Month: September 2017
- Discuss the judicial selection process of your state. Include, at a minimum, the qualifications and steps that are taken in order to select judges for the different kinds of courts within your specific state.
- Choose a second state, and describe the qualifications and the selection process for judges within that state.
- Compare and contrast for both states the qualifications necessary for a prospective candidate to become a judge. Next, identify the steps that the relevant persons / entities need to take in order to remove a judge from office for disciplinary reasons for each state.
- Justify the selection process for the state that you believe has the best system in place. Justify the response.
- Use at least three (3) quality academic resources.Â Note:Â Wikipedia and other websites do not qualify as academic resources.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
- Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
- Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the studentâ€™s name, the professorâ€™s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
- Detail the history and organization of the levels of the American court system and the issue of jurisdictional boundaries.
- Use technology and information resources to research issues in the criminal court and the judicial process in America.
- Write clearly and concisely about the American court system using proper writing mechanics and APA style conventions.
The views of the philosophers Augustine and Aquinas about the human nature; these two philosophers have tremendous exploration in the moral philosophy and have great contribution about the human nature, their ability to know and exploit the good. However, their views are so contrasting with minimal similarities; evidently Augustine has a pessimistic view as compared to Aquinas who has an optimistic view of human nature.
We will begin with looking at the Augustine view on the same subject; human nature. The Augustine’s vie of human nature is seen to have major roots from the Plat that referred to the human nature/self as just but an immaterial soul capable of thinking. According to this philosopher, the human nature is controlled largely by the acts of the first parents, Adam and Eve.
Augustine says that in the beginning the humans had equal ability to choose for evil and good this is much controversial from now that the humans are more pulled towards the evil than the good. The satisfaction of human pleasures and the material things have gathered priorities to the humans. Humans strive to satisfy these desires regardless of whether they are doing good or evil. Augustine believe that this has been inherited from the fast parents Adam and Eve who went as far as disobeying God just to satisfy their immediate need of taste(Johnson, 1978).
All humans according to Augustine have fallen short of glory and grace according to Augustine. Humans can however avoid their grandparents’ sinful nature could they receive the unmerited favor from God; grace. According to Augustine, grace is just for the chosen few, the saintly humans those who rationally reason and repent after sin. He says that the most relevant part of the human is the inner person; not the intellect but the persons will. He has mentioned the role of the social institutions in shaping the human nature.
On the other hand, Aquinas also had some concerns and philosophy on the human nature that was very contradictory to that of Augustine. Aquinas suggests that the human nature has a composition of the human body and soul it is borrowed much from the Aristotelian philosophy. He talks about the unity that exists between the body and soul. He suggests that the human brain has undergone sufficient development by what he describes as the round mid-gestation and therefore supports intellect operations unlike in the case of the Augustine. The soul is indeed a subsistence form; it is a form of the body which he described as being immaterial, incorruptible and most so subsistent. He dwelt much more at comparing the souls of the human and non-human animals. The basic difference is that the humans have an intellect soul as opposed to animals. The soul therefore posses a material explanation of actions and so does it have an explanation for the behaviors of human nature(Abel, 1992).
These two philosophers also have different accounts about the ability of the humans to know the good. Aquinas suggests that the human’s ability to know the good is mostly governed by the human’s intellect. He claims that everybody has the ability for knowledge. He believes that humans have natural desires for knowledge. He goes ahead giving five justifications that science can explain the existence of God. In summary Aquinas unlike Augustine, took a scientific account to human knowledge(Johnson, 1978).
Augustine on the other hand had a belief about the human’s deplorable natural desire for the knowledge. He explains man’s defect of always wanting to know as the origin of corruption observed in man. He highlights curiosity, lusts of the eyes and the nefarious chains of necessity to be the driving forces behind man’s ability to know. In summary man’s ability to know have its roots from the first parents Adam and Eve. Augustine believes that the true knowledge originates from God and only the few seeks it. Humans are only controlled by their dying satisfaction of their immediate earthly desires.
Augustine view of the ability of humans to do what is good has direct origin from the first parents; Adam and Eve who were inclined by their own selfish desires and perception of what is good and evil. Controlled by their own counsel against that of God about the good and evil, they chose to do the evil believing that that very evil was the good. Augustine therefore believes that man is controlled by the satisfaction of materials and selfish desires. This affects their ability to do the good; they are all pulled towards the evil. On the other hand Aquinas on the other hand does not believe that the sins of the parents can be transmitted to the descendants. According to Aquinas, ability of the humans to do good is govern by the effect of good laws. Reasoning as an intrinsic principle governs the human’s ability to do well.
Critiques to the philosophers are as follows; in Augustine philosophy on human nature, he describes everything mage by God to be perfectly good. If that is so then how could the human beings who are the fundamental creatures from God inherit evil? Augustine claims that the human inherit the evil from the first parents. This is contradicting his opening statement that tall the creation of god is perfectly good. Aquinas philosophy on the other hand has critiques. He explains that we can explain God’s existence by empirical knowledge. The fact is God is trans-human. He is above the human understanding; by just empirical perspective we may not understand his existence. Among the two philosophers I tend to agree more with Aquinas than Augustine. Human intellect and ability to reason has a major contribution to his morals. The knowledge of the truth and ability to do good all have their roots in the power of intellect and the ability to reason as postulated by Aquinas.
Abel, D. C. (1992). Theories of human nature: Classical and contemporary readings. New York: McGraw-Hill.
In Johnson, O. A. (1978). Ethics: Selections from classical and contemporary writers. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.
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Challenges affecting the growing marketing supply chain management of coffee from Yemen to the UK.
What are the major hurdles in the growing marketing supply chain management of coffee from Yemen to the United Kingdom?
Based on the above title, this proposal aims to highlight the major difficulties affecting the growth of marketing supply chain management of coffee from Yemen to the United Kingdom.
- To find out whether the coffee managers in Yemen contribute to the challenges facing the development marketing supply chain market
- To investigate the effects of coffee global market on the development of the marketing supply chain management from Yemen to UK
- To find how customer value perception in coffee global market affects the development of marketing supply chain management from Yemen to UK
- To find out if the legal requirements affect the development of coffee marketing supply chain management process of Yemen to UK
- To find out how delivering value in uncertain market affects the market supply chain
In the recent past, the development of supply chain management has become critical issues in the global market. Therefore, coffee business stakeholders should analyse the major problems facing the development of marketing supply chain management of coffee from Yemen to the UK. Based on its relevance and complexity, the topic can be a good MBA dissertation. Through this, coffee supplier companies from Yemen to UK can utilize the findings in enhancing their competitive advantage over their rivals. When suppliers embrace supply chain management, they can greatly reduce the cost of operation. In addition, the development of supply chain management facilitates the marketing strategy, which creates a high customer value, loyalty, and satisfaction. Through this, firms can increase their profits. The development of marketing supply chain management of coffee from Yemen to UK is important to economy of Yemen suppliers. Thus, it is necessary to identify the challenges that are encountered in the development of coffee supply chain management between the two countries.
Literature review authors
- William Pride
- Luc Cassivi
- Peter Finch
- O. C. Ferrell
- John Mentzer
Using the Internet, find an organization you would be interested in working for or that is of interest to you personally. You now become a newly appointed senior leader in that organization. As a new leader, you must prepare a report for the CEO that assesses the organizationâ€™s overall alignment between its vision, mission, values, and strategy. This report should consist of the following sections:
- An analysis of the strategic cascade of the organization.
This includes assessing the organizationâ€™s strategy and market position. Use the framework implied in Michael Porterâ€™s (1997) article â€œWhat is Strategy.â€ When describing the business strategy of your organization, consider the following questions:
- What is the target market (target customer)?
- What is your organization’s value proposition (How does it deliver value that satisfies the targets wants and needs?)?
- How is your product or service positioned in the market (What specific features and attributes define the product/service and how is its value reflected in its pricing, distribution, marketing communications, etc.?)?
- How is your organization sustainably different from your competitors (What is the source of uniqueness and how sustainable is it from being diminished by competitors?)?
- Your assessment should also include a SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats). A SWOT analysis is a strategy planning tool that examines both internal and external environment for factors and trends that should shape planning and operations over the next five years. Environmental factors internal to the company are classified as strengths (to be leveraged) or weaknesses (to be mitigated), while external factors are classified as either opportunities (to be pursued) or threats (to be monitored and responded to).Some primer questions for the SWOT analysis include the following:
- What advantages does your organization have?
- What do you do better than anyone else?
- What unique or lowest-cost resources can you draw upon that others cannot?
- What do people in your market see as your strengths?
- What factors mean that you “get the sale”?
- What is your organization’s unique selling proposition (USP)?
- What aspects of your product or service could you improve?
- What market segments or competitive areas should you avoid?
- What are people in your market likely to see as weaknesses?
- What factors can make you lose sales?
- What good opportunities can you spot?
- What interesting trends are you aware of?
Useful opportunities can come from such things as the following:
- Changes in technology and markets on both a broad and narrow scale
- Changes in government policy related to your field
- Changes in social patterns, population profiles, lifestyle changes, and so on
- Local events
- What obstacles do you face?
- What are your competitors doing?
- Are quality standards or specifications for your job, products, or services changing?
- Is changing technology threatening your position?
- Do you have bad debt or cash-flow problems?
- Could any of your weaknesses seriously threaten your business?
- A summary of the internal environment, including the organizationâ€™s values and the key elements of the organization architecture that influence worker behavior.Include the following characteristics when analyzing the internal environment:
- Structure: This includes the ways the organization assigns formal roles and responsibilities, decision-making authority, expertise and skills, and work tasks. Think of the organization chart and how its implied structure directs the decision making, resource allocation, and workflow of the organization. Is it consistent with the strategy?
- Systems: This comprises the information flows that coordinate activities between groups and across the organization structure while helping direct worker behavior, including performance management, financial management, operating, forecasting and planning, and other regulating mechanisms. How do these systems help align workers and their actions with the strategy?
- Culture: This consists of the unwritten rules and norms that govern worker behavior and help coordinate the activities across structural boundaries. Is the organization culture an enabler or impediment to the corporate strategy? What specific behaviors embedded in the culture support the strategy? What specific behaviors block the strategy?
- A synthesis of the information evaluating the ability of the organization to implement the strategy using Kouzes and Posnerâ€™s Five Practices (e.g., modeling the way) as a framework.
Include answers to the following:
- Company Culture
- Describe the values and culture of your organization.
- What are the values of your organization?
- How are they reflected in the behaviors you see at work?
- Employee Behaviors
- Describe the behaviors in your organization.
- Are these behaviors consistent with the business strategy?
- Where do they conflict with the strategy?
- What new behaviors are required to align with the strategy?
- How might you and other leaders create new behaviors to support the strategy?
- What specific actions would you implement to communicate, motivate, model the way, coach, inspire the vision, challenge the process, and encourage the heart?
As a software engineer, you have been asked to write a paper that describes the use of current technologies with regard to the human-computer interface.
Write a paper in which you:
1. Explain haptic feedback, describe its key uses, and explain why it is needed.
2. Compare the various types of human memory and their impact on the human-computer interface.
3. Describe the potential outcomes of not using consistency in the human-computer interface.
4. Summarize and explain the steps of the user-centric design process.
5. Explain the role of human motion in the design of the human-computer interface.
6. Use at least three (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
• Be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
• Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.
The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:
• Illustrate the use of information and communication technologies to solve problems as an information technology professional.
• Describe the role of the information technology professional as the user advocate.
• Use technology and information resources to research issues in information technology.
• Write clearly and concisely about introductory information technology topics using proper writing mechanics and technical style conventions.
- For this discussion board, research facial recognition software, its reliability, effectiveness, and admissibility.
- Share with your classmates what you’ve learned about facial recognition software.
- In addition to your general discussion on facial recognition software, please answer the following questions:
- Is there a consensus in the scientific community on the reliability of facial recognition software?
- Are there any courts that have admitted evidence based on facial recognition software?
- How have courts traditionally dealt with new technologies and their evidentiary impact on the criminal trial?
- What, if any, barriers stand in the way of courts using facial recognition software?
- Do you believe that the admission of evidence based on facial recognition software will ever become commonplace in our criminal justice system? Why or why not?
Primary Task Response: Write 400–600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas:
After the Second World War, the world and Canada to be specific underwent massive socio-economic transformations with a huge paradigm shift in its economic systems. The rise in new cities in Canada led to the numerous employment opportunities and rural-urban migration. However, the social structure was also affected by equal measure and women were left with the mandate to take care of their homes. Men were left with the responsibility to not only provide for their families but also lead their communities (Veronica, 2008).
The gendered landscape was new whole system in Canada since women and men had to adapt to new customs, values and roles. Prior to the adoption of this new system of life were men and women who lived in totally different worlds. For the families that were big in terms of wealth and children, there was added workload for the women because family and home affairs were fundamentally left for them to take care of. Despite the massive value addition brought about by the system, the factors behind the conceptions of the new Canada were a reflection of gender bias which is a social ill for development-oriented societies.
The suburban experiment in Canada was an inevitable course given the circumstances that unfolded after the Second World War. There was need to develop the country and the society also demanded its share attention in terms of taking care of the community and those within it. For this reason women had to take care of their homes and allow their men to build their country. However, the issues arising from gender differences in terms of duties are retrospective in nature because it undermines the potential of the female gender.
The sustainability framework works to ensure that every business or organization is committed to sustainability of their development and incorporates it into their approach for risk management. It helps people do business in a sustainable way by providing the guidelines that have to be followed so as to adhere to the standards. It helps promote environmental practices that are sound and also encourages accountability and transparency. This leads to positive impacts in developments. Many countries have increasingly discovered that social, environmental and corporate governance issues have very great impact to the performance of the country as a whole(Wright, 2002). These sustainability frameworks have been very well developed so as to help them manage the issues.
There are four sustainability based framework. These are discussed below.
The natural step
It states that for any society to be termed as sustainable, the nature’s diversity and functions should not be subjected to the increased concentrations of the products which are extracted from the earth’s crust or produced by the society. The earth’s resources should not be over used or manipulated. The resources should be used fairly so as to meet the basic human needs(Bishop, 2000).
The Hannover principles
Thisprinciple has brought about the green building and have changed the face of architecture by creation of new and sustainable designs. It puts emphasis on the rights of nature and humanity to coexist, recognizes interdependence between people and their environment, it relies on the concept of elimination of waste. It also insist on the acceptance of any responsibilities of the outcomes of a design and also understand the limitations of design among others(Bishop, 2000).
The three legged stool interpretation
This is not a formal name for this type of sustainability framework but it suggests that sustainability is comprised of ecological, social and economic systems. These three systems must be at a balance for sustainability to be the outcome. A very strong and healthy community is an indicator of a sustainable society(Bishop, 2000).
Corporate Social Responsibility
Driven by the plague of fraud, environmental mishaps and corporate scandals over the past decades, businesses around the world are practicing taking responsibility of everything not only their financial performance. The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) was created to help in the application of sustainability so as to provide guidance to businesses with respect to both the environment and their society. It also ensures that responsibility is given to their stakeholders too(Bishop, 2000).
Sustainable development has also been practiced in developing countries. A good example is Rwanda. The Rwanda Initiative for Sustainable Development (RISD) is a Rwandan non-profit, non-governmental Organization that puts its focus on policy action oriented advocacy and research. This organization also works on protection of the land rights and also promotion of good land governance. It also ensures that developments in the region are undertaken sustainably. It works to promote, foster and advocate for economic and social transformation through the protection and sustainable use of the natural resources towards the reduction of poverty in a participatory and equitable manner. Rwanda is now one of the cleanest countries in Africa and RISD can boast of contributing to this.
The MiG-25 Foxbat acquisition is an example of Product Teardown method of intelligence collection. There were four surprising ‘finds’ as a result of the MiG-25 Foxbat acquisition. First, the spectacular Soviet achievement stated in the intelligence estimates was larger than the MiG-25 Foxbat acquisition. Second, the MiG-25 Foxbat acquisition would perform poorly against the United States fighters despite the fact that it could be highly effective as an interceptor against bombers. Third, the MiG-25 had fairly primitive avionics and was therefore a fuel hog. Fourth, the airplane was specifically built specifically to interrupt and shoot down the B-70 that was never produced. Although the MiG-25 had all these surprises, it had a number of limitations such as limited pilot’s visibility, and its construction techniques did not meet the Western standards
Materiel acquisition intelligence collection involves acquisition of hardware that may be useful in law enforcement. Hardware in this case includes large items such as integrated circuit chips and computer chips. Examples of materiel acquisition intelligence collection are classified based on the method of acquisition used. Materiel acquisition can be carried out using two different methods namely overt acquisition and clandestine acquisition. Overt acquisition involved the capture of equipment as a result of combat. Example of overt acquisition is the Bruneval Raid of 1941. Clandestine acquisition is used when the opponent is not aware of the whole operation at all. Example of clandestine acquisition is the Glomar Explorer of 1974.
Biological intelligence is another method of intelligence collection that is widely used worldwide. The use of biological intelligence has two principle purposes. First, biological intelligence is carried out to identify disease-causing microorganisms and to trace the actual source of disease outbreaks. Intelligence agencies have recognized that analysis of biological signatures can help to track the source of disease outbreak. The best example where biological signatures have been used to trace the outbreak of disease is in 2001 when the United States postal system was attacked using anthrax. The anthrax was identified through thorough cataloging of biological signatures. Second, biological intelligence is carried out to identify manufacture or use of biological warfare agents. Manufacture or use of biological warfare agents can be detected immediately by obtaining biological signatures such as blood and tissue samples.
Biometrics is a form of identity intelligence that is widely used to track individuals. This method of intelligence collection involves the use of technology to measure and analyze human’s biological data. The technology used in biometric intelligence collection has the capacity to recognize individuals based on their behavioral or physical characteristics. Biometric sensors collect information on human’s biological characteristics known as biometric signatures. These biological characteristics include fingerprints, voice pattern, and a hand shape.
The idea behind the use of biometrics to identify people is the fact that people are unique and each and every person has biological characteristics that are different from the other. Information on fingerprints has been used for intelligence collection for years. Apart from the three features named above, biometric sensors also collect information on the retina and on the iris. Biometric sensors are made in such a way that they will measure only those biological characteristics that it is required to measure. These characteristic are those that can be identified without any obstruction.
Chemical sampling has become a popular intelligence collection method worldwide due to the increasing threat of chemical terrorism. This method of intelligence collection involves sampling of chemical and compounds generated from industrial processes in order to provide more information about activities that are being carried out within a given facility. Chemical sampling acts as a very powerful tool for detecting weapon production activities. It is normally used against specific types of collection targets such as on telltale chemicals released from industrial processes, chemicals released into the atmosphere following weapon production activities, and for detecting chemical signatures indicating the presence of illicit methamphetamine laboratories.
Materials sampling intelligence collection involves acquisition of small quantities of material and determination of its nature using forensic processes. Basically, intelligence collection through materials sampling technique entails collection and analysis of trace elements that are released into the atmosphere from numerous military activities and industrial processes. Material sampling is widely used in intelligence collection because it offers great support for military planning and operations. Examples of materials sampling intelligence collection include the use of air sampling equipment carried by aircraft to detect atmospheric debris, and collection and analysis of radioactive materials to determine history of their production.
I have really learnt a lot in this class, not only about the concepts of project management but also about risk management. I intend to use the knowledge that I have acquired in this class to better manage future projects and to improve the capabilities of anyone else who may want to manage projects in future. First, I have learnt that in order to better manage a project, one must ensure that he properly understands the principles behind Crosby’s, Deming’s, and Juran’s philosophies of quality management. Although Juran’s approach was the most interesting to me, I think one should look at the project as a whole and decide on the best philosophy that if applied, will give the best results. Personally, I think the success nature of the project determines the type of philosophy that should be applied, and that there is not a single philosophy that fits in every project.
Additionally, by being in this class, I had an opportunity to learn the nine essential knowledge areas for project management. These knowledge areas include risk management, scope management, integration management, cost management, time management, communications management, human resources management, quality management, and procurement management. Under all these knowledge areas, detailed approach on how to accomplish functions of project management have been explained. The knowledge acquired in this class with respect to the nine areas of project management have moulded me to be an all round student who can easily manage both present and future projects. I will also use this knowledge to guide others on how they can achieve success when managing their projects.
Another thing that I have learnt so far in this class is the process followed in project risk management as well as the main purpose of conducting project risk management. According to Stackpole (2008), project risk management is conducted to reduce the probability of occurrence of a negative event and to increase the probability of occurrence of a positive event. In addition, I have been able to learn some of the obstacles that may prevent effective management of a project’s risks. For instance, some of the team members may impede project risk management because they tend to think that they do not have risks at a time when risks actually exist. If such issues are not solved on time, the probability of occurrence of negative events might be high (Stackpole, 2008).
The other thing that I was able to learn in this class is the role played by effective leadership in project management. During the entire session, I enjoyed being in the company of good leaders who helped me to understand the importance of creating a balance between different styles of leadership. I now understand why it was important for me to become part of this class because by being there, I have learnt how to use others’ leadership experiences to my advantage. I now know the main areas that need adjustments when I go back to the field to manage my own projects. Currently, I can look at project’s costs and risks objectively and determine the types of changes that are necessary to ensure the success of every project both in the short run and in the long run. Moreover, I now understand that I should remain open-minded when handling any project in order to achieve maximum success out of it.
Feedback is very essential in evaluating the employees’ performance in any organization. In this regard, every organization should be in a position of establishing an effective feedback program, which will enable it to have accurate and timely feedback regarding its employees’ performance (Dunn, 2015). This will assist an organization in enhancing its performance by developing training on aspects that lowers employees’ performance, dismiss employees that are not beneficial to the organization, and promote employees who demonstrate great ability. To enhance effective feedback performance, the organization managers need to have the required skills to design and implement an effective feedback program. These skills can highly be enhanced through training. This paper proposes the best training design for 100 managers focusing on developing effective feedback skills. The training is anticipated to take place for a period of 2 days.
The main objective for the proposed training include:
- To ensure that the managers acquire the required skills to select and implement the best feedback program in their organization.
- To ensure that managers acquire the skill required to utilize the feedback provided to define the employee’s performance
- To ensure that managers have the right skills needed to train other stakeholder on how to utilize the selected or different feedback process to provide their feedback regarding a certain employee.
Every organization focuses on establishing the best strategies to enhance performance in the organization. Feedback is one strategy that an organization can employ to enhance performance. The training session will focus on defining what feedback is and its significance to the organization. The training will also focus on establishing the best feedback method in an organization based on different circumstances. These circumstances include the actual organization roles and operations, the involved stakeholders and the skills needed to enhance effective feedback process in an organization. Therefore, the training process will include the evaluation of different types of feedbacks techniques that can be used in an organization, their implementation, their evaluation, their advantages and disadvantages. The utilization of different feedback process will be done practically (Russell, 1998).
Methods to be used in the Training
The training will take place in form of workshop where managers will be involved in different presentations, lectures, and practical work in training. The lectures and presentations will involve the use of PowerPoint presentations and computer projections. They trainers will employ different illustrations which will include diagrams, charts, and graphs. The practical sessions will use simulation where the necessary feedback techniques will be employed. The simulation process demonstrates how to implement different feedback techniques, how to use them in an organization, mistakes that can be made and how they can impact the outcome and how each method can be used to enhance the outcome (Rajput, 2011).
The training process will be divided into a number of section. All lecture and presentation classes will be done in one hall where all 100 managers will be included. The hall should be arranged in escalating format (like theatre) halls to ensure that every member can have a clear view of the platform. The trainer lecturing must use a microphone to ensure that he or she is clear to all members. The room should be fitted with speakers to enhance audibility of the trainer on the platform. Trainers can use PowerPoint presentations and projectors to illustrate using diagrams, charts and any other possible form of illustrations. The projection should be clear and high enough for everyone to see clearly.
The participating managers will be divided into groups during practical demonstration sessions. Each group will have a maximum of 25 individuals and thus, there will be a maximum of 4 groups. Each group will take different session at the same time with different trainers in practical demonstrations. Each trainer will be demonstrating something different from the other three. Therefore, the group will work in a rotation such that, each group will move to another trainer once their session has been completed with the other trainer. This process will take place in a smaller room with a big table at the bottom and chairs surrounding it and a demonstration space where the feedback system will be situated.
The workshop is scheduled to take a total of 2 days. The workshop will take place during the day from 8am to 5pm. The first day will focus on lectures or talks and presentations. Each talk will 1 hour after which there will be question session of 30 minutes before the managers go for 15 minutes short break. The lunch break will be for 1 hour and a tea break for 30 minutes. The team will have two tea breaks one at around 11am and another one at the end of the session at around 4.30 pm. In this regard, the group will have 4 sessions of lectures and presentations in the first day. Each session will start with the introduction of the presenter, introduction of the topic and its main objectives. In the second day, the managers will take part into 80 minutes of four practical sessions in a group rotation. The group will then have the final session as one group in the conference room. The final session will focus on crowning the workshop session with a talk from the event organizers. The talk will include a recap of the entire workshop session with intention of stressing on the most important aspects of the training. This will be followed by a general question session and concluding remarks. The session will be anticipated to take a total of 100 minutes.
Impact of the Room Set-up and Time Scheduling on Interaction
The setup is highly focused at enhancing effective interaction between the trainers and the trainees. The trainees will have a great view of the platform while the trainer can easily access the trainees during the session. The question session will allow effective interaction among trainees and the trainers. It enhance sharing of knowledge and clarification of various aspects that will need that clarification. The group division will enhance effective participation of every trainee in different applications. It will ease the process of identifying and assisting those who failed to grasp the concept in the initial training process. The time scheduling allows time for casual interaction which can happen during tea and lunch breaks. This interaction easy the discussion process and development of different ideas related with the training process. It also eliminates possible tension among trainers and between the trainers and the trainees.
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In this paper, am going to describe my past experience with English in regard to my approach to the subject, the last thing that I wrote, the common kinds of day-to-day writing that I do, how I feel right now, and the kind of thing that I would like to learn in this class. My past experiences with English are interesting; especially having grown in a family where English was spoken as the second language, I did not encounter a lot of troubles when my interactions with subject began becoming frequent. Although English was usually considered second language in my family, I had little knowledge about the difference that exists between English as a spoken language and English as a subject (Devlin, 2012). Being in this class has made notice that English as a subject is more demanding in the sense that it requires more attention to various elements of the subject that present the original version of English. Therefore, my approach to English encompassed a careful consideration that there was need for correct use of all elements that constitute the subject.
Besides, using English in most of my school activities, little by little the subject became a significant part of my school life. It is a tool that used frequently to communicate in both forms; spoken and written. Considering the written form; for instance, email was my favorite mode of communication especially with family and friends who lived from me. In fact the last thing I wrote when I was in school was email, which I send to my elder who had travelled to upcountry. I wanted to know that I was doing well and that I missed him a lot.
English, having become an essential part of my life today, is a significant tool that enables me to communicate and interact with foreign cultures. In school, English enables me complete my assignments min time because of my broadened comprehension. It enables me communicate with much ease and, also, complete my assignments without any troubles. Having, gradually, become a master of English as a subject, it makes me feel great now that I do most of my writings in English. However, despite the enormous progress that I have made in English, I need this class to assist me polish my English grammar so that I do not make any mistakes whether in spoken or written form.
- explains the role of training in an organization’s development
- List an explain different employee development methods and their benefits
- Analyzes the difference between employee development and organizational development
- Explains role of human resource management in career development
Employee Training and Career Development Paper
Employee training is one of the methods that many companies use to retain talents and to prevent turnover. Silva (1997), defines employee training as the process of transferring information and knowledge to employees with the aim of improving their level of competence and to enhance effectiveness and productivity of an organization. Employee training plays a very significant role in an organization’s development. First, employee training enables an organization to enhance the quality of service delivered to customers which helps to increase its competitiveness in the future. Second, employee training improves the level of human relations in an organization and therefore enhances enterprise performance. Third, employee training is an important source of revenue for an organization and therefore provides capital for development (Silva, 1997).
Organizations may use different methods to develop their employees. Jenkins (2015), describes four employee development methods and they include, mentor development program, core training, leadership training, and personal development plans. Mentor development program is an employee development method where an employee is paired with a senior member of management to assist him or her in achieving professional goals. The senior member of management meets the employee on a regular basis to ensure that he or she meets the set goals. Mentor development program is beneficial to an organization in the sense that, it helps an organization to build a strong team of workers who are in a good relationship with management.
According to Jenkins (2015), many organizations that want to put new employees on the right foot will use core training as the employee development method. Core training involves teaching a new hire the basics of his or her job as well as what he or she is expected to do in order to help an organization achieve its goals. This employee development method assists an organization to put all its new workers on the right path. Leadership training is an employee development plan that aims at helping all workers who are performing well to improve their leadership skills. When using leadership training as an employee development method, an organization groups its workers into groups depending on their levels of competencies and teaches them the skills they need to become good leaders. This method helps companies to promote from within, which prevents them from incurring extra expenses if they were to hire new workers from outside the organization (Jenkins, 2015).
Some organizations may use personal development plans to develop their employees. As far as the use of personal development plan is concerned, organizations assist their employees to develop goals that focus on their professional life and to formulate a plan on how to achieve them. This employee development method is beneficial to an organization in the sense that, it assists companies to keep their employees on track and to encourage them to work harder. This promotes organizational effectiveness and enhances productivity (Jenkins, 2015).
There is a very close relationship between employee development and organizational development. According to Jenkins (2015), effective employee development programs greatly enhance organizational performance. In this regard, employee development builds a team of competent employees who will help an organization to achieve its goals. This explains why it is important for organizations to choose an employee development program that best suits its workers.
Human resource management plays a very big role in career development. Budhathoki (2004) defines human resource management as an organizational function that is designed to maximize employee performance. Career development is defined as a stage-by-stage process where employees progress by learning different tasks and responsibilities in their professions. Human resource management helps to guide employees through potential career paths that they should pursue while still working in the organization (Budhathoki, 2004). Additionally, human resource management helps employees to integrate important activities that they need to manage their individual careers.
Personally, my level of career development is on its average and I need a comprehensive employee training in order to increase my competency. The manner in which I manage my career development in future will depend on how I am handled by my human resource manager. My current or future company should try its best to help me develop my career. The best employee development methods that are best applicable to me include the use of personal development plans and mentor development programs. This way, I will learn how to focus on my professional goals as well as how to achieve them with the assistance of a senior member of management. Later on, the company can use leadership training method to help me develop my career depending on my level of competency and experience on the job. If these methods are effectively used, I think I will have greatly developed my career over the next five years. My company’s career development opportunities will be sufficient for my needs because they involve integration of new technology into practice.
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Travel and Tourism Industry is one of the rapidly growing industries in the United States. The industry has a very significant impact on the society and the degree of effect it generates is analyzed based on the extent of seasonality arrivals and on the volume of tourists that visit a certain region at any given time. According to Uysal, Fesenmaier and O´Leary (1994), tourism forms a very integral part of the economy of the United States and its performance highly depends on seasonal changes in human behavior, climatic conditions, as well as economic activities. Seasonality is therefore an issue that is currently affecting the Tourism and Travel Industry in the United States, and that need to be addressed with immediate effect. This paper examines seasonality as one of the issues that has been affecting the Travel and Tourism Industry in the recent past. It also gives a detailed description of the causes and impacts of seasonality with respect to the Travel and Hospitality Industry. The paper also outlines what the United States Travel Association is doing to adapt to seasonality issue, and what such actions could mean to the future of the industry.
Seasonality involves high concentration of tourist flows to one destination in certain months of the year. High flow of tourists to one particular destination during a few weeks is likely to put pressure on the industry because it places a great burden on the resources of the destination area. This phenomenon also results into carrying capacity problem in the industry. Uysal, Fesenmaier and O´Leary (1994), define seasonality as a very important period within the year when business activities are bounding due to change in climate and seasons. Tourists regions have different seasonal potentials due to variations in natural factors. It is for this reason that different tourist attraction centers are believed to have varied seasonal qualities and resources. Some regions find it extremely difficult to overcome problems that are caused by seasonality. Since majority of tourism activities rely on climate-dependent attractions to attract tourists, they are greatly affected by changes in weather and climate. Examples of tourist destinations that largely rely on out-door facilities include countryside attractions and coastal resorts.
Causes of seasonality can be classified into two broad categories namely natural causes and institutional causes. Natural causes of seasonality refer to changes in natural occurrences such as weather and climate. The main variables that contribute to variations in the number of tourists traveling to a particular destination are differences in temperature, amount of rainfall, quantity of snowfall, and changes in hours of sunlight. Natural factors can make a place either attractive or unattractive for tourism activities (BarOn, 1975). For instance, areas with warm and cold climate are largely characterized by seasonal changes in the number of tourists visiting due to different tourist activities that can be carried out during such seasons. Natural seasonality is associated with variations in the number of tourists visiting a given destination on a yearly basis. Tourists have specific climate preferences which call for the need to distinguish between different types of tourists. For instance, some tourists will often wish to enjoy sunlight on the beach while others will prefer hiking on the snow (BarOn, 1975).
Institutional causes of seasonality in tourism mainly refer to changes in human behavior and are linked to three different factors namely holidays, and travel habits, and hosting of events. Institutional seasonality is largely dependent on economic and sociologic factors because some tourists will be motivated to visit certain destinations as a result of social, ethnic, or religious factors, while other people will visit certain areas because they like traveling and they have money to do so. The fact that both natural and social factors can generate seasonality makes the issue a very big problem that should be addressed as possible considering the degree of impacts that its brings to the Travel and Tourism industry as a whole (BarOn, 1975).
Seasonality poses numerous problems in the Travel and Tourism industry including ecological-related impacts, economic-related impacts, socio-cultural-related impacts, and employment-related impacts. Economic-related problems that result from seasonality are often observed during off-peak periods when very few tourists are visiting a particular destination. Peak seasons normally compel tourist attraction centers to expand their businesses in order to take advantage of the rising number of customers. Unfortunately, during off-peak regions, these destinations experience loss of profits especially due to underutilization of resources are tourist facilities. This negatively impacts the Travel and Tourism industry as a whole in the long run (Koenig-Lewis and Bischoff, 2010).
Seasonality also causes seasonal employment in tourist attraction destinations which largely affect the industry and national economy as a whole. According to BarOn (1975), concentration of tourists during peak season at a destination results into ecological problems such as air pollution and congestion. Sub-cultural impacts that result from seasonality in tourism affect both the visitor and the host community and they include things such as poor quality of life and lack of parking space. These negative impacts have compelled the Travel and Tourism industry to formulate and implements strategies that can help solve the seasonality in the tourism industry.
The Travel and Tourism Industry in collaboration with the United States Travel Association is working very hard to ensure that seasonality problem is effectively dealt with. One important thing that the Travel and Tourism industry must understand is the fact that the problem of seasonality cannot be solved completely because natural and institutional causes of seasonality cannot be avoided. The nature of benefits reaped by tourists varies from one season to another. It is therefore important for the industry to understand these specific tourist needs for every season in order to prepare various destinations early to fully meet those needs. This will help to prevent ecological impacts associated with seasonality such as congestion (Koenig-Lewis and Bischoff, 2010).
Strategies that are used to solve the problem of seasonality in the Travel and Tourism industry are intended to fulfill three main objectives. These include increasing demand during off-peak season, reducing tourists demand during peak season, and redistributing demand in both peak and off-peak seasons. Differential pricing is strategy that is intended to increase demand during off-peak and reduce demand during peak season (Koenig-Lewis and Bischoff, 2010). Under this strategy, tourist destinations with the help of the industry’s management charge relatively low prices during off-peak and high prices during peak periods. Differential pricing strategy helps the Travel and Tourism industry to ensure that people who were unable to travel during peak due to high charges get an opportunity to visit similar places during off- peak. This way, the tourist destinations are assured of constant flow of visitors throughout the year. Additionally, the Travel and Tourism industry is able to minimize wastage of resources as its facilities are effectively utilized throughout the year (Koenig-Lewis and Bischoff, 2010).
Another strategy that the Tourism and Travel Industry is using to solve the seasonality problem involves focusing on diversified attractions to ensure that tourists are redistributed in many destinations all year round. This also includes introduction of new products such as special events that target specific target markets. The United States Travel Association has recognized that seasonality in tourism can also be solved by pushing for creation of policies that will encourage tourists to visit particular destinations during off-peak. For instance, the Association is pushing for federal involvement in tourist promotion in order to encourage those who do not like traveling during off-peak to do so (Platzer, 2014).
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Individual knowledge of the world and what revolves around the world can highly be limited by the information an individual have about the world. This in most cases is limited based on what others want you to believe. This makes it easy for them to control individual’s life. This limitation can only end when the limited person is able to access any information that is beyond the limitation. This provide the person with the opportunity to know the actual truth and thus to be freed from the world of limitations and lies. This paper examines the Allegory of the Cave and description of a situation in which this myth fitted in my life experience.
I was brought up and raised by my uncle after the death of my parents in an accident. During my growth, I was made to believe how much my uncle and his family loved me and how much they sacrificed to take care of me. The situation was so real that I believed in their lies about taking the sacrifice of adopting me and having to share their little earnings with me. I would go without some basic needs though my uncle could manage to drive big cars and to take us to holidays now and then. I could take simple jobs during holidays to at least have some money to cater for some of my needs. Normally my uncle could manage to pay for my fees but he taught me to survive without demanding for things that I would need. I thought this was as a result of financial strain. I would do a lot of house work without complains as a way of saying thanks for what they had done to me. At all this time, I did not know that it is my uncle and his family that were living on my inheritance. His main intention was to deprive me from my inheritance. This force beliefs and information can be compared by Plato imprisonment in a cave. I got the wrong picture based on what was shown to me. I lived a lie just like the prisoners in Plato cave (Sayre, 2013).
I happened to meet one of my father’s friend one day, when I was working as a waiter in a hotel in town. He recognized me with the name in my work budge and similar physical appearance with my father. He was devastated by my state despite of all my inheritance. I was shocked and I decided to question him more about my father’s wealth. It is then that I realized that my uncle’s family was living on my inheritance. With his help I was able to get hold of my father’s lawyer and to read the will. I got all the information I needed regarding my father’s property. My uncle was supposed to be the care taker till the age of 16. I was already 17 but had not received my share. I questioned him and he became harsh and resistance. I had to seek the intervention of a lawyer to obtain my property back.
With the right legal procedures, I was able to get my property back as indicated in my father’s will. I was since then able to live a decent life with all that I needed, without any struggle. Since then, I realized that there is false love which is meant to oppress someone, while others are benefiting fully from it. I always advise my friends and other orphans to be as much connected to their parents’ friends and neighbors to know more about their origin, their parent’s life before they died and the wealth they accumulated. This will save them from oppression, loosing properties to greedy relatives and suffering in life. This exit can be employed while trying to overcome other property grabbers or to fight for individual rights in other situations including workplace discrimination.
Normally, people can take advantage of lack of knowledge or innocence of the other person to oppress them and to acquire more than they are entitled in life. This is done by ensuring that only partial truth or limited information is provided to these people in their entire life. However, the may come a time when these individual realize the truth by acquiring information from unexpected sources. This help them to fight for their liberalization and those who had enslaved them can only suffer the consequences of their actions
Usefulness of research in psychology
- Psychologists acquire additional knowledge on how to handle people effectively through extensive research (Dunn, 2015).
- This explains how useful research in psychology is in the real world.
- Both basic and applied research are useful in psychology.
Careers in psychology that use scientific research
The following careers in psychology use scientific research;
- Psychopathology or abnormal psychology: uses scientific research to find out the factors that influence the development of clinical disorders.
- Experimental psychology: uses scientific research to examine the basic functions of the mind and brain such as motor control, memory, cognition, and perception (Dunn, 2015).
- Consumer psychology: uses scientific research to advance the knowledge and principles necessary for the development of consumer products (Dunn, 2015)
- Forensic psychology: applies scientific research in examining the origin and impacts of criminal behavior
- Other careers in psychology that use scientific research include Developmental psychology, Health psychology, Cultural psychology, and Educational psychology (Dunn, 2015).
- The best example that demonstrates the usefulness of scientific research in psychology is a study conducted by Cherkasova et al. (2013).
- In this article, the authors have uses scientific research to investigate the developmental course and predictors of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
- Knowledge acquired from such a study is largely used by psychopathologists.
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There has been a significant change in my own theories of international finance since the beginning of this course. For instance, I now know that both monetary and fiscal policies are very useful in decision making in the global capital markets. In addition, I can now explain the impacts of appreciating and depreciating United States dollar on the economy of a country and those of its trading partners. With these changes, I can now apply theories of international finance in making relevant investment and financial decisions.
The three most important concepts that I have learnt in order of importance include exchange rates, interest rates, and balance of payments. As far as exchange rates are concerned, I now understand why countries need to know how the strengths of their currencies are fluctuating against the dollar. Furthermore, knowledge of interest rate concept helps to guide countries on how they can prevent inflation. With respect to balance of payment, I have learnt why it is important to keep records of all international transactions that are taking place between two or more trading nations (Suranovic, 2012).
Cruz and Palin (2014) reflect current event in the field of international finance. According to Cruz and Palin (2014), President Barack Obama has just issued an order to the Federal Reserve to adopt the euro by mid-December 2015. The President has recognized that the new system will guide America and other countries to compare their prices and to stabilize their economy. The course concept that I feel is the most relevant for the industry today is exchange rates because it assist countries to understand the impact of foreign exchange fluctuations on international companies.
Statistics is defined as a mathematics branch that deals with collection, interpretation, analysis and classification of numerical data, for purpose of drawing conclusions based on their quantifiable probability. Statistics is used to interpret data aggregates which are too large to be understandable by usual observation since data of this kind tend to behave in predictable regular manner.
Different Types and Levels of Statistics
Statistics is divided as inferential statistics and descriptive statistics. Descriptive statistics involves the summarization of population data graphically or numerically by deriving statistics relating to central tendency for instance mode, median, or mean. It also involves deriving statistics relating to dispersion around the core tendency for instance standard deviation or range. Finally, it involves deriving graphs or statistics demonstrating distribution shape (Wvu.edu, n.d.).
Inferential statistics on the other hand permit one to gather parameters of population founded on sample statistics as well as modeling associations in the data. Inferential statistics is divided to a number of categories that include hypothesis testing, modeling relationships and estimation. Estimation refers to the statistics group that permit for the estimation regarding population values founded on sample data. The two forms of statistics in this class include confidence intervals and parameter estimates. Modelling permits us to create mathematical equations that demonstrate the correlations between variables. Hypothesis testing on the other hand permits us to evaluate on whether a certain hypothesis that has been creates is held by a systematic data analysis (Wvu.edu, n.d.).
The statistical level of measurement include ratio, nominal, interval and ordinary. Nominal is the initial measurement level where data is classified by use of numbers. Ordinary is the second measurement level wherein some ordered association between various items is depicted. Interval is the third measurement level wherein measurements are ordered and classified. This level also involves specifying that distances between every scale interval are equal along the scale measured from the upper to the lower interval. Ratio is the fourth and the last measurement level wherein the measurements can obtain zero value. This makes it a unique level and thus, different from others (Statistics Solutions, 2015).
Role of Statistics in Business Decision Making
Statistical data assist in displaying the actual picture of a situation in business. It helps in determining how each external or internal factor influences a business and thus guiding the decision makers on the aspects to adjust, and in which direction, the aspect to eliminate and the aspects to retain. It eliminate the process of making decisions based on assumptions and thus reducing the risks of making the wrong decision. With statistical data, it is easy for business owners to make more objective and subjective decision in a business and to obtain more positive results. This is because the decision will be highly guided by the facts on the ground.
Three Examples or Problem Situations in which Statistics can be used
Statistics can be used in a number of situation. One of the situation is when one has more than one business solutions and wishes to establish the solution that would be more suitable for his or her business. The probability aspect of statistics can be used. The second option is when one want to evaluate the performance of the business and to follow the performance trend of a business, statistics would be very useful. The third situation is when trying to make business forecast. Statistics can be used to measure the rate of change in different business aspects and thus assisting to predict what would happen to a business in the future in different situations.
Children exposed to a language rich environment are capable of learning different languages. Children learn at different pace, therefore, in designing a physical learning space I the classroom, I am able to stimulate their imagination and foster their learning opportunities. According to our reading text, “Children who have experienced languages used in a variety of context and in particular those who have stories and books read to them, attain greater proficiency in languages” (Piper, 2012).
Explain how the area is set up.
In the classroom, there are three areas, one of relaxed reading, a writing center, play and engaging in the use of the projector, blocks, toys, games and puzzles. The room is well lit and ventilated with calming music. The teachers’ desk faces all areas so that she can observe her students and assist when help is needed. Students are encouraged to work independently or in groups.
Explain how specifically the area supports language development
These areas are designed to help students in their phonology ( using flash cards), writing skills(paper crayons, pencils and paint), auditory (reading), social/emotional development ( manipulatives-blocks, games and picture label), which will enhance their cognitive skills. As children become more acquainted with each of these skills, they become more proficient in learning and succeed academically. According to a quote from Dr. Seuss’ book, “I Can Read with My Eyes Shut”, “The more that you read the more things you will know. The more you learn the more places you will go”. Children watch your facial expressions during all sorts of experiences and moods and start to realize what facial expressions go with what moods/feelings. A child watches your body language when you speak and communicate and will start to learn what your body language means. (The Importance of Play for Speech and language Development).
Describe the activity or experience that the children can specifically be engaged in
The reading area has shelves with books for reading skills, and throughout the day the students are given a period to select books and read. There is a round rug on which they can relax or the bean bag while reading. Children can read quietly or share stories they have read.
In the middles children can sit at the table and engage in writing letters or symbols that helps in their writing construction and reading skills. Students can also discuss among themselves what each lesson promotes.
On the other side, students can sit on the square rug with shelves that are labeled with different toys, blocks, games and puzzles, or simple watch an interactive game on the projector. On each shelves of the classroom, the labels are written in English/Spanish and Sign Language.
Explain what the role of the teacher will be
The role of the teacher is to be attentive to the needs of her students, use appropriate materials for lessons, resource providergiving information to her students and instructing students on how to use the information, encourage students to achieve their highest potential, giving positive feedback, observe and assessing students skills and proficiency.
How you will assess the effectiveness of this area on language development.
Assessment involves analyzing data about the children strength, abilities and interest. It also assists the teacher in developing a progressive feedback on each activity. Effective assessment shows growth. (Flottman, Stewart, & Tayler, 2011).