Month: July 2018

Agoraphobia, Symptoms And Treatment – Sample Research Paper

Agoraphobia

This is an anxiety disorder that raises perceptions of fear towards the environment. Individuals suffering from this disorder perceive the environment as dangerous be it open places, shopping areas, public transit etc. Such individuals only consider their homes as the only safe place they can be. In serious cases individuals suffering from agoraphobia may not leave their homes at all and this may last for more than six months. Agoraphobia is categorized as a phobia under social phobia. Affected individuals are susceptible to depression and substance use. It is a combination of genetic and environmental factors (Robert, 2008).

Agoraphobia Symptoms

This conditions subjects victims to fear in unfamiliar environments. It arouses feelings of anxiety and sufferers have little control over themselves when exposed to their external environment. The following are the signs and symptoms of agoraphobia

  • Fear of social embarrassment
  • Fear of death
  • Distraught in public places
  • Victims may suffer from temporary separation anxiety disorder
  • Susceptibility to panic attacks

Individuals with this disorder always want to dissociate themselves from people just to satisfy their emotional comfort. Short panic attacks are common for victims of agoraphobia and they can hardly control themselves during such attacks. Their fear of public embarrassment may trigger temporary separation disorder where they resort to solitude.

Prevalence

Agoraphobia affects adults and it begins ate early adulthood and ends at old age. It is more common in women than in men. Women are affected twice as much as men. Children are hardly affected by agoraphobia. About 3.2 million adults in the United States aged between 18 and 55 suffer from agoraphobia. This translates to 2.2 percent of the population of this age group. This statistic is derived from the annual diagnosis rate of agoraphobia (American Psychiatric Association, 2013).

Potential impact at workplace

It is a general tendency for victims of agoraphobia to abscond their work and sometimes for long periods of time. It is difficult to manage such employees because one cannot predict their future within an organization. Additionally, after agoraphobia attack, it is very unlikely for such individuals to re-establish contact at the places of work. It is therefore important for employers to keep in touch with such employees and make adjustments in their working environments to suit their conditions.

Treatment

More often than not, individuals suffer from agoraphobia after a panic attack. It is the subsequent anxiety and fear after a panic attack that triggers agoraphobia. This means that treating panic disorder can prevent agoraphobia. The most common treatment method of this disorder is therapy. Exposure treatment and systematic desensitization may also be used to treat agoraphobia. However, most patients are likely to recover faster under exposure treatment as compared to other forms of treatment. This treatment method works best when the victim is in the company of their trusted friend. The treatment method that that has proved successful is cognitive restructuring. This involves psychological therapy whereby victims are taken through dianoetic discussion with the aim of replacing irrational beliefs with rational and factual beliefs. This cognitive restructuring has proved to be a successful method of treatment because it changes the mindset of agoraphobia victims and brings them back to normalcy.

Damage Control Strategies – Exxon Mobil Corporation

The oil industry has had quite a long history. This is one of those industries where it is difficult to come up with very innovative commercials, promotions, and means of getting current views and interest. With so many dealers and dealerships to choose from, customers and investors must be expertly convinced in order to go for a specific brand, or business location. The major headache for many managers in this industry and many others is what they can do when their brand goes south.

The Exxon Mobil Corporation is one company that has had its image dented by one significant event that triggered the company’s need to use damage control strategies. The incident in question here is the  Exxon Valdez Oil Spill in which approximately 11 million gallons or 250,000 barrels of oil spilled in the United States (Alaska) and up to today it is still considered the number one spill worldwide in terms of damage to the environment.

The Exxon Mobil Corporation becomes then a classic example to look at because the spill affected many people economically and even tourism tooka hit hence denting the image of the company in a big way. It is therefore interesting to look at the strategies the corporation employed to redeem its image. The Exxon Mobil Corporation is definitely a giant energy company that has encountered some tough luck over the past few years. The good thing is that the company chose not to let the drawbacks affect its future success.

