ? Analyze the impact of sequestration on the evidence-gathering process. ? Develop plans that collect evidence in network and email environments. ?

Examine automated digital forensic analysis.  ? Use technology and information resources to research issues in computer forensics. ? Write clearly and concisely about

computer forensics topics using proper writing mechanics and technical style conventions. © 2012 Strayer University. All Rights Reserved. This document contains

Strayer University Confidential and Proprietary information and may not be copied, further distributed, or otherwise disclosed in whole or in part, without the

expressed written permission of Strayer University. CIS 417 Student Version 1134 (1099 4-16-2013) Final  Page 27 of 32

Supporting Significant Life Events in Health and Social Care – HNHS 121

HNHS 121 Supporting Significant Events in Health and Social Care

The assignment is to write an essay supporting significant life events . It should be 1500 word essay and 8 slide presentation

Sylvia was 84 years old when she passed away. For the past 7 years, she had been living in small sheltered housing project, along with Robin, a friend of hers for 40 years. The sheltered housing project is staffed by carers who work in shifts. The majority of the carers have worked on the project for over 8 years. Sylvia and Robin made friends with the other eight residents. The residents enjoyed living at the sheltered housing as they said they couldn’t have coped staying alone at home due to various ailments associated with old age. Residents often chatted to each other, got together for bingo, and engaged in outdoor activities such as gardening where they took care of the communal garden. When the weather was good, they liked taking walks in the park so that they stay fit.  However, three months ago, Sylvia was diagnosed with breast cancer. She refused any medical treatment and the medical professionals respected her wishes. She died in her sleep a month later.

Task 1: LO1 

A) Explain the impact  a significant life event (of your choice) has  on individual in relation with his life stage((500 words)
B)Analyse possible group responses to significant life events that occur to one of its members (500 words maximum) USE THE THE SCENARIO ABOVE
C) Analyse the impact for others in health and social care when an individual experiences significant life events  (500 words maximum) USE THE SCENARIO ABOVE

Task 2:  LO2

•    Evaluate the effectiveness of a care home for the elderely organizational policy (safe guarding vulnerable individual policy) in supporting elderly people and their social networks affected by ill health. Your discussion must also draw from academic research and personal work experiences within similar care settings.

Task 3: LO3


Sometimes, in spite of treatment, a condition or illness will cause death. In those cases, patients can decide what they do and do not want done. They can decide whether they want aggressive treatment that might prolong life or whether they prefer to stop treatment, which could mean dying sooner but more comfortably. They may want to plan their own funeral. Advance directives can help make the patient’s wishes clear to families and health care providers.Care at the end of life focuses on making patients comfortable. They still receive medicines and treatments to control pain and other symptoms. Some patients choose to die at home. Others enter a hospital or a hospice. Either way, services are available to help patients and their families deal with issues surrounding death.
Your presentation should discuss:
1.    possible organisational responses to the need to support individuals experiencing a significant life event
2.    Reflect on own personal contributions to the support of individuals experiencing significant life events
3.    Make recommendations for improving the support available in a health and social care organisation for individuals and their social networks when affected by significant life events

10 mins presentations with 5-8 PowerPoint slides

Analysis Of A Visual Art In Philadelphia Museum of Art – Assignment Instructions

Assignment Instructions

Choose one work of art by your artist that is on view in the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Using the research skills you have developed this semester, write a 4-5 page essay about that work of art. Your essay should be in 12-pt Times New Roman font with 1? margins on all sides, double-spaced, and stapled.

Before our field trip, please go to Philadelphia Museum Art Website to find the galleries where works by your artist are on display.

Research Requirements

  • Your research paper should use ALL of the scholarly sources you identified in your paper proposal.
  • You must cite all information that you obtained from another source, whether the museum label, a book, a website, or a scholarly article, using accepted style guidelines (Chicago, MLA, or APA).
  • You must cite sources within your text using footnotes or parenthetical citations, depending on your preferred method. Be consistent!
  • Your paper must also have a Bibliography at the end, listing all sources that you have used in the paper. These entries should be formatted correctly according to your chosen bibliographic format.
  • Quotations: You may only use ONE quotation, and it must be no longer than three lines long.


  1. Your paper must have an introduction, where you identify the work of art you will be writing about, as well as a clearly stated thesis statement.
  2. In the body of your paper, provide a visual analysis of your artwork, focusing on Context, Subject, and Style. Be sure to make points that support your main argument.
  3. Conclude with a paragraph that sums up your argument and restates your thesis.
  4. A thesis statement. A thesis statement presents your original argument or idea about the work of art, based on what you have learned in your research and on your observations in the museum. This thesis statement will form the foundation of your

Informaiton Systems Security Survey

Informaiton Systems Security Survey

As a new graduate of UMUC’s cybersecurity program, you have decided to apply in a competitive selection process to a joint federal-state government sponsored cybersecurity training program for new graduates (apprentices). As part of your application package, you must submit an essay (narrative) containing a written analysis of an information security program. You can use the worksheet to help organize your information.

The application package provides you with the following information:

For your application to this program you are asked to prepare a high-level summary of an information security program. Your summary should demonstrate that you are able to read, understand, apply, and write about common information security concepts at the apprentice level. Your summary must include an analysis that addresses strategic fit (how well the information security program supports the organization’s goals and objectives), breadth and coverage of the information security program (people, processes, technologies), any known or previously uncovered program deficiencies or implementation issues, and any stated costs and benefits of the program.

Choose one of the organizations listed in Table 1, review the pertinent documents, and then prepare a three- to five-page narrative summarizing your analysis of the organization’s information security program. Uniform Resource Locators (URLs) are provided for the pertinent documents and web pages. Applicant narratives must be submitted in electronic form as Microsoft Word documents. Use standard size (8.5” x 11”) pages. Include your name and the date at the top of each page. Use 1” margins and Times New Roman 12-point font. Double-space your text. Use black text (no colors) on a plain white background. Do not include pictures, tables, or diagrams in your narrative.

Cite your sources in APA format and use only authoritative/scholarly sources such as journal articles, books, government documents, and other industry publications (e.g., trade journals or magazines for health care or security professionals). The title page and list of references are not included in the required page count. You must also use and cite the documents listed in Table 1 for your chosen organization. Remember to check the spelling and grammar of your submission.

Read “Modern and Contemporary Literature: Historical Context,” pp. 1077-1085.

1900-1920  radical social and historical changes that had a major impact on British literature

The period from 1900-1920 was marked by radical social and historical changes that had a major impact on British literature. During this period, rising nationalist movements in the colonies led to the initial dissolution of the British Empire. In addition, World War I introduced chemical and technological warfare that killed on a scale never before witnessed. With the loss of so many bright young men, British authors began to question old assumptions about everything from the beneficial role of technology in society to traditional constructs of individuality, class, and gender. Modernist writers revolted against the realism of Victorianism in experiments with form that sought to mimic the internal thought processes of individuals. Devices such as the internal monologue, use of irony, and experiments with diction contrasted with the narrative omniscient point of view of Victorian authors.

Note: This lesson does not assign the short stories “A Cup of Tea” and “The Rocking Horse Winner” due to its heavy reading load. Ambitious students should feel free to read these classic and frequently anthologized stories for their own enrichment.

Lesson Objectives

•    Place literary works in historical context
•    Identify modernist content and techniques
•    Analyze diction and poetic language
•    Analyze personification, mood, and sound devices
•    Examine the theme of a literary work
•    Analyze figurative language
•    Evaluate psychological fiction and irony
•    Understand poetic forms such as the villanelle

Reading Assignments

1.    Read “Modern and Contemporary Literature: Historical Context,” pp. 1077-1085.
2.    Read “Literary Analysis Workshop: Modernism,” pp. 1090-1091.
3.    Read the biographical sketch for T.S. Eliot, “Preludes,” “The Hollow Men,” and “The Naming of Cats,” pp. 1092-1099.
4.    Read the biographical sketch of Virginia Woolf, “The Duchess and the Jeweller,” and “from Virginia Woolf,” pp. 1114-1124.
5.    Read the biographical sketch of W.H. Auden, “Musée des Beaux Arts,” and “The Unknown Citizen,” pp. 1150-1155.
6.    Read the biographical sketch of Dylan Thomas, “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night,” and “Fern Hill,” pp. 1158-1163.

Reading Questions

Read “Modern and Contemporary Literature: Historical Context,” pp. 1077-1085.

1.    Should the post-war Labor government have tried harder to save the British Empire? Why or why not?

2.    In responding to a “new, fragmented world,” why did British writers feel the need to reject traditional forms and themes?

3.    What does the word commonwealth suggest about the relationship between former British colonies and Great Britain?

Read “Literary Analysis Workshop: Modernism,” pp. 1090-1091.

4.    Read the passage at the bottom of p. 1091 from Katherine Mansfield’s short story, “A Cup of Tea.” What is ironic about Rosemary’s thoughts and actions in this scene? What type of irony is used in this passage?

Read the biographical sketch for T.S. Eliot, “Preludes,” “The Hollow Men,” and “The Naming of Cats,” pp. 1092-1099.

5.    Eliot often uses sound devices to connect his fragmentary images. Re-examine “The Hollow Men,” noting examples of each sound device listed in the chart. Use your completed chart to describe the effect these sound devices have on the poem.

Sound device                                           Example

6.    Both “The Hollow Men” and “Preludes” are concerned with the disintegration of traditional values and beliefs in the modern world. How, according to Eliot, has this breakdown affected people and society?

7.    The imagery in a poem usually contributes to its mood. How would you describe the mood of “Preludes” and that of “The Hollow Men”? How does the mood of “The Naming of Cats” differ?

Read the biographical sketch of Virginia Woolf, “The Duchess and the Jeweller,” and “from Virginia Woolf,” pp. 1114-1124.

8.    Although Woolf wrote prose, she often chose words to create poetic effects. Reread the description of the Duchess in lines 112-121. Identify at least two examples of each in the following poetic devices from this description.

•    Simile
•    Repetition
•    Alliteration
•    Consonance

9.    Restate each of the following passages using a more conventional sentence structure. What impressions or feelings are emphasized by Woolf’s unique diction?

•    “He had a flat . . . in tapestry” (lines 1-3)
•    “And now—now . . . Earls.” (lines 98-101)
•    “And from a slit . . . bird.” (lines 133-135)
•    “And there opened . . . her chair.” (lines 183-185)

10.     In your opinion, does Woolf effectively capture the quality of a person’s inner thoughts? What are some disadvantages of Woolf’s experimental style? Support your answer with details from the story.

Read the biographical sketch of W.H. Auden, “Musée des Beaux Arts,” and “The Unknown Citizen,” pp. 1150-1155.

11.    Look again at the reproduction of Breughel’s painting Landscape with the Fall of Icarus on p. 1153. Why do you think Auden chose this particular painting as the focus of Musée des Beaux Arts”? Explain, citing details from the painting as well as the poem.

12.    Review “The Unknown Citizen,” noting Auden’s unorthodox capitalization of words such as Press, Union, and Public Opinion. Why do you think Auden capitalizes these words?

13.    Re-examine both poems, noting examples of situational irony in “Musée des Beaux Arts” and verbal irony in “The Unknown Citizen.” In each poem, what ideas does Auden’s use of irony help him convey? How might each have been less effective if Auden had more directly stated his views?

Read the biographical sketch of Dylan Thomas, “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night,” and “Fern Hill,” pp. 1158-1163.

14.    Turn again to “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night.” The intensity in this poem comes in part from words, particularly verbs, which themselves convey intensity. Rage is a good example. What other words in the poem have a similar effect? How do the connotations of the words you noted enrich the meaning of the poem?

15.    Review the characteristics of the villanelle form on p. 1159. How closely does “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night” follow this form? How effective is the form in conveying ideas and emotions? Explain, citing evidence.

16.    Re-examine “Fern Hill,” identifying at least three examples of personification. Why do you think Thomas gives human attributes to animals, objects, and concepts in this poem? Describe the effect his use of this technique creates.

Vocabulary in Context

Complete the Vocabulary Practice on p. 1126.

Test your knowledge of the boldfaced vocabulary words by answering these questions.

1.    To dismantle an engine, would you build it or take it apart?
2.    Who usually received homage, a powerful king or a lowly servant?
3.    Is a burnished surface dull or shiny?
4.    If Jonas behaves obsequiously, does he bow humbly or strut?
5.    Who is more lissome, an athlete or an arthritic old woman?
6.    Would a celebration full of pomp tend to be casual or formal?

Complete the Vocabulary Strategy: Figurative Language on p. 1126

Explain how the figurative use of each boldfaced word or phrase differs from its literal meaning.

1.    The wealthy residents stay on the west side of town; Holmes Avenue is a strait which few of them cross.
2.    An excellent shopper, she can enter a store and sniff out a truffle where no one else can find it.
3.    She felt her heart leap with joy upon hearing the good news.
4.    Making the honor roll was another plume in her cap.
5.    He used his wily charm to snake his way into her confidence.

Conducting Independent Research

For Unit 6, you will not have an independent reading assignment. Instead, you will be learning how to conduct independent research. This learning module will culminate in the Writing Assignment for Lesson 36, where you will write a research paper and take the final exam for British Literature. For this lesson, read the following sections from Unit 7 of your textbook:

Developing Your Research Focus, pp. 1376-1377.
Using Multiple Sources, pp. 1378-1381.

Main Assignment

In his poem, “Musée des Beaux Arts,” W.H. Auden was inspired by the painting The Fall of Icarus by 16th-century artist Peter Breughel (see p. 1153). This Flemish master created bustling narrative panoramas. The broad chaos and sense of anonymity in these works have resonated greatly with modern viewers. Study this detail from Breughel’s Children’s Games. Use it as inspiration to write a brief narrative poem or story.

A successful creative work will:

•    Clearly identify elements of the painting in the creative work
•    Use the inspirational subject matter in creative ways
•    Use the conventions of poetry or narrative fiction to create an original work

leader member exchange theory,

leader member exchange theory,

Roe (2014) argues that according to leader

member exchange theory, followers who experience

high quality relationships with the leader are

in receipt of higher tangible rewards, such as

pay, bonuses and more challenging assignments.
Critically assess whether leader member exchange

theory provides an effective framework for

assessing the relationships between leaders and


Marking schedule
10% of marks are allocated to the presentation

of the essay. The student’s work should be typed

with clear use of paragraphs and headings.

Typographical and spelling errors should be

10% of marks are allocated to appropriate

referencing of content. Students should

familiarise themselves and make use of the

Harvard referencing system and should cite and

reference material properly. Students should

make use of a range of resources (books, journal

articles etc) and the literature used should be

appropriate to the arguments made.
60% of marks are allocated to the analysis

presented in the essay. Students should examine

appropriate theoretical concepts and frameworks.

Students should demonstrate an awareness of the

wider context and present an in-depth discussion

of current issues. Better students will

demonstrate critical analysis skills and

communicate their arguments in a clear and

coherent manner.
20% of marks are allocated to the conclusions

drawn. The conclusions should identify the key

themes or issues under consideration.

Conclusions should be well supported from the

analysis and highlight the significance of

arguments, evidence and insights

Guidance Notes
You must refer to relevant literature throughout

the essay. This can be in the form of textbooks,

journal articles, or relevant web-based

material. in particular to the following

databases which may find useful in developing

their essay:
o    Emerald
o    ABI Inform Complete (Proquest)
o    Ingenta
o    Science Direct
o    Sage Online

In particular, the following journals may be

helpful to you in relation to the prescribed

o    Leadership Quarterly (Available on

Science Direct)
o    Leadership and Organisation Development

Journal (Available on Emerald)
o    Team Performance Management (Available

on Emerald)
o    Journal of Management Development

(Available on Emerald)
o    Group and Organisation Management

(Available on Sage Online)
Please remember to structure your essay

appropriate. You should use headings – and

include an introduction, main body and

conclusion/recommendations sections.

Evidence-Based Research

Evidence-Based Research

dentify, analyze, and discuss the components

that comprise a valid evidence-based research


Based on the information compiled above,

interview a health care leader about his/her

experiences related to using evidence-based

research to drive changes in practices in

his/her facility.

Write a report of your findings. Include the

following in your report:

1) The changes that the health care leader has

been involved in implementing.

2) How strong did the leader feel the research

on the topic was? Why?

3) Have they ever rejected research findings?

Why or why not?

4) Include any concerns they have had or

resistance they have experienced when

implementing changes based on research.

5) Analyze your findings as they apply to the

components of evidence-based research.

Describes clearly all of the components of a

valid evidence-based research study (in

student’s own words). Clearly describes a

thorough understanding of how a healthcare

leader has used such studies to drive change,

and gives specific examples.
Supports main points with references, examples,

and full explanations of how they apply.

Thoughtfully analyzes, evaluates, and describes

major points of the criteria.

Contemporary Problem in International Relations Research Paper Instructions

Topic: Choose a contemporary problem in international relations and analyze it using one of the three perspectives and an appropriate level(s) of analysis. This research paper is an open one.  You are free to select any problem you wish.  However, you must choose a contemporary and unresolved problem.  To get you started, you might consider a problem from one of these general areas:

  • International trade
  • Diplomacy and conflict resolution
  • Terrorism
  • Human rights
  • The environment
  • War

When you develop your research question, think of a specific issue that falls within one of these general areas (or another area of your choice).  For example, if you want to write about diplomacy and conflict resolution, you might analyze the issue of Iran and its nuclear weapons program from the liberal, state level perspective.

Develop your thesis according to the specific problem you intend to explore and the perspective you intend to use to analyze it.  In your paper, offer concrete, specific solutions to the problem you are analyzing.  The solutions you present should also reflect the perspective and level(s) of analysis you have chosen.

Do not mix perspectives.  Choose one perspective and stick to it.  I am interested in seeing how well you can apply the perspective you have chosen to a specific situation.  You may use multiple levels of analysis, if such an approach is appropriate to the perspective you have selected.
Your research paper should be 5-7 pages long and include a bibliography.
Assume that I have knowledge of the course material, so it is not necessary to define the concepts you have learned in the class.

Be selective with regard to any historical information or general background information on the problem you are analyzing.  Do not let your paper get bogged down in providing history about the problem to the detriment of your analysis of the issue.  You can assume that I have knowledge about the historical background of the problem you are analyzing.

Dependencies between tasks

Dependencies between tasks

Although this product is being targeted at the home consumer, the sales department thinks there is great potential in the commercial market, and it should be pursued.

You brought this issue to the project sponsor who, in turn, brought it to executive management. Management decided that this opportunity should be investigated as part

of your project. It would like to see an opportunity assessment completed that defines the new markets, potential revenues, high-level sales and marketing strategy,

and a 5-year financial business case with initial expenses clearly defined. They have agreed to provide additional resources (people, funding, and time) to create this

new deliverable. You need to tell them how many people you will need to complete this deliverable within the next 6 weeks. You can assume that the people will be

allocated to work on this deliverable a maximum of 20 hours per week.
Create a schedule focused on the creation of this new scope item. The schedule should include the following:
•    A list of tasks that will need to be completed
•    Dependencies between tasks
•    Total estimated effort to complete each task
•    Resource assignments
•    Start and end dates
The schedule should contain between 25 and 60 tasks/subtasks. Use Microsoft Project, Excel, Word, or any other appropriate tool to document your schedule. You will

also need to define the team members you will need. For each team member you will need, create a bulleted list of skills/expertise he or she must have to complete his

or her assigned tasks.
Please submit your assignment.

For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials. Please refer to the following multimedia course material(s):
For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials


Neuropsychological disorder analysis

This assignment is an analysis of the neuropsychological disorder that supports your Final Project. You will create an outline of the main points of your Final Project, using your selected neuropsychological disorder as approved by the instructor in Week One. The Final Project Outline should be organized into three sections, each main section having required components.  This outline is both an analysis of your topic as well as a tool to ensure that you are on the right track with your Final Project. The more information you provide, the more feedback you will receive from your instructor, which will be helpful as you write your Final Project.

Please note:  This assignment may incorporate information from your Week One assignment, but it must expand on that information.  Additionally, this assignment must be submitted in formal APA outline style (not in paragraph form).

Final Project- Outline Components

  1. Introduction
    1. Succinct thesis statement (one or more sentences detailing the focus of your Final Project and informing the reader about your topic and the scope of your paper)
    2. Define the type of disorder
      1. Neurological
      2. Psychological
      3. Neuropsychological
    3. Diagnostic criteria
      1. What components must be present for the disorder to be diagnosed?
      2. Include physical and psychological signs and symptoms.
    4. Reason(s) why you chose this topic
      1. Personal experience
      2. Professional experience
      3. Other reason
    5. Epidemiology
      1. Who is affected?
      2. Are they young/old?
      3. Male/female
      4. Rural/urban
      5. Ethnicities
  2. Discussion
    1. Detailed description of the disorder
      1. Signs and symptoms
      2. Epidemiology
      3. Any subtypes of the disorder
    2. Detailed description of the natural history of the disorder
      1. How the disorder develops over time with treatment
      2. How the disorder develops over time without treatment
    3. Methods used to diagnose, evaluate, and manage the disorder
      1. Initial diagnosis (e.g., physical exam, imaging and/or laboratory testing, special studies, psychological evaluation, psychometric testing)
      2. Ongoing management  (e.g., physical exam, imaging and/or laboratory testing, special studies, psychological evaluation, psychometric testing)
    4. Risk factors
      1. Genetics
      2. Lifestyle
      3. Environmental factors
    5. Other causative factors
      1. Known
      2. Theorized
    6. Nervous system structures and/or pathways involved in the disorder (detailed information regarding the underlying pathology as it applies to these structures and functional pathways)
    7. Neurotransmitter(s) and receptor system(s) involved in the pathology of the disorder
    8. Current treatment options
      1. Drug (pharmacologic) therapies
      2. Nonpharmacologic therapies (including psychological and other therapeutic services)
      3. Type of care providers (e.g., medical, nursing, therapists)
      4. Type of healthcare setting (e.g., hospital, home, outpatient, nursing facility)
    9. Future areas of research
      1. Treatment options
      2. Evaluation and diagnostic methods for initial diagnosis
      3. Increasing knowledge relating to etiology and pathologic processes
  3. Conclusion
    1. The conclusion reaffirms your initial thesis statement
    2. The conclusion may be one or more paragraphs that use the material you have discussed in the paper to support the validity of your synthesis and elaborate on the theme of your paper

Writing the Final Project Outline 

The Final Project Outline:

  1. Must be a minimum of three to four double-spaced pages in length, and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  2. Must include a title page with the following:
    1. Title of paper
    2. Student’s name
    3. Course name and number
    4. Instructor’s name
    5. Date submitted
  3. Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
  4. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  5. Must include section headings in approved APA style, in order to organize your paper.
    1. Main section headings include: Introduction, Discussion, and Conclusion.
      • Plan to utilize these sections as first-level headings in your Final Project, formatted according to APA style, to organize your paper.
      • Each main heading and all subheadings should include at least a two- to three- sentence description (use complete sentences). Do not simply write the heading and a few words of description.
  6. Must include in-text citations for all statements of facts obtained through your research.
    1. Remember that direct quotes (identical phrases or sentences taken from a source) require in-text citations with appropriate formatting.
    2. Statements of opinion should be clearly stated as such, and include a rationale to support why you hold this opinion (e.g., personal or professional experience, your research findings).
  7. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
  8. Must use at least six to eight scholarly sources that were published with the last five years, including a minimum of four peer-reviewed original research studies.
    1. In general, dictionaries and encyclopedias are not considered appropriate as resources for academic writing.
    2. It is assumed that these references will be included in your Final Project.
  9. Must document all sources in APA style, as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  10. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

You have just been promoted to supervisor of a large department in your company. The previous supervisor was terminated because of low morale and performance of his department


You have just been promoted to supervisor of a large department in your company. The previous supervisor was terminated because of low morale and performance of his department. You had been attending night school to earn your bachelor’s degree in management and remember, from one of your courses, how important it is to listen to your employees. Before coming in and making wholesale changes, you have spent the first several weeks on the job meeting casually with each employee about his or her views on the company, the department, and his or her own work efforts. Although you receive a lot of varying feedback, one common thread of employee concern is the very autocratic approach that the former supervisor used when dealing with his employees. You know that this is sometimes referred to as a theory X approach, and you know that a more participative management approach is called theory Y. However, you have not taken the management course that covers these topics.

Using the library and Internet resources, you are to write a 500–750-word research paper that compares theory X to theory Y in terms of management styles. Specifically, you are to include the following requirements:

  • Explain each theory.
  • Create a chart that shows the pros and cons of each management style.
  • Is one particular style best in all situations? Why, or why not? Give an example.
  • Give your opinion on the difference between theory Y management and what might be considered to be democratic decision making.
  • Why would a manager’s understanding of these two theories be important to good leadership practices?

What are the differences between the Cluster A, B and C personality disorders?

Directions: Provide detailed and elaborate responses to the questions below.  Your responses should include examples from the reading assignments and discuss how the concepts are applied in modern psychology.  Your responses to each question should be at least one half of one page in length and include a minimum of two references.

1.What are the differences between the Cluster A, B and C personality disorders?

2.Compare and contrast histrionic and narcissistic personality disorder.

3.Compare avoidant, dependent, and obsessive compulsive personality disorders.

4.Explain delirium and dementia. What are the common causes of dementia?

5.Disorders resulting from head injury have received an increase in attention. Sports related head injuries, especially in football, have been linked to significant cognitive disorders. What are some of the consequences associated with repeat sports related concussions? Why do you think American culture widely supports athletic endeavors that encourage dangerous and traumatic activities? Should there be a change in rules or guidelines regarding youth and professional sports?   Be sure to support your position.

6.     If you were to encountere an individual with a personality disorderwhat would that ‘look like’ ? What types of behvaviors or conflict may be evident?


Review the Web resources in the lecture notes. Select at least three websites that you consider valuable.  In a document that is at least one page in length, provide the following information.

1.Describe the site and its purpose.

2.How does it demonstrate credibility?

3.Explain how the information provided on the site may be beneficial to students and professionals.

Improving Technology Management Of Employees

Assignment on how to improve technology management of employees in a large customer service corporation 

You are the task manager for a large customer service corporation consisting of 1,000 employees. You are responsible for 25 direct reports in your department. You have noticed that over the past year there has been a significant decline in the ability of employees to use and manage the technology of the organization. It is currently to the point where production is suffering. Your task is to improve the  Technology Management of your employees in your department.  You are given 6 months to complete this, as the season nears when you are the busiest with customers.  Using the APA style format, write a 3-5 page paper describing how you are going to turn your department around within the 6 month period.At a minimum, your paper must include:

    • Identification of issues, concerns, and incidents leading to poor Technology Management
    • Strategies and techniques used to improve Technology Management
  • The timeframe strategy used for producing these results with a 6 month period

Present your findings as a 3-5 pages Word document formatted in APA style.

Please submit your assignment.

Submitting your assignment in APA format means, at a minimum, you will need the following:

    1. TITLE PAGE. Remember the Running head: AND TITLE IN ALL CAPITALS
    1. ABSTRACT. A summary of your paper…not an introduction. Begin writing in third person voice.
    1. BODY.  The body of your paper begins on the page following the title page and abstract page and must be double-spaced (be careful not to triple- or quadruple-space between paragraphs). The type face should be 12-pt. Times Roman or 12-pt. Courier in regular black type. Do not use color, bold type, or italics except as required for APA level headings and references. The deliverable length of the body of your paper for this assignment is 3-5 pages. In-body academic citations to support your decisions and analysis are required. A variety of academic sources is encouraged.
  1. REFERENCE PAGE.  References that align with your in-body academic sources are listed on the final page of your paper. The references must be in APA format using appropriate spacing, hang indention, italics, and upper and lower case usage as appropriate for the type of resource used. Remember, the Reference Page is not a bibliography but a further listing of the abbreviated in-body citations used in the paper. Every referenced item must have a corresponding in-body citation.

You are being asked to research a practice or ritual from a foreign culture that is not a norm in the society in which you presently live.

You are being asked to research a practice or ritual from a foreign culture that is not a norm in the society in which you presently live.  You will need to present the practice or ritual from that culture’s perspective based on their belief systems.  There should be a level of objectivity employed as you analyze and present your example.  You will then step back into your own shoes and analyze the given cultural practice from your culture’s perspective as well as your own point of view.



Write a paper on the practice or ritual of your choice.


This must be a minimum 1000 word paper, double-spaced, and in 12-point font.  Include images for visual support and appeal.   Reference and cite outside resources in APA format.

(Some steps to achieve this goal are listed below.)

  • Present a practice or ritual from another culture that would cause a dilemma within the society in which you currently live.


  • Describe the practice or ritual based on the culture’s belief system and ethical ideologies.


  • Explain your culture’s perspective based on its belief system and ideologies.


  • After analyzing both perspectives, illustrate and explain your own personal take on the practice.  Did your perception of the practice or ritual change?  Why or why not?


  • Incorporate at least 2 of the following terminologies used within the assignment and in BOLDlettering.


  1. Multiculturalism
  2. Ethical Relativism
  3. Contextualism
  4. Consequentialism
  5. Utilitarianism
  6. Categorical Imperative
  7. Molychronic Society
  8. Polychronic Society
  9. Low-context culture
  10. High-context culture

P.S. Attached is an example of the above assignment.

Especially for You Jewelers is a small jewelry company in a college town. Over the last couple of years, it has experienced a tremendous increase in its business.

Especially for You Jewelers is a small jewelry company in a college town. Over the last couple of years, it has experienced a tremendous increase in its business. However, its financial performance has not kept pace with its growth. The current system, which is partly manual and partly automated, doesn’t track accounts receivables sufficiently, and the company is finding it difficult to determine the reasons why the receivables are so high. The company runs frequent specials to attract customers but has no idea whether these efforts are profitable or if the benefit—if there is one—comes from associated sales. Especially for You Jewelers wants to increase repeat sales to its existing customers; thus, it needs to develop a customer database. It also wants to install a new direct sales and accounting system to help solve the outlined problems.

The new direct sales and accounting system for Especially for You Jewelers will be an important element in the growth and success of the jewelry company. The direct sales portion must track every sale, be able to link to the inventory system for cost data, and provide a daily profit and loss report. The customer database must be able to produce purchase histories to assist management in preparing special mailings and special sales to existing customers. Detailed credit balances and aged accounts for each customer would help to solve the problem with the high balance of accounts receivables. Special notice letters and credit history reports would help management reduce accounts receivable.

Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you:

  1. Suggest at least five (5) expected business benefits that Especially for You Jewelers company might derive from a new system. Provide a rationale for your suggestions.
  2. Propose at least five (5) system capabilities for the company. Provide a rationale for your proposals.
  3. Ascertain the three (3) possible scenarios in this new direct sales and accounting system.
  4. Using Microsoft Visio or an open source alternative such as Dia, develop an activity diagram for each scenario that you have identified. Note: The graphically depicted solution may not exceed one (1) page per diagram. Provide a narrative that gives an overview of your diagram.
  5. Using Microsoft Visio or an open source alternative such as Dia, complete a fully-developed use case description for each scenario identified. Note: The graphically depicted solution may not exceed one (1) page per diagram.
  6. Develop a system vision document for Especially for You Jewelers, detailing the overall vision or plan for the new direct sales and accounting system. A vision document generally contains:
    1. Introduction
    2. Business needs / requirements
    3. Product / solution overview
    4. Major features
    5. Scope and limitations
    6. Other needs
  7. Use at least three (3) quality resources outside of the suggested resources in this assignment. Note:Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Analyze techniques for requirements determination, collection, and organization.
  • Summarize effective communication techniques with various organizational stakeholders to collect information using a variety of techniques and to convey proposed solution characteristics to them.
  • Analyze and present methods to initiate, specify, and prioritize information systems projects and determine various aspects of feasibility of these projects.
  • Develop a solution to proposed business problem using structured systems analysis and design methods.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in advanced systems analysis and design.
  • Write clearly and concisely about advanced systems analysis and design using proper writing mechanics and technical style conventions.

Click here to view the grading rubric for this assignment.

Evaluating Mission Statements

The mission statement describes the purpose of the organization (i.e., why the business exists). As outlined in the Mission Statements article, here are some things to consider when evaluating a mission statement:

  • Is the mission statement focused on satisfying customer needs rather than on the product?
  • Does the mission statement tell who the company’s customers are?
  • Does the mission statement explain what customer needs the company is trying to satisfy?
  • Does the mission statement explain how the company will serve its customers?
  • Does the mission statement fit the current market environment?
  • Is the mission statement based on the company’s core competencies?
  • Is the mission statement motivating and does it inspire employee commitment?
  • Is the mission statement realistic?
  • Is the mission statement specific, short, sharply focused, and memorable?
  • Is the mission statement clear and easily understood?
  • Does the mission statement say how the company wants to be remembered?

Review the following mission statements. Evaluate each mission statement based on the above criteria and explain how the mission statements meet or failed to meet those criteria.

Home Depot’s Mission Statement

The Home Depot is in the home improvement business and our goal is to provide the highest level of service, the broadest selection of products, and the most competitive prices. We are a values-driven company and our eight core values include the following:

  • Excellent customer service
  • Taking care of our people
  • Giving back
  • Doing the “right” thing
  • Creating shareholder value
  • Respect for all people
  • Entrepreneurial spirit
  • Building strong relationships

Nike’s Mission Statement

Our mission is to bring inspiration and innovation to every athlete in the world.

In addition to the text, you must use at least one scholarly source. Your paper must be three to four pages in length (excluding a cover page and reference page) and be formatted according to APA style guidelines as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

manager’s role

The purpose of this assignment is for you to step into a manager’s role in the development of a business document. Please respond to the scenario below in the form of a PowerPoint. In your presentation, consider the steps Guffey and Loewy (2011) outlined in Chapter 13.

Scenario: You are the manager of a team of six proposal-writing professionals. You are tasked with completing one 50 page formal proposal as well as a 1-2 page summary advocating funding for a new sports arena. Your supervisor, a member of the senior leadership team, wants to know how you plan to successfully accomplish the assignment. Prepare a PowerPoint Presentation to your supervisor that conveys the following information:

  1. As manager, how will you organize the work to prepare a proposal?
  2. What tasks will each professional be assigned and why?
  3. What three or four communication tools will you propose be used to effectively articulate the proposal and why? (For example, formal paper-based, PowerPoint Presentation, blog, Twitter, Facebook, LinkedIn, etc.)

Incorporate appropriate animations, transitions, and graphics as well as “speaker notes” for each slide. The speaker notes may be comprised of brief paragraphs or bulleted lists.

Support your presentation with at least three (3) scholarly resources. In addition to these specified resources, other appropriate scholarly resources may be included.

Length: 12-15 slides (with a separate reference slide)

Notes Length: 100-150 words for each slide

Be sure to include citations for quotations and paraphrases with references in APA format and style where appropriate. Save the file as PPT with the correct course code information.



1.    Write a definition for RA.  How would the definition for a sero-negative or crystal arthropathy differ from this?

2.    What features might a patient present with that would suggest they had RA? Consider features you might look for in their medical history as well as general signs and symptoms.

3.    What features would they present with if they had a sero-negative arthropathy (you chose one)?  What features would they have if they had gout?

4.    How would you recognise RA in the foot if a patient presented?  Name a features that is commonly seen (ie. Bursitis) and state how the structure is affected (ie. Development of bursae over met heads in response to overloading associated with development of toe deformities, fatty padding atrophy and inflammation synovial lining of bursa).  Use the table below:

articular    Extra articular




5.     Compare these features in a sero-negative condition such as psoriatic arthritis:

6.    Compare these features in gout (a crystal arthropathy):

7.    What X-ray features would you expect to see if you had a patient presenting with an arthropathy?  Complete the table below:

RA    Psoriatic arthritis    Gout
1st mtp joint

8.         What would be the medical management for a patient who had a recent diagnosis of RA?  Compare this with a sero-negative case and compare this with gout.

9.     What would be the podiatric management of a patient with RA?  Compare this with a sero-negative arthropathy (of your choice) and with gout.

10.     Orthoses are frequently used in the podiatric management.  What is the difference between an accommodative device and a functional device?  When would you use one type in preference to the other?  Consider your answer in terms of what the aim of the devise is and what you hope to achieve?

11.    Specifically for the foot in RA, list the features (articular and extra articular) described in the table in Q4 and describe how orthoses (accommodative and functional) might be helpful for these features of the disease.  You should think about the materials you would prescribe for the orthoses or details on the shape that would be relevant to a prescription.

12.    Part of the long term management might be for a patient to have surgery.  For example an RA patient might need forefoot surgery for HAV or toe deformities.  Consider in which situations a patient would be suitable for surgery and when no (indications and contra-indications).  Give an example of a hallux valgus procedure and a toe deformity procedure that might be undertaken.