Month: February 2018

Comparison and Analysis of Salvador Dali and Joan Miro as graphic designers

The topic of the research paper is – Comparison and Analysis of Dali and Miro as graphic designers I have found 3 bibliography, which you are MANDATORY TO USE.
They are the following.

This is not just a mere factual, research paper. This NEEDS and MUST include analysis and point of view towards this topic and comparison analysis. Here are the instructions:

Write a research paper. It will be graded by 1) Question fully answered development and support of the argument, depth of understanding. 2) Organisation of essay, bibliography and referencing (MLA), clarity and elegance of English. photography can be added) 2.    But also will be expected to: a.    Show evidence of scholarly research in the field chosen b.    Show independence of thought c.    Show a conceptual understanding of the topic chosen and of the theoretical issues underlying interdisciplinary, if appropriate d. Demonstrate the ability to interpret evidence effectively in the chosen subject e.    Demonstrate clarity and lucidity of argument and expression in the presentation of results and conclusions f.    Prove competence in bibliographical, footnoting, data gathering and other appropriate skills Don’t describe an art work (you have to analyze it by contrasting and comparing), Don’t write biographical papers. What I strongly recommend you is: – Googlescholar

Presentation: 1.Space the lines so that your lecturer can insert comments 2.Head your essay with the exact title you were assigned and your name 3.Number the pages 4.Any words which you incorporate in to your essay from a book or an article must appear as a quotation. After your quotations, insert the reference in brackets as shown here: (Allison 1993 p.13). 5.    Any picture inserted has to be mention in the text (pic.1 or see pic.1) and it has to be footnoted. (Pic.1: Dali with Gala) 6. Please also include an interesting title Bibliography You have to choose at least 6 scholar sources. This means that Wikipedia, personal blogs, and this kind of informal webpages are NOT considered as a source. You can use SCHOLAR SOURCES SUCH AS: article of a newspaper, magazine, video or just a chapter of a whole book (minimum length 10 pages each source)

The Organizing Process

In a four- to- five- page paper (excluding the title and references page), address organizational processes and change.

Write a paper using the five steps in the organizational process found on page 200 in the text. In your paper, you must:

  1. Consider the concept of authority in organizational management and evaluate how authority influences and fosters change in an organization.
  2. Include an explanation of why people resist change and what managers can do to overcome the resistance.
  3. Provide at least one example of an organization that went through a significant change. Assess how that change impacted the organizational culture (if at all).

Your paper should include in-text citations and references for at least three scholarly sources, in addition to the course text, and be formatted according to APA style


Role Of Client’s Agenda and Goals In The Coaching Process

What role should the client’s agenda and goals play in the coaching process. How do the coach’s listening skills influence successful outcomes?


In the coaching process, the goals of the client should focus on ensuring that he or she undergoes the coaching effectively. Coaching is a process that involves the input of both the coach and the client in understanding one another (Brewer, 124). Coaches are an important part of the coaching process and especially in dealing with the various issues, a client is passing through. Clients in setting goals and their agenda have the important role of actively participating and even contributing to the solution of their situation by taking heed to the coach’s remarks (Riddle, 2008). Such an active participation further encourages the coach to take the client seriously and further provide help in dealing with the situation the client is passing through. A client in this case should ensure that he or she sets goals that are feasible with the help of the coach.

The coach usually has the prerogative of directing the client towards achieving success in his or her daily life. For the coach to do this concrete information form the client should be provide to the coach to ensure that he or she has enough information on which to work with (Cloud, 109). As such, the verbalisation of the problem or difficulty should be put in clear terms to give the coach an easy time in tackling the matter. The client should therefore have an open mind especially when engaging in the various meeting with the coach. Clients in such an instance have to develop a dynamic character where they are able to adapt to the changes proposed by the coach. Clients should therefore be receptive to the coaches and set goals in accordance with their objectives. Setting goals helps clients determine whether the coaching has contributed to their wellbeing in terms of giving them an opportunity to change their life for the better.

Listening is an important part of the coaching process (Harvey, 54). Coaches in such a regard usually aim to get the most information out of their clients to find out if there are any possible ways of assisting the client. Listening as a result is an important attribute that every coach should have to deal effectively with various clients. Listening is important since it helps the coach to understand the client better especially with regard to the various areas that need to be tackled to help the client cope better with his or her situations. The coach can thus get important information from the client as he or she concentrates and especially in taking notes that will help in studying the problem of the client (O’Brien, 2005).

Coaches usually act on information the client in helping people and therefore in directing someone towards doing something it is important that the coach get enough information that will help him to deal with the situation. Clients in this regard should focus on communicating their situations in a clear and concise manner to ensure that no misunderstandings arise and to enable the coach to take the best approach in dealing with the situation at hand (Passmore, 11). It is thus important for both the client and coach to focus their efforts in understanding each other for there to be an effective mechanism for a successful coaching.

Clients therefore should provide enough information that will help coaches to deal with their various situations. Coaches on the other hand should have great listening skills to ensure they gather enough information to deal with the situation at hand.

Literature Review : The Political Debate of Stem Cell Research


Embryonic stem cell research involves the seeking of cures for various chronic diseases by using special cells from human embryos obtained from three to five-day-old embryos. The unique ability of embryonic stem cells to develop into any of the 220 cell types found in the human body lies in the fact that embryonic stem cells are pluripotent(Kao, Chuang, Chen, & Kuo, 2008).The pluripotency quality makes it possible for cells to differentiate into all the organs, tissues and organs in human beings the main reason why researchers promote the development of embryonic stem cells into specific unipotent cellsthat can be used as treatment after being cultured and grown. This quality makes them not only versatile but also very easy to grow in a laboratory compared to stem cells harvested from an adult(Kao, Chuang, Chen, & Kuo, 2008).From breakthroughs in the embryonic stem cell research, there is hope that cures for debilitating and chronic conditions such as blindness, Parkinson’s disease, spinal cord injuries, juvenile diabetes, and Alzheimer’s disease will be found, good news to patients and their families. The breakthroughs also have the potential to shine light on the groundbreaking path in the discovery of not only cures but also causes of many human conditions.

A significant political and moral debate surrounds the concepts surrounding embryonic stem cell research, making the top political agenda at both the state and federal levels. The ethical dilemma is such that stem cell research evokes the same moral issues from opponentssome of whom are religious leaders, which the issue of abortion evokes.Opponents fuel their end of the debate by suggesting that scientists can employ other waysin the quest of their goals that does not involve interfering with human embryos, such as pursuing adult stem research that is non-controversial. Proponents on the other hand hold their end of the debate by asserting that using embryos for research has no alternatives at this time and that unlike abortion, embryonic stem cell research only destroys a few hundred embryos as opposed to the destruction of millions of human embryos by abortion.

This paper investigates the political debate surrounding stem cell research in order to shine more light on why various groups and people are split on the issue where some favoring stem cell research that has the potential to find cure in the medical field while others would rather avoid the destruction of potential life found in human embryos.


Politics Surrounding Stem-Cell Research

In the United States, there are no federal laws that put restrictions on the research of embryonic stem cells. There are however, some states where the destruction or creation of human embryos for the purposes of medical research is prohibited such as Indiana, Arkansas, South Dakota, North Dakota, Michigan, and Louisiana(Vestal, 2008). Federal funding towards research that concerns embryonic stem cell is greatly favored by most democratic politicians at the national level with the republican politicians split over the issue(Robertson, 2010). The biggest issue in the United States over embryonic stem cell research remains the issue of funding where the principal question is if the federal government should fund the research(States, 2013). For as long no federal funding goes into the research, the government in the U.S. allows corporate laboratories, state and private universities and non-profitsto pursue the research in states that have not placed any restrictions(Vestal, 2008). To unlock federal funding for embryonic stem research, former president George Bush vetoed bipartisan bills in 2006 and 2007 but the stalemate in Washington persisted, moving the debate to state capitals(Okie, 2006). For this legislation allowing funding from the federal government to go into stem cell research using embryos that fertility clinics have marked for disposal, Barack Obama as the senator for Illinois voted in favor in 2005(Varnee, 2009). The then Senator of Arizona, John McCain also voted in favor of federal funding going into research that would use embryos marked for disposal from fertility clinics and also for adult stem cell research(Robertson, 2010).

In the beginning, most opponents of the stem cell research were drawn from the remobilized opponents of abortion from around 1973 when the Roe v. Wade ruling that legalized abortion was given by the U.S. Supreme, who regrouped on the basis that stem cell research constitutes the destruction of human life(Okie, 2006). The first time stem cell research funding was ever approved was by President Bill Clinton, two decades from 1973 and the funding was limited to surplus embryos from fertility clinics(Robertson, 2010). The first state to make investments in stem cell research was New Jersey in early 2004. In November of 2014, voters in California approved a bond measure of $3 billion to fund stem cell research making the state of California the second state to invest in that area of research(Varnee, 2009).

The good news for studies in stem cells is that even if funding from the federal government is not forthcoming because Congress creates restrictions or because of a poorly performing economy with increased competition for federal resources, there is a clear indication of investment from private and state funding.


Crossroads of Religion and Politics

In relation to embryonic stem cell research, varying opinions are held and advanced by different religious groups. For many Christian groups including the Catholic Church, conception marks the beginning of life, which makes the destruction of human embryos equivalent to homicide the argument being, human embryos constitute human beings even if they are obtained in vitro. For the reason that human embryos are considered human beings, this implies that they have rights including the right to life from the minute they begin to exist, thus deserving respect and the preservation of their dignity.Be that as it may, there are other religious groups such as the more-liberal Christian groups and the Jewish groups that embrace and support embryonic stem cell research, while others decline from taking a stand.

The Islamic religion for instance, believes that an embryo is not yet a human life until it is entered by the soul, a process that takes place between 40 days to 120 days after conception. This belief is similar to that of the Jews who also believe that it takes about 40 days after conception for an embryo to become a human(Vestal, 2008).Embryonic and adult stem cell research is supported by Judaism and the Presbyterian Church, two of the most permissive religious groups, for therapeutic and medical purposes. The Roman Catholic Church and the Southern Baptist Convention form two of the most restrictive religious groups on this matter by opposing embryonic stem cell research because it destroys human embryos but encourage the alternative ways that do not lead up to the destruction of the human embryo.

According to Agha & Hayani (2008), Islam holds the position that human attainments should not only be aligned to God’s will, but should also be confined within the laws and limits set by God. Any attempts that appear to upset the balance of creation are seen as arrogant and aimed at disregarding God’s equilibrium. Feelings of superiority are frowned upon and discouraged, which condemns any new knowledge that does not seem to comply with the considerations of God’s balance. Equity and justice of all humanity are a priority according to the religion of Islam and the recommendation is that knowledge should be used to develop political senses that address issues that arise in those areas. In Islam, the Quran and the Sunnah have set forth a wide-ranging ethical foundation and advice that political senses should be linked to this foundation. Since knowledge acquisition is perceived as a form of worship, the concepts of mercy, compassion, and benefits to humanity should be central to any research that touches on the sensitive domain of life enhancement(Agha & Hayani, 2008). With reference to the teachings of Islam, the benefits obtained from the application of embryonic stem cell research would be the determining factor of whether the research is ethical and acceptable in the religion.

Expansion of Ethical and Policy Dialogue to Address Fears

Addressing the subject of stem cell research as a series of innovations, Dresser (2010) recognizes the need to support it by expanding both policy and ethical frameworks. The frameworks would be built on the pillars of ethical concepts of social justice, scientific integrity, and truth telling especially in the support of the human embryonic stem cell research from the federal government and the debates on those issues(States, 2013). The author suggests that these frameworks be more responsive to the fears of stakeholders most of whom are in the dark, by shedding light not only the promises but also the possible threats of the research to human population and the environment they live in. This would involve defining the ethical concerns that surrounds the research and consequent innovationswhile inviting stakeholders to bring their concerns to a public discourse where the complex ethical issues can be addressed.

Beyond the ethical moral status of developing human lifeembryonic stem cell research presents numerous policy, legal and ethical questions such as why high priority in research funding decisions is given to treating and understanding chronic diseases of aging(Shannon, 2001). Issues regarding the exaggeration of the promise that this research can deliver and comparisons with other failed attempts at revolutionizing the practice of medicine such as gene therapy can be objectively addressed in a supportive environment that views stem cell research as innovation(Solter, 2006). The endorsement of retrieval and use of stem cells from a variety of sources, thesafety of use of human subjects and animal stem cell research that does not subject experimental animals to cruelty also form part of the ethics debate. This approach of expanding framework would ensure that people that hold dissenting opinions are respected in accordance with the principles of deliberative democracy that should be central to the debates. In light of the misleading and simplistic positions held by conservative and liberal advocates on human embryonic stem cell research, an expanded ethical and policy framework will be able to take into consideration the complexities that public discussions fail to accommodate(Dresser, 2010).

The Future of Stem-Cell Research

            Scientists and advocates from both sides of the debate are beginning to see the possibility of stem cells harvesting that does not destroy the embryos; a reality that will be made possible as the prospects for cures moves closer to reality and as the speed of this innovative research increases. The news that researchers had succeeded at transforming ordinary human skin cells into those that shared similar properties to those of embryonic cells in 2007 is one illustrative event that the great debate on the destruction of human embryos can find a middle ground(Vestal, 2008). With people moving beyond divisive debates, more constructive debates and approaches can be adopted as scientists explore the transforming of adult stem cells into pluripotent cells. Despite this great discovery, there are no guarantees that this process could work, and as such, there is an active indication from scientists that embryonic stem cell research should not be abandoned and should actually be continued.

The extraction of stem cells from human embryos is illegal in Italy and Germany, although the research on stem cells obtained from other parts of the world is permitted to scientists. The Netherlands, Spain, Greece, France, Finland, and Denmark allow their scientists to obtain stem cells from excess embryos that are planned for destruction by fertility clinics. Stem cell research is banned in all its forms in Lithuania, Poland, Ireland, and Austria, while Belgium, Sweden, and the United Kingdom are the only countries in Europe that allow for the study of embryonic stem cell studies in all its forms(Vestal, 2008).

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Role of Paradigm Shift Under Affordable Care Act and How Transparency Role in Pricing of Health Care


The affordable contains sections that are associated with the various paradigm shifts affecting the health sector. The health system being developed is more geared towards contributing to the wellness of an individual rather than concentrating on the treatment of diseases or ailments. Paradigm shift under the affordable act arises in the case where the law allows people to choose from the different plans about their health care needs that suits them. As such, more people than ever before have can examine plans that have more value about their particular needs. The ability to compare different plans in terms of their metrics, which include direct disbursements, copays and premiums, enable more transparency in terms of cost in the healthcare industry. Such plans show the various costs that further help the patients more control in actively participating as heath consumers as supposed to the past scenario where there don’t have much say in regard to their treatment and the different plans in healthcare. More consumers in healthcare thus concentrate on the value of the care given by the hospital especially about the experience they get and thus ascribe value to the care given in a healthcare facility (Baker, 2011).

Technology further enhances the operations in the healthcare system where more people can access information on the different plans and further evaluate their care in the money they have been spending on healthcare (Liang & Mackey, 2011). As more prices are revealed in healthcare consumers will continue to demand for more transparency about their healthcare. The accrediting commissions should require more transparency about the setting up of prices and thus ensure that there is more transparency in prices. The commission will help the healthcare consumers have more advantage in choosing health care plans in accordance to the pricing and thus prevent the healthcare consumers from being exploited. Therefore, there is a paradigm in terms of ensuring the wellness of individuals is emphasized more than the treatment of the patients.

Should Individuals Holding Positions of Power or Influence Be Held to Higher Levels of Accountability?

Most people at any point in time have been faced with unethical companies or have made decisions to go by an unethical business practice. These are able to give companies as well as individuals a very bad reputation. The way one responds may be quite challenging. The truth still remains that not every person nor organization follows regulations to the latter.

Unethical business practices are the operations that do not meet the standards set for the acceptable business operations. However, not all unethical actions are illegal but they do hurt the community.

There are several examples of organizations that have been termed as corrupt because of the unethical business practices that they are or have undertaken. The relationship between a company and its stakeholders are able to define the ethical values that it possesses. One of the companies that have been involved in such a scandal is McDonald’s. Despite its global success, this company is still a target as it is faced with unethical business conduct. A bad business ethics in this company is termed popularly as “McDonald’s Legislation”. The company’s founder, Ray Kroc, made a rare donation totaling up to $250,000 in 1972 to Nixon’s reelection campaign. In return, they got a legislation that was favorable to them which allowed this company to pay all the teenage employees 20% less than the federal minimum wages(MSN, 2011). This was a move to serve their selfish ends as well as harm the society. In addition to this, they also do not allow their employees to be in any form of union. This thus ensures that they do not have a platform to raise their grievances. For instance, McDonald’s employees at St. Hubert Quebec formed a union and the company closed down this unit with immediate effect.

Another organization that has been involved in unethical behavior is Nestle. A research carried out by World Health Organization was able to find out that the children who fed on the Nestle infant formula were experiencing mortality rates 5-10 times greater than those who breast feed. Nestlé’s sinister campaign appointed uniformed nurses to aid in the distribution of the formula to the poor mothers for free. This was meant to last long enough till the mother’s lactating milk dries up(MSN, 2011). The mother and the child will thus remain dependant on the formula. Most of them could not afford the formula and thus they gave their children insufficient quantities of this. This formula also was to be mixed with clean water. This was what most women could not be able to access.

According to the two incidences that have been reviewed, I feel that these two parties should be held responsible at a higher level. For the case of McDonalds, they violated the workers’ rights through bribes. First of all, teenagers should not be working and if they need to work, there is some amount of payment that they need to be receiving according to the law. This company thus was able to find their way through this situation. It was like one way to save their money. They paid what could be termed as a “bribe” so as to be able to give their teenage employees laser pay. This was quite unethical and they should be held responsible for this as they amended the law illegally. The issue of not being able to form a committee is a clear indication of some sort of employee abuse. This is because this makes it hard for them to be able to express themselves and thus there will be no one to stand up for them in case of any form of abuse.

On the second incidence, Nestle seems to be making kids to increase their rush to the grave. As the survey suggests, it is clear that there is something contained in the formula that increases the mortality rate in children. We may not be sure about what their intention was for doing this is. The fact that they were taking advantage on the poor families is also very unethical.

Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Games Research Paper


In Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing one reacts and acts on other player avatars in manner similar to that of face-to-face interaction. However, virtual-interaction is limited in the technology-embedded setting. This brings in the question of whether the virtual system can truly resemble the actual game in the real situation. This paper analysis MMORPG and compares it with the real situation based on the environment and its need for players cognitive ability.

The cognitive social phenomena that occur specifically to the context of the Massively Multiplayer Online Role-Playing

The major difference between face-to-face and virtually based game is that face to face involve full interaction where information is processed normally by hearing or watching. This makes it easy for the players to read the opponent thoughts, or to calculate their moves. However, the situation is different in the virtual role playing games. Players in virtual environment experience cognitive overload. This is the energy needed to for information processing. There are a number of cognitive overload created in Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing environment. They include multiple games interaction overloads, multiple social interactions overloads, and user interface overloads. The two main forms of overload in chess play are multiple social interaction overloads especially when the game involves more than two players and user interface overloads where the player in this case is presented with a lot of written information that act as the only guide to effective playing. This includes reading of the avatar status, hints, and graphical moves among others. This results to information cognitive computation overload. The player in this case has a lot of information to read and process before making a move. This does not happen in a face-to-face environment where the player can easily calculate the opponent moves naturally using eyes and ears to counter a move (Ang et al., 2007).

Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing versus Face-to-Face Interaction Environment

In the past decades a number of virtual environments and computer games that host avatars have been developed. These worlds which are currently populated with avatars playing/gaming, socializing and acting have different resemblance with actual world with respect to how people interact daily. The Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing developers have centered graphical realism regarding how avatars interact with each other in the virtual world. However, the avatar-based interactions miss a number of elements of or vary from ordinary human interaction. According to Bennerstedt (2007) the virtually based games lacks some aspects of interaction identified in human face-to-face interaction. In virtually based interaction, mediated technology of communication replaces human interaction and thus virtual interaction makes communication a bit complex. For instance, in face-to-face interaction, visual communication takes place and thus the opponent can easily calculate the moves before they take place and arrange for a counter.

However, this is very difficult in mediated environment; the system moves are more probable to find the player unaware. Moreover, a human player may be distracted by the real environment and take long before responding to the virtual player’s move. Being unaware of why another avatar is not replying to a question may exemplify the interaction between them. The use of chat tools is another design concern. This is because the implementation of word-by-word to obtain smoother changing activity has also been considered hard. Players in virtual environment may easily be beaten by players used in face-to-face environment due to their inability to calculate moves before they take place. Moreover, while one is used to the virtual play, one may easily predict the moves of the avatar due to mastering technique. This may be hard in a real environment since human mind can change judgment in similar situation at different times. Thus, the face to face environment may be different (Bennerstedt, 2007).

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Sociologists cite the weakening of the family as one of the causes for some of the problems that American society faces today. Do you agree? In your paper, include the following information:

  • Identify important or significant changes in families since 1960. What factors are responsible for this change?
  • On the balance, are families becoming weaker or simply different in society? What evidence can you cite?
  • If you agree that the family has become weaker in American society, what proposals do you have to strengthen the family?
  • If you disagree and believe that the family has become stronger in American culture in recent decades, please explain why.
Deliverable Length:

1-2 pages

  • How do you think life in the United States will change in the next 10 years?
  • How might technology be involved or effect social change in American culture?
  • How do you think sociologists might use the Internet to study culture and social change in the United State

List and discuss the reasons why environmental planning can be difficult to pursue?

week 1: List and discuss the reasons why environmental planning can be difficult to pursue? How does federal environmental planning influence state and local environmental planning? Discuss some examples in which the U.S. government has taken steps to address environmental planning. Lastly, what are some economic and political implications that can be associated with environmental planning?

week 2: What are the three main reasons why urbanization was limited between 1949 and 1980 in China? What specific tasks did the Chinese government perform regarding urban planning during this period? Has the urbanization movement in China been balanced regionally? Why or why not? What are some challenges that the Chinese government face regarding sustainable development? What options are available to the Chinese government as it relates to urban planning techniques?

week 5 assignment [due Saturday]

Title: Community Assessment Paper

Prepare an assessment of local economic development programs within your community. To address the key issues related to economic planning, you will need to: a. Describe the types of economic development programs that are being conducted in your community. b. Analyze the actors involved in the economic development programs. c. Explain the short-term and long-term goals of the economic development programs. d. Assess the types of issues (i.e., political, economic) faced by the economic development programs.

Your paper must be four- to five- pages in length (not including title and reference pages), and it must be formatted according to APA style and You must cite at least two scholarly or professional sources

Explain the aerobic and anaerobic systems as they pertain to your athlete and sport.

Explain the aerobic and anaerobic systems as they pertain to your athlete and sport.

Complete this portion of the project as a 1 – 2 page paper. Be sure to fully answer the following questions with references.

1.    The student explains the aerobic systems as pertaining to their athlete and sport.

2.    The student explains anaerobic systems as pertaining to their athlete and sport.

Put your assignment in a Word 97-2003 document.

Part III: Due August 25th 2014

Explain how the athlete would best train to increase their athletic performance for their chosen sport.

The student should address the following question in a 1 page report with reference.

The student describes how to best manipulate knowledge of aerobic and anaerobic systems to improve athletic performance for their athlete and sport.

Put your assignment in a Word 97-2003 document.

Part IV: Due September 1st 2014

What level of protein, carbohydrate and fat is recommended for this athlete and sport? Discuss how each nutrient is utilized when the athlete is actively participating in the sport.

The student will prepare a 6 – 8 page paper (with references) to address this portion of the project answering the following questions:

1.    The student prescribes correct percentages of carbohydrate, protein and fat in the diet for the athlete and sport.

2.    The student correctly illustrates the steps in carbohydrate metabolism during athletic activity.

3.    The student describes the storage of carbohydrate in the athlete.

4.    The student correctly illustrates the steps in protein anabolism in the athlete and sport.

5.    The student correctly illustrates the steps of protein catabolism in the athlete and sport.

6.    The student describes the use of fat as an alternative energy source for athletes.

Part V: Due September 8th 2014

Describe the concept of nutrient loading. Should this athlete “load” up on any one nutrient? Yes or no?

Discuss which nutrient the athlete should load and why or discuss why the athlete should not nutrient load.

The student will prepare a 1 – 2 page paper, with reference, to meet the following criteria:

1.    The student describes nutrient loading.

2.    The student explains nutrient loading as it relates to their athlete and sport.

3.    The student successfully defends their plan regarding nutrient loading with their athlete.

Put your assignment in a Word 97-2003 document

Part VI: Due September 15th 2014

Complete a 2 day food plan for your athlete. Day 1 should be when the athlete is in training. Day 2 should be when the athlete is not in training. You should include a nutritional analysis of your two days to provide verification that your meal plans meet the dietary standards for your sport and athlete. These dietary analyses can be included in the report as an appendix to the report.

Your meal plan should include the use of any nutrition supplements you would recommend, if any

1. The student will create 2 meal plans based on the criteria above. DAY 1 and DAY 2 – include 3 meals and 3 snacks, or indicate why you are recommending your particular meal plan. You must include a dietary analysis of your 2 days of meal plans. This dietary analysis can be completed using software from other NS courses you have taken, or – you may use the governmental website: Print out the analysis and include it as an appendix to this portion of the assignment. Label the training day as DAY 1 and Label the non-training day as DAY 2.

Your report should also meet the following criteria:

1.    The student successfully defends their plan regarding nutrient loading with their athlete.

2.    The student correctly implements (or does not implement) the supplements into their dietary plan.

3.    The student selects good sources of fat, carbs and proteins in their meal plan for their athlete and sport.

Put your assignment in a Word 97-2003 document

Part VII: Due September 21st 2014

Discuss at least 2 popular performance enhancing supplements or drugs. Indicate whether or not you would implement these supplements into the plan for your athlete. You must provide a defense for your choice. It is recommended that you back up your claims with scientific research.

Discuss regulations governing the use of commonly used performance enhancing supplements and drugs specifically related to your sport. Include in your discussion the pertinent national or world associations directly involved in supplement regulation. Discuss how you would counsel an athlete that is using a banned substance.

The student will write a 1 – 2 page paper, with reference, addressing the following criteria:

1.    The student describes the function and use of 2 popular performance enhancing supplements or drugs.

2.    The student cites at least 1 research study related to nutrition supplementation and athletic performance.

3.    The student discusses regulations governing performance enhancing supplements and drugs.

4.    The student identifies organizations related to supplement regulation.

5.    The student appropriately counsels an athlete that is using a banned substance.

Put your assignment in a Word 97-2003 document.

Wine Market Research – California

The market of beverage in the U.S. is at $354.2 billion. Alcohol accounts for 60% of this market with revenues of $211.6 billion. Other beverages account for 40% of the market with soft drinks accounting for 23%, milk for 6%, juices for 4%, boiled water for 3% and coffee and tea for 4%. The alcohol market is the largest in all beverages where 49% of the alcohol market share is dominated by beer (malts), 15% by wines, and 37% by distilled wine. California accounts for 59.5% market of wine where red wine is more preferred, with a consumption rate of 55% compared to white with a consumption rate of 37% and others at 8% (, 2016).

The U.S. wine consumers demographics demonstrate that 49% of wine consumers are male while the rest are female. Among them 59% have college degree, and they have earnings of about $50000 every year. Millennial consumers; aged from 21-36 accounted for 36% of total consumers, baby boomers; 37-38 years accounted for 34% of consumers, Gen Xers; 37 to 48 years, for 22% and traditionalist; over 68 years for 8%. Among the main wine consumers Caucasian accounted for 72%, Black Americans for 12%, Asian for 5% and Hispanic for 8% (Becca, 2015). In California 49.8% of wine consumers are female while the rest are male. The consumption based on age demonstrates that individuals aged from 21 to 34 account for 40.3% of all wine consumers in California, 35 to 54 for 42.7%, and those aged 55 and above for 17% of total  consumers. Most consumers; 67.6% earns more than $40000 per year, with most of them; 68.2 being college graduate. The highest percentage of consumers; 53.7% are married or cohabiting (Wolf, 2000).

Central Coast of California is one of the major tourist attraction sites. It attracts both local and international tourist interested in both leisure and business. Tourists visiting central coast of California use up to 2.57 billion dollars per year. The region receives a total of about 10.6 million tourists per year, both local and international tourists. Most of the tourists visiting this region focus on business commitments. More than have of tourists; 67% in the region focus on business and thus, they mostly visit the wineries. The visits are normally meant for wine testing with intention of making business deals (, 2015).

Mark Elliot Zuckerberg and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf Leadership Styles

My chosen leaders are Mark Elliot Zuckerberg and Ellen Johnson Sirleaf. On the first male leader, Mark Elliot Zuckerberg was born on May 14th 1984. Mark is an American internet entrepreneur, programmer as well as a philanthropist. He is the chief executive, chairman as well as a co-founder of the famous social networking website known as Facebook. He is one of the most successful business men in the business market as his net worth stands at US$52 billion. This is as of today, 8th May 2016. This leader depicts the trait theory of leadership as he shows various traits as a leader. He is very ambitious, hardworking and a go getter. This is shown when he was so determined for greatness as he was able to create the social website in his campus room (Harvard dormitory rooms) with the help of his friends. They were able to spread this website to other campuses and it spread so rapidly with over billion users by the year 2012. His determination is also depicted when he was able to withstand several legal disputes which were initiated by some of his colleagues who claimed a share of the profits with the contribution they claimed to have made. He also showcased integrity when he and his wife decided to give a bigger part of their wealth in their course of their lives to “advancing human potential and promoting equality”. This as they say, is in the spirit of the giving pledge.

Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is the 24th president of Liberia. She is still the current president of Liberia. She served as a finance minister under the reign of President William Tolbert which lasted for only two years, 1979-1980. She showed perseverance when she came second in the 1997 presidential elections and she vied again in 2005 and won. She is the first ever female head of state to ever been elected in Africa since time immemorial. She was awarded the Nobel Peace prize together with Tawakkol Karman of Yemen and Keymah Gbowee of Liberia. These women were recognized for what is termed as their “non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work.” She was as well listed as the 70thmost powerful woman in the entire universe, an award that was given by Forbes. She has expressed expertise in her job by leading Liberia in the most effective way. This thus attributes to the power and influence theory. As a public leader, she has to show clearly that she has authority over others under her government. She uses personal power and not alternative power and this translates to her effectiveness.

These two leadership theories mentioned above that have been related to the selected leaders have some similarities as well as differences. The trait theory which is also referred to as dispositional theory is an approach that is used to study the personality of humans particularly leaders. The trait theory is interested primarily in the measurement of the traits which can as well be termed as habitual patterns of thought, behavior as well as emotion. Traits are considered to be stable over a long period of time and are may only differ among individuals(Derue, Nahrgang, Wellman, & Humphrey, 2011). For example, some people might be shy while others are outgoing. These influence behavior.

According to the trait theory, traits are the external behaviors that in most cases emerge from the things that are ongoing in our minds. It is the internal processes and beliefs that are necessary for one to achieve the effective leadership (Derue et al2011).

The power and influence theory on the other hand takes quite a different approach. As much as the trait approach looks at the trait of a person to define who a leader is, this theory looks at the different ways that a leader can utilize power as well as his/her influence so as to get things done in the right way (Nohria & Khurana, 2013). They thus look at the styles of leadership that may result thereafter. This theory highlights that there exists five forms of power. Among these, there are three types of positional power. These include coercive, legitimate as well as reward power. There are two sources of personal power, these include referent and expert power. These can be a person’s personal charm and appeal.

This theory suggests that it is much better to use personal power other than alternative power and that people should work extremely hard so as to build expert power.

The two leaders named above Mark and Ellen depict the two leadership theories respectively. These two theories have made them effective leaders in their different ways of operation. For Mark Zuckerberg, it is clear that throughout his leadership and even as he is still a leader, he has not had an issue with gender interfering with his leadership. As seen earlier, his past colleagues who claimed to have made some contributions to the formation of the famous website were fighting him so as to get some shares of the profits that he was making. They may have made contributions but Mark was responsible for the success of the site as he put in more effort to ensure its success. His present subordinates are however supportive as they help in improving the site in all ways possible. This is evident as the site has been seen to have experienced several changes over a period of time which is meant to make the site better for its users.

For Ellen on the other hand, her election as the first female president in Africa has brought several issues on the. This is because in Africa, most people have had the idea for the longest time that women are inferior and that they should not be in the position of leadership. Most of the people especially in the opposition have had various issues with her leadership as they expect her to be nothing but perfect, something that is not possible for any human. They thus try hard to find so many problems with her leadership. This has not however affected her ability to lead as her effectiveness is clearly seen. This is because she managed to complete her first term of leadership successfully and has set in to serve in the second term after a successful win in the 2011 elections. Most of her subordinates are however in support of her leadership and they try to offer help and advice where needed.

Mark Zuckerberg depicts the transformational style of leadership. This, as it happens, is one of the most effective leadership styles in business. As a leader, Mark has depicted this style of leadership as he shows high integrity as well as emotional intelligence. This can be seen when he and his wife made a choice to give their wealth over the years in what they termed as “The Giving Spirit”. He inspires his team members as he is expecting them to deliver nothing but the best and that is what the team members have tried to do by all means.His conflict resolution mechanism is one that needs to be emulated. This is because he did not choose to fight back at his colleagues when they pulled out legal issues against him. His efficient leadership is what has led to the productivity of his business.

Ellen on the other hand depicts the democratic style of leadership. As a public leader, she has to be very aware of the decisions that she makes. In this case for example, she is the one who is responsible for final decision making but also ensures that she involves others in the lower positions as well as her advisors in the decision making process.

Both these two styles of leadership have their strengths as well as weaknesses.  The democratic style of leadership has the following strengths. It leads to an increase in production. When the leader communicates effectively, they ensure that the workers are kept aware of the happenings in the organization and thus they are interested in the production of more output thus increase in productivity. Secondly, the workers as well as the subordinates are involved in the decision making and thus this leads to increased satisfaction. Finally, the workers and the subordinates as well get a chance to utilize all their capabilities(Bhatti, Maitlo & Shaikh, 2012).

Despite these, they also have their weaknesses. The power is not centralized in this situation. This leads to the following drawbacks. As the authority in this case is decentralized the executives who are less competent cannot be used and thus people may lose chances because of this. Secondly, in this kind of leadership, several people are involved in decision making and thus this might lead to delay in the decision making process. Finally, this type of leadership style can in most cases appear indecisive. During a crisis for example, the leaders are expected to be very directive which is not what happens in democratic leadership.

For the leaders who depict the transformational style of leadership, have their own strengths as well as weakness. For example the transformational leaders create the best mentors and thus leads to innovative waves in the particular business. Secondly, these leaders are hardworking and depict good qualities. They are thus able to arouse some emotions among the workers which motivates them to work harder and even beyond the framework. Lastly, it also forms some new expectations in their followers since these leaders are proactive(Braun, Peus, Weisweiler, & Frey, 2013). On the other hand the leaders might have some weaknesses as not being able to achieve their expectations as well as the force of character and thus are unable to achieve. Some leaders may also be unable to have this character and thus leading their leadership to drawn at the edge. Finally it is based on the ability of the leader to inspire the workforce to ensure they do their best in the job which at times may not be applicable.

One strength that could influence me to become a good public leader is that I at all times ensure that I have undertaken all the duties with all the strictness and caution that it deserves and thus am able to ensure that the final output is close to flawless if not flawless at all.

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Climate Change and Global Warming

Using this topic: Climate Change and Global Warming
Create a brief outline indicating how you will complete the presentation for week 5. Include the resources you will use to complete the assignment.

The presentation will be the following but my part just the highlighted. Remember for this paper is just the outline. Next week will be the slides.

Perform an analysis of an environmental issue.
Prepare a 10- to 15-slide Microsoft® PowerPoint® presentation with detailed speaker notes. Include the following:
Select an environmental issue from any issues discussed in this class.
Describe the issue.
Identify the relative local, regional, national, or global policies addressing your issue.
Describe how the policies intend to address the issue.
Discuss the effectiveness, positive and negative, of any policies concerning the issue to include the following:
Challenges to policy implementation
Public opinion
Effects on individuals

Human Life Case Study

Select a human life to use as a case study about whose life you can gather information (such as a scholar, artist, actor, or celebrity). If you prefer, you may select a fictional person, such as an adult character in a book, movie, etc.

The human life you select will be applied as an illustration of human development theory and concepts.

In an essay address the following:

  1. Explain how the developmental theories pertaining to physical and cognitive development that are discussed in the textbook and in the course modules are relevant to your character’s progression through the developmental stages. Discuss a minimum of two theories in your analysis.
  2. Explain how each of the eight stages covered in the course has played out in your subject’s life and how they pertain to social aspects and relationships throughout his/her lifespan. (E.g., your subject may not have lived through the later stages of her/his own life but will have experienced those stages among family and social relationships.)
  3. Describe how gender and culture have impacted the human development process for your chosen subject.

Your Portfolio Project will include the following:

  • Cover page in APA format
  • Introduction
  • Body of paper
  • Conclusion
  • Reference list in APA format

Discuss and cite the course textbook and at least three credible or scholarly sources in addition to the course textbook, to support your analysis and positions. Kali, R,& Cavanaugh, J, Essentials of Human Development(2014) 

Minimum 8 pages in length

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Competitor Analysis and Competitive Strategy

Competitor Analysis and Competitive Strategy
Project instructions:
Strategy Project assignment: Competitor Analysis and Competitive Strategy

The objective: is to conduct a competitor analysis and develop a competitive strategy for the WellPoint Company to operate in the country of Brazil by assessing the health care providers of Unimed, a local private healthcare company in Brazil and Express Scripts, global healthcare provider. Include in the paper an assessment of the competitive advantages of the WellPoint Company (comparing client strengths and weaknesses with competitors? strengths and weaknesses) and recommend a competitive strategy that will leverage the client firm?s strengths and mitigate its competitive weaknesses.

Begin this paper with an introduction, which consists of the description of the WellPoint Company, its product/service, the target buyer and market size in Brazil. This is the Opportunity statement for WellPoint’s products/services. The body of the paper, will consist of a Threat assessment specific to the competitors in Brazil.


Flayton Electronics Risk Management Plan


The following risk management plan is designed for the case of Flayton Electronics. Currently, the company is in a crisis of a hacked system and information for more than 1500 of its customers was accessed illegally. It is not clear at what point the information was hacked, and the persons responsible and the affected portfolios. The company CEO, Brett is in the bid to get to the core of the matter. The CEO believes that the company is compliant with the Payment Card Industry (PCI) standards, and further, the company has employed competent Information Technology personnel. Data breach may have occurred along the system and at various stages; the cash register, the card reader, bank – card reader interface, company computers, and stores – bank link, and an inside job. At the technological level, the risk remains wide and the responsible person has not been found. According to Sergei Klein, uncharged of IT, the company is not fully compliant with the PCI. He approximates at 75% and there remain the challenge of matching the dynamics in technology with the standardized systems. Sergei also noted that a firewall that is linked to the automated inventory system was disabled without his knowledge.

In perspective, Flayton Electronics is currently at great risk, because the number of affected clients is increasing, and the company will have to inform other institutions, stakeholders and either the bank of the company will notify the customers. The impact of the risk is both at the technological and management level.

Project description

The Risk management plan puts into perspective the case that is highlighted in the introduction. The plan will take six months and its budget is $100,000.

The objectives of the risk management plan includes

  1. To determine the components, interfaces, and eternal sources that may affect security of information at Flayton Electronics
  2. To develop an organizational policy on information security and robust optimization
  • To review the degree and criteria of compliance with the International standards of practice
  1. To develop a strategy of hiring employees and termination of their services without jeopardizing the security of the company.
  2. To invest resources in specific technologies that increase safety of data.
  3. To develop a model and paradigm of organizational culture on information security.

Application of the atom process

The following ATOM process will be used for the Flayton Electronics risk management plan.

  • Initiation

Develop specific deliverables, assign responsibly to specific employees, time frame, provide requisite information, resources, and inform all the relevant authorities on specific issues of the plan.

  • Identification

The following items are identified as potential risks; dismissed employees, degree of compliance with the technology standards, interface between Layton Electronics and Union Century Bank, the interface between Union century Bank and Inventory system, the electronic transaction cards, stolen computers, and review of the standard risk checklist

  • Assessment

Organizational culture – honesty, trust, responsibility, commitment,

Service delivery – transaction security, searching the catalogues, and transactions

Human resource – recruitment, applicant tracking, employee reporting, induction training, competence of employees, job termination process, and disciplinary action

Software and systems – server supports, backup systems, database support, data interface, programming tool kit, documentation, application interfaces, and mobile/wireless technology support.

Inventory management – pricing and discount calculations, item data elements, automated inventory system, lot and serial number generation, monitoring of returns

Profiles of the vendor – time in business, financial records, custom software

  • Response planning

Dismissed employees – to be investigated on whether they are linked to the current data breach. HRM to develop a model of recruitment and job relieve that will prevent employees form use of information against Flayton electronics.

Degree of compliance with the technology standards – Sergei and the IT department should point bout the specific issues that prevents Flayton from being PCI compliant.

Interface between Layton Electronics and Union Century Bank – to review the information shared during the transaction. There must be clarity on who owns the risk.

The interface between Union century Bank and Inventory system – the plan seals the possible redirection of the transaction details to a different computer. Possibilities of ciphered account details leak cannot be ignored.

The electronic transaction cards – the plan reviews the data stored in the cards and the possible uses of the data and the codes of the card. There must be clear information on the relationship between the card functionality and the PCI compliance.

Stolen computers – risk management plan investigated the safety of information of stolen computers and other hardware. The information in computers should be secure and when stolen related information strains and links should be changed immediately.

  • Reporting – this is done by the communications department, currently headed by Sally O’Connor. Timing, accuracy and the impact of the report should be determined.
  • Implementation- implementation will consider the objectives, initiation, identification, and response planning.
  • Review – review may be done by the top management of Flayton Electronics. The implementing team may also report to the CEO directly. Reviews may also be done by external regulators on the effectiveness of the system.
  • Post project review – the review will be subject to the objectives. The project ought to achieve the objectives or gain the tendency towards secure system.

Risk tools and techniques

Project sizing tool

The projects are categorized as small, medium, and large. Total scores are used to determine the size of the business. This is explained as follows,

≥ 75, large project

35 -74, medium projects

˂ 35, small project

See appendix 1: project sizing tool by Hillson and Simon (2007) provides the details against which the following case interpretation.


Criterion value = 2, 4, 8, 16


Reason from the case study

Strategic importance The values that represent the four criteria values. They are linked to the characteristics of the project and the company in the case study – Flayton Electronics 6 Major contribution to business objectives

The money in the cards is protected by the issuing company. The effect of hacked information will affect the transactions if the hackers divert money from the customers’ account.

Commercial/ contractual complexity 4 Minor deviation from the existing commercial practices

The existing technology and customer service structures will not be overhauled. The company is already looking for a specific loophole that may have caused the breach of data. Therefore, fixing a specific issues will cause minor deviations on the commercial practices.

External constrains and dependencies 6 Key project objectives depend on external factors

The project depends on Secret service, the Technology regulators, the Banking sector, and the regulators in the banking sector

Requirement stability 4 Some requirement uncertainty, minor changes during the project

There will be changes in the training of new employees, compliance procedures, and the interface between the card reader – bank – inventory.

Technical complexity 4 Enhancement of the existing product/services

The company focused ensuring that the customers get better services compared with the services given by the competitors

Market sector regulatory 6 Challenging regulatory requirements

Flayton Electronics depends on the banking and technology companies. Each of the two industries have independent regulators.

Project value 2 Small project value (˂ $ 250)

The project budget is $ 100,000

Project duration 4 Duration 3 – 12 moths

The project will take six months

Project resources 8 Large project team including external contractors

More than 15% of the customers were affected. This means that the company serves thousands of clients, the project team must be large to cater for all the clients.

Technologies and banking services involve external entities

Post project liabilities 4 Acceptable exposure

This will depend with the way Flayton will communicate with the stakeholders and the company. The possibility of legal suites may also pose potential liabilities.

Total score 48


The total score = 48. This indicates that the company will undertake a medium project. The project value is $100,000 which rates it at small project. Therefore, the current allocation is less than the amount expected for the project.

Organization, roles, and responsibilities for risk management

  • Project sponsor

They are concerned with the overall effect of the risk to the business. In the case study the sponsors may be concerned with the stock in the stores, the capital assets, the security of money in Flayton Electronics account, and the brand. The sponsor looks at the comeback strategy and the rebranding process in case there is such a need. The sponsors authorize the release of management reserves funds to fund the project where necessary.

  • Project manager

Project managers will deal with the strategic and policy matters of the plan. The strategies and the policies help the management plan meet the objectives. Project managers oversee and supervise the work of the employees. Evaluate the risk situation of the company and report to the top management, stakeholders, and the sponsors. The project managers ensure that the project resources are available at the right time.

  • Risk champion

The person or the internal organ directly in charge of the risk project

  • Risk owner

This refers to person, the internal organ, and external institution that bear the responsibility of implementation and communication on the progress of the project.

  • Project team member

The employees and the investigative agency officer who are responsible for the tactical and the actual activities on the project risk management.

Risk Tools and Techniques

These are tools that have been empirically tested and found fit to assess the risk of an entity or processes. In the case of Flayton Electronics, the risk tools and techniques will guide the project implementation in the following aspects

Gather and represent data. Gathering data will help the company establish the trends of information risks and behaviors of suspected persons.

  1. Interviews – interviews can be structured or non-structured. They are carried out formally by engaging the employees in inquests and using the services of the security agencies. Interviews can also be done in groups and teams during the workshops and seminars on organizational security.
  2. Questionnaires – are used to gather data that is analyzed to establish the state of organizational risk. Questionnaires can also serve in getting information from the employees on the most effective ways to improve information security and general operations. Questionnaires are used to gather both qualitative and quantitative data.
  • Monte Carlo simulation techniques – this is a special risk assessment model on quantitative variables. It generates a probabilistic costs and schedules on undertaking the project.

Qualitative and quantitative analysis

The following table will be used to analyze the risk levels of breached data in Flayton Electronics. The risk components are derived from the standard risk breakdown structure (Hillson and Simon, 2007). The interpretation of the risk components is explained in the Appendix 2

Definitions of probability and impacts

RBS level 1

Risk specification




Technical risk Degree of compliance with the technology standards

interface between Layton Electronics and Union Century Bank,

The interface between Union century Bank and Inventory system,

The electronic transaction cards,

Breach of information from stolen computers














Very High




Very High


Very High



The customers use the electronic cards for transactions with the company. A risk on the cards affect the transaction, their banking information and this may also impact on their trust in the company.

Technical risk has high probability of creating unexpected effects because the company may not know how the criminals will use the data.

Management risk Dismissed employees

Standard risk checklist









The probability of dismissed employees causing a risk can be minimized by monitoring and ensuring their departure is justified.
Commercial risk Competitors taking advantage of the situation

Number of the affected customers





Commercial risk is manifested in low number of customers using the company outlets. Since the money of the customers is safe, the company and the bank can put in place measures to counter possible use of  the information to divert money to other accounts.
External risk Legal suites

Failure by regulators





The risks arre functional failures, they affect the individual company more than the clients and the partners.


Probabilistic assessment of the risk, very high ≥ 90 %; high = 80 %; medium = 50 %; Low = 20 %; very low = ≤ 10 %

Impact of the risk, very high ≥ 10 % ; high = 8 % ; medium = 4 %; Low = 2%; Very low ≤ 1 %

Technical risk probability = 50, 80, 80, 80, 20; average = 310/5 = 62 %

Technical risk impact = 8, 10, 10, 10, 1; average = 39/5 = 7.8 %

Management risk probability = 50, 80, 50; average = 180/3 = 60 %

Management risk impact = 4, 8, 4; average = 16/3 = 5.3 %

Commercial risk probability = 50, 20; average = 70/2 = 35 %

Commercial risk impact = 4, 2; average = 6/2 = 4 %

External risk probability = 20, 20; average = 40/2 = 20 %

External risk impact = 2, 2; average = 4/2 = 2 %

The company has high risk in the technical and management portfolios.

Qualitative risk factors

They are descriptive. They explain the level of risk to the company. For statistical analysis, the qualitative information may be represented on a likert scale. The following risk factors are qualitative: failure by the regulators, bad reputation, legal suites, and competitors taking advantage of the situation, miscommunication, and dismissed employees

Quantitative risk factors

They are represented numerically. They can be assessed and assigned a probabilistic value. the following quantitative factors: the number of affected customers, the monetary cost of legal processes, number of electronic transactions, the interface between Union Century Bank and Inventory system, and the percentage of compliance with the technology standards.

Response mechanism



Avoidable threats

Threats that affect the operations and organizational bank accounts

Data breach


Trust of the customers

Employee competence

Brand name and competitive advantages

Transferrable threats

Threats coming from  failed regulators

Threats on contractual and outsourced services



Threats to mitigate

Replacement of failed operating systems and devices


The relationship with the security agencies


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Not Keeping Personal Budget – Cause And Effects Essay

The CEO of Bank of America has asked you (a financial analyst) to write a paper on the causes and effects on not keeping a personal budget. The paper will be presented to the communications department of the company so they can create budget forms for customers.

Write a 4-5 page paper in which you:

  1. Provide a clear thesis statement.
  2. Describe the major cause of Not Keeping a Personal Budget.
  3. Describe a leading second cause of Not Keeping a Personal Budget
  4. Describe two (2) other contributing causes
  5. Describe three (3) effects of the cause on the economy.
  6. Describe three (3) effects on people.
  7. Develop a coherently structured paper with an introduction, body, and conclusion.
  8. Provide three (3) relevant and credible sources to support claims.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required page length.

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What is included in Gross Domestic Product?

In the expenditure approach to calculating gross domestic product there are four factors: consumption, investment, and net exports.
Consumption is the expenses of households on goods and services such as food, entertainment, and other individual needs. These products can include consumer durables (long term goods like cars and furniture), non-durables (food and movies), and services (medical attention, legal services, or a real estate agent).
Investment is the expenses by firms on goods and services which mainly include capital. This includes business fixed capital, residential investment, and inventory investment. Business fixed capital is the purchase of new capital like new machinery, and new buildings. Residential investment is the construction of new homes or residential buildings. Inventory investment is the accumulation of unsold goods.
Government expenses are all purchases made by any level of government for goods and services, like teacher salaries, or equipment in a federal building. This does not include transfer payments like social security or tax benefits.
Net exports consist of exports minus imports. Exports are goods produced domestically and sold to another country. Imports are goods produced internationally and bought domestically.

A venture capitalist has expressed interest in potentially funding your new business venture and has asked for a presentation of your business plan.,.

A venture capitalist has expressed interest in potentially funding your new business venture and has asked for a presentation of your business plan. Write 4–6 paragraphs that will provide some guidelines that can be used for effectively presenting your plan to venture capitalists. Make sure to cover the following in your response:


  • What type of venture capital company should you look for?
  • What financial information should be included?
  • How will you close the deal?
  • What should your presentation include?
  • What devices or tools would you use to ensure the audience becomes interested and invested?
  • How will you follow-up?


Toyota’s IT Strategy That Align To Its Strategic Business Goals

An IT strategy encompasses all aspects of technology management, which include cost management, hardware and software management, vendor management, risk management and all other factors in the enterprise IT of an organization. Proper execution of an IT strategy requires an organization to have strong IT leadership. Therefore, the chief information officer (CIO) and the chief technology officer (CTO) should work closely with other relevant departments of the organization to ensure the IT strategy is executed successfully. Most organizations formalize their IT strategy using a document. The plan and documentation of the IT strategy should be flexible to ensure that that it is responsive to changes in the organizational circumstances and priorities. The flexibility of the IT strategy would also enable it to be responsive to budgetary constraints, new technologies, and changes in available skill sets and core competencies of an organization. This paper will detail the IT strategy of Toyota, one of the most respected companies across the globe. It will highlight how Toyota uses its IT to support its famous Toyota Production System (TPS).

Toyota Business Goals and Objectives

Toyota’s business goal within the next two years is to increase its profitability by 50% within the next two years. The company is currently the market leader in the sale of automobiles. Maintaining its position would help in improving its revenues and profitability.

Toyota’s business goal is to sell 15 million cars annually within the next two years. In 2014, the company sold 10.23 million vehicles beating General Motors and Volkswagen, which are its fiercest rivals. Selling 15 million cars annually within the next two years would help in improving the company’s profitability and strengthening its position as the market leader.

To improve its profitability, Toyota needs to reduce its cost of production even further. Information technology is one of the major tools at the company’s disposal that may help in reducing its operational costs. Use of robots to manufacture cars would reduce its operational costs as it would reduce the need to hire employees.

For Toyota to sell 13 million cars annually in the next two years, it should develop more vehicle models. Hybrid vehicles promise to account for a significant proportion of the company’s vehicle sales due to the increased need for environmental sustainability among its customers. Toyota should also improve its market penetration in the emerging markets, which have the highest growth potential due to the bulging middle class in the markets. It should not focus on the North American and European markets, which are saturated (Carnall & Roebuck, 2015).

Toyota IT Strategies

Use of robotics in Toyota’s assembly lines would help in reducing the company’s operational costs. The robots would reduce the need for the company to maintain a huge workforce, which is one of the major operational costs of the company.

Toyota uses the Dealer Daily, a proprietary tool that enables the company to improve its communication with its dealers. Dealer Daily enables Toyota to know customer needs and respond to them efficiently in a timely manner. Dealers use Dealer Daily in the ordering and return of motor vehicles (Bidgoli, 2014). The company intends to undertake major improvements in the tool to improve its ability to communicate with dealers. This would help the company sell 15 million cars annually within the next two years.

Use of hybrid technology in various models of Toyota’s automobiles would also help in increasing the number of cars that the company sells annually. The company has invested heavily in R&D to help in the development of new technologies that would be incorporated in its cars to improve its competitiveness.