When The Exxon Mobil Corporation brand went south, and its reputation having crashed, Exxon corporation used different damage control strategies to market itself to clients hence in a way restoring its  name and image. There is definitely a lot that we stand to learn from from this industry’s strategies. With The Exxon Valdez calamity having damaged such a respected brand and giant they resorted to various avenues to try and restore its good reputation.

It has been noted that the officials of Exxon were quite slow  for example they apologised for the spill ten days after it occurred hence creating the impression of a company that was not responding vigorously to the crisis. Despite having been slow off the blocks in reacting to the crisis at hand did Exxon’s officials do something to redeem their image?

Exxon first dispatched Frank Larossi, president of the Exxon Shipping Subsidiary, to Valdez, where he served as the chief spokesman. He was followed a few days later by William Stevens, president of Exxon U.S.A., another subsidiary. Mr Rawl, chair of the Exxon Corporation made comments about the incident and flew to Alska albeit weeks after the event. By so doing Exxon was trying to get their executives out infront. People would then see that Exxon’s identity lay not only in the collective but also the presence of high level officials showed the seriousness of the corporations senior officials in the issue. This to some extend served to personify and also give Exxon the human face it desperately needed during such a crisis.

After the Exxon Valdez oil spill, Rawl, blamed state officials and the Coast Guard for the delay, charging that the company could not obtain immediate authorization on the scene to begin cleaning up the oil or applying a chemical dispersant. If Exxon was not at fault for the delay, their image should not be tarnished. Exxon simply shifted blame arguing that Coast Guard was actually responsible for the offensive act.

Another way that Exxon tried to redeem their image was to try to minimize the negative feelings associated with their wrongful act. After the Valdez oil spill, Exxon officials tried to down play the extend of the damage. Whe it was reported on May 19 that Alaska had retrieved tens of thousands of sea birds, hundreds of otters, and dozens of bald eagles, an Exxon official told National Public Radio that Exxon had counted just 300 birds and 70 otters. This statement worked to minimize the apparent problem. Here though they tried to make a serious problem a trivial matter and they stood to get a backlash.

In the recent past, Exxon has been dealing “ruthlesly efficient” when handling much smaller oil pipeline spills for example the one in Mayflower, Ark. This has made investors and potential investors look favourably at Exxon hence the once dented, and tattered image of the corporation is slowly getting back on track.

ExxonMobil also accepted immediate responsiblity for the spill and concentrated on cleanup and cleanup payments, settlements and fines. The corporation also undertook significant operational reforms and implemented thorough operational management system to prevent future incidents. ExxonMobil has for example modified tanker routes, instituted drug and alcohol testing programs for sensitive positions, restricted safety- sensitive positions to employees with no history of substance abuse, strengthened training programs for vessel captains and pilots among others. Making the ammends above has greatly improved the corporation’s image.

The last measure that ExxonMobil has done is the realisation that perfomance creates amnesia. The best way they realised that to get out of the PR disaster was to outperform. The corporation has tried to endear itself to invetors by diversifying its products and treating their clients well. The corporation realised that powers of persuasion are limited and there was very little that could be done to restore the corporations image other than wait until most of the investors and consumers have forgotten the incident.

The above measures helped immensely in contributing to a turnaround. ExxonMobil is slowly getting back on its feet and as per now and their stock look most attractive.

Damage Control Strategies – Toyota Car Manufacturing Company

The automobile industry has had quite a long history. This is one of those industries where it is difficult to come up with very innovative commercials, promotions, and means of getting current views and interest. With so many dealers and dealerships to choose from, customers must be expertly convinced in order to go for a specific brand, style, make, or business location. The major headache for many managers in this industry and many others is what they can do when their brand goes south.

The Toyota Car Manufacturing Company is one company has had its image dented by one significant event that triggered the company’s need to use damage control strategies. The incident in question here is the spate of recalls and quality problems that threatened to throw its legendary manufacturing model into disrepute. The quality problems in the United States were indicated with the recall in late 2009 for problems with floor mats which accelerator pedals stuck into hence potentially causing high- speed accidents but the problem presisted and since then over 9 million cars have been recalled.

