Browse Month: February 2018

Comparison and Analysis of Salvador Dali and Joan Miro as graphic designers

The topic of the research paper is – Comparison and Analysis of Dali and Miro as graphic designers I have found 3 bibliography, which you are MANDATORY TO USE.
They are the following.

This is not just a mere factual, research paper. This NEEDS and MUST include analysis and point of view towards this topic and comparison analysis. Here are the instructions:

Write a research paper. It will be graded by 1) Question fully answered development and support of the argument, depth of understanding. 2) Organisation of essay, bibliography and referencing (MLA), clarity and elegance of English. photography can be added) 2.    But also will be expected to: a.    Show evidence of scholarly research in the field chosen b.    Show independence of thought c.    Show a conceptual understanding of the topic chosen and of the theoretical issues underlying interdisciplinary, if appropriate d. Demonstrate the ability to interpret evidence effectively in the chosen subject e.    Demonstrate clarity and lucidity of argument and expression in the presentation of results and conclusions f.    Prove competence in bibliographical, footnoting, data gathering and other appropriate skills Don’t describe an art work (you have to analyze it by contrasting and comparing), Don’t write biographical papers. What I strongly recommend you is: – Googlescholar

Presentation: 1.Space the lines so that your lecturer can insert comments 2.Head your essay with the exact title you were assigned and your name 3.Number the pages 4.Any words which you incorporate in to your essay from a book or an article must appear as a quotation. After your quotations, insert the reference in brackets as shown here: (Allison 1993 p.13). 5.    Any picture inserted has to be mention in the text (pic.1 or see pic.1) and it has to be footnoted. (Pic.1: Dali with Gala) 6. Please also include an interesting title Bibliography You have to choose at least 6 scholar sources. This means that Wikipedia, personal blogs, and this kind of informal webpages are NOT considered as a source. You can use SCHOLAR SOURCES SUCH AS: article of a newspaper, magazine, video or just a chapter of a whole book (minimum length 10 pages each source)

The Organizing Process

In a four- to- five- page paper (excluding the title and references page), address organizational processes and change.

Write a paper using the five steps in the organizational process found on page 200 in the text. In your paper, you must:

  1. Consider the concept of authority in organizational management and evaluate how authority influences and fosters change in an organization.
  2. Include an explanation of why people resist change and what managers can do to overcome the resistance.
  3. Provide at least one example of an organization that went through a significant change. Assess how that change impacted the organizational culture (if at all).

Your paper should include in-text citations and references for at least three scholarly sources, in addition to the course text, and be formatted according to APA style


Role Of Client’s Agenda and Goals In The Coaching Process

What role should the client’s agenda and goals play in the coaching process. How do the coach’s listening skills influence successful outcomes?


In the coaching process, the goals of the client should focus on ensuring that he or she undergoes the coaching effectively. Coaching is a process that involves the input of both the coach and the client in understanding one another (Brewer, 124). Coaches are an important part of the coaching process and especially in dealing with the various issues, a client is passing through. Clients in setting goals and their agenda have the important role of actively participating and even contributing to the solution of their situation by taking heed to the coach’s remarks (Riddle, 2008). Such an active participation further encourages the coach to take the client seriously and further provide help in dealing with the situation the client is passing through. A client in this case should ensure that he or she sets goals that are feasible with the help of the coach.

The coach usually has the prerogative of directing the client towards achieving success in his or her daily life. For the coach to do this concrete information form the client should be provide to the coach to ensure that he or she has enough information on which to work with (Cloud, 109). As such, the verbalisation of the problem or difficulty should be put in clear terms to give the coach an easy time in tackling the matter. The client should therefore have an open mind especially when engaging in the various meeting with the coach. Clients in such an instance have to develop a dynamic character where they are able to adapt to the changes proposed by the coach. Clients should therefore be receptive to the coaches and set goals in accordance with their objectives. Setting goals helps clients determine whether the coaching has contributed to their wellbeing in terms of giving them an opportunity to change their life for the better.

Listening is an important part of the coaching process (Harvey, 54). Coaches in such a regard usually aim to get the most information out of their clients to find out if there are any possible ways of assisting the client. Listening as a result is an important attribute that every coach should have to deal effectively with various clients. Listening is important since it helps the coach to understand the client better especially with regard to the various areas that need to be tackled to help the client cope better with his or her situations. The coach can thus get important information from the client as he or she concentrates and especially in taking notes that will help in studying the problem of the client (O’Brien, 2005).

Coaches usually act on information the client in helping people and therefore in directing someone towards doing something it is important that the coach get enough information that will help him to deal with the situation. Clients in this regard should focus on communicating their situations in a clear and concise manner to ensure that no misunderstandings arise and to enable the coach to take the best approach in dealing with the situation at hand (Passmore, 11). It is thus important for both the client and coach to focus their efforts in understanding each other for there to be an effective mechanism for a successful coaching.

Clients therefore should provide enough information that will help coaches to deal with their various situations. Coaches on the other hand should have great listening skills to ensure they gather enough information to deal with the situation at hand.

Literature Review : The Political Debate of Stem Cell Research


Embryonic stem cell research involves the seeking of cures for various chronic diseases by using special cells from human embryos obtained from three to five-day-old embryos. The unique ability of embryonic stem cells to develop into any of the 220 cell types found in the human body lies in the fact that embryonic stem cells are pluripotent(Kao, Chuang, Chen, & Kuo, 2008).The pluripotency quality makes it possible for cells to differentiate into all the organs, tissues and organs in human beings the main reason why researchers promote the development of embryonic stem cells into specific unipotent cellsthat can be used as treatment after being cultured and grown. This quality makes them not only versatile but also very easy to grow in a laboratory compared to stem cells harvested from an adult(Kao, Chuang, Chen, & Kuo, 2008).From breakthroughs in the embryonic stem cell research, there is hope that cures for debilitating and chronic conditions such as blindness, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injuries, juvenile diabetes, and Alzheimer’s disease will be found, good news to patients and their families. The breakthroughs also have the potential to shine light on the groundbreaking path in the discovery of not only cures but also causes of many human conditions.

A significant political and moral debate surrounds the concepts surrounding embryonic stem cell research, making the top political agenda at both the state and federal levels. The ethical dilemma is such that stem cell research evokes the same moral issues from opponentssome of whom are religious leaders, which the issue of abortion evokes.Opponents fuel their end of the debate by suggesting that scientists can employ other waysin the quest of their goals that does not involve interfering with human embryos, such as pursuing adult stem research that is non-controversial. Proponents on the other hand hold their end of the debate by asserting that using embryos for research has no alternatives at this time and that unlike abortion, embryonic stem cell research only destroys a few hundred embryos as opposed to the destruction of millions of human embryos by abortion.

This paper investigates the political debate surrounding stem cell research in order to shine more light on why various groups and people are split on the issue where some favoring stem cell research that has the potential to find cure in the medical field while others would rather avoid the destruction of potential life found in human embryos.


Politics Surrounding Stem-Cell Research

In the United States, there are no federal laws that put restrictions on the research of embryonic stem cells. There are however, some states where the destruction or creation of human embryos for the purposes of medical research is prohibited such as Indiana, Arkansas, South Dakota, North Dakota, Michigan, and Louisiana(Vestal, 2008). Federal funding towards research that concerns embryonic stem cell is greatly favored by most democratic politicians at the national level with the republican politicians split over the issue(Robertson, 2010). The biggest issue in the United States over embryonic stem cell research remains the issue of funding where the principal question is if the federal government should fund the research(States, 2013). For as long no federal funding goes into the research, the government in the U.S. allows corporate laboratories, state and private universities and non-profitsto pursue the research in states that have not placed any restrictions(Vestal, 2008). To unlock federal funding for embryonic stem research, former president George Bush vetoed bipartisan bills in 2006 and 2007 but the stalemate in Washington persisted, moving the debate to state capitals(Okie, 2006). For this legislation allowing funding from the federal government to go into stem cell research using embryos that fertility clinics have marked for disposal, Barack Obama as the senator for Illinois voted in favor in 2005(Varnee, 2009). The then Senator of Arizona, John McCain also voted in favor of federal funding going into research that would use embryos marked for disposal from fertility clinics and also for adult stem cell research(Robertson, 2010).

In the beginning, most opponents of the stem cell research were drawn from the remobilized opponents of abortion from around 1973 when the Roe v. Wade ruling that legalized abortion was given by the U.S. Supreme, who regrouped on the basis that stem cell research constitutes the destruction of human life(Okie, 2006). The first time stem cell research funding was ever approved was by President Bill Clinton, two decades from 1973 and the funding was limited to surplus embryos from fertility clinics(Robertson, 2010). The first state to make investments in stem cell research was New Jersey in early 2004. In November of 2014, voters in California approved a bond measure of $3 billion to fund stem cell research making the state of California the second state to invest in that area of research(Varnee, 2009).

The good news for studies in stem cells is that even if funding from the federal government is not forthcoming because Congress creates restrictions or because of a poorly performing economy with increased competition for federal resources, there is a clear indication of investment from private and state funding.


Crossroads of Religion and Politics

In relation to embryonic stem cell research, varying opinions are held and advanced by different religious groups. For many Christian groups including the Catholic Church, conception marks the beginning of life, which makes the destruction of human embryos equivalent to homicide the argument being, human embryos constitute human beings even if they are obtained in vitro. For the reason that human embryos are considered human beings, this implies that they have rights including the right to life from the minute they begin to exist, thus deserving respect and the preservation of their dignity.Be that as it may, there are other religious groups such as the more-liberal Christian groups and the Jewish groups that embrace and support embryonic stem cell research, while others decline from taking a stand.

The Islamic religion for instance, believes that an embryo is not yet a human life until it is entered by the soul, a process that takes place between 40 days to 120 days after conception. This belief is similar to that of the Jews who also believe that it takes about 40 days after conception for an embryo to become a human(Vestal, 2008).Embryonic and adult stem cell research is supported by Judaism and the Presbyterian Church, two of the most permissive religious groups, for therapeutic and medical purposes. The Roman Catholic Church and the Southern Baptist Convention form two of the most restrictive religious groups on this matter by opposing embryonic stem cell research because it destroys human embryos but encourage the alternative ways that do not lead up to the destruction of the human embryo.

According to Agha & Hayani (2008), Islam holds the position that human attainments should not only be aligned to God’s will, but should also be confined within the laws and limits set by God. Any attempts that appear to upset the balance of creation are seen as arrogant and aimed at disregarding God’s equilibrium. Feelings of superiority are frowned upon and discouraged, which condemns any new knowledge that does not seem to comply with the considerations of God’s balance. Equity and justice of all humanity are a priority according to the religion of Islam and the recommendation is that knowledge should be used to develop political senses that address issues that arise in those areas. In Islam, the Quran and the Sunnah have set forth a wide-ranging ethical foundation and advice that political senses should be linked to this foundation. Since knowledge acquisition is perceived as a form of worship, the concepts of mercy, compassion, and benefits to humanity should be central to any research that touches on the sensitive domain of life enhancement(Agha & Hayani, 2008). With reference to the teachings of Islam, the benefits obtained from the application of embryonic stem cell research would be the determining factor of whether the research is ethical and acceptable in the religion.

Expansion of Ethical and Policy Dialogue to Address Fears

Addressing the subject of stem cell research as a series of innovations, Dresser (2010) recognizes the need to support it by expanding both policy and ethical frameworks. The frameworks would be built on the pillars of ethical concepts of social justice, scientific integrity, and truth telling especially in the support of the human embryonic stem cell research from the federal government and the debates on those issues(States, 2013). The author suggests that these frameworks be more responsive to the fears of stakeholders most of whom are in the dark, by shedding light not only the promises but also the possible threats of the research to human population and the environment they live in. This would involve defining the ethical concerns that surrounds the research and consequent innovationswhile inviting stakeholders to bring their concerns to a public discourse where the complex ethical issues can be addressed.

Beyond the ethical moral status of developing human lifeembryonic stem cell research presents numerous policy, legal and ethical questions such as why high priority in research funding decisions is given to treating and understanding chronic diseases of aging(Shannon, 2001). Issues regarding the exaggeration of the promise that this research can deliver and comparisons with other failed attempts at revolutionizing the practice of medicine such as gene therapy can be objectively addressed in a supportive environment that views stem cell research as innovation(Solter, 2006). The endorsement of retrieval and use of stem cells from a variety of sources, thesafety of use of human subjects and animal stem cell research that does not subject experimental animals to cruelty also form part of the ethics debate. This approach of expanding framework would ensure that people that hold dissenting opinions are respected in accordance with the principles of deliberative democracy that should be central to the debates. In light of the misleading and simplistic positions held by conservative and liberal advocates on human embryonic stem cell research, an expanded ethical and policy framework will be able to take into consideration the complexities that public discussions fail to accommodate(Dresser, 2010).


The Future of Stem-Cell Research

            Scientists and advocates from both sides of the debate are beginning to see the possibility of stem cells harvesting that does not destroy the embryos; a reality that will be made possible as the prospects for cures moves closer to reality and as the speed of this innovative research increases. The news that researchers had succeeded at transforming ordinary human skin cells into those that shared similar properties to those of embryonic cells in 2007 is one illustrative event that the great debate on the destruction of human embryos can find a middle ground(Vestal, 2008). With people moving beyond divisive debates, more constructive debates and approaches can be adopted as scientists explore the transforming of adult stem cells into pluripotent cells. Despite this great discovery, there are no guarantees that this process could work, and as such, there is an active indication from scientists that embryonic stem cell research should not be abandoned and should actually be continued.

The extraction of stem cells from human embryos is illegal in Italy and Germany, although the research on stem cells obtained from other parts of the world is permitted to scientists. The Netherlands, Spain, Greece, France, Finland, and Denmark allow their scientists to obtain stem cells from excess embryos that are planned for destruction by fertility clinics. Stem cell research is banned in all its forms in Lithuania, Poland, Ireland, and Austria, while Belgium, Sweden, and the United Kingdom are the only countries in Europe that allow for the study of embryonic stem cell studies in all its forms(Vestal, 2008).

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Role of Paradigm Shift Under Affordable Care Act and How Transparency Role in Pricing of Health Care


The affordable contains sections that are associated with the various paradigm shifts affecting the health sector. The health system being developed is more geared towards contributing to the wellness of an individual rather than concentrating on the treatment of diseases or ailments. Paradigm shift under the affordable act arises in the case where the law allows people to choose from the different plans about their health care needs that suits them. As such, more people than ever before have can examine plans that have more value about their particular needs. The ability to compare different plans in terms of their metrics, which include direct disbursements, copays and premiums, enable more transparency in terms of cost in the healthcare industry. Such plans show the various costs that further help the patients more control in actively participating as heath consumers as supposed to the past scenario where there don’t have much say in regard to their treatment and the different plans in healthcare. More consumers in healthcare thus concentrate on the value of the care given by the hospital especially about the experience they get and thus ascribe value to the care given in a healthcare facility (Baker, 2011).

Technology further enhances the operations in the healthcare system where more people can access information on the different plans and further evaluate their care in the money they have been spending on healthcare (Liang & Mackey, 2011). As more prices are revealed in healthcare consumers will continue to demand for more transparency about their healthcare. The accrediting commissions should require more transparency about the setting up of prices and thus ensure that there is more transparency in prices. The commission will help the healthcare consumers have more advantage in choosing health care plans in accordance to the pricing and thus prevent the healthcare consumers from being exploited. Therefore, there is a paradigm in terms of ensuring the wellness of individuals is emphasized more than the treatment of the patients.

Should Individuals Holding Positions of Power or Influence Be Held to Higher Levels of Accountability?

Most people at any point in time have been faced with unethical companies or have made decisions to go by an unethical business practice. These are able to give companies as well as individuals a very bad reputation. The way one responds may be quite challenging. The truth still remains that not every person nor organization follows regulations to the latter.

Unethical business practices are the operations that do not meet the standards set for the acceptable business operations. However, not all unethical actions are illegal but they do hurt the community.

There are several examples of organizations that have been termed as corrupt because of the unethical business practices that they are or have undertaken. The relationship between a company and its stakeholders are able to define the ethical values that it possesses. One of the companies that have been involved in such a scandal is McDonald’s. Despite its global success, this company is still a target as it is faced with unethical business conduct. A bad business ethics in this company is termed popularly as “McDonald’s Legislation”. The company’s founder, Ray Kroc, made a rare donation totaling up to $250,000 in 1972 to Nixon’s reelection campaign. In return, they got a legislation that was favorable to them which allowed this company to pay all the teenage employees 20% less than the federal minimum wages(MSN, 2011). This was a move to serve their selfish ends as well as harm the society. In addition to this, they also do not allow their employees to be in any form of union. This thus ensures that they do not have a platform to raise their grievances. For instance, McDonald’s employees at St. Hubert Quebec formed a union and the company closed down this unit with immediate effect.

Another organization that has been involved in unethical behavior is Nestle. A research carried out by World Health Organization was able to find out that the children who fed on the Nestle infant formula were experiencing mortality rates 5-10 times greater than those who breast feed. Nestlé’s sinister campaign appointed uniformed nurses to aid in the distribution of the formula to the poor mothers for free. This was meant to last long enough till the mother’s lactating milk dries up(MSN, 2011). The mother and the child will thus remain dependant on the formula. Most of them could not afford the formula and thus they gave their children insufficient quantities of this. This formula also was to be mixed with clean water. This was what most women could not be able to access.

According to the two incidences that have been reviewed, I feel that these two parties should be held responsible at a higher level. For the case of McDonalds, they violated the workers’ rights through bribes. First of all, teenagers should not be working and if they need to work, there is some amount of payment that they need to be receiving according to the law. This company thus was able to find their way through this situation. It was like one way to save their money. They paid what could be termed as a “bribe” so as to be able to give their teenage employees laser pay. This was quite unethical and they should be held responsible for this as they amended the law illegally. The issue of not being able to form a committee is a clear indication of some sort of employee abuse. This is because this makes it hard for them to be able to express themselves and thus there will be no one to stand up for them in case of any form of abuse.

On the second incidence, Nestle seems to be making kids to increase their rush to the grave. As the survey suggests, it is clear that there is something contained in the formula that increases the mortality rate in children. We may not be sure about what their intention was for doing this is. The fact that they were taking advantage on the poor families is also very unethical.

Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games Research Paper


In Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing one reacts and acts on other player avatars in manner similar to that of face-to-face interaction. However, virtual-interaction is limited in the technology-embedded setting. This brings in the question of whether the virtual system can truly resemble the actual game in the real situation. This paper analysis MMORPG and compares it with the real situation based on the environment and its need for players cognitive ability.

The cognitive social phenomena that occur specifically to the context of the Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing

The major difference between face-to-face and virtually based game is that face to face involve full interaction where information is processed normally by hearing or watching. This makes it easy for the players to read the opponent thoughts, or to calculate their moves. However, the situation is different in the virtual role playing games. Players in virtual environment experience cognitive overload. This is the energy needed to for information processing. There are a number of cognitive overload created in Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing environment. They include multiple games interaction overloads, multiple social interactions overloads, and user interface overloads. The two main forms of overload in chess play are multiple social interaction overloads especially when the game involves more than two players and user interface overloads where the player in this case is presented with a lot of written information that act as the only guide to effective playing. This includes reading of the avatar status, hints, and graphical moves among others. This results to information cognitive computation overload. The player in this case has a lot of information to read and process before making a move. This does not happen in a face-to-face environment where the player can easily calculate the opponent moves naturally using eyes and ears to counter a move (Ang et al., 2007).

Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing versus Face-to-Face Interaction Environment

In the past decades a number of virtual environments and computer games that host avatars have been developed. These worlds which are currently populated with avatars playing/gaming, socializing and acting have different resemblance with actual world with respect to how people interact daily. The Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing developers have centered graphical realism regarding how avatars interact with each other in the virtual world. However, the avatar-based interactions miss a number of elements of or vary from ordinary human interaction. According to Bennerstedt (2007) the virtually based games lacks some aspects of interaction identified in human face-to-face interaction. In virtually based interaction, mediated technology of communication replaces human interaction and thus virtual interaction makes communication a bit complex. For instance, in face-to-face interaction, visual communication takes place and thus the opponent can easily calculate the moves before they take place and arrange for a counter.

However, this is very difficult in mediated environment; the system moves are more probable to find the player unaware. Moreover, a human player may be distracted by the real environment and take long before responding to the virtual player’s move. Being unaware of why another avatar is not replying to a question may exemplify the interaction between them. The use of chat tools is another design concern. This is because the implementation of word-by-word to obtain smoother changing activity has also been considered hard. Players in virtual environment may easily be beaten by players used in face-to-face environment due to their inability to calculate moves before they take place. Moreover, while one is used to the virtual play, one may easily predict the moves of the avatar due to mastering technique. This may be hard in a real environment since human mind can change judgment in similar situation at different times. Thus, the face to face environment may be different (Bennerstedt, 2007).

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Sociologists cite the weakening of the family as one of the causes for some of the problems that American society faces today. Do you agree? In your paper, include the following information:

  • Identify important or significant changes in families since 1960. What factors are responsible for this change?
  • On the balance, are families becoming weaker or simply different in society? What evidence can you cite?
  • If you agree that the family has become weaker in American society, what proposals do you have to strengthen the family?
  • If you disagree and believe that the family has become stronger in American culture in recent decades, please explain why.

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Deliverable Length:

1-2 pages

  • How do you think life in the United States will change in the next 10 years?
  • How might technology be involved or effect social change in American culture?
  • How do you think sociologists might use the Internet to study culture and social change in the United State

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Company Analysis & Evaluation

Project 1 – Company Analysis and Evaluation Project
In this project, you will select an organization or a segment of an organization and interview key employees for the purpose of gathering information concerning the organization’s critical success factors (CSFs). You will then develop a SWOT analysis to clarify and aid you in identifying the organization’s/segment’s CSFs. The written project requires you to prepare and submit the following in order:
1. Brief description of the organization/segment. (1 paragraph)
2. SWOT analysis in chart form. (Four categories: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, Threats—each item should be clearly and concisely stated.)
3. Balanced scorecard in chart form. (Clearly and concisely list CSFs in each of the four categories identified in the text. For each CSF indicate in separate column how you plan to measure the CSF.)
4. A discussion of the CSFs chosen for the organization/segment. (Why did you select those particular factors? Why are they important in assessing the success of the company? Two to three pages.)
5. An evaluation of the organization/segment to determine if it is achieving each of the CSFs. Analyze each CSF and use data from the measures indicated in the balanced scorecard as support for your conclusions. (Two to three pages.)
You should begin working on the project in Week 1. The project is due at the end of Week 4.

Please submit your completed project for grading as an attached Microsoft Word file.
Make sure that the file name is in the following format

List and discuss the reasons why environmental planning can be difficult to pursue?

week 1: List and discuss the reasons why environmental planning can be difficult to pursue? How does federal environmental planning influence state and local environmental planning? Discuss some examples in which the U.S. government has taken steps to address environmental planning. Lastly, what are some economic and political implications that can be associated with environmental planning?

week 2: What are the three main reasons why urbanization was limited between 1949 and 1980 in China? What specific tasks did the Chinese government perform regarding urban planning during this period? Has the urbanization movement in China been balanced regionally? Why or why not? What are some challenges that the Chinese government face regarding sustainable development? What options are available to the Chinese government as it relates to urban planning techniques?

week 5 assignment [due Saturday]

Title: Community Assessment Paper

Prepare an assessment of local economic development programs within your community. To address the key issues related to economic planning, you will need to: a. Describe the types of economic development programs that are being conducted in your community. b. Analyze the actors involved in the economic development programs. c. Explain the short-term and long-term goals of the economic development programs. d. Assess the types of issues (i.e., political, economic) faced by the economic development programs.

Your paper must be four- to five- pages in length (not including title and reference pages), and it must be formatted according to APA style and You must cite at least two scholarly or professional sources

Indeed, a man wishes to be happy even when he so lives as to make happiness impossible.”

1600 years ago, St. Augustine observed a similar obsession: “Indeed, a man wishes to be happy even when he so lives as to make happiness impossible.” This question has endured the test of time – all human civilizations have struggled with and have attempted to answer this fundamental question of human existence.

In western civilization, the Greeks and Romans, Jews and Christians, ancients and moderns, philosophers and theologians have all had something to say about happiness. What is happiness? Why does it seem to be so important? Is it important to you? How do you answer this question:

What does it mean to be happy in life?

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The great Greek philosopher, Socrates , has been famously quoted as stating that “the unexamined life is not worth living.”

Happiness means to experience pleasure, is living a life of virtue and A person should not be concerned with happiness because it is selfish.

Greek philosopher Epicurus who believed that pleasure was the goal of life. Epicurus wrote: “Pleasure, we declare, is the beginning and end of the happy life.  We are endowed by nature to recognize pleasure as the greatest good.  Every choice and avoidance we make is guided by pleasure as our standard for judging the goodness of everything”

What do you mean by pleasure: It is the freedom to do what I want, whatever makes me happy or freedom from pain and anxiety?

Circular Reasoning and it is not a good basis for a position. Technically, circular reasoning is defined as when the conclusion of an argument is basically the same as one of the premises in the argument or in plain English, it’s when someone argues that “It’s true because it’s true

Excess – Virtue – Deficiency

Recklessness – Courage – Cowardice

Boastfulness – Truthfulness – Understatement

Shyness – Modesty – Shamelessness


The Sophists were a group of philosophers/teachers in ancient Greece. They emphasized the practical side of philosophy and argument, teaching young men who were interested in political office and power how to persuade people.

“Greeks agreed with the Hebrews that people fail to follow wisdom. Aristotle lamented “such men are rare,” arguing “the mass of mankind are evidently quite slavish in their tastes, preferring a life suitable to beasts.

Plato describes this dilemma in his Allegory of the Cave. Plato argues that we are like prisoners chained in a cave. We are unable to understand perfect virtue because all we see in this life are but shadows.



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Part 1:

This dialogue activity was designed to help you think deeply about happiness and how you view it in your life.

In this journal assignment, please reflect on this dialogue and the following questions:

  • During the course of this dialogue activity, did you change your mind about happiness; that is, did your perspective on happiness change from your initial view, and, if so, at what point in the dialogue did that occur? What element of the dialogue was instrumental in that transformation?
  • If your perspective did not change, how effective was the dialogue in challenging or reinforcing that perspective?
  • Finally, summarize your perspective on the question presented; in other words, based on your dialogue interaction, present a succinct response to the question, What does it mean to be happy in life?

Your journal entry should be between 250-300 words in length.

Part 2:

For this part of the assignment, we would like your feedback on the technology and approach that this assignment utilized; specifically, the use of an automated dialogue process. Please respond briefly to the following questions:

Your journal entry should be between 250-300 words in length.


  • What did you like about the dialogue activity?
  • What did you not like?
  • How was it effective?

What would you change about it, if anything, to make it a more effective learning tool?

Click on the Week 5: Journal Reflection link above to post your journal.


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Explain the aerobic and anaerobic systems as they pertain to your athlete and sport.

Explain the aerobic and anaerobic systems as they pertain to your athlete and sport.

Complete this portion of the project as a 1 – 2 page paper. Be sure to fully answer the following questions with references.

1.    The student explains the aerobic systems as pertaining to their athlete and sport.

2.    The student explains anaerobic systems as pertaining to their athlete and sport.

Put your assignment in a Word 97-2003 document.

Part III: Due August 25th 2014

Explain how the athlete would best train to increase their athletic performance for their chosen sport.

The student should address the following question in a 1 page report with reference.

The student describes how to best manipulate knowledge of aerobic and anaerobic systems to improve athletic performance for their athlete and sport.

Put your assignment in a Word 97-2003 document.

Part IV: Due September 1st 2014

What level of protein, carbohydrate and fat is recommended for this athlete and sport? Discuss how each nutrient is utilized when the athlete is actively participating in the sport.

The student will prepare a 6 – 8 page paper (with references) to address this portion of the project answering the following questions:

1.    The student prescribes correct percentages of carbohydrate, protein and fat in the diet for the athlete and sport.

2.    The student correctly illustrates the steps in carbohydrate metabolism during athletic activity.

3.    The student describes the storage of carbohydrate in the athlete.

4.    The student correctly illustrates the steps in protein anabolism in the athlete and sport.

5.    The student correctly illustrates the steps of protein catabolism in the athlete and sport.

6.    The student describes the use of fat as an alternative energy source for athletes.

Part V: Due September 8th 2014

Describe the concept of nutrient loading. Should this athlete “load” up on any one nutrient? Yes or no?

Discuss which nutrient the athlete should load and why or discuss why the athlete should not nutrient load.

The student will prepare a 1 – 2 page paper, with reference, to meet the following criteria:

1.    The student describes nutrient loading.

2.    The student explains nutrient loading as it relates to their athlete and sport.

3.    The student successfully defends their plan regarding nutrient loading with their athlete.

Put your assignment in a Word 97-2003 document

Part VI: Due September 15th 2014

Complete a 2 day food plan for your athlete. Day 1 should be when the athlete is in training. Day 2 should be when the athlete is not in training. You should include a nutritional analysis of your two days to provide verification that your meal plans meet the dietary standards for your sport and athlete. These dietary analyses can be included in the report as an appendix to the report.

Your meal plan should include the use of any nutrition supplements you would recommend, if any

1. The student will create 2 meal plans based on the criteria above. DAY 1 and DAY 2 – include 3 meals and 3 snacks, or indicate why you are recommending your particular meal plan. You must include a dietary analysis of your 2 days of meal plans. This dietary analysis can be completed using software from other NS courses you have taken, or – you may use the governmental website: Print out the analysis and include it as an appendix to this portion of the assignment. Label the training day as DAY 1 and Label the non-training day as DAY 2.

Your report should also meet the following criteria:

1.    The student successfully defends their plan regarding nutrient loading with their athlete.

2.    The student correctly implements (or does not implement) the supplements into their dietary plan.

3.    The student selects good sources of fat, carbs and proteins in their meal plan for their athlete and sport.

Put your assignment in a Word 97-2003 document


Part VII: Due September 21st 2014

Discuss at least 2 popular performance enhancing supplements or drugs. Indicate whether or not you would implement these supplements into the plan for your athlete. You must provide a defense for your choice. It is recommended that you back up your claims with scientific research.

Discuss regulations governing the use of commonly used performance enhancing supplements and drugs specifically related to your sport. Include in your discussion the pertinent national or world associations directly involved in supplement regulation. Discuss how you would counsel an athlete that is using a banned substance.

The student will write a 1 – 2 page paper, with reference, addressing the following criteria:

1.    The student describes the function and use of 2 popular performance enhancing supplements or drugs.

2.    The student cites at least 1 research study related to nutrition supplementation and athletic performance.

3.    The student discusses regulations governing performance enhancing supplements and drugs.

4.    The student identifies organizations related to supplement regulation.

5.    The student appropriately counsels an athlete that is using a banned substance.

Put your assignment in a Word 97-2003 document.

Wine Market Research – California

The market of beverage in the U.S. is at $354.2 billion. Alcohol accounts for 60% of this market with revenues of $211.6 billion. Other beverages account for 40% of the market with soft drinks accounting for 23%, milk for 6%, juices for 4%, boiled water for 3% and coffee and tea for 4%. The alcohol market is the largest in all beverages where 49% of the alcohol market share is dominated by beer (malts), 15% by wines, and 37% by distilled wine. California accounts for 59.5% market of wine where red wine is more preferred, with a consumption rate of 55% compared to white with a consumption rate of 37% and others at 8% (, 2016).

The U.S. wine consumers demographics demonstrate that 49% of wine consumers are male while the rest are female. Among them 59% have college degree, and they have earnings of about $50000 every year. Millennial consumers; aged from 21-36 accounted for 36% of total consumers, baby boomers; 37-38 years accounted for 34% of consumers, Gen Xers; 37 to 48 years, for 22% and traditionalist; over 68 years for 8%. Among the main wine consumers Caucasian accounted for 72%, Black Americans for 12%, Asian for 5% and Hispanic for 8% (Becca, 2015). In California 49.8% of wine consumers are female while the rest are male. The consumption based on age demonstrates that individuals aged from 21 to 34 account for 40.3% of all wine consumers in California, 35 to 54 for 42.7%, and those aged 55 and above for 17% of total  consumers. Most consumers; 67.6% earns more than $40000 per year, with most of them; 68.2 being college graduate. The highest percentage of consumers; 53.7% are married or cohabiting (Wolf, 2000).

Central Coast of California is one of the major tourist attraction sites. It attracts both local and international tourist interested in both leisure and business. Tourists visiting central coast of California use up to 2.57 billion dollars per year. The region receives a total of about 10.6 million tourists per year, both local and international tourists. Most of the tourists visiting this region focus on business commitments. More than have of tourists; 67% in the region focus on business and thus, they mostly visit the wineries. The visits are normally meant for wine testing with intention of making business deals (, 2015).

Mark Elliot Zuckerberg and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf Leadership Styles

My chosen leaders are Mark Elliot Zuckerberg and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. On the first male leader, Mark Elliot Zuckerberg was born on May 14th 1984. Mark is an American internet entrepreneur, programmer as well as a philanthropist. He is the chief executive, chairman as well as a co-founder of the famous social networking website known as Facebook. He is one of the most successful business men in the business market as his net worth stands at US$52 billion. This is as of today, 8th May 2016. This leader depicts the trait theory of leadership as he shows various traits as a leader. He is very ambitious, hardworking and a go getter. This is shown when he was so determined for greatness as he was able to create the social website in his campus room (Harvard dormitory rooms) with the help of his friends. They were able to spread this website to other campuses and it spread so rapidly with over billion users by the year 2012. His determination is also depicted when he was able to withstand several legal disputes which were initiated by some of his colleagues who claimed a share of the profits with the contribution they claimed to have made. He also showcased integrity when he and his wife decided to give a bigger part of their wealth in their course of their lives to “advancing human potential and promoting equality”. This as they say, is in the spirit of the giving pledge.

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is the 24th president of Liberia. She is still the current president of Liberia. She served as a finance minister under the reign of President William Tolbert which lasted for only two years, 1979-1980. She showed perseverance when she came second in the 1997 presidential elections and she vied again in 2005 and won. She is the first ever female head of state to ever been elected in Africa since time immemorial. She was awarded the Nobel Peace prize together with Tawakkol Karman of Yemen and Keymah Gbowee of Liberia. These women were recognized for what is termed as their “non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work.” She was as well listed as the 70thmost powerful woman in the entire universe, an award that was given by Forbes. She has expressed expertise in her job by leading Liberia in the most effective way. This thus attributes to the power and influence theory. As a public leader, she has to show clearly that she has authority over others under her government. She uses personal power and not alternative power and this translates to her effectiveness.

These two leadership theories mentioned above that have been related to the selected leaders have some similarities as well as differences. The trait theory which is also referred to as dispositional theory is an approach that is used to study the personality of humans particularly leaders. The trait theory is interested primarily in the measurement of the traits which can as well be termed as habitual patterns of thought, behavior as well as emotion. Traits are considered to be stable over a long period of time and are may only differ among individuals(Derue, Nahrgang, Wellman, & Humphrey, 2011). For example, some people might be shy while others are outgoing. These influence behavior.

According to the trait theory, traits are the external behaviors that in most cases emerge from the things that are ongoing in our minds. It is the internal processes and beliefs that are necessary for one to achieve the effective leadership (Derue et al2011).

The power and influence theory on the other hand takes quite a different approach. As much as the trait approach looks at the trait of a person to define who a leader is, this theory looks at the different ways that a leader can utilize power as well as his/her influence so as to get things done in the right way (Nohria & Khurana, 2013). They thus look at the styles of leadership that may result thereafter. This theory highlights that there exists five forms of power. Among these, there are three types of positional power. These include coercive, legitimate as well as reward power. There are two sources of personal power, these include referent and expert power. These can be a person’s personal charm and appeal.

This theory suggests that it is much better to use personal power other than alternative power and that people should work extremely hard so as to build expert power.

The two leaders named above Mark and Ellen depict the two leadership theories respectively. These two theories have made them effective leaders in their different ways of operation. For Mark Zuckerberg, it is clear that throughout his leadership and even as he is still a leader, he has not had an issue with gender interfering with his leadership. As seen earlier, his past colleagues who claimed to have made some contributions to the formation of the famous website were fighting him so as to get some shares of the profits that he was making. They may have made contributions but Mark was responsible for the success of the site as he put in more effort to ensure its success. His present subordinates are however supportive as they help in improving the site in all ways possible. This is evident as the site has been seen to have experienced several changes over a period of time which is meant to make the site better for its users.

For Ellen on the other hand, her election as the first female president in Africa has brought several issues on the. This is because in Africa, most people have had the idea for the longest time that women are inferior and that they should not be in the position of leadership. Most of the people especially in the opposition have had various issues with her leadership as they expect her to be nothing but perfect, something that is not possible for any human. They thus try hard to find so many problems with her leadership. This has not however affected her ability to lead as her effectiveness is clearly seen. This is because she managed to complete her first term of leadership successfully and has set in to serve in the second term after a successful win in the 2011 elections. Most of her subordinates are however in support of her leadership and they try to offer help and advice where needed.

Mark Zuckerberg depicts the transformational style of leadership. This, as it happens, is one of the most effective leadership styles in business. As a leader, Mark has depicted this style of leadership as he shows high integrity as well as emotional intelligence. This can be seen when he and his wife made a choice to give their wealth over the years in what they termed as “The Giving Spirit”. He inspires his team members as he is expecting them to deliver nothing but the best and that is what the team members have tried to do by all means.His conflict resolution mechanism is one that needs to be emulated. This is because he did not choose to fight back at his colleagues when they pulled out legal issues against him. His efficient leadership is what has led to the productivity of his business.

Ellen on the other hand depicts the democratic style of leadership. As a public leader, she has to be very aware of the decisions that she makes. In this case for example, she is the one who is responsible for final decision making but also ensures that she involves others in the lower positions as well as her advisors in the decision making process.

Both these two styles of leadership have their strengths as well as weaknesses.  The democratic style of leadership has the following strengths. It leads to an increase in production. When the leader communicates effectively, they ensure that the workers are kept aware of the happenings in the organization and thus they are interested in the production of more output thus increase in productivity. Secondly, the workers as well as the subordinates are involved in the decision making and thus this leads to increased satisfaction. Finally, the workers and the subordinates as well get a chance to utilize all their capabilities(Bhatti, Maitlo & Shaikh, 2012).

Despite these, they also have their weaknesses. The power is not centralized in this situation. This leads to the following drawbacks. As the authority in this case is decentralized the executives who are less competent cannot be used and thus people may lose chances because of this. Secondly, in this kind of leadership, several people are involved in decision making and thus this might lead to delay in the decision making process. Finally, this type of leadership style can in most cases appear indecisive. During a crisis for example, the leaders are expected to be very directive which is not what happens in democratic leadership.

For the leaders who depict the transformational style of leadership, have their own strengths as well as weakness. For example the transformational leaders create the best mentors and thus leads to innovative waves in the particular business. Secondly, these leaders are hardworking and depict good qualities. They are thus able to arouse some emotions among the workers which motivates them to work harder and even beyond the framework. Lastly, it also forms some new expectations in their followers since these leaders are proactive(Braun, Peus, Weisweiler, & Frey, 2013). On the other hand the leaders might have some weaknesses as not being able to achieve their expectations as well as the force of character and thus are unable to achieve. Some leaders may also be unable to have this character and thus leading their leadership to drawn at the edge. Finally it is based on the ability of the leader to inspire the workforce to ensure they do their best in the job which at times may not be applicable.

One strength that could influence me to become a good public leader is that I at all times ensure that I have undertaken all the duties with all the strictness and caution that it deserves and thus am able to ensure that the final output is close to flawless if not flawless at all.

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Climate Change and Global Warming

Using this topic: Climate Change and Global Warming
Create a brief outline indicating how you will complete the presentation for week 5. Include the resources you will use to complete the assignment.

The presentation will be the following but my part just the highlighted. Remember for this paper is just the outline. Next week will be the slides.

Perform an analysis of an environmental issue.
Prepare a 10- to 15-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation with detailed speaker notes. Include the following:
Select an environmental issue from any issues discussed in this class.
Describe the issue.
Identify the relative local, regional, national, or global policies addressing your issue.
Describe how the policies intend to address the issue.
Discuss the effectiveness, positive and negative, of any policies concerning the issue to include the following:
Challenges to policy implementation
Public opinion
Effects on individuals

Take a position based on the facts you have seen regarding this lawsuit on whether you believe SCM is going to face any liability.

Case Study 4: Stratified Custom Manufacturing, Part 4D Due Week 5 and worth 70 points

Read the running case study titled “Stratified Custom Manufacturing” located in Part 4D of the textbook.

Write a three to four (3-4) page paper in which you:

1.Take a position based on the facts you have seen regarding this lawsuit on whether you believe SCM is going to face any liability. Defend your position with supporting evidence. 2.Assess whether you believe SCM has had an ethical lapse in how it created and operated its vendor network, regardless of the legal outcome. 3.Pretend you are listening in on the meeting with Drew Cubbins and Takio Sumi. Identify what you believe would be the main points of the conversation. 4.Describe how you, as an Information Systems Auditor, would mitigate the organization’s risk. 5.Use at least two (3) quality resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and similar Websites do not qualify as quality resources. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

•Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. •Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

•Describe the legislation and regulations concerning the management of information in organizations. •Use technology and information resources to research issues in information security. •Write clearly and concisely about security management using proper writing mechanics and technical style conventions. Grading for this assignment will be based on answer quality, logic/organization of the paper, and language and writing skills. Click here to access the rubric for this assignment. ..

Make a list of 5 conceptions you have about employment law, human resources, unions and employee benefits.

Question 1:

Make a list of 5 conceptions you have about employment law, human resources, unions and employee benefits.

Question 2

Read pp. 51- 54 regarding the following case Zheng v Liberty Apparel Co., 355 F. 3d 61 (2d Cir. 2003). From the limited, disputed facts presented, how would you decide the case?

Your response should be at least 300 words in length. You must use at least your textbook to complete this assignment. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. All references and citations used must be in APA style.


Question 3

Read Chapter Question 2 on p. 95 in your textbook and look up the case on the Internet. Please answer the following questions based on the case. Be sure to restate the question in sentence form as a way to start your answer. Which statute(s) form the basis of her claim? What evidence did she present to try to prove her claim and what defense(s) did the employer offer? What did the court decide? Do not quote the case. Explain it in your own words. Do you agree with the court’s decision? Why, or why not. Explain your reasoning.

Your response should be at least 300 words in length. You must use at least your textbook to complete this assignment. All sources used, including the textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. All references and citations used must be in APA style.


Walsh, D. J. (2013). Employment law for human resource practice (4th ed.). Mason, OH: South-Western.



Human Life Case Study

Select a human life to use as a case study about whose life you can gather information (such as a scholar, artist, actor, or celebrity). If you prefer, you may select a fictional person, such as an adult character in a book, movie, etc.

The human life you select will be applied as an illustration of human development theory and concepts.

In an essay address the following:

  1. Explain how the developmental theories pertaining to physical and cognitive development that are discussed in the textbook and in the course modules are relevant to your character’s progression through the developmental stages. Discuss a minimum of two theories in your analysis.
  2. Explain how each of the eight stages covered in the course has played out in your subject’s life and how they pertain to social aspects and relationships throughout his/her lifespan. (E.g., your subject may not have lived through the later stages of her/his own life but will have experienced those stages among family and social relationships.)
  3. Describe how gender and culture have impacted the human development process for your chosen subject.

Your Portfolio Project will include the following:

  • Cover page in APA format
  • Introduction
  • Body of paper
  • Conclusion
  • Reference list in APA format

Discuss and cite the course textbook and at least three credible or scholarly sources in addition to the course textbook, to support your analysis and positions. Kali, R,& Cavanaugh, J, Essentials of Human Development(2014) 

Minimum 8 pages in length

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3 page paper on ‘Honeypots’

must be included this

What is a honeypot?
How has honeypots been used in the field of national security?
How does a honeypot work within the network security field?
How can a honeypot be constructed (be as explicit as possible)?

Company Cutbacks

Due to cutbacks at the company you work for, the division you manage recently merged with another division to minimize costs. Your division works in teams the majority of the time, and due to the merger, new members have been added to each team. One of your team members comes to you upset about the merger. She feels as though other team members are shutting her out and will not listen to her.

For this Discussion Board, answer the questions listed below. For assistance with your assignment, please use your text, Web resources, and all course materials.

Discussion Board Assignment Guidelines:


Even if you have a well-planned and controlled project, there is still 1 important but sometimes overlooked area that can impact the success of a project……….

Even if you have a well-planned and controlled project, there is still 1 important but sometimes overlooked area that can impact the success of a project. This very important area is quality management and assurance. There are many quality systems that exist today thanks to the work of pioneers such as Dr. William Edward Deming. You will be evaluating different quality systems such as ISO 9000, Six Sigma, Plan-Do-Check-Act or Plan-Do-Study-Act, capability maturity model integration (CMMI), organizational project management maturity model (OPM3), and Malcolm Baldrige for their potential application to a project you will be selecting in the Individual Project for this week.

Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 350–500 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas.

Research at least 2 sources (which may include your textbook) to support your response, and discuss the following:

  • Compare and contrast 3 of what you consider the most appropriate types of quality systems for the project that you will use in your Key Assignment.
  • In your opinion, which is the best type of quality system? Why?
  • Which is the easiest to implement? Why?

Competitor Analysis and Competitive Strategy

Competitor Analysis and Competitive Strategy
Project instructions:
Strategy Project assignment: Competitor Analysis and Competitive Strategy

The objective: is to conduct a competitor analysis and develop a competitive strategy for the WellPoint Company to operate in the country of Brazil by assessing the health care providers of Unimed, a local private healthcare company in Brazil and Express Scripts, global healthcare provider. Include in the paper an assessment of the competitive advantages of the WellPoint Company (comparing client strengths and weaknesses with competitors? strengths and weaknesses) and recommend a competitive strategy that will leverage the client firm?s strengths and mitigate its competitive weaknesses.

Begin this paper with an introduction, which consists of the description of the WellPoint Company, its product/service, the target buyer and market size in Brazil. This is the Opportunity statement for WellPoint’s products/services. The body of the paper, will consist of a Threat assessment specific to the competitors in Brazil.

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Flayton Electronics Risk Management Plan


The following risk management plan is designed for the case of Flayton Electronics. Currently, the company is in a crisis of a hacked system and information for more than 1500 of its customers was accessed illegally. It is not clear at what point the information was hacked, and the persons responsible and the affected portfolios. The company CEO, Brett is in the bid to get to the core of the matter. The CEO believes that the company is compliant with the Payment Card Industry (PCI) standards, and further, the company has employed competent Information Technology personnel. Data breach may have occurred along the system and at various stages; the cash register, the card reader, bank – card reader interface, company computers, and stores – bank link, and an inside job. At the technological level, the risk remains wide and the responsible person has not been found. According to Sergei Klein, uncharged of IT, the company is not fully compliant with the PCI. He approximates at 75% and there remain the challenge of matching the dynamics in technology with the standardized systems. Sergei also noted that a firewall that is linked to the automated inventory system was disabled without his knowledge.

In perspective, Flayton Electronics is currently at great risk, because the number of affected clients is increasing, and the company will have to inform other institutions, stakeholders and either the bank of the company will notify the customers. The impact of the risk is both at the technological and management level.

Project description

The Risk management plan puts into perspective the case that is highlighted in the introduction. The plan will take six months and its budget is $100,000.

The objectives of the risk management plan includes

  1. To determine the components, interfaces, and eternal sources that may affect security of information at Flayton Electronics
  2. To develop an organizational policy on information security and robust optimization
  • To review the degree and criteria of compliance with the International standards of practice
  1. To develop a strategy of hiring employees and termination of their services without jeopardizing the security of the company.
  2. To invest resources in specific technologies that increase safety of data.
  3. To develop a model and paradigm of organizational culture on information security.

Application of the atom process

The following ATOM process will be used for the Flayton Electronics risk management plan.

  • Initiation

Develop specific deliverables, assign responsibly to specific employees, time frame, provide requisite information, resources, and inform all the relevant authorities on specific issues of the plan.

  • Identification

The following items are identified as potential risks; dismissed employees, degree of compliance with the technology standards, interface between Layton Electronics and Union Century Bank, the interface between Union century Bank and Inventory system, the electronic transaction cards, stolen computers, and review of the standard risk checklist

  • Assessment

Organizational culture – honesty, trust, responsibility, commitment,

Service delivery – transaction security, searching the catalogues, and transactions

Human resource – recruitment, applicant tracking, employee reporting, induction training, competence of employees, job termination process, and disciplinary action

Software and systems – server supports, backup systems, database support, data interface, programming tool kit, documentation, application interfaces, and mobile/wireless technology support.

Inventory management – pricing and discount calculations, item data elements, automated inventory system, lot and serial number generation, monitoring of returns

Profiles of the vendor – time in business, financial records, custom software

  • Response planning

Dismissed employees – to be investigated on whether they are linked to the current data breach. HRM to develop a model of recruitment and job relieve that will prevent employees form use of information against Flayton electronics.

Degree of compliance with the technology standards – Sergei and the IT department should point bout the specific issues that prevents Flayton from being PCI compliant.

Interface between Layton Electronics and Union Century Bank – to review the information shared during the transaction. There must be clarity on who owns the risk.

The interface between Union century Bank and Inventory system – the plan seals the possible redirection of the transaction details to a different computer. Possibilities of ciphered account details leak cannot be ignored.

The electronic transaction cards – the plan reviews the data stored in the cards and the possible uses of the data and the codes of the card. There must be clear information on the relationship between the card functionality and the PCI compliance.

Stolen computers – risk management plan investigated the safety of information of stolen computers and other hardware. The information in computers should be secure and when stolen related information strains and links should be changed immediately.

  • Reporting – this is done by the communications department, currently headed by Sally O’Connor. Timing, accuracy and the impact of the report should be determined.
  • Implementation- implementation will consider the objectives, initiation, identification, and response planning.
  • Review – review may be done by the top management of Flayton Electronics. The implementing team may also report to the CEO directly. Reviews may also be done by external regulators on the effectiveness of the system.
  • Post project review – the review will be subject to the objectives. The project ought to achieve the objectives or gain the tendency towards secure system.

Risk tools and techniques

Project sizing tool

The projects are categorized as small, medium, and large. Total scores are used to determine the size of the business. This is explained as follows,

≥ 75, large project

35 -74, medium projects

˂ 35, small project

See appendix 1: project sizing tool by Hillson and Simon (2007) provides the details against which the following case interpretation.


Criterion value = 2, 4, 8, 16


Reason from the case study

Strategic importance The values that represent the four criteria values. They are linked to the characteristics of the project and the company in the case study – Flayton Electronics 6 Major contribution to business objectives

The money in the cards is protected by the issuing company. The effect of hacked information will affect the transactions if the hackers divert money from the customers’ account.

Commercial/ contractual complexity 4 Minor deviation from the existing commercial practices

The existing technology and customer service structures will not be overhauled. The company is already looking for a specific loophole that may have caused the breach of data. Therefore, fixing a specific issues will cause minor deviations on the commercial practices.

External constrains and dependencies 6 Key project objectives depend on external factors

The project depends on Secret service, the Technology regulators, the Banking sector, and the regulators in the banking sector

Requirement stability 4 Some requirement uncertainty, minor changes during the project

There will be changes in the training of new employees, compliance procedures, and the interface between the card reader – bank – inventory.

Technical complexity 4 Enhancement of the existing product/services

The company focused ensuring that the customers get better services compared with the services given by the competitors

Market sector regulatory 6 Challenging regulatory requirements

Flayton Electronics depends on the banking and technology companies. Each of the two industries have independent regulators.

Project value 2 Small project value (˂ $ 250)

The project budget is $ 100,000

Project duration 4 Duration 3 – 12 moths

The project will take six months

Project resources 8 Large project team including external contractors

More than 15% of the customers were affected. This means that the company serves thousands of clients, the project team must be large to cater for all the clients.

Technologies and banking services involve external entities

Post project liabilities 4 Acceptable exposure

This will depend with the way Flayton will communicate with the stakeholders and the company. The possibility of legal suites may also pose potential liabilities.

Total score 48


The total score = 48. This indicates that the company will undertake a medium project. The project value is $100,000 which rates it at small project. Therefore, the current allocation is less than the amount expected for the project.

Organization, roles, and responsibilities for risk management

  • Project sponsor

They are concerned with the overall effect of the risk to the business. In the case study the sponsors may be concerned with the stock in the stores, the capital assets, the security of money in Flayton Electronics account, and the brand. The sponsor looks at the comeback strategy and the rebranding process in case there is such a need. The sponsors authorize the release of management reserves funds to fund the project where necessary.

  • Project manager

Project managers will deal with the strategic and policy matters of the plan. The strategies and the policies help the management plan meet the objectives. Project managers oversee and supervise the work of the employees. Evaluate the risk situation of the company and report to the top management, stakeholders, and the sponsors. The project managers ensure that the project resources are available at the right time.

  • Risk champion

The person or the internal organ directly in charge of the risk project

  • Risk owner

This refers to person, the internal organ, and external institution that bear the responsibility of implementation and communication on the progress of the project.

  • Project team member

The employees and the investigative agency officer who are responsible for the tactical and the actual activities on the project risk management.

Risk Tools and Techniques

These are tools that have been empirically tested and found fit to assess the risk of an entity or processes. In the case of Flayton Electronics, the risk tools and techniques will guide the project implementation in the following aspects

Gather and represent data. Gathering data will help the company establish the trends of information risks and behaviors of suspected persons.

  1. Interviews – interviews can be structured or non-structured. They are carried out formally by engaging the employees in inquests and using the services of the security agencies. Interviews can also be done in groups and teams during the workshops and seminars on organizational security.
  2. Questionnaires – are used to gather data that is analyzed to establish the state of organizational risk. Questionnaires can also serve in getting information from the employees on the most effective ways to improve information security and general operations. Questionnaires are used to gather both qualitative and quantitative data.
  • Monte Carlo simulation techniques – this is a special risk assessment model on quantitative variables. It generates a probabilistic costs and schedules on undertaking the project.

Qualitative and quantitative analysis

The following table will be used to analyze the risk levels of breached data in Flayton Electronics. The risk components are derived from the standard risk breakdown structure (Hillson and Simon, 2007). The interpretation of the risk components is explained in the Appendix 2

Definitions of probability and impacts

RBS level 1

Risk specification




Technical risk Degree of compliance with the technology standards

interface between Layton Electronics and Union Century Bank,

The interface between Union century Bank and Inventory system,

The electronic transaction cards,

Breach of information from stolen computers














Very High




Very High


Very High



The customers use the electronic cards for transactions with the company. A risk on the cards affect the transaction, their banking information and this may also impact on their trust in the company.

Technical risk has high probability of creating unexpected effects because the company may not know how the criminals will use the data.

Management risk Dismissed employees

Standard risk checklist









The probability of dismissed employees causing a risk can be minimized by monitoring and ensuring their departure is justified.
Commercial risk Competitors taking advantage of the situation

Number of the affected customers





Commercial risk is manifested in low number of customers using the company outlets. Since the money of the customers is safe, the company and the bank can put in place measures to counter possible use of  the information to divert money to other accounts.
External risk Legal suites

Failure by regulators





The risks arre functional failures, they affect the individual company more than the clients and the partners.


Probabilistic assessment of the risk, very high ≥ 90 %; high = 80 %; medium = 50 %; Low = 20 %; very low = ≤ 10 %

Impact of the risk, very high ≥ 10 % ; high = 8 % ; medium = 4 %; Low = 2%; Very low ≤ 1 %

Technical risk probability = 50, 80, 80, 80, 20; average = 310/5 = 62 %

Technical risk impact = 8, 10, 10, 10, 1; average = 39/5 = 7.8 %

Management risk probability = 50, 80, 50; average = 180/3 = 60 %

Management risk impact = 4, 8, 4; average = 16/3 = 5.3 %

Commercial risk probability = 50, 20; average = 70/2 = 35 %

Commercial risk impact = 4, 2; average = 6/2 = 4 %

External risk probability = 20, 20; average = 40/2 = 20 %

External risk impact = 2, 2; average = 4/2 = 2 %

The company has high risk in the technical and management portfolios.

Qualitative risk factors

They are descriptive. They explain the level of risk to the company. For statistical analysis, the qualitative information may be represented on a likert scale. The following risk factors are qualitative: failure by the regulators, bad reputation, legal suites, and competitors taking advantage of the situation, miscommunication, and dismissed employees

Quantitative risk factors

They are represented numerically. They can be assessed and assigned a probabilistic value. the following quantitative factors: the number of affected customers, the monetary cost of legal processes, number of electronic transactions, the interface between Union Century Bank and Inventory system, and the percentage of compliance with the technology standards.

Response mechanism



Avoidable threats

Threats that affect the operations and organizational bank accounts

Data breach


Trust of the customers

Employee competence

Brand name and competitive advantages

Transferrable threats

Threats coming from  failed regulators

Threats on contractual and outsourced services



Threats to mitigate

Replacement of failed operating systems and devices


The relationship with the security agencies


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Not Keeping Personal Budget – Cause And Effects Essay

The CEO of Bank of America has asked you (a financial analyst) to write a paper on the causes and effects on not keeping a personal budget. The paper will be presented to the communications department of the company so they can create budget forms for customers.

Write a 4-5 page paper in which you:

  1. Provide a clear thesis statement.
  2. Describe the major cause of Not Keeping a Personal Budget.
  3. Describe a leading second cause of Not Keeping a Personal Budget
  4. Describe two (2) other contributing causes
  5. Describe three (3) effects of the cause on the economy.
  6. Describe three (3) effects on people.
  7. Develop a coherently structured paper with an introduction, body, and conclusion.
  8. Provide three (3) relevant and credible sources to support claims.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

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What is included in Gross Domestic Product?

In the expenditure approach to calculating gross domestic product there are four factors: consumption, investment, and net exports.
Consumption is the expenses of households on goods and services such as food, entertainment, and other individual needs. These products can include consumer durables (long term goods like cars and furniture), non-durables (food and movies), and services (medical attention, legal services, or a real estate agent).
Investment is the expenses by firms on goods and services which mainly include capital. This includes business fixed capital, residential investment, and inventory investment. Business fixed capital is the purchase of new capital like new machinery, and new buildings. Residential investment is the construction of new homes or residential buildings. Inventory investment is the accumulation of unsold goods.
Government expenses are all purchases made by any level of government for goods and services, like teacher salaries, or equipment in a federal building. This does not include transfer payments like social security or tax benefits.
Net exports consist of exports minus imports. Exports are goods produced domestically and sold to another country. Imports are goods produced internationally and bought domestically.