Organizational Structure

Toyota uses its organizational structure to support its business goals and objectives. The company used a divisional organizational structure. In 2013, Toyota undertook major changes in its organizational structure. This was in response to the safety issues that led to massive recalls of its vehicles since 2009. The previous organizational structure had a strong centralized global hierarchy that made all the major decisions of the company. Individual business units of the company did not communicate with each other. All communications had to go through the company’s headquarters. This organizational structure was highly criticized due to its slow response time to tackle the safety issues. The reorganization of the company’s structure made it be characterized by the following features; a global hierarchy, geographic divisions, and product-based divisions (Gao, 2014).

Having a global hierarchy ensures that leaders in the company’s headquarters still wield so much power. However, after the reorganization, the company increased the decision-making of its regional heads and the heads of business units. This reduced the centralization of the decision-making process of the company. The new organizational structure has eight regional divisions. These include Japan, Europe, North America, China, East Asia and Oceania, Asia, Middle East and Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean. The regional divisions have regional heads who report to the company’s headquarters. Use of this organizational structure enabled Toyota to respond to customer needs according to the regional market conditions. Use of product-based divisions is also one of the features of the reorganizational of Toyota’s organizational structure. Toyota has four product-based divisions. These include Lexus International, Toyota No.1, which is responsible for the company’s operations in Japan, North America, and Europe, Toyota No. 2, which is responsible for the company’s operations in other regions, and the Unit Center, which is in charge for engine, transmission, and other relevant operations. Use of a product-based organizational structure facilitates the development of new brand and product lines (Carnall & Roebuck, 2015).

Organizational Culture

The reorganization of Toyota’s organizational structure led to corresponding changes in its organizational culture. Toyota’s organizational culture is characterized by teamwork, continuous improvement, and quality. The company uses teams in undertaking most activities. Use of teams improves the company’s capabilities and success. As such, it is vital for employees to be highly involved in their teams. The company ensures that all employees go through a teambuilding program to facilitate the integration of this aspect of the organizational culture (Daft & Marcic, 2014).

Toyota’s organizational culture emphasizes the need for continuous learning. The company stresses the importance of continuous learning in solving problems. Emphasis on continuous learning enables the company to continuously improve its processes and output, which help in improving its competitiveness. Quality is also one of the major features of Toyota’s organizational culture. Provision of quality automobiles has enabled the company to be the global leader in automobile manufacture. Quality is emphasized in Principle #5 of The Toyota Way, which highlights the need to get quality right the first time (Daft & Marcic, 2014).


The type of leadership employed by Toyota is rooted in genchi genbustu or “see for yourself.” The leaders of the company get out of their office and visit locations where there are various operations to get their hands dirty. This enables them to know what is going on within the organization. This is highlighted by the company’s president, Akio Toyoda, who visited a Toyota dealership in 2008 to personally investigate the recall of a pickup truck of a Toyota dealership in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Use of this leadership style ensures that the leaders understand what is happening in the organization, thereby, enabling them to make good decisions (Daft & Marcic, 2014).

Business Processes

Business processes refer to the coordinated activities that are structurally implemented to facilitate the development of a product. Business processes are vital to any organization since they enable an organization to earn revenue. Business processes are dependent on each other. Toyota has a business process management system that supports its business processes. Toyota uses the world-famous Toyota Production System (TPS). TPS is characterized by continuous improvement (kaizen), Just In Time, and Jidoka (Richardson, 2014).

The Toyota business process requires all activities to be precisely defined to ensure they lead to maximum quality, eliminate wastes, and improve efficiency. All members of the company are required to not only adhere to the standardized work guidelines but also ensure that they seek continuous improvement. This helps in reducing inefficiencies in the company’s business processes (Richardson, 2014).

Use of the Just In Time manufacturing necessitates the company to ensure that the natural laws of demand and supply guide the entire production process. This enables the company to manufacture the right materials and parts are manufactured and provided to relevant parties in the exactly amount they need. Therefore, use of Just In Time manufacturing helps in improving the efficiency of Toyota (Richardson, 2014).

Jidoka simply means automation of an organization’s processes. However, Toyota ensures that there is automation with a human touch. Automation enables Toyota to detect problems immediately to facilitate the solution of the problems. Automation with a human touch is highlighted by the andon cord above the company’s assembly lines. The andon cord enables any team member to bring production to a halt to enable a certain problem to be solved (Richardson, 2014).

Physical Layout

Toyota has 54 manufacturing and assembly plants located in 28 countries across the globe. The countries are divided into eight regions to facilitate easy management of Toyota’s global operations. The regions include Japan, Europe, North America, China, East Asia and Oceania, Asia, Middle East and Africa, and Latin America and the Caribbean. The company’s headquarters are located in Toyota, Japan.

IT Infrastructure

Toyota acknowledges the importance of IT in its processes. In the late 2000s, the company standardized all its business application systems to ensure that it uses information in a better manner. The IT infrastructure of the company shifted to TCP/IP systems. Toyota has continuously strived to improve the maintenance and efficiency of its IT system. The company has undertaken structural reform to ensure that there is efficient system development and maintenance of its IT systems (Bidgoli, 2014).

Toyota’s IT infrastructure consists of hardware, software, network, and IT resources. Some of the hardware that constitute Toyota’s IT infrastructure include servers in the company’s data centers and one computer per employee. Toyota has several software applications. The software applications of the company may be classified into several categories. These include R&D applications, manufacturing applications, sales applications, corporate applications, and an infra & Data center. The company’s software applications help in supporting its application architecture. The IT infrastructure of the company ensures that there is integration of various applications. Toyota defined IT standards and technology roadmaps to facilitate the integration of software applications that guide its operations. Toyota has an application referred to as Toyota Friend, which is a private social networking site for people who own Toyota automobiles. The application enables Toyota owners to interact with their vehicles, dealers, and Toyota. Toyota Friend also enables thousands of the company’s employees across the globe to interact with each other. On the other hand, Dealer Daily enables Toyota to interact with its dealers. Toyota uses Workday software to manage its human resources (Bell & Orzen, 2013). is the primary method with which people may communicate with the company. However, the company has several networks in various regions such as China, India, and Europe. Toyota Digital Cruise Inc. services facilitate the networking of business sites of the company. Toyota’s network is protected by a firewall that improves the security of the information relayed using the network.

Toyota uses the cloud technology that is provided via websites and apps. Use of cloud computing has enabled Toyota to free up its employees to undertake more meaningful activities. In 2012, Toyota signed a deal with Microsoft, which enabled Microsoft to provide cloud computing services through Microsoft 365.  Office 365 would enable hundreds of the company’s employees to exchange information securely. The company also uses Azure, Microsoft cloud computing service to host various apps in its vehicle models. Toyota also uses Box, an online storage service to distribute its executive reports instead of simply sending emails. Toyota also uses Amazon to host its marketing websites. Use of Software-as-a-service (SaaS) has enabled Toyota to reduce the number of data centers it has. Toyota uses DataDirect Connect to manage and query the data stored in its Oracle, SQL Server, and other database platforms. This enables the Toyota’s IT staff to meet the business needs of the company by accessing and analyzing data regardless of where it is stored (Bai, 2014).

IT Challenges

Obsolescence is one of the major IT challenges that Toyota faces. Obsolescence reduces the productive life of systems, software, and equipment. This would necessitate Toyota to spend significant sums of money in purchasing new or upgraded systems, software, and equipment. Planned obsolescence of Microsoft products highlights the impact of obsolescence on a company. The company keeps producing new versions of its Windows operating system. It would be hard for Toyota to justify spending significant sums of money on new or upgraded versions of systems, software, or equipment if there is no known productivity increase of the systems, software, or equipment (Bidgoli, 2014).

It is difficult of companies to meet their budgets especially when they are facing financial problems. IT budgets are expected to grow in the foreseeable future. The increase in IT budget would require Toyota to pay more attention to its available resources. The company should ensure that it makes decisions that ensure that it meets its existing budget needs while simultaneously planning for the future, which is a very difficult undertaking (Kelley, 2008).

Data storage and retrieval is also one of the major IT challenges that Toyota faces. Despite the fact that the data needs of most companies are short-term, the companies may need certain critical data after a long time. Going back to retrieve may be difficult since the data may no longer be readable. For instance, if one had stored information in a floppy disk a long time ago, when the floppy disks were the most common means of storing data, it may be difficult for the individual to retrieve the data since the device for reading the media may not be available. In addition, the shelf life of data varies with the type of media and the manufacturer. With a shelf life of 30 years under optimal conditions, the magnetic tape is deemed to be the best media for storing data. However, it would ultimately succumb to time (Jain, 2009).

Cloud computing is one of the major technological tools that Toyota employees. However, use of this technological tool raises privacy and security issues. The information in the “cloud” may be accessed by unauthorized parties who have malicious intent. In addition, access of the information by unauthorized parties would violate the privacy of various stakeholders of the company (Morabito, 2014). Currently, Toyota uses Microsoft 365 for information sharing among its employees. It is vital for the company to ensure that it addresses privacy and security concerns of this tool.

IT Risks

Implementing a new IT system does not imply that the end users would use it in undertaking their activities. Failure to use the new IT system would make it difficult for the company to attain the benefits of the new IT system. Involvement of the end users during the development and implementation of the new IT strategies is one of the main strategies that organizations use to ensure that the end users embrace the changes (Kouns & Minoli, 2011).

Ensuring that implementation of changes in IT would align with business rules is one of the major risks of IT implementation. It is vital to determine whether the new IT system would meet the business requirements and deliver the expected benefits (Kouns & Minoli, 2011).

Scope creep and unstable requires is a major risk of all projects involving the implementation of an IT system. Constant user involving helps in mitigating these risks. Revisiting the business process and analyzing the changes introduced by the new IT system would also help in mitigating the risks (Kouns & Minoli, 2011).

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Bunge Corporation has purchased two securities for its portfolio

Bunge Corporation has purchased two securities for its portfolio. The first is a stock investment in Longley Corporation, one of its suppliers. Bunge purchased 10% of Longley with the intention of holding it for a number of years, but has no intention of purchasing more shares. The second investment was a purchase of debt securities. Bunge purchased the debt securities because its analysts believe that changes in market interest rates will cause these securities to increase in value in a short period of time. Bunge intends to sell the securities as soon as they have increased in value.
Write a memo to Max Scholes, the chief financial officer, explaining how to account for each of these investments. Explain what the implications for reported income are from this accounting treatment.

Systems Thinking and Continuous Improvement–Organizational Analysis

Paper should be written in APA format

Organization is GOOGLE

•    Single Spaced (APA) Formatting •    Title Page – Systems Thinking and Continuous Improvement–Organizational Analysis •    Introduction •    Body 1 •    Body 2 •    Recommendation- share what Google can improve and how •    Conclusion- sum up everything •    Incorporate the questions in the assignment in the paper write it out and answer each question underneath so the paper is well written and has a clear

transition The directions are below: •    In this assignment you will apply systems thinking to analyze one of an organization’s work processes, problems, or initiatives* and make recommendations for

improvement. Conduct research on your chosen organization to identify a work process, problem, or initiative.  The process, problem, or initiative you choose should be

simple, having only five to ten variables, and have definable boundaries which are small in scope.  Write a two to three page paper analyzing the work process,

problem, or initiative using systems thinking to make recommendations for improvement.  Using the information provided in the readings and From the Experts, create a

Causal Loop Diagram in support of your analysis •    So the paper should like this

Introduction: The purpose of this paper is too…

Body 1 The role system thinking plays in organizational performance Body 2 Analyzing the work process, problem, or initiative using systems thinking to make recommendations for improvement •    An example of a work process would be making coffee as presented in FTE 1 •    An example of a problem would be how to reduce stress as presented in the Daniel Kim reading •    An example of an initiative would be the drive to increase membership as presented in FTE 4

Recommendation- Share what Google can do to improve and how 3 to 5 recommendations on how expand on this section this is very important. List the recommendations as First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth.


Conclusion: Sum everything up please

References : Please use the links I have provided towards the paper, anything additional add to the paper please as well. Cite the sources from the link towards the


Rubin, N. Ed. (2011). Systems thinking: Peter Senge’s learning organization.

Peter Senge and the learning organization

Welcome to the Society for Organizational Learning North America

Taggart, J.L.C. (2011). Naughty CEO’s in 2010: Revisiting Senge’s 7 learning disabilities. Changing Winds. Retrieved from 2010-revisiting-senge%E2%80%99s-7-learning-disabilities/ (2pgs + video 1:11 length)

Aronson, D. (1998). Overview of systems thinking. Thinking Page. Retrieved from (3pgs)

Kim, D. (2013). Guidelines for drawing causal loop diagrams. System Thinker. Pp. 1-2. Retrieved from (2pgs)

Bellinger, G. (2004). Introduction to Systems Thinking. The Way of Systems. Retrieved from (1pg)


Terminating Government Contracts

Termination for default as cost saving measure

Examine the manner in which termination for default can be categorized as both a cost savings measure and a creator of additional cost. Provide one (1) example to support your response. 

No cost settlement

In the event that work has scarcely started or if all things can be attractively redirected, it is conceivable that the foreman will have the capacity to sign a discharge of risk and impact a no-expense settlement: Many bigger firms waive their case if the dollar sum is ostensible, accordingly evading the red tape and included expenses of experiencing the official end method (James, 1963, p.70).

There is an extensive contrast in the treatment of end claims between settled value and expense repayment contracts. Under a settled value end, all expenses (counting subcontractor claims) also, benefit are incorporated in the case. On an expense repayment end, a contractor may choose to proceed to voucher expenses in the ordinary style, with his case basically being a proposed acclimation to his charge (which can be put together by letter), or he may choose to stop vouchering and incorporate expenses not vouchered to date in his case along with a proper charge modification. In both cases stock timetables must be submitted and additionally a Schedule of Accounting Information, DD Form 546, where fitting (Feldman, 2013). The Regulations put a six-month breaking point on vouchering out under a totally ended contract’ Initially, give us a chance to analyze the strides needed in arrangement of an end claim under a settled value get the cost of which may be firm or redeterminable (James,1963,p.70).

Conclude the manner in which the termination for default clause impacts contracts when it is also both a cost savings method and a creator of cost mechanism.  Provide a rationale for your response.

Termination for default as creator of additional cost

Terminations for default quite often deliver venture postponement, expense overwhelms, broken business connections, legal counselors and claims. The danger of these antagonistic results can be diminished by your utilization of a privilege to supplement the work teams of a defaulting builder. A decent “right to supplement” provision is fundamental. On the off chance that end gets to be important, your first utilization of the less uncommon cure of supplementation will offer assistance induce a court or assertion board that you acted sensibly and investigated other conceivable outcomes before practicing your end rights.

Since the privilege to cross out your agreement commitments to another gathering is such an uncommon activity and the results for the ended party so regularly shocking, courts intently examine the ending party’s activity of end rights. On the off chance that the ending party neglects to touch the greater part of the agreement bases important to legitimize the end, a court might find that the end was “wrongful” and honor the ended party the estimation of the work performed, lost benefits on any unperformed work, and in addition other direct or noteworthy harms. Therefore, in the activity of end rights, it is critical to take after absolutely each contractually obliged stride in the end process. Generous agreeability with the end provision is sufficiently bad. Take no short cuts. Do it entirely by the book. Utilize “default” as end rights are conjured. Obviously convey a goal to summon the end condition and—if an execution bond surety is included obviously demonstrate the goal to call upon the surety to perform. At the end of the end notice period, affirm that the agreement is ended, regardless of the possibility that a second notice is not needed by the agreement (Riggs, 2014).

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Is hiring ethical people the most important factor involved in creating and sustaining an ethical organisation?

Topic 1. Is hiring ethical people the most important factor involved in creating and sustaining an ethical organisation?


Essays should be no longer than 2000 words, exclusive of appendices, references, etc. Students are required to undertake research to locate academic references using online databases (e.g EBSCO, Proquest, Emerald, Science Direct etc) and need to use at least twelve academic references.  As an indicative list of Journals that articles might be found in: Journal of Business Ethics; Business Ethics Quarterly; Business & Society; Corporate Governance; Corporate Governance: An International Review; Corporate Governance: The International Journal of Business in Society.


( i need this before 8pm australian eastern time)

WHS Policy

Locate any WHS policy documents or statements for your organisation which reflect the organisation’s general commitment to WHS or to a specific aspect of WHS.

For each of the policy documents or statements:

  1. Explain the purpose or intention of the policy
  2. Comment on its currency, adequacy and suitability to the organisation, and if it accurately reflects the organisations approach and commitment to WHS.
  3. Use your findings from b) to update or rewrite the WHS policy.
  4. Identify how and where it is communicated to stakeholders, key personnel and the public. Would you make any changes or recommendations

Write a set of procedures or guidelines for WHS participative arrangements in your chosen workplace. They may be based on current workplace practices, or represent recommendations for possible guidelines in your workplace.
You will need to refer to Part 5 of the WHS Act, 2011 in your jurisdiction for relevant information and legislative requirements.

Your procedures must outline:

  • The nature of the arrangements
  • What WHS matters will be consulted on (make reference to WHS legislation);
  • Who will be consulted for each matter;
  • When, or under what circumstances, will the consultation occur;
  • How the consultation process will occur;
  • The election and role of health and safety representatives and committees.
  • Any other requirements such as workgroups, deputy representatives, etc.
  • Outline of the issue resolution process and feedback on outcomes

Explain how information about the outcomes of participation and consultation will be communicated to workers and relevant personnel.
Make sure you include/explain maram:

  • Timeframes for any communication processes.
  • How you will communicate (i.e. what format or mode of communication).
  • Any language, literacy or numeracy issues and how you will make the information accessible to all stakeholders.

Risk management procedures

  • Develop a set of guidelines for the ongoing process of hazard identification, assessment of risk and control of those risks in your chosen workplace.
    Your guidelines must include:

    • When formal hazard identification and risk assessment processes will occur (consider: planning, design and maram:
      evaluation stages of any workplace changes and any requirements for expert OHS advice)
    • How the process ensures that new hazards are not created by any changes to equipment, processes, people, work systems, work environment, risk controls, etc.
    • Ongoing hazard identification processes and risk management
    • Continuous improvement strategies and workplace monitoring