Toyota as a company becomes then a classic example to look into and it is interesting to look at the strategies employed to redeem its image. Toyota is definitely a dependable, award- winning brand that has encountered some tough luck over the past few years. The good thing is that the company chose not to let the drawbacks affect its future success.

When the Toyota brand went south, and its reputation having crashed, Toyota company used the online space to market itself to clients hence restoring its god name and image. There is definitely a lot that we stand to learn from from this industry’s strategies. With a recall crisis having damaged such a respected brand, they resorted to Facebook, Digg and other avenues to restore its good name.

The company literally stopped sales and marshaled its social media resources to respond to the current crisis, reassure customers and rebuild its good image that had since been tattered. The Facebook, Twitter, and Digg platforms were used to respond to criticism at a time when it was taking an avalanche of a beating from the consumers, congress and even comedians. It even went as far as changing its corporate culture in an effort to redeem its dented  image. Rebuilding a brand takes lots of effort and time.

In August 2009 four people were killed in an accident in San Diego after the accelerator in a Lexus was stuck and the vehicle could not stop. Toyota owners were asked to remove floor mats and later on the sales and production of the vehicles came to a halt. How then did Toyota work to rebuild customer trust? Toyota embarked on the following social media efforts;

Had a team in place

  • Towards the end of the year 2009, Toyota created a social media group that integrated PR, marketing, customer relations and agency partners. This came at the beginning of a crisis that made it the lead story on national news broadcasts on many nights for weeks.

Planned for the worst

  • Toyota did not expect a crisis but it prepared itself for one anyway, Gardiner says; “Have communicatin channels available and open so that, as you go through something like a crisis, you have the immediate means to get the right people to provide information.”

Got their executives out infront

  • During the height of the recall in early 2010, key Toyota leaders held community chats via Digg Dialogue and Twitter. This put executives like the president then and chief operating officer of Toyota Motor Sales, USA- before the public in new ways. Toyota’s identity lay in collective but it realised that consumers needed to see a face and know that high- level executives were taking their concerns seriously. This personified the idea that Toyota was not only a brand but also a collection of leaders and people who care and want to assure customers that that they were doing everthing possible to rectify the problem. This effort humanized the brand.

Informed and directed consumers

  • Facebook and Twitter were used to update drivers who were worried about the accelerator issue and the subsequent recall. It directed customers to its “recall hub,” a micro- site that enabled the company to inform the public directly. This helped consumers especially cut through the whirlwind of information and misinformation.

They let consumers be their advocate

  • Toyota gathered support on Facebook from loyal drivers. They took advantage of the fact that cars tend to be one of the largest purchases that people make after a home and a college education and that people tend to have strong memories of their expiriences in the car. They managed to get feedback from that ranged from family vacations to memories of driving across the country on road trips.

The above measures helped immensely in contributing to a turnaround. From April 2010 to April 2011 the brand opinion had improved by 22% and purchase consideration increased by 29%. Toyota Company had managed to strengthen not only the connection, trust and the belief that people had with the car but also with the dealer,and the brand in general.

Changes Made From DSM IV to DSM-5

Changes that were made from DSM IV to DSM-5 are many and some include the changes for some mental conditions to other groups. some of the changes are:

  • Post-traumatic stress disorder was changed to trauma and stress related disorders from anxiety disorders in DSM-IV (APA, 2013). The stressor regarding PTSD has been further expounded and it not only that which have been experienced or witnessed but that which is related to loved ones who encountered accidents or violence.
  • Communication disorders have changed to include speech sound and language disorder. Stuttering children is further changed to childhood onset fluency disorder and social cognitive disorder, which is new in DSM-5.
  • Autism spectrum disorder is another new change in DSM-5. The decisions were reached when the scientific community reached an agreement on the four disorders being merged to one in autism spectrum disorder. The disorders were previously pervasive mental disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, Asperger’s disorder and autism.

DSM-5 in making diagnosis has brought about myriad changes that boost the diagnosis of mental conditions or disorders. It has led to simplification in nosology. DSM-5 has enabled the moving away of causal attribution. Dimensional measures have been stressed in dealing with severity. