# Month: October 2016

## New Orleans Rebuilding Cost Benefit Analysis Report

### Review the following information from the article “A Cost-Benefit Analysis of the New Orleans Flood Protection System” by Stéphane Hallegatte (2005):

• Hallegatte, an environmentalist, assigns a probability (p) of a Katrina-like hurricane of 1/130 in his cost-benefit analysis for flood protection. However, the levees that protect New Orleans also put other regions at greater risk. You may assume the frequency of other floods is greater than Katrina-like events (Vastag & Rein, 2011).
• The new levees that were built in response to Katrina cost approximately fourteen billion dollars (in 2010). This is in addition to the direct costs of Katrina (eighty-one billion dollars in 2005).
• 50 percent of New Orleans is at or below sea level.
• 100-year event means that there is a 63 percent chance that such an event will occur within a 100-year period.
• The following are the interested (anchored and/or biased) constituencies:
• Residents of New Orleans—both those that can move and those who cannot move
• Residents of the surrounding floodplains at risk from New Orleans levees
• The Mayor of New Orleans
• The federal government—specifically taxpayers and the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)

Assume that the availability heuristics make people more risk averse (populations drop, at least in the short term). Consider how this would affect the local economy.

You are an analyst at FEMA and are in charge of developing a recommendation for both the state and the local governments on whether or not to redevelop New Orleans.

Write a report with your recommendation. Address the following in your report:

Part A

• Analyze the economics of New Orleans in light of the above parameters and develop your own Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) for rebuilding.
• Evaluate the value of the CBA for each constituency and integrate these estimates into a scenario model and/or decision tree. Analyze the results.
• Clearly each of these constituencies may both overlap and be prey to a variety of group dynamics internally. For one of these options, discuss the decision pitfalls to which they may be susceptible and make a recommendation on how to alleviate these pressures.
• Starting with your CBA, estimate the relevant expected utility for theinterested constituencies.

Note: You need not have absolute amounts but your relevant utilities should be proportional to one another.

Hint: If you assume that your total CBA for New Orleans is fixed for each constituency (do not forget the overlaps), then each constituency will have a piece of the utility pie.

Part B

• Make a case for or against rebuilding the city of New Orleans. This should be an executive summary; be concise and brief. Include exhibits.
• Whether you are for or against, discuss how social heuristics could be used to your advantage, both ethically and unethically, in making your case. You may choose to fill the role of one of the constituents, if you prefer.

## Step 1: Consider the Purpose for the Research

Next, you will prepare to do your research.

## Step 2: Prepare to Do Research

You already have your assignment and a purpose for your research. In this step you will prepare for the research. For more information, see Why Do We Do Research? on the Conducting Research page, also in Project 2.

Another reason to do research is to answer basic questions. While there are many times that you should research using a traditional library and peer-reviewed journals, there will be many questions that are answerable by targeted internet searches. These are valid skills for you to develop and they will serve you well in your professional life. So, get acquainted with the Google Search tools so that you have them at your fingertips.

To get some background on various Cybersecurity issues, read Critical Challenges in Cybersecurity.

In the next step, you will select an issue.

## Step 3: Choose an Issue for your Research Paper

In the next step, you will create a hypothesis.

## Step 4: Craft a Hypothesis

You have selected an issue to research. Now it is time to craft a working hypothesis as explained in How to Draft a Hypothesis available on the Conducting Research page.

The next step will be the actual research.

## Step 5: Conduct the Research

In the last step, you created a hypothesis. In this step, you will begin your research.

Once you have a research question and working hypothesis, you will conduct research to find evidence (facts) that support or refute your hypothesis. You will then analyze the information to produce findings and conclusions. I highly recommend that you read Randolph Pherson’s “The Five Habits of the Master Thinker,” a paper written for intelligence analysts, but applicable to all analytical thinking and reasoning. Your ultimate objective is to produce a well-reasoned, fact-based analysis of your issue, and proposals to mitigate negative conditions or improve the outlook for the industry.

The next step will be to put it all together in your paper.

## Step 6: Write Your Paper

Now that your research is complete, you can begin to draft your 1,250- to 1,500-word paper, ensuring it is as error-free as possible. Include a cover sheet, introduction, findings, conclusions with recommendations, and references

## Vulnerable Population Research Paper

Choose a vulnerable population and research the health and nutrition related-issues, risk factors, and appropriate and culturally-relevant nutrition education topics (or interventions) aimed at improving health outcomes and reducing health disparities.

Health Promotion and Disease Prevention activities are important throughout each stage of the life cycle and essential to the work of a community or public health nutritionist.

#### Instructions

• Identify a vulnerable population to study (see table below).
• Write a paper about the identified vulnerable population that addresses the following:

o   Why is this a population vulnerable?

o   What are the health disparities present in this vulnerable population?

o   What are some possible disordered eating patterns for this population?

• Discuss the accompanying determinants.
• Write a clear and concise Problem, Etiology, Signs/Symptoms (PES) statement

o   Identify 3 to 5 nutrition education topics that could be used in the design of a nutrition intervention for this population that addresses the PES statement.

• Describe and give examples (grounded in scholarly articles) of the cultural knowledge you would incorporate into your nutrition education intervention.

o   Considering the Food and Nutrition Programs available in the U.S., discuss at least two programs that may benefit this population.

• For each program, explain the benefits offered and eligibility criteria.

o   Identify the gaps in knowledge as it relates to this vulnerable population and the nutrition issue(s) addressed in this paper.

Vulnerable Populations (define by choosing one or more of the determinants below)

 Pregnant women Ethnic Minority Population Infants Low Socio Economic Status Children Rural Residents Adolescents Homeless Elderly

## Asset Purchase Agreement Revision – Aircraft

The attached draft aircraft purchase agreement has many, many drafting errors. There is legalese, provisions are way too long, and there is a total lack of craftsmanship.  Please clean it up.  Redraft the agreement to reflect the deal below.  There will be a fair amount of revision.  Do not use any supplementary sources, other than those distributed to you in our course.  Do not draft provisions other than the ones I have specifically asked for or those that are required because of the cascade effect (text pages 342-343).  Finally, please draft an agreement from the point of view of your client, the seller.

General Instructions

• Draft an Agreement for Purchase and Sale of Assets (“Purchase Agreement”) for your client who wants to sell a law practice.
• Focus on the material covered in class (textbook, class notes, TWEN, articles referenced, these instructions, Assignment, including Chapters 1-12, 14, 16-18 and Chapter 32; plus the Material Adverse Condition article on TWEN (“The MAC Clause: An Emperor With No Clothes”), and the following articles in the course reader: Parol Evidence after Riverisland; Liquidated Damages Clauses; and the Indemnity Primer.
• Use the Aircraft Purchase Agreement, which is posted on TWEN, as the base document on which you will incorporate the information and the deal points.
• Clean up all language used from the form by applying what we have covered (ie, use of “may”, “shall”, active form, no legalese…)
• Do not include language that is clearly not requested.
• If given information to specify a date or amount, calculate date or amount to get full credit.
• 13-page maximum for both documents, but the Promissory Note cannot be longer than 1 page.

## Charity around the World – Essay – Sample Paper

Charity around the World

Charity is the volunteering offering of help to those in need, in most cases, it is in the form of money. Lundquist describes charity from a biblical perspective by answering the question, “what is the supreme good?”In his book a Call for Charity, he answers the question stating that the supreme good is having compassion towards those in need. Compassion comes as a result of love; therefore, charity is love (Lundquist 2). It is through love that people get the need to assist others, who are less fortunate. Charity has existed for many years since the origin of humanity. This is evident in historical documents or books, commonly in religious texts such as the Bible, Quran, Baghavad Gita and many more. This paper will examine charity around the world and its impact on the global society.

The main purpose of charity is to help the less fortunate. It is perceived ethical for a financially stable person or a person with more food to assist that with none. Charity does not require an individual to be wealthy, but simply one who has the ability to offer assistance. It is a voluntary act where an individual or individuals take part in showing love for fellow humanity by giving. This is a global practice and one of the common characteristics that define humanity; compassion. When charity is mentioned, most people think in terms of money, but charity is not entirely about money. People offer help in many kinds such as giving food and clothing. This kind of assistance is not limited to a specific country or state. Due to the need to help others, the geographical difference can be overcome easily through money; it is easier to access. For this reason people commonly offer charity in terms of money.

Dr. Beth Breeze in her article “Charitable Giving is often driven by Personal Taste, Not Perceived Need,” examines the aspect of voluntary giving. She claims that when an individual gives charity in the form of money, it is assumed they are donating since they are moved by the needs of the less fortunate and desire to help. Dr. Breeze supports the idea that charity is not only intended for the needy. She claims it is broadly assumed that charity primarily focuses on the needy and the activities of most donors have the needy in mind. In reality, according to Dr. Breeze, this is not exactly the case. She conducted a study on the choice of donors when it comes to charity. The study revealed donors choose to support the causes that mean something rather than supporting the charitable organizations that meet the urgent needs.

Dr. Breeze explains that the choice to support a particular charity is largely driven by the personal inclination of the donor, as well as preference. This is driven by the desire to assist people they feel some likeness with, and for specific causes due to personal experiences. For example, during the Hurricane Katrina incidence, most Americans offered donations to assist the affected. People in the developed countries offer charity to those in the under developed such as Africa and some parts of Asia among others.

Dr. Breeze brings another notion of charity that people are not very familiar with; charity to animals. She examines that one of her interviewees during the study she conducted claimed he preferred sending his charity to the support of animals. Animals need assistance, as well. For example, endangered species are expensive to sustain and to avoid extinction; organizations support the animals through charity.

Despite charity being for the good of people and animals in need, it is examined that some individuals take advantage of charity for personal gains. Pallota claims that in charity, it is believed the money does not get to the intended persons (p.1). She claims when searching the internet for “charities waste money” results generated 3.6 million findings. The comments of people in these findings; blogs, forums and articles, showed a public distrust of how the funds they donate is used. They did not trust how the charity organizations conduct their business (Pallota 3). Pallota points out that in the forums, an individual claimed the American Cancer Society uses 9.6percent of the revenue collected through charity is spent on administrative expenses. Another 21.8 percent of the money is spent on campaigns to raise more money (p.3). Such expenditures create suspicion among donors as they do not see the purpose of their donations being put in action. This example, explains the reason a large number of the American public believe charities waste money.

Small and Verrochi in their article “The Face of Need: Facial Emotion Expression on Charity Advertisements” examine the advertisement of charity. The authors claim these charity organizations display photographs of persons with the need for help. This is because of the human aspect of empathy as they expect an individual to have companion over the needy and donate. The emotional expression on the face of a victim affects sympathy and giving. The authors explain that these emotions are likely to “catch” a sympathetic person and will likely donate. This is after seeing the sad-faced victim in need. It is not bad to advertise as long as the intention is genuine as donors require evidence of the use of their donations. When used positively, charity saves lives of thousands of innocent individuals. Through charity compassion over fellow human beings is expressed by donors.

Business organizations offer charity as part of the corporate social responsibility (Lundquist 21). For example, the airline company, Fly Emirates, offers donations to the less fortunate around the world. The company provides help through “The Emirates Airline Foundation”. The foundation supports well being of children and the health of the less fortunate. In addition, the foundation provides donations to support the campaign on a clean environment. There are other organizations, both profit and non-profit that support the needy in the society. Through charity people reach out to each other around the globe to offer assistance where necessary. As a result, charity builds a global society where love is promoted among humanity.

In conclusion, charity is a result of compassion between the fortunate and the less fortunate driven by love. People from different regions of the world come together to assists the less fortunate in any possible way. Charity has existed for centuries since historical periods and is observed as part of ethics or tradition in some societies. Despite charity providing a chance for survival to the less fortunate, some individuals take advantage of this situation for personal gains. The money collected for the intention of charity does not reach the victims in need. This has been experienced in several occasions; thus, increasing concerns regarding the trust on charitable organizations.

#### Works Cited

Dr. Beth, Breeze. Charitable Giving is often driven by Personal Taste, Not Perceived Need. The Guardian. Retrieved online March 29, 2014 from http://www.theguardian.com/voluntary-sector-network/2011/sep/15/personal-taste-drives-charitable-giving

Eric, Lundquist. J. The Call for Charity. Lulu.com, 2008.

Dan, Pallotta. Charity Case: How the Nonprofit Community Can Stand Up For Itself and Really Change the World. John Wiley & Sons, 2012.

Deborah A. Small. The Face of Need: Facial Emotion Expression on Charity Advertisements. Journal of Marketing Research: December 2009, Vol. 46, No. 6, pp. 777-787.

Emirates. The Emirates Airline Foundation. Reaching out to Children in Need. Retrieved online March 29, 2014 from http://www.emirates.com/english/about/emirates_airline_foundation/emirates_airline_foundation.aspx

## Response To Hurricane Katrina Case Studies

Read both Hurricane Katrina case studies, found in the resources below, before responding. The advance preparations taken by New Orleans, the state of Louisiana, and the federal government proved inadequate to meet the full challenges of Hurricane Katrina. To the extent that these preparations could have been improved, what steps should have been taken?

Paper Submission Requirements:

• Your response should be 4 pages in length (double-spaced).
• The paper must include a “reference page” not included in the 4-page minimum.
• Use APA format.

## Securing Information Systems – Online Groceries – Sample Paper

There are many benefits that come with running an online grocery store as compared to one where people have to go in to purchase their groceries. For example not having as many people working as customer service to keep the floor in good looking shape is a huge advantage. These advantages come with their own set of risks though.

One of the biggest risks that an online grocery store is going to face is the risk of loss. When referring to loss a person may think it refers to loss of the groceries themselves, but in this case it is a law of data or information that is going to have the potential to be lost. Networking can be very complex for any type of business and an online grocery store is no exception. It is important that the system is able to keep track of all the data that is needed and back it up, but at the same time protects the data that could threaten to expose valuable information. The company needs to make sure that the data they are holding onto cannot be attained by outsiders or insiders who should not have access to it. The company needs to also be aware of the risk of actual hacking. It is one thing to have data available when it should not be, but another to protect against people intentionally trying to take information (How to Protect Your Company’s Data).

A grocery store needs to consider the fact that information on the server has the potential to be lost. If a storm was to hit and cause damage to the server that is holding the data, there needs to be back up for that information. A loss of customer information could set the company back a long ways in operations and profits.

A grocery store that is operating online also needs to consider updates in all of its programming as things progress. For example a site may not function as well in some web browsers than others. The company should make sure that it is active in keeping up with the most recent web browser versions or the users may not be able to access the site properly and therefore their data may not be as secure that they input.

Data loss due to a storm or any other reason is one that can be easily fixed. The online store needs to make sure that they do not keep all data in just one location that could be destroyed. Backing up data somewhere where they can retrieve it if things go wrong with where it is normally stored can prevent huge problems. The cloud could be one place that data could be stored that it would be safer than at a physical location on a server.

The next risk that a company has to deal with is data ending up in the wrong hands either intentionally or by accident. Entry into the system needs to be restricted by the use of passwords and other security measures. These passwords must not have given to others under the threat of termination. Next logging out of a system after it is done being used is important. If a user does not sign out there should be a feature that automatically logs them out after being inactive for a period of time.

Another thing the grocery store needs to do is constantly update its technology. Lagging behind in technology is going to leave the company exposed to threats. This can cost a company money, but the benefit of being protected is going to outweigh the risk of losing everything that the company has built over the years. The grocery store needs to make sure they keep these updates going.

Secure transactions are also an important risk tool that the grocery site needs to use. Not only does that data that the company has need to be protected but the information of customer’s needs to be protected as well. There are methods available to secure transactions that take place on the internet so that the information such as credit card information and addresses cannot be attained by another user. (How to Create a Security Plan for Your Store Online).

There are legal issues that the company can have when it comes to securities measures as well. A company is legally obligated to protect its user’s personal information. If there as an exposure that is made that the company could have protected against there could be a lawsuit against the company for not taking the proper actions ahead of time.

One of those areas is the secured payment idea that was discussed earlier. If a company does not protect customer data through a secure payment method on the site they could get in a lot of trouble. There have been many hacks by multiple large companies in the last few

A company needs to be aware of the many risks that can be involved in their operations. A grocery store that operates online is going to have multiple risks that they need to consider. Data is going to be a huge asset for the company and it needs to be protected at all cost. This can be done with the right security such as not allowing people access to certain pieces of data, the use of passwords and backing up the data that the company has.

Reference

Klein, Karen. “How to Protect Your Company’s Data.” N.p., 26 Mar. 2012. Web. 23       Oct. 2016.

Markgraf, Bert. “How to Create a Security Plan for Your Store Online.” . N.p., n.d. Web.           23 Oct. 2016.

## Conducting An Environmental Analysis

Your first step in evaluating the position of your organization will be conducting an environmental analysis. The purpose of this is to determine your organization’s ability to continue to provide quality care and remain financially solvent in the face of these challenges.

Assume you are the administrator of a fictitious organization of your choice.  The organization can be any type of health care organization such as a hospital, nursing home, rehabilitation center, clinic, etc. As the administrator, you are faced with the challenges of declining reimbursements from insurance providers and increasing demands for patient services due to dramatic changes in the external environment. Such changes include those imposed by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.

#### Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you:

1. Determine two (2) specific forces in the external environment that will have the most impact on your organization. Provide a rationale for your decision.
2. Determine two (2) specific internal factors that the organization’s leaders need to consider in preparing for the future of health care and the future of the organization. Provide a rationale for your decision.
3. Discuss the impact of both the identified internal and external forces on the organization’s ability to develop a competitive strategy.
4. Recommend one (1) strategy that involves the organization’s managers in implementing and maintaining the momentum of the strategic plan.
5. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites to not qualify as academic resources.

#### Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

• Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
• Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

#### The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

• Differentiate between strategic management, strategic thinking, strategic planning, and managing strategic momentum.
• Analyze the significance of the external environment’s impact on health care organizations.
• Examine the purpose and importance of service area competitor analysis.
• Examine the role of internal environmental analysis in identifying the basis for sustained competitive advantage.
• Use technology and information resources to research issues in the strategic management of health care organizations.
• Write clearly and concisely about strategic management of health care organizations using proper writing mechanics.

## Personal Response Essay – Kids in the Mall by Kowinski

Read the article below on  Kids in the Mall by Kowinski  then answer the question below;

Is this the mall you know?

What, if anything, has this done to town centers and to family life?

Write a personal response essay (2-3 page)

Kids in the Mall: Growing Up Controlled.

###### By WILLIAM KOWINSKI

Butch heaved himself up and loomed over the group. “Like it was different for me,” he piped. “My folks used to drop me off at the shopping mall every morning and leave me all day. It was like a big free baby-sitter, you know? One night they never came back for me. Maybe they moved away. Maybe there’s some kind of a Bureau of Missing Parents I could check with.”

— Richard Peck

Secrets of the Shopping Mall,

a novel for teenagers

From his sister at Swarthmore, I’d heard about a kid in Florida whose mother picked him up after school every day, drove him straight to the mall, and left him there until it closed — all at his insistence. I’d heard about a boy in Wash­ington who, when his family moved from one suburb to another, pedaled his bicycle five miles every day to get back to his old mall, where he once belonged.

These stories aren’t unusual. The mall is a common experience for the majority of American youth; they have probably been going there all their lives. Some ran within their first large open space, saw their first fountain, bought their first toy, and read their first book in a mall. They may have smoked their first cigarette or first joint, or turned them down, had their first kiss or lost their virginity in the mall parking lot. Teenagers in America now spend more time in the mall than any­where else but home and school. Mostly it is their choice, but some of that mall time is put in as the result of two-paycheck and single-parent households, and the lack of other viable alternatives. But are these kids being harmed by the mall?

I wondered first of all what difference it makes for adolescents to experience so many important moments in the mall. They are, after all, at play in the fields of its little world and they learn its ways; they adapt to it and make it adapt to them. It’s here that these kids get their street sense, only it’s mall sense. They are learning the ways of a large-scale, artificial environment; its subtleties and flexibili­ties, its particular pleasures and resonance, and the attitudes it fosters.

The presence of so many teenagers for so much time was not something mall developers planned on. In fact, it came as a big surprise. But kids became a fact of mall life very easily, and the International Council of Shipping Centers found it nec­essary to commission a study, which they published along with a guide to mall man­agers on how to handle the teenage incur­sion.

The study found that “teenagers in suburban centers are bored and come to the shopping centers mainly as a place to go. Teenagers in suburban centers spent more time fighting, drinking, littering and walking than did their urban counter­parts, but presented fewer overall problems.” The report observed that “ado­lescents congregated in groups of two to four and predominantly at locations selected by them rather than manage­ment.” This probably had something to do with the decision to install game ar­cades, which allow management to chan­nel these restless adolescents into nat­urally contained areas away from major traffic points of adult shoppers.

The guide concluded that mall man­agement should tolerate and even encour­age the teenage presence because, in the words of the report, “The vast majority support the same set of values as does shopping center management.” The same set of values means simply that mall kids are already preprogrammed to be con­sumers and that the mall can put the fin­ishing touches to them as hard-core, lifelong shoppers just like everybody else. That, after all, is what the mall is about. So it shouldn’t be surprising that in spending a lot of time there, adolescents find little that challenges the assumption that the goal of life is to make money and buy products, or that just about every­thing else in life is to be used to serve those ends.

Growing up in a high-consumption society already adds inestimable pressure to kids’ lives. Clothes consciousness has invaded the grade schools”, and popularity is linked with having the best, newest clothes in the currently acceptable styles. Even what they read has been affected. “Miss [Nancy] Drew wasn’t obsessed with her wardrobe,” noted the Wall Street Jour­nal. “But today the mystery in teen fiction for girls is what outfit the heroine will wear next.” Shopping has become a sur­vival skill and there is certainly no better place to learn it than the mall, where its importance is powerfully reinforced and certainly never questioned.

The mall as a university of suburban materialism, where Valley Girls and Boys from coast to coast are educated in con­sumption, has its other lessons in this era of change in family life and sexual mores and their economic and social ramifica­tions. The plethora of products in the mall, plus the pressure on teens to buy them, may contribute to the phenomenon that psychologist David Elkind calls “the hurried child”: kids who are exposed to too much of the adult world too quickly and must respond with a sophistication that belies their still-tender emotional de­velopment. Certainly the adult products marketed for children — form-fitting de­signer jeans, sexy tops for preteen girls — add to the social pressure to look like an adult, along with the home-grown need to understand adult finances (why mothers must work) and adult emotions (when parents divorce).

Kids spend so much time at the mall partly because their parents allow it and even encourage it. The mall is safe, doesn’t seem to harbor any unsavory activities, and there is adult supervision; it is, after all, a controlled environment. So the temptation, especially for working par­ents, is to let the mall be their baby-sitter. At least the kids aren’t watching TV. But the mall’s role as a surrogate mother may be more extensive and more profound.

Karen Lansky, a writer living in Los Angeles, has looked into the subject, and she told me some of her conclusions about the effects on its teenaged denizens of the mall’s controlled and controlling environment. “Structure is the dominant idea, since true ‘mall rats’ lack just that in their home lives,” she said, “and adoles­cents about to make the big leap into growing up crave more structure than our modern society cares to acknowledge.” Karen pointed out some of the elements malls supply that kids used to get from their families, like warmth (Strawberry Shortcake dolls and similar cute and cud­dly merchandise), old-fashioned mother­ing (“We do it all for you,” the fast-food slogan), and even home cooking (the “homemade” treats at the food court).

The problem in all this, as Karen Lansky sees it, is that while families nurture children by encouraging growth through the assumption of responsibility and then by letting them rest in the bosom of the family from the rigors of growing up, the mall as a structural mother encourages passivity and consumption, as long as the kid doesn’t make trouble. Therefore all they learn about becoming adults is how to act and how to consume.

Kids are in the mall not only in the passive role of shoppers — they also work there, especially as fast-food outlets infiltrate the mall’s enclosure. There they learn how to hold a job and take responsi­bility, but still within the same value con­text. When CBS Reports went to Oak Park Mall in suburban Kansas City, Kansas, to tape part of their hour-long consideration of malls, “After the Dream Comes True,” they interviewed a teenaged girl who worked in a fast-food outlet there. In a sequence that didn’t make the final pro­gram, she described the major goal of her present life, which was to perfect the curl on top of the ice-cream cones that were her store’s specialty. If she could do that, she would be moved from the lowly soft-drink dispenser to the more presti­gious ice-cream division, the curl on top of the status ladder at her restaurant. These are the achievements that are im­portant at the mall.

Other benefits of such jobs may also be overrated, according to Laurence D. Steinberg of the University of California at Irvine’s social ecology department, who did a study on teenage employment. Their jobs, he found, are generally simple, mind­lessly repetitive and boring. They don’t really learn anything, and the jobs don’t lead anywhere. Teenagers also work pri­marily with other teenagers; even their supervisors are often just a little older than they are. “Kids need to spend time with adults,” Steinberg told me. “Although they get benefits from peer relationships, without parents and other adults it’s one-side socialization. They hang out with each other, have age-segregated jobs, and watch TV.”

Perhaps much of this is not so terrible or even so terribly different. Now that they have so much more to contend with in their lives, adolescents probably need more time to spend with other adoles­cents without adult impositions, just to sort things out. Though it is more concen­trated in the mall (and therefore perhaps a clearer target), the value system there is really the dominant one of the whole soci­ety. Attitudes about curiosity, initiative, self-expression, empathy, and disinter­ested learning aren’t necessarily made in the mall; they are mirrored there, perhaps a bit more intensely — as through a glass brightly.

Besides, the mall is not without its educational opportunities. There are book­stores, where there is at least a short shelf of classics at great prices, and other books from which it is possible to learn more than how to do sit-ups. There are tools, from hammers to VCRs, and prod­ucts, from clothes to records that can help the young find and express them­selves. There are older people with stories, and places to be alone or to talk one-on-one with a kindred spirit. And there is always the passing show.

The mall itself may very well be an ed­ucation about the future. I was struck with the realization, as early as my first forays into Greengate, that the mall is only one of a number of enclosed and con­trolled environments that are part of the lives of today’s young. The mall is just an extension, say, of those large suburban schools — only there’s Karmelkorn in­stead of chem. lab, the ice rink instead of the gym: It’s high school without the im­pertinence of classes.

Growing up, moving from home to school to the mall — from enclosure to en­closure, transported in cars — is a curi­ously continuous process, without much in the way of contrast or contact with un­enclosed reality. Places must tend to blur into one another. But whatever differences and dangers there are in this, the skills these adolescents are learning may turn out to be useful in their later lives. For we seem to be moving inexorably into an age of preplanned and regulated environ­ments, and this is the world they will inherit.

Still, it might be better if they had more of a choice. One teenaged girl con­fessed to CBS Reports that she sometimes felt she was missing something by hang­ing out at the mall so much. “But I’m here,” she said, “and this is what I have.”

## Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act Vs Children’s Internet Protection Act

The Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA) and the Children’s Internet Protection Act (CIPA) are both intended to provide protections for children accessing the Internet. However, they both have had some opposition.
Write a three to five (3-5) page paper in which you:
1. Describe the main compliancy requirements and the protected information for both Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act  and Children’s Internet Protection Act
2. Analyze how Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act  and Children’s Internet Protection Act are similar and how they are different, and explain why there is a need for two (2) different acts.
3. Describe what you believe are the most challenging elements of both COPPA and CIPA to implement in order to be compliant.
4. Speculate on whyChildren’s Online Privacy Protection Act  and Children’s Internet Protection Act define protection for different ages; COPPA defines a child as being under the age of 13 and CIPA defines a minor as being under the age of 17.
5. Identify the main opposition to Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act  and Children’s Internet Protection Act based on research and speculate on whether they will be changed in the future based on the opposition.
6. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.

## Digital Media Consumation Related Topic Research

Today, digital media is found throughout all business and personal activities making it necessary to have a high level of understanding of both the sources of content, as well as the methods in which the information is consumed. The responsible utilization of digital media requires individuals to have an awareness of the global, social, ethical, and legal contexts in which the digital media is consumed.

Students are required to select a topic related to global, social, ethical, or legal issues with digital media. You will perform in-depth research and provide an explanation of how an issue associated with your selected topic relates to the consumption of digital media.

1. Formatting Requirements
• Project must follow APA style
• Double-spaced 1 inch margins
• 12 point professional font
• Headers including project name, class, and page numbers
• File name first initial, last name and project (ex. JDoe_paper)
• Use of tables, graphs, images, etc. of appropriate size that are relevant to the information being conveyed is highly encouraged.
2. Content Requirements
• Minimum of 2500 words, maximum 3000 words (excluding cover and bibliographical pages)
• Title Page including your name, instructor name, course name and number, and paper title
• Research Paper Requirements
1. Outline
2. Introduction
3. Body
• Research
• Findings
• Context
4. Conclusion
• Bibliography with minimum of 6 professional / scholarly sources. Wikipedia is not acceptable.

## Landmark Case Research Findings Report

Landmark Case Presentation

In this module, present your research findings on the landmark cases related to competency to stand trial (CST), criminal responsibility, the right to receive mental health treatment, the right to refuse psychiatric treatment, coercion to mental health treatment, and civil commitment and treatment of sex offenders.

Create a case report for each selected case, including the following headings:

• Title and Citation: Provide the title of the case and in which court the case is involved.
• Type of Action: Describe the type of the case.
• Facts of the Case: Describe the key facts in the case with roles and responsibilities of forensic psychology professionals.
• Contentions of the Parties: Explain the relevant points in the contentions of the parties.
• Issue: Describe the issue from the viewpoint of the psycholegal question at hand.
• Decision: Explain the decision in the case with implications, present and future, for the practice of forensic psychology.
• Reasoning: Explain the reasoning provided by the trial judges or justices to arrive at the decision and dissenting opinions, if any.
• Rule of Law: Describe the rule of law with regard to the practice of forensic psychology.

Click below for a sample case report, which you can also use as a template to write your individual case report.

Write the case reports in not more than a 6-page Microsoft Word document.

All written assignments and responses should follow APA rules for attributing sources.

You may refer to the following links for additional information:

## Myopia and Hypermetropia Presentation Assignment

Myopia and Hypermetropia Assignment Instructions
A local middle school has a science club that meets once a week to discuss various scientific topics. Lately, the club has expressed interest in the visual system; particularly, why some people need glasses, why others do not, and why all glasses are not the same (some glasses actually make vision worse rather than better). The faculty sponsor of the club has asked you to give a talk about myopia and hypermetropia (also known as hyperopia).
Develop a presentation for the talk geared towards middle school-aged children (eleven- to fourteen-year-olds). Cover the following points in your presentation:
• Explain the anatomy of the eye. You can include visual aids such as diagrams where needed.
• Explain how the cornea focuses images on the retina in normal, myopic, and hypermetropic eyes.
• Describe how glasses, contact lenses, and laser surgery can be used to fix the focusing problems of myopia and hypermetropia.
• Describe eyestrain and its causes.
• Explain how having the correct glasses can alleviate eyestrain.
• Explain why wearing someone else’s glasses can make your vision worse. Be sure to include the following in your presentation:

## Blogging: Enhancing Team Communication In Companies

#### Blogging: Enhancing Team Communication In Companies

Companies, including McDonald’s, are using blogs to improve internal communications with employees. “Blogs are a way to bring knowledge together,” said Dave Weick, chief information officer at McDonald’s, who distributes blog access to thousands of employees. Employee communication blogs are gaining popularity because they are easy to set up and inexpensive to run. They generate honest communication, enhance collaboration, and help nurture team building. Assume you have started a blog to share and distribute information about a team project with ten team members.

In class teams, discuss how you would you respond to each of the following situations:
a. Adam uses the blog to share personal information instead of communicating information about the team project.
b. Tamika is not participating and has not posted any comments.
c. Jon’s comments include insults to other team members.
d. Several team members do not understand how to use the blog.

## Current Trends in the Consumer Behavior in Trade Industry in California and the Implications to Various Market approaches – Research Proposal Sample Paper

Research Proposal

Topic: Current Trends in the Consumer Behavior in Trade Industry in California and the Implications to Various Market approaches

Introduction

Various marketing intellectuals and practitioners have intensely highlighted on the critical necessity for deliberating and explaining the consumer’s behaviour patterns in a manner increasingly efficient. Firms paying attention on the final markets are wrapped up in extremely competitive systems in which it is needed that their decision processes to be as correct as possible. In this sense, models of consumer behaviour are well thought-out as a precise case of marketing management support system, as much as they are marketing models and all over the time have confirmed to be a source of transcendental significance for the development of marketing discipline (Van and Wierenga, 2000). In spite of actual models of consumer behaviour not seeming to cover all the provisions that it should allegedly satisfy, it is a model which aims to aid on the marketing assessment creation. With respect to this aim, founded on Gatignon (2000), future models, considering both their theoretical and technical aspects, which try to explain consumers’ decision making will have to be clearly focused on users’ demand side requirements. This means that models must be more flexible, absolute and modified to the deliberate singularities of the competitive environment which their consumers work in. Thus, as the main problem that actually face firms oriented to consumer markets is not the availability of information / data, but the possession of necessary level of knowledge to take the right decisions, the use of avant-garde behavioural models able to exploit it may represent an essential source of competitive advantage (Sumathi  & Saravanavel, 2003).

Company Background

Wal-Mart is a large multinational retail organization in the US running various departmental stores dealing with discounts and warehouse stores. Its main objective is normally to be the leading corporation in retailing worldwide (Roberts, & Berg, 2012). Founded in 1962 by an American Retailer, Walton, it has achieved it objective as it has become one of the world’s leading retail corporation and largest private employer. Operation management mainly deals with the transformation of the production process together with inputs used in the corporation for operations into final products that will meet the needs and requirements of the final consumer.

In order for Wal-Mart to meet its objective as per the policies of operational management it employees various strategies in its operation. The existence of a perfect market in the economy provides competition to the Wal-Mart Corporation. To ensure they cope with competition in the market they have various operation strategies. Their strategy is to offer low prices every day to the customers in order to get a larger market share. There is also training of the employees to improve on quality services as they will competent in using information technology (Ireland, Hoskisson, & Hitt, 2008). They also create a barrier to entry by offering qualities at low prices and they normally produce their own supplies making it difficult for other firms to compete with it.

Research Objectives

The main objective of this project is to provide an assessment on the Current Trends in the Consumer Behavior in Trade Industry in California and the Implications to Various Market approaches based on a case study of Wal-Mart Stores in San Francisco City – California. The research objectives include:-

How the San Francisco customers pick out the Wal-Mart stores and whether this is the best low price alternative?

What are the new customer’s behaviour trends in the trade industry?

What are the key considerations that the California customers will have in purchasing the consumer products?

What are the impacts of the surroundings on the buyer decision making in the trade industry?

What are the implications of the fresh customers’ behavior trends on the marketing approaches in Wal-Mart San Francisco, California?

Paper structure

This study will first look into the review of the related theories and literature about the consumer decision making; then the study will be followed by a careful surrounding scrutiny of the market, industrial settings, comprehensive environment and internal analysis of Wal-Mart San Francisco, California. The key element of the study will be to focus on the customer behavior exploration which is followed by setting objectives of the corporation in term of the market share and financial objectives in the San Francisco, California based on the company’s cultures, mission, internal and external environments as well as its core value (Dinsmore & Rocha, 2012). And the next part regarding the marketing approaches includes the selection of generic strategies and the marketing merge plans. Finally the last part is to give an implementation and arrangement plan to the group for its future expansion and penetration into the large and fast growing California market.

Literature Review

Various reviews by Isen (1984) and Gardner (1985) provide insights into the current way the customer behavior literature is organized. Isen concerted her analysis on customer attitude creation and ration behavior. In order to extrapolate from the mental literature to marketing, Gardner (1985) analyzed the study in psychology that investigated the impact of customer behavior and judgments and her analysis concluded in three recommendations. First, mood states upon exposure to and retrieval of information may affect an individual’s ability to recall the information. Mood states may bias judgements in mood congruent directions since mood-congruent items are more accessible from memory (Gardner 1985). Secondly, optimistic moods increase the probability that individuals will engage in behaviors with predictable positive result and reduce the likelihood that persons will engage in behaviors with expected negative results (Gardner 1985). Thirdly, affirmative moods may also increase the possibility that positive associations to a particular behavior will be available in recall and therefore boost the chances that the behavior will be performed (Gardner 1985).

Both reviews have added to our general understanding of the association of mood to consumer behavior. Nevertheless neither of the approach is organized in a way that suggests the full range of likely effects of mood on consumers’ response in the market (Hoyer & MacInnis, 2008). The reviews also suggest that the effects of mood on the buying process are fairly all-encompassing. Mood may influence different factors at different points of the buying process. Additionally, current study by Gardner and Mill (1986) demonstrates that mood states have an impact on and are impacted by consumers’ behavior during the buying course. With this viewpoint in mind, each stage of the buying course will be scrutinized, concentrating on mood effects (Pride & Ferrell, 2008).

Research design

One major hypothesis in this study is that with the development of the economy and rapid social development in California as well as the existence of fast changes in the consumer buying behaviors and decision making process which have great influences over the marketing strategies and company business objectives setting. And case study in Wal-Mart Stores in San Francisco City – California in the trade industry would be adopted as the major research design method.

Research Methodology

This section brings in the process we propose to perform the knowledge on the Current Trends in the Consumer Behavior in Trade Industry in California and the Implications to Various Market approaches. The methodology will rely on the research questions and any data to be collected will be centered to answering / providing more knowledge on the research problem (Kothari, 2011). Data collection as traditionally done in marketing is extracted by means of a questionnaire and opinion polls in a similar way to the models estimated by structural equation modelling. This data should then provide clear explanations on how the San Francisco customers pick out the Wal-Mart stores and whether this is the best low price alternative. It should also provide a clear position on the implications of the fresh customers’ behavior trends on the marketing approaches in Wal-Mart San Francisco, California as well as key considerations that the California customers will have in purchasing the consumer products. The study should establish that the consumer buying behaviour is the result of the needs and wants of the consumer and they therefore buy to satisfy these needs and desires. Even though it may sound clear and simple, these needs can be various depending on the individual factors such as age, psychology and individuality. There are some other exterior factors which are broad and beyond the power of the consumer and therefore the study be able to provide all this distinctions and explanations.

References

Bagozzi, R. P., Gurhan-Canli, Z., & Priester, J. R. (2002). The social psychology of consumer behaviour. Philadelphia, Pa: Open University.

Dinsmore, P. C., & Rocha, L. (2012). Enterprise project governance: A guide to the successful management of projects across the organization. New York: AMACOM.

Gatignon, H. (2000), “Commentary on Peter Leeflang and Dick Wittink´s “Building models form marketing decisions: past, present and future””, International Journal of Research in Marketing.

Gardner, Meryl P. (1985), “Mood States and Consumer Behavior: A Critical Review,” Journal of Consumer Research, 12 (3), 281-300.

Hoyer, W. D., & MacInnis, D. J. (2008). Consumer behavior. Mason, OH: South-Western.

Isen, Alice M. (1984), “Toward Understanding the Role of Affect in Cognition,” in Handbook of Social Cognition, Robert Wyer, Jr. and Thomas Srull, eds. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 179-236.

Ireland, R. D., Hoskisson, R. E., & Hitt, M. A. 2008. Understanding business strategy: Concepts and cases. Mason, OH: South-Western Cengage Learning.

Kothari, C. R. (2011). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. New Delhi: New Age International Ltd.

Pride, W. M., & Ferrell, O. C. (2008). Foundations of marketing. Boston, Mass: Houghton Mifflin.

Roberts, B. R., & Berg, N. 2012. Wal-Mart: Key insights and practical lessons from the world’s largest retailer. London: Kogan Page.

Van Bruggen, G.H., Wierenga, B. (2000), “Broadening the perspective on marketing decision models”, International Journal of Research in Marketing.

Sumathi, S., & Saravanavel, P. (2003). Marketing research and consumer behaviour. New Delhi: Vikas Pub.

## Pregnancy Advisory Council vs Secretary of State for Health – Case Analysis

Read through the extract from Pregnancy Advisory Council v Secretary of State for Health [2011] and answer the following questions:

1. What were the material facts in the case?

2. Explain, in your own words, the legal issue(s) in the case.

3. Which technique(s) of statutory interpretation, presumptions and/or ‘rules of language’ did Mr Justice Slipperville employ in the case? Evidence your answer by reference to relevant dicta in the case.

4. What additional technique did counsel for the Claimant seek to persuade the court to use?
5. Explain, in your own words, the ratio decidendi of Pregnancy Advisory Council v Secretary of State for Health [2011].

Word limit: There is no word limit for Part A of the assessment. However, your answers should be as concise, precise and accurate as possible without being repetitive (see criteria below). The questions in Part A are not equally weighted.

Important notice: When answering questions relating to the material facts, legal issue and ratio decidendi of the case, you MUST confine your reading to the case extract provided. If it is apparent that you have referred to extraneous material relating to the reported decision such as law reports, case summaries, textbook or other similar material, this will be reflected negatively in your mark.

## Quantity Demanded Vs Quantity Supplied Supply

Choose one of the following and determine whether there is correct usage of the terms “demand,” “quantity demanded,” “supply” and “quantity supplied.” Why or why not?

• As the price of pizza increases, consumers’ demand decreases.
• Whenever the price of bicycles increases, the supply of bicycles increases.
• The price of electricity is cheaper in the northwestern part of the United States and, therefore, the demand for electricity is greater in the northwest.
• An increase in incomes of car buyers will increase the quantity demanded for cars.
• An increase in the quantity demanded of lobsters means consumers are willing and able to buy more lobsters at any price – whatever the current price is.

A decrease in the supply of frog legs means suppliers will provide fewer frog legs in the market at any price – whatever the current price is.

## The time value of money concept is one of the 3 major principles of the study and practice of financial management

The time value of money concept is one of the 3 major principles of the study and practice of financial management. It is used to evaluate potential investments, determine a rate of return on a project, calculate the required payments on a loan or annuity, and estimate a future value of funds currently invested and the present value of funds to be received at some future date. It is imperative that managers at all levels of business have a working knowledge of this topic. In your first task, you have been asked to engage your colleagues in a detailed and documented discussion about the time value of money concept: what it is, why it is important, how it is used, and generally, how the applications to single and periodic payments are computed using various calculation methods and formulas.

In your initial post, identify and recommend at least 1 credible Web site that an investor can visit to find the current market value of market indexes such as the Dow Industrial Averages, and address at least 3 of the following:

• What is the discounted cash flow concept, and why is it essential for financial managers to understand and employ this important concept?
• What are the methods associated with evaluating single or periodic payments, and what is at least 1 application of each?
• Discuss the different methods that can be used to calculate these amounts, and explain how at least 1 of these models can be used.
• How can the time value of money models or formulas be used to determine the rate of return for an investment or the time it will take for a current sum to grow to a desired future amount?
• Discuss the “Rule of 72” and how it can be used to estimate how long it takes for money to double at various rates of return.
• Identify and recommend at least 1 credible Web site that an investor can visit to find the current market value of market indexes such as the Dow Industrial Averages.

## Promotional strategy

Paper instructions

Assume you are a product manager in charge of developing a promotional strategy for a new product of your choice. Use your knowledge of buyer behavior to design an effective campaign for an age cohort (of your choice) for this product. (for example, a new energy drink marketed to Baby Boomers, financial services to Generation Y). Your paper should include the description of the new product (features and benefits), a detailed description of the target audience in terms of demographics, psychographics, and lifestyle, the personality of your new brand, the new brand itself (an icon or logo), the marketing strategies. You must discuss at least four different influences on buying behavior (2 from External and 2 from Internal) in the development of your paper. See the list below.

Your paper must provide an analysis based on sound buyer behavior. Be sure to choose two from each column to include in the exploration of your chosen topic:

External Influences Internal Influences
∗ Culture
∗ Subculture
∗ Reference Groups
∗ Social Status
∗ Family and Households
∗ Perception
∗ Motivation
∗ Emotions
∗ Personality
∗ Attitudes
∗ Learning and Memory

If you would like help in developing a promotional strategy,  click on the Order Now button below. Uniquewritersbay.com has high quality writers ready to help you out.

## Disaster Recovery (DR) Lessons Learned: September 11th

Due Week 7

Read the article titled “9/11: Top lessons learned for disaster recovery,” from Computerworld.com, located at http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/9219867/9_11_Top_lessons_learned_for_disaster_recovery , and consider the effects the attacks of September 11, 2001, have had on technology recovery efforts.

Write a two to four (2-4) page paper in which you:
1. Explain how the attacks affected risk management in organizations and have prompted an increased justification for recovery-based objectives, initiatives, and expenditures.
2. Analyze the use of social media and other current methods of communication for emergency notifications during an incident or disaster situation.
3. Determine whether or not organizations need to consider distanced geographic locations when preparing for backup operations / data centers, and determine the effects that recovery point objectives (RPO) and recovery time objectives (RTO) have on these decisions.
4. Evaluate the use of cloud services as tools for recovery operations within an organization, and explain how they could increase or decrease the effectiveness of recovery operations.
5. Determine whether or not cloud services are ideal recovery options for organizations regardless of their size. Provide a rationale to support the answer.
6. Use at least four (4) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
• Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
• Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

## Trifles – Susan Glaspell Play Analysis

You will be reading and analyzing the Susan Glaspell play, Trifles. As you read the play you will notice that its format is quite different from that of a short story or novel. At first, reading the stage directions, characters’ names and dialogue may feel awkward; but rest assured that, as you keep reading you will find your rhythm and be able to follow the story with little difficulty.

Please write an essay of 1000 words or more discussing the questions below. As always, begin your paper with an engaging introduction and clear thesis statement, develop each point in the body of your paper using examples and quotes from the play, and conclude your paper with a restatement of your thesis and closing remarks. In addition, be sure to maintain your credibility by including in-text citations and a reference list correctly formatted in APA style.

