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SAMPLE Unit 4 Happiness Assignment Template


SAMPLE Unit 4 Happiness Assignment Template

Unit 4 assignment instructions

This week, our writing assignment focuses on individual definitions of happiness.  For this writing assignment, you will prepare and conduct interviews with two people about their definition of happiness, how they gained this view, and whether they feel happiness is achievable.

Choose two people who vary in age and experience. Only one of the subjects can be someone you know well. This is an opportunity to learn about acquaintances and strangers as well. These should be face-to-face interviews.

Introduce this assignment by introducing each subject one at a time. Who are they? What is the nature of your relationship?

Next, ask a variety of questions to get them to consider not just their definition of happiness, but its origins and development. You can use these sample questions to get you started, but should add more questions or change the interview as it develops: Has your definition of happiness changed over time? What experiences have influenced your definition? Do you expect the definition to change again?

Follow the Unit 4 template for this assignment in DocSharing. It includes submitting a transcript of your interviews, including your questions, so take notes or record the discussion.

Finally, you should draw conclusions about the process and the answers that were given. Compare and contrast the results of the interviews. Discuss what was similar or different in the replies, whether the subjects were honest, or if the concept of happiness was difficult to define.

The essay should be at least 750 words and should employ terms from the text. The assignment should be completed in Microsoft Word and should follow the template provided for the sample transcript, essay, and reference page.

CLA assessment:  This unit 4 assignment corresponds to the CLA rubric for HU300-02; please review the CLA rubrics document available under Course Home.


APA formatting:

Incorporate APA citations throughout the analysis as well as a references section at the end of the analysis.  (The references section does NOT count towards the required word count for the Unit 4 assignment.)  Review the APA quick reference guide on the left-hand sidebar under course home for APA formatting guidelines.

Remember to include APA formatting (citations and references); the course materials (including the Janaro and Altshuler course text) must be included.


What Happiness Means to Others


In this paragraph, introduce the first person you interviewed. Who are they and what is

the nature of your relationship?


In this paragraph, introduce the second person you interviewed. Who are they and what is the nature of your relationship?

Interview with [insert name here]










[You would continue with more questions and responses.]


At the end of this transcript, please include the in-text citation for the personal interview.


Here is an example: (E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, 2001).


Here is an example of how you might use an in-text citation for a personal interview in a

sentence: Allen Price Smith also claimed that many of her students had difficulties with APA

style (personal communication, November 3, 2002).




Interview with [insert name here]









[You would continue with more questions and responses.]


At the end of this transcript, please include the in-text citation for the personal interview (see

above for an example).


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Because you are going to integrate terminology and ideas from the text in your essay, you will include The Art of Being Human on the References page of your essay.  However, you will not need to include it on your transcripts unless you reference the text in your interview.


Otherwise, you will not need to include citations for the personal interviews on your

References page. This is because personal interviews are unpublished and the data is usually

unrecoverable. You are however required to include in-text citations (in the transcripts and


Title of Essay

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After your interviews, you will reflect on what was said and how it compares to concepts

of happiness that you read about in the chapter on “Happiness”. As per the assignment guidelines,

you should draw conclusions about the process and the answers that were given. Compare and contrast the results of the interviews.

Discuss what was similar or different in the replies, whether the subjects were honest, or if the concept of happiness was difficult to define. The essay should be at least 750 words and should employ terms from the Janaro and Altshuler course text.  This means that you should reference the text using in-text citations.  More research may be necessary, but the use of the course text is required.






Essay format:  Each assignment should include an introductory paragraph which introduces the narrative; supporting paragraphs; and a conclusion to summarize the analysis.


Word Count:  This essay (which is separate from the two interview transcripts) should include at least 750 words.



Janaro, R. P., & Altshuler, T. C. (2012). The art of being human: The humanities as a technique for living (Kaplan University 3rd custom ed.).  New York:  Pearson Education.

If you choose to incorporate additional references, please include them here as well.

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: Should women in the military be given front-line combat duties?

Topic: Should women in the military be given front-line combat duties?

Thesis: Women in the military deserve to be given front-line combat duties.
(A thesis expresses the author’s point of view on the topic and comes at or
near the end of the introduction paragraph)

Main point 1: The first reason women deserve frontline combat duties is
equality. (Developed in body paragraph)

Main point 2: The second reason women deserve combat duties is their
great teamwork. (Developed in body paragraph)

Main point 3: The third reason women deserve these duties is their proven
courage. (Developed in body paragraph)

Conclusion: Give women the chance they deserve.


You work for a nonprofit that counsels people who have discrimination problems in the workplace. A woman who has been sexually harassed at work asks how she might prosecute……….

You work for a nonprofit that counsels people who have discrimination problems in the workplace. A woman who has been sexually harassed at work asks how she might prosecute a case with a federal agency. You know the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission would handle this case. After researching, you explain to her:

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  1. How to file a complaint with the EEOC.
  2. What the EEOC’s investigative powers are and how the EEOC conducts an investigation.
  3. Whether the final agency action would be a decision or alternative dispute resolution. Explain both types of final agency actions.


You are an administrative law attorney for a businessperson who owns a building downtown that has exceptions from being handicapped-accessible. He has heard that the Department of Justice’s Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) division is proposing a rule that will remove those particular exceptions. You feel that this is a substantive rule. You need to explain to him how the following might apply in his case:

  1. The differences between formal and informal rule-making.
  2. The differences between substantive and interpretive rulemaking.
  3. Why a substantive rule allows for the public notice and comment and how one can find the rule.

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You have been asked to participate in a local radio program to address the role of corrections in the community. ………

Using the feedback you received from your instructor and colleagues over the last few weeks, you will now revise your rough draft into your final research paper. As you revise, feel free to continue to expand your paper by adding additional supporting evidence and analysis where you see a need. Have you incorporated the information related to technology, corrections, and any theories or policies related to the issue you are researching?
Your final draft must be no less than 4 pages, not including the reference page. It must be longer and more refined than your Unit 3 Individual Project. This paper must follow APA style format, and include in-text citations and a reference page. Be sure to proofread your final paper and run the spell and grammar checkers before submitting.

In 3-4 paragraphs

You have been asked to participate in a local radio program to address the role of corrections in the community. The audience is specifically interested in discussing whether corrections should be focused on one or all of the following functions:

  • Rehabilitation of offenders
  • Punishment of offenders
  • Isolation of chronic offenders

After carefully considering available information and points of view on the subject, decide which role you believe should be the focus of the community’s corrections policy. To prepare for the program, create 5 questions you believe callers may ask. Explain your point of view on the role of corrections in the criminal justice system to each of the questions asked, and draw a connection to the topic you are researching for this course. How do issues in corrections correlate with the topic you are researching?

interpersonal communication effectiveness

The purpose of this assignment is to enable you to take an introspective look at your own interpersonal communication effectiveness by examining how you deal with interpersonal conflict.

1.  Identify and introduce the interpersonal conflict you will be dealing with.  (It doesn’t have to be a major conflict)  What is the problem?  Where does it primarily occur?  Why does it occur?  When does it occur?  With whom does it occur?  How does it occur?  Etc…

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2.  Discuss the following questions:

a)  What are some ways this conflict could be good?

b)  Am I remembering that other people don’t perceive things exactly the way I do?

c)  What am I doing to help intensify or prolong this disagreement?

d)  Are my goals realistic?

e)  Am I trying to win this one?

3.  Develop a plan to talk with the individual with whom you have the conflict.  Develop this in terms of concepts from chapter 9 of your text.  How should you approach resolution of the conflict?  Be specific and detailed.

4.  Talk with the individual with whom you have the conflict (If this seems difficult for you, maybe approach it in the following way:  “I have to do an assignment for a class where we deal with conflict.  I know we have had some conflict regarding __________.  Would you mind helping me out?”).  Briefly describe the talk, noting verbal (chapter 4) and non-verbal (chapter 5) cues and outlining your listening tactics (chapter 6).

5.  Results – Describe the outcome of the “ talk.”  What went according to plan; what didn’t?  What would you do differently if you did this over?  Did you feel like the resolution was successful?  Was it satisfying?  How much discomfort did you and the other person experience? What will your relationship be like now that you’v e attempted this resolution?

Spelling & Grammar is worth points so make sure you avoid mistakes.  Paper should be around 4-6 pages in length.  Use sub-headings to indicate which part of the assignment you are dealing with.  Any and all sources used should be cited in MLA format. Any use of Wikipedia will result in a 5-point penalty. Turn paper in on this page by deadline above…just click Essay 3 and attach the paper–DO NOT PASTE INTO BLOCK.

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Run Lola Run by Tom Tykwer

Run Lola Run by Tom Tykwer


1. How does the editing contribute to this scene? Give examples of specific editing techniques used in this scene (for example: graphic match, eyeline match, match on action, jump cut, flash-back, dissolve transitional device, montage etc.) and analyze why that particular technique was used in the scene, and what implicit meaning it was portraying.



2. Does the scene used continuity editing techniques or discontinuity editing? Do they follow the 180-degree rule in this scene? How does this affect how you feel? Is it disorienting and tense, or is it calm?


3. Identify those moments when the sound creates emphasis by accentuating and strengthening the visual image. What are the specific sources of sound in that scene? What types of sounds are used in the scene (ex: ambient, dialog, background music, diegetic and non-diegetic sound)? Does this film use silence expressively? In the scene, how is music used? Does it complement the scene, is it used to create a specific mood, what kind of mood does it create? How does the music affect your emotions in this scene?


Criminal Behavior A Psychological Approach

Criminal Behavior A Psychological Approach

Project instructions:
Consider the statement of Abrahamsen (1952) that criminals rarely know why they act the way they do, and Roche (1958), that there are unconscious forces that are

basically operating behind the scene. As you study aggression and violence and attempt to apply knowledge in this regard to real world problems, do you find these

statements helpful and informative in any way?

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Debate and Polemic

Debate and Polemic

Paper instructions:
I’ve added the project brief and another pdf for how to shape the essay ect. I’m after an essay slightly under 2000 words, you can come up with the essay

title/question though make sure it’s relevant to communications and media.

Here are some random examples you might like to debate:

Should graphic designers learn to code?
Design for design? Or design for manufacture?
Should companies be forced to hire more women and to pay them as much as men?
Must you stick to one field of practice?
Is remixing plagiarising?

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Case study-MBA

have attached the case study it should be similar to the one you have done two weeks ago.

Theassignment covers all assigned readings, posted lectures, discussions, andfeedbacks for the entire course.
Themaximum length of the exam is 5 pages (8-1/2” X 11”) using singleline spacing, 1” margins top/bottom/sides and Arial 12 point font. If youuse double line spacing, the maximum length of the exam is 10 pages. Titlepage, executive summary, table of contents, appendices, charts, graphics,tables, and the reference list do not count in the total pagecount. Number all pages beginning with the first page.
Allconcepts and illustrations should be well reasoned and well supported withrelevant data. I am interested in the depth of analysis, presentationeffectiveness (i.e. well-written and effectively presented), insight that youbring to your response, and your ability to clearly support and illustrate youranalysis with relevant facts or case situation. Your grade will dependheavily on how well you illustrate your answers with relevant data, graphics,and insight from the case. Mere general statements, quotes and casereferences do not meet the basic requirements of this Final Exam. Quotedand paraphrased material and data sources should be referenced using APAstyle.
Sincethis exam is “open book,” it is to be taken independent of anyone’s input. Your exam should be your original work. Discussion of possible exam responseswith others is not permitted. The Graduate School’s policies governing plagiarismand academic dishonesty are strictly enforced. In enforcing academichonesty, exam responses are subject to review by “”and othersoftware programs.

Present a case analysis of the Eli Lillyin India: Rethinking the Joint Venture Strategy case found starting on page229 in Schaan and Kelly, which can be found in Reserved Readings.

The same price : $25 for these.
Due: 2 days

The Mouse Party

Access the Mouse Party interactive module. Select one mouse, influenced by the drug of your choice, and complete the simulation by viewing all of the relevant slides. Next, perform a web search on the drug you selected and locate additional resources that will help you answer the following:

  • Briefly describe why you chose this drug and how many people are estimated to be using/abusing it.
  • Explain how the drug influences both the brain and behavior.
  • Discuss what you think (if anything) needs to be done to combat addiction to this substance and provide a rationale for your position.

Your initial post must be a minimum of 200 words and utilize at least two scholarly source (e.g., the course textbook, a peer-reviewed article from the Ashford University Library, or a professional web source), cited according to APA format as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.





Sensation and Perception

This discussion has two options.  Select one of the options and indicate which one you chose in your response.

Option A:
Recruit someone you trust to help you. Have them prepare two items for you to taste (tell them to be nice), but do not let them tell you what they are.  While they are preparing the items, find something to use as a blindfold and plug your nose so you cannot smell.  You should not be able to see or smell the food while sampling it. As you chew, see if you can recognize the flavor.  If not, unplug your nose and see if that helps you detect it. If that doesn’t work, take off the blindfold and see if you can identify it.

Once you have completed this activity, provide an analysis by sharing the following as you respond:

  • Were you able to determine the food without smell or sight?
  • At what point did you identify the food (e.g., blindfolded with nose plugged, blindfolded with nose unplugged, or neither)?
  • Analyze the relationship between taste and smell.
  • Analyze the relationship between taste and sight.

Option B:
Explain the processes involved in how one senses the world around them (sight, touch, hearing, etc). If you had to give up one, which would it be? Why? What in your life (think about home, work, school) would be impacted by this lack of sense? How does perception influence your sensory systems?

Your initial post must be a minimum of 200 words and utilize at least one scholarly source (e.g., the course textbook, a peer reviewed article from the Ashford University Library, or a professional web source), cited according to APA format as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.





Individual Fat- and Water-Soluble Vitamins

Research the functions, importance, and role of fat- and water-soluble vitamins.


Write a 700- to 950-word APA paper that addresses the following:


  • Identify how vitamins are classified
  • Why are vitamins an important part of daily nutrient intake?
  • What are fat-soluble vitamins? What are high nutrient sources of these vitamins?
  • What are the functions, benefits, deficiency risks, and toxicity risks of fat-soluble vitamins?
  • What are water-soluble vitamins? What are high nutrient sources of these vitamins?
  • What are the functions, benefits, deficiency risks, and toxicity risks of water-soluble vitamins?


Include the following elements in your paper:


  • Title page
  • Introduction
  • Appropriate subheadings
  • Detailed summary
  • In-text citations
  • Separate reference page with at least 3 scholarly references


Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

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The purpose of this assignment is to explore race, gender, and occupational stratification in the workforce.

The purpose of this assignment is to explore race, gender, and occupational stratification in the workforce.

To complete this assignment, perform the following tasks:


Choose a person to interview. This person should have experience with race, gender, and/or occupational stratification, either as a human resources manager, a hiring manager, or someone similar, OR you may choose someone who personally experienced race, gender, and/or occupational stratification. Create at least five interview questions related to racism, sexism, and stereotypes in the workforce. Interview this person.

Discuss the interview in an organized paper, supporting your analysis of the interview with the text, lectures, and appropriate other resources. Be sure to address issues of racism, sexism, and stereotypes in the workforce. Finally, apply your own experiences to your interviewee’s responses. Be sure to include your interview questions and the person’s responses to the question in your paper. Provide a minimum of three references and apply the correct APA standards in the format of text, citations, and references.

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Sustainability And Sustainable Business

Define sustainability in your own words.

Sustainability is where the current or present operation , in which ever sector meets its needs without putting the future generations at a position where they cannot meet theirs.

What is meant by the term “sustainable business”? Provide at least one example to support your answer.

Sustainable business is a term used to describe a green business, a business which, through its operations has negligible effects and impacts on global, local environment, community or society at large. I also tries to optimize three realms; economic,social, and environment (Hitchcock & Willard, 2012). A good example is this big tech companies doing all it can to reduce carbon footprints, in their data warehouse, such as Microsoft where they have Green IT policy. Another business case is in US,Burgerville in VancouverWashington, where they use hormone-free milk andpractice fully recycling and composting in all its 39 restaurants (Landrum & Edwards, 2009).

Defend the concept of economic development. What does it mean and why is it important? Discuss why the pillars of the sustainable business paradigm are important.

The term economic development is multidimensional concept which involves economic growth and structural transformation. Economic growth is increase in a country’s GDP and income over a certain period of time. The structural transformation providesan enabling environment for economic development (Ezeala-Harrison, 1996). Economic development is important because it helps build health economies which inturn lead to health community; better jobs, increased tax base, self-sufficiency, improved quality of life among others. The pillars of sustainable business are economic, social and environment..All these are crucial in sustainable business the social pillar is focused on attaining balance of needs between those of an individual and those of a group. The environment pillar helps a business focus on systems and activities that reduces environmental impact as a result of organizational facilities, products and operations. Economic pillar helps define strategies that promote utilization of socio-economic resources to the best of their advantage. The focus helps business makes profit and at the same time ensure that the operations do not create social or environmental issues.

How do consumers participate in the sustainable business model? Provide at least one example to support your answer.

Consumer participation in sustainable development comes in through the social pillar where the business raises awareness and engages the consumer plan and act in response to their needs. Their role in sustainable business comes in through actively participating in activities that extends sustainability for instance recycling.

Discuss the participation of government agencies in sustainable businesses. What are its deficiencies and what does this mean relative to the responsibilities of managers? Provide at least one example to support your answer.

Government agencies continue to explore the meaning of sustainability in business and is activelyengagingitself in the process through formulation of policies and launching initiatives towards sustainability. An example is government agencies consortium in UK in 2010. Government agencies are also collaborating with other key stakeholders which include nongovernmentalorganizations on facilitating sustainabledevelopment. An example is through the Expo 2000 that took place in Germany which helped show how technology can create a balance with nature(Lorey, 2003). Some of the regulations the government agencies promulgate have significant impact on time and investment needed to get products to the market(Rainey, 2006). This therefore implies that managers ,in businesses where operations are affected by these regulations have to consider alternatives .

Race, Gender, and Occupational Stratification in the Workforce – Interview

Interview with human resource manager of organization X on racism, gender and occupational stratification

  1. Q. Occupational stratification is an issue that can arise in an organization. The effect of this issue in workplace can never be underestimated. According to you, what are the major causes of occupational stratification?

I could agree with more on two things that occupational stratification can arise in an organization and that the effects can be devastating. Occupational stratification usually affects the socioeconomic status of individuals and often leads to social standing with long lasting effects on them and their dependents. The underlying causes of occupational stratification are hard to determine due to interrelatedness of factors causing it. Perhaps sociologist would address this question from an elaborative perspective , however just to mention , observable factors associated with occupational stratification have roots  to structural factors in society where by the some people are cut out from accessing some resources  while some have access to these resources,. Disparity comes in in terms of wealth accumulation, education, and social networks.

Dontigney (2015) argues that  occupational stratification  fall under the broad field of social stratification and in essence it is a term that refers to how gender , race and social class influences kinds of work people do  and how occupations is affected . Issues such as slavery, which falls under the category of structural factors, in a country like US contributed a lot to occupational stratification. Mostly African America had no access to resources and as such educational levels and difference between them and the whites was significantly evident. The implication is that access to resources, contributes to access of better services in society, another most important factor that contribute to this stratification is gender inequality. This is evident whereby a qualified woman may face difficulty in securing executive positions, holding majority of jobs in science fields among others (Dontigney, 2015).

  1. As human resource manager, sometimes it is purported that racial discrimination can be in various form. According to you and the racial cases you have handled in your organization, how does this happens?

Cases of discrimination come to my desk or office mostly. Some are of them so open that it does not require any further investigation to uncover. An employee would for instance yell at a fellow colleague deliberately claiming that their race is inferior or are not in a position to hold such a task or job effectively. This is an example of direct behavior towards, which can also be in form of direct actions. In other cases employee can throw insulting comments which can be indirect but are discriminatory in nature. A couple of days ago i overheard women black women and white women arguing. The white asking the African America how often do white black women wash their hair? Such comments directed racial minorities are forms of discrimination.

Karsten (2006) argues that there are indeed some forms of unique harassing comments which might be directed towards racial and ethnical minorities. The behaviors such asking questions that seems provocative are mostly influenced by racial and ethnic stereotypes and characterizes form of workplace discrimination; racial in nature. Racism is rooted on believe that some people are superior to others and racial attitudes than comes afterwards are expressed in form of racial prejudice and can be either direct or indirect (, 2015).

  1. What are some of the ways you use to address racial discrimination cases that may end up in your office?

Cases of racism in the organization are handled very seriously. The approach is always straightforward, whereby investigation is done to verify the validity of allegations upon which necessary actions can be taken to perpetrators of this act. The actions taken include termination of employment.

A study by McPherson (2007) to uncover management of racism in workplace, indicates that managers are expected to more sensitive to people’s needs , improve their leadership skills through gaining insight into  how the management behaviors  affect people they manage . Most importantly among the issues addressed is that incase workplace  is characterized by bullying and harassment  or even discrimination , then managers must take actions , sets standards of behavior and make their expectations known.

  1. Most organizations have been charged and accused of supporting racism and gender discrimination from recruitment through to employee management. How do you ensure that such situation does not happen?

Organizational direct contribution towards racism and discrimination of any kind particularly gender causes a lot of damages to organizational reputation. I can’t argue that cases where management has contributed to racism and discrimination, in our country history such cases are numerous. As a human resource manager, we have set policies which ensure fair employment right from job advertisement. Through such policies the organization tries to be fair and considerate to all people, the guiding principle being the qualifications. Other than the policies the company observes the necessary employment laws and regulations.

Organizations tend to be fair by adhering to laws and regulations that guide against any form of discrimination. In US for instance Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed to address race discrimination. Furthermore most all employment inquiries and decisions made are usually based job related factors and not personal characteristics. Use of anonymous application procedures where names and other identifying characteristics are eliminated from candidate application documents also helps ensure fair and equitable employment (Flynn, Mathis, Jackson & Valentine 2015).

  1. What challenges do you face as a human resource manager in fighting racism, gender and social stratification in your organization? What do you think is the way forward?

Nothing is more demanding, devastating and heartbreaking such as handling these issues in an organization. Sometimes when you look at the effects these discriminations do to a person you feel so low considering the looks in the victims’ eyes. Challenges that we face as an entire management are that most victims do not want to come forward because of fear or shame. Some of the cases are contributed by members of the management or supervisors and thus employees painfully admit their position since they don’t want to lose their jobs.  The way forward in addressing this issue is having all people working together,seeing one another as brothers and sisters.

Management indeed faces a number of challenges when addressing issued of race, gender and occupational stratification.  Race discrimination can be fought jointly by an understanding that racial superiority is a mere pigment of imagination and most importantly being color blind as it is the most basic and easy way of preventing racism (Robinson, 2003). This also applies to the other two.

Ethics Of War And Responses To Terrorism – Letter To The President

The current war poses serious threats to innocent citizens and even causes deaths of many people. In addition, the state majorly responds to terror by torturing innocent suspects. This is a complete violation of human rights because the impacts of war affect all citizens of the country, both innocent and guilty (Brandt, 1992). According to Nathanson (2010), an act of war or terrorism may be considered ethical if it is combined with distributive justice where only the guilty population is targeted. The current war and response to terror is therefore unethical because it only allows those who have suffered large-scale violation of human rights to continue suffering (Bauhn, 1989). From critical analysis of the current war, it is evident that there are other means that can be used to solve the problem that is causing the current war. According to Consequentialism ethics, an act of war or terror is morally justified if it is the only means through which the existing problem can be solved, and if what is desired cannot be achieved through any other way that is less costly and ethical (Bauhn, 1989).

This ethical view makes the current war and response to terrorism unethical because there are indeed other ethical ways through which the current problem can be solved. In addition, the government has the capacity to ensure that only the guilty and jailed. Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher, once said that emotion cannot be used in ethical reasoning (Nathanson, 2010). Therefore, the government should not use emotions to judge that the current war and response to terrorism is justified. Otherwise, the government should arrange for dialogue with all the countries involved in the current war as an ethical way of ending it. In addition, it is important to conduct thorough investigations in order to ensure that the exact people who have committed acts of terror are jailed.

Role Of Capital And Labor In U.S. Industrialization By 1900

The era of Reconstruction up-to the 19th C, the economic transformation U.S. underwent marked the maturity of industrial economy. This was facilitated with the cheap labor services provided by the slaves. The availability of huge capital ensured acquisition of expensive machines, mechanization and long-term venture locations.

Fundamental ideology of capitalism

This entails the considerable attention towards the way in which capital stock employs labor in the rapid extension of the division and the market exchange resulting to a commercial society. Whereas, individualism agitated for a society in which there is freedom of action for every individual over state or collective control.

A historian viewpoint of capitalism

Marx argued that in the mid-nineteenth century, the system of enterprise factory had been firmly established (Burgan, 2013). The struggles between labor and capital had intensified, consequently cycles of economic contraction and expansion increased severely and frequently. By the end of the century, much attention had been given to the expansion of the banking system and the rapidly growing role of the capital markets.

The war between labor and capital

Capitalist structure necessitates the antagonistic relations between labor and capital. The industrial workers and the unions were labor whereas the capital constituted the financiers and the industrialists. The war triggered on the grounds of wages, aggregation from wartime inflation, working conditions, immigration pressures and union recognition (Haggard, 2001).

The capitalist ideologies still dominate because of their objectives of first wanting to produce a use-value that gives a value in exchange, for instance, a commodity to be sold. Secondly, their desire to produce a commodity which is considered to have a value greater than the total sum of the values used in producing it.

Factors that Contributed to the Settlement and Development of American West


The Cincinnati’s most important trade connection within the nearby (but upriver) Pittsburgh but instead lay about 1500 miles south along the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers at the great port of the New Orleans. There was settlement and development of American West economy due to trade as most efficient route to the market remained along waterways and the access to the New Orleans.

The rapid population growth and geographical expansion.

The population increases as there was continuous influx of slaves. As deduced by Hammond (2007), this resulted to some levels of conflict as the Native Americas in the west resisted the intrusion of Americans and thus fought renewed wars in the 19th Century. In addition, the expansion of the plantation slavery farther along the coastal southeast resulted to huge numbers of slaves were moved forcefully to the new territories. Though, there was enormous human costs, a good number of white Americans perceived western expansion as a great opportunity. According to them, having access to the western land granted the promise of prosperity and independence.


The loss of the bison and the growth of white settlement considerably affected the lives of the Native Americans who were living in the West.According to Bowles (2007), there erupted conflicts as the American Indians, though having victories occasionally, appeared doomed to defeat due to the huge numbers of the settlers and the U.S. government (Santa, 2007). By the period 1880’s, a good number of the American Indians had been restricted to reservations, probably in areas of the West that seemed less attractive to the white settlers.

Line of Lip Balms for Men and Women Market Research

It is important to conduct a comprehensive market research before introducing new products to the market. The first stage in preparing a market research plan should be identification of the main purpose and objectives of research. This should be followed by determination of research methods and the various tools that will be used to collect data during the research process (Smith and Albaum, 2010). Like any other market research plan, a marker research plan for the company’s new line of lip balms for men and women must include a clear identification of research methods. Both primary and secondary sources of data will be used in the market research for the company’s new line of lip balms.

Primary market research involves finding answers to specific questions that encourage comprehensive understanding of the market. Primary research is conducted directly by the researcher and allows doe investigation of issues of specific business interests. On the other hand, secondary research involves retrieval of data from information that has already been published from previous marker research. In this case, secondary research will be conducted first, followed by primary research. Information gathered from secondary sources will be useful in uncovering all kinds of demographic information, including spending patterns and detailed income. This data gives room for the use of primary research where questionnaires can be sent to study samples in order to understand consumer behavior (Smith and Albaum, 2010).

The primary purpose of marketing research tools is to assist a company with the decision making process. The tools that will be used to collect data for primary market research in this case include face-to-face interviews, phone interviews, central location intercepts, online forums, and structured surveys. The tool to be used will be chosen depending on participant’s location and availability of the specific tools. The tools that will be used to collect data for secondary research in this case include published market reports, government publications, sales statistics, and competitor market literature. These tools for secondary market research will be appropriate for the market research because they will allow quick retrieval of information for the topic questions being analyzed (Smith and Albaum, 2010).

There are two possible challenges that might be encountered when conducting market research (Smith and Albaum, 2012). First, the researcher might experience difficulties in comprehending buyer or consumer behaviors and attitudes. It is always difficult to understand the exact reason why buyers or consumers purchase specific products. Since determination of how and why customer purchase might be difficult, the researcher may fail to reveal any necessary innovative breakthroughs and strategies for competitive advantage (Smith and Albaum, 2012).

Second, gaining relevant information from improperly chosen primary and secondary data sources may be difficult. Market research has become proliferated over the recent past and many published reports tend to mislead market researchers. For secondary market research, one has to analyze large volumes of reports in order to gain a good insight into consumer behavior. These two challenges will however be solved if the researcher becomes keen enough when conducting the study. The first challenge of inability to effectively understand the exact reasons why customers buy goods will be solved by using qualitative research that is associated with personality creation methodology. The second challenge of the possibility of obtaining misleading information will be solved by blending the power of both qualitative and quantitative research methodologies involving primary and secondary research (Smith and Albaum, 2012).

Company Systems Review Committee Proposal Memo

Company Systems Review Committee Proposal Assignment Instructions:

Situation: Your boss, the IT manager, was ready to explode. “Why can’t we get our priorities straight,” he fumed. “Here we go again, working on a low-value project, just because it’s a favorite of the marketing group. I wish we could get away from departmental politics! I want you to draft a memo that proposes a systems review committee for this company. Explain the advantages, but don’t step on anyone’s toes!”

  •  Write a draft of the Systems Review Committee proposal, as your boss requested.
  • Write a memo to your boss explaining potential disadvantages of the committee approach.
  • Draft a set of ground rules for  Committee’s meetings. Try to suggest rules that will minimize political differences and focus on the overall benefit to the company.
  • Most people have served on a committee at some point in their lives. Write a brief memo describing your committee experiences, good or bad.

Oratorical Leaders and the Magic of Stereotypes – Answered

No one gets through life alone. To some extent, we are all products of our environments. We learn from our families, schools, and cultures. Every person has to face severe challenges and conquer obstacles. How we face our challenges depends on how we are shaped by others and our strength of character.

Certain individuals in our society have played powerful roles in the evolution of prevailing norms. While we learn our culture from agents of socialization, great leaders with lofty visions lead people and nations in the direction of emancipation, economic prosperity, and political freedom. Each of the following speeches tells the story of a struggle and its leader. Each speech echoes the aspirations of thousands of people as well as their desire to change their social situations.

The purpose of this assignment is to demonstrate the power of stereotypes as a shorthand communication tool. With great economy of words, each speaker uses stereotypes to frame the audience into an in-group of which he or she is the leader and the out-group on the opposing side.

Part 1: Read transcripts of famous speeches

Access the following speeches located in the AUO Library:

Part 2: Research other famous speeches

Explore various resources to research other famous speeches related to stereotyping and prejudice. Some suggestions are below. You may be able to find these speeches in video, audio, or text format. Try using a variety of search methods including visiting your local library, using Netflix or your local video store, or searching on YouTube. (You might also try locating the videos for the two famous speeches listed in Part 1 of this assignment.)

  • Malcolm X: By Any Means Necessary
  • Mahatma Gandhi: Nonviolence speech from the film –  Gandhi
  • Gandhi’ s definition on Satyagraha

Part 3: Write a Paper

For this assignment, select one of the above speakers/speech and prepare a 1200-word paper that answers the following questions:

  • Why did you select this particular speaker? Explain in around 300 words.
  • Which is the in-group, and what are the unifying values or the ascribed status that provides its solidarity? Explain in around 300 words.
  • What stereotype prejudice, subordination, or discrimination—is the in-group challenging? Provide specific examples and explain in around 300 words.
  • In your view, did members of the in-group conspire to subordinate theout-group, or was the in-group merely operating within the social structure of its time? Explain in around 300 words.
  • How have your attitudes toward prejudice, subordination, or discrimination been influenced by the agents of socialization, such as family, peer groups, schools, and the media? Explain in around 300 words.

Provide a minimum of 3 references and apply the correct APA standards in the formatting of text, citations, and references.

View a Sample Answer to this assignment or order a plagiarism free paper at an affordable price. 

Sociologists use three main theoretical perspectives when analyzing the social world, including events both historical and current.

Sociologists use three main theoretical perspectives when analyzing the social world, including events both historical and current. Log ontoYahoo.comand choose one of the breaking stories from the “In the News” section(current event or any movie or book related to sociology. . Follow the links given, reading articles and viewing pictures from online newspapers and networks on your chosen story. Next, apply structural functional theory, symbolic interaction theory or conflict perspective to the story, movie or article. This pertains to the overall tone or grand scheme of story.

1, Give brief overview of the intent of your writing assignment.

2. Give brief overview or summary of movie. This should be one or two paragraphs.

a.    Explain how Karl Marx and conflict thinkers would view such an event? Is there tension and struggle between groups? Which groups? How is the struggle presented?

b.   Explain how Émile Durkheim and functionalist thinkers would examine the story? Can you apply concepts such as manifest functions, latent functions, and dysfunctions? Yes/no explain!

c.    Explain how George Herbert Meade and interactionist would view or examine the story?

d. Which perspective did you find to be the most interesting? Is one perspective better suited than the others to analyze the story? Why or why not?

e. Do you feel like theories are relevant in today’s society or outdated and why?

f. What is your overall view of this story and assignment? Did you like/dislike? Why? What if anything did you learn from completing this project?

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Week 7 Theoretical Framework Clarification

You need actual explanatory theories, not just prior empirical findings as the foundation for your research. So the theoretical framework section needs to describe a specific social-psychological theory or theories (with appropriate citations) and how it relates to expectations or explanation of the conjectured relationship between the independent and dependent variables of your proposed study. For example, in a classic scenario in which an IV is expected to have an effect on a DV, you need to present a theory that explains, at least in part, why the IV is expected to affect the DV.


If you do not have an explanatory theory already in mind, it might be useful to explore or  


Because the theory relates to the variables being studied, hypotheses, problem statement, and the like, it should be clear that I cannot properly evaluate the relevance of a theoretical framework outside of the context of the research. So, do not just submit the theoretical framework section. Submit the entire paper to date. Though prior sections will not be graded as part of this week’s assignment, prior issues should be addressed so that the paper to date reflects logically coherent section


I am attaching the final paper format.


For this paper and the research I am interested in the following:

the effectiveness of 2nd generation psychotropic medication in african american men diagnosed with schizophrenia.  I want to focus on how the 2nd generation meds affect the positve symtpoms.

Okay now in reading this…this sound qualitative and not quanitative.  so I am thinking if i change something to add in like whether or not there is a positive correlation between 2nd generation meds and active symptoms of schizophrenia in african american males.

For week 7 you would have to include information in the introduction, research problem, research purpose, variables and hypotheses and theoretical framework.  (the final paper guidelines) gives instructions on how lone each section is suppoed to be. Let me know what the amount would be for this week

Dismissal Meeting Process Step By Step

There various steps that important when conducting a dismissal meeting. First, it is important to inform the employees who you intend to lay-off and invite them for meeting where you discuss the reasons for laying them off be it underperformance or downsizing. During the meeting, the manger ought to reveal the grounds for laying off employees in order for them to have enough to prepare themselves psychologically (Monks & McMackin, 2001).  According to the author it is not ethical for the employer to ambush the employees with information that they might not digest. It is at this stage that you should remind the employees that they have the right to challenge the decision (Colling, 2005).

After the first meeting the manager ought to hold a review meeting. It is in this meeting that the employer should allow the employees to have their say but he or she should be firm on the organization’s resolve (Ulrich, 2009). Listening carefully and enhancing an atmosphere where the employees can express themselves is wise. It is important to remove any ambiguity and ensure that the employees full understand the decision. If the manager decides to call another meeting, it is imperative to allow the employees to discuss their fate and provide them with a review period (Colling, 2005).

If it is the final meeting it is important for the employers to document all the proceedings of the meeting and highlight all the grounds for dismissing the employees. Consequently, the office manager should ensure that all employees receive the minutes of this meeting in order for them to be duly informed (Ulrich, 2009). If the manager intends to hold a final meeting, it is always imperative to ensure that the meeting goes as earlier on agreed. Finally, document the proceedings for this meeting and give the HR manager a chance to review and place outcome on file.

How A Manager can Cope with Negative Emotions that Accompany an Employee Layoff

As the office manager, it is imperative to deal with the emotions that employees may exhibit during the process of laying off and downsizing. To deal with these emotions, it is critical for the manager to ensure that the employees’ dismissal meeting is held at the end of working hours as opposed to the start of the day (Monks & McMackin, 2001). The rationale is that employees will have the time to rejoin their families who are instrumental in providing emotional support. Emotional support is important and holding the dismissal meeting at the end of the working will relieve the manager some of the negative emotional gaps that may exist. According to various human resource managers, employees ought to have their working day pressure released when the go home (Monks & McMackin, 2001). To that end, it is always important for the managers to inform the employees of any new proceedings at the end of the day.

Second, a manager may deal with negative emotions that employees exhibit by being honest and candid. Honesty allows the employees to ask questions that are pertinent to their job positions. According to various authors, an honest manager explains the rationale behind the dismissal or the strategy to lay off some of the employees (Monks & McMackin, 2001). For instance, the manager should explain the reasons that make the company want to downsize without hiding any detail. If the company wants to cut down of labor costs, the manager should always be candid enough to explain the reason (Monks & McMackin, 2001). This does not only make the employees honest but also allows them time to discuss the other options that they feel are more feasible than lay-offs. It is worth mentioning that many employees have developed emotional attachment with the job and as such, they may be overwhelmed by any move that distances them from the employment. It is only a supportive manager who has the interests of both employees and the company who can have the audacity to reveal all information regarding the layoff.

Third, a manager may overcome emotional behavior expressed by the employees by enhancing effective communication strategies. In other words, the manager should allow the employees to express their feelings freely without fear of victimization (Ulrich, 2009). In fact, many authors articulate that bottom-up approach to communication is the best way that can mitigate negative emotions that the employees may exhibit. It entails the ability of the manager to ask questions and let the employees to propose solutions (Monks & McMackin, 2001). However, in the case of dismissal, the manager should express the wish of the company without necessarily succumbing to the pressures of the employees. This way, the employees will support each other and reduce the eruption of negative emotions.

According to Monks & McMackin (2001), the manager should let the employees discuss the impacts of layoffs among themselves without interrupting them. This allows the employees to be prepared for the layoffs and understand that they are facing it with other colleagues. Many authors articulate that employees face negative emotions when they view the layoffs as a means of victimization. To that end, effective strategy in terms of communication can lead to reduction of negative emotions expressed by the employees.

Strategic Human Resource Management : Customer Service Training – Answered

Imagine that you are a member of the HR department of a small retail company and upper management has asked you to create a new employee customer service training class for all new employees.

Write a six to seven (6-7) pages paper in which you:

  1. Justify the use of a needs assessment of your company’s proposed employee customer service training, stressing five (5) ways in which such an assessment would expose any existing performance deficiencies. View Sample Answer
  2. Develop a customer service training implementation plan and determine the method of training (i.e., presentation, discussion, case study, discovery, role play, simulation, modeling, or on-the-job training). View Sample Answer
  3. Justify why you selected the training method that you did. View Sample Answer
  4. Propose two (2) ways to motivate an employee who has no interest in attending a training class. View Sample Answer
  5. Develop a survey to collect feedback from the employees who attend the training.
  6. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Design job and task analyses that align with the overall HRM strategy.
  • Design training and development systems to improve employee performance.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in strategic human resource development.
  • Write clearly and concisely about strategic human resource development using proper writing mechanics.