1. Setting: What is the setting of the play, in terms of the time period, region and weather? Explain the condition of the house. What emotional response does the setting evoke in you?
2. Characters: Describe the main characters: county attorney George Henderson, sheriff Henry Peters, neighbor Lewis Hale, Mrs. Hale, and Mrs. Peters. What do you also know about John and Minnie Wright? Who in this story do you feel is/are the protagonist(s) and who is/are the antagonist(s)?
3. Plot: Summarize the plot of the play in terms of its narrative arc (also known a pyramidal pattern): exposition, rising action, conflict, climax, falling action and resolution/dénouement. What makes the story suspenseful?
4. Stage Directions: Comment on Glaspell’s stage directions. What information do they reveal that you would have not been able to glean from the dialogue alone?
5. Symbolism: Elaborate on the symbolic meaning of the birdcage, the dead canary, the noose and the items referred to as “trifles.”
6. Themes: Remark on the main messages of this play. What is the meaning of the title, Trifles? In your opinion, what is Glaspell saying about gender differences and marriage in this story?
7. Genre: Because this is a play, most of the story is told in dialogue format. Articulate the differences between reading a drama and reading a short story. Comment, too, on the experience of reading a drama versus watching it performed by actors.
8. Final Thoughts: Trifles is based on a true crime story that Susan Glaspell reported on as a journalist from 1898-1901. Do some background research on the actual events (one recommended website ishttp://www.midnightassassin.com/index.html) and write about the increasing empathy Glaspell felt toward Margaret Hossack, the alleged murderess, as Glaspell covered the case. Do you empathize with Hossack and her fictional counterpart, Minnie Wright? Why or why not? What overall impact has the play had on you?

## World Trade Organization Member Country Dispute Solving

World Trade Organization evolved from the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). The WTO provides a “forum for trade related negotiations” among its members. Nevertheless, it has been controversial since its inception.View the following video for background on the US-EU dispute prior to the WTO 2010 decision:

WTO Airbus Boeing – “Subsidies & Competition” – Forerunner Foundation (Links to an external site.)

Select a country  that is a member of the WTO  and read its profile. Scroll down to the bottom of the page until you reach the Dispute Cases involving your country. If there are no dispute cases, please select another country.

In a short essay, please discuss the following:

1. Short overview of the WTO and your selected country.
2. Brief description of the disputed issue.
3. Brief summary of the Findings.
4. In your opinion, was the WTO essential in the resolution of the dispute or do you feel the dispute could have been resolved without the WTO?

Your essay should be 300 – 400 words (about one page), not including references. Save your document with a descriptive file name (Example: yourname_activity.docx) and submit your document as an attachment. Be sure to use current APA style when referencing content from either the textbook or outside sources.

## Institute of Management Accountants – Ethical Professional Practice Essay

Managerial accounting professionals follow a code of ethics. As a member of the Institute of Management Accountants, the managerial accountant must comply with Standards of Ethical Conduct.

Required

1. Identify, print, and read the Statement of Ethical Professional Practice posted atwww.IMAnet.org. (Search using “ethical professional practice.”)
2. In a one page memo to me, describe, in your own words, the four overarching ethical principles underlie the IMA’s statement.
3. Describe the courses of action the IMA recommends in resolving ethical conflicts.

Your submission must be a Word docment ending in .doc or .docx

You will be graded on how well you address the questions. Addressing the questions involves identifying relevant facts, applying the chapter concepts,, and answering each question completely.  Proper APA formatting is expected and required (cited sources, reference page, etc.).  Supplement and synthesize your analysis with outsides scholarly sources.

This assignment will be submitted for plagiarism detection.  Do not copy or paste any part of your submission from any other source, not even your text book.  If you must copy a phrase, or definition, it must be in quotation marks and cited, see APA above.  Failure to do so will result in a violation of the BC honesty policy.

## Seattle Man battle with Pepsi for Harrier-jet prize

In 1999, a Seattle man took a popular soft-drink company seriously when one of its commercials made an offer of a Harrier jet, the famous high-tech jump jet used by the U.S. Marines. In a TV commercial that aired in 1995, the company jokingly included the Harrier as one of the prizes that could be received with a mere 7 million company points. Although that sounds like a lot of points to get from drinking the soft drink company’s products (roughly 190 drinks a day for 100 years), the company also allowed customers to purchase points for 10 cents each.

The man did the math and discovered that the cost of the 7 million points needed for the jet was \$700,000. He then put together a business plan, raised the \$700,000 from friends and family, and submitted 15 points, the check, and an official order form along with a demand for the Harrier jet.

The company wrote back, stating that the Harrier jet in the commercial was simply used to create a humorous and entertaining advertisement. They apologized for any misunderstanding or confusion people may have experienced and enclosed some free product coupons.

The free coupons did not satisfy the man, who then took the soft drink company to court. Finally, a federal judge for the Southern District of New York held that the company was only joking when it implied in its ad that it was giving away fighter jets. The judge noted that because the jets sell for approximately \$23 million, no one could have concluded that the commercial actually offered consumers a Harrier jet. Instead, this was a classic example of a deal that was too good to be true.

## Minimum Wage – Raise it or Not – Debate

There is much debate centered on raising the minimum wage. Some argue that this will hurt the economy, while others argue that it will help the working poor. What do you think? Should the minimum wage be raised? Why or why not?

*    There is much debate centered on raising the minimum wage. Some argue that this will hurt the economy, while others argue that it will help the working poor. What do you think? Should the minimum wage be raised? Why or why not?

*Where to begin:

Do preliminary research.  You can use the databases or the internet or personal interviews.
Make a preliminary claim (this is your position on the topic).
Come up with supporting reasons—you must have at least 3 supporting reasons. The reasons answer the question why. If you think the minimum wage should be raised, you need to answer the question, why should the minimum wage be raised? Each answer becomes a reason. You need 3 reasons, each one discussed in its own paragraph. The reason becomes the topic sentences.

Construct engaging introductory paragraph that grabs the reader’s attention, introduces the topic, and states your claim. This paragraph must be at least 6-7 sentences plus your argumentative claim (thesis).
You must support your reasons with evidence and analysis. Evidence can be research, personal observation, personal experience, or the experience of others. Some of this will be researched. You can interview people as a way of primary research. All outside sources must be synthesized into your paper correctly and all outside sources must be cited using MLA parenthetical citations and the last page of the paper must be a Works Cited.  You must use at least one outside source in the paper.

Consider any objections to your position and present a counter-argument in your paper. This is explained in the argument section of the textbook. Be mindful of transitional devices between paragraphs. It is your job to show the relationship between your ideas and to unify the essay.
Make sure that the conclusion isn’t overly simple and if you can help it, do not use the trite phrase, “in conclusion…” Your conclusion is as important as your intro. It is your last hurrah, your last opportunity to make your case for what you are writing. It too should be at a minimum 7-8 sentence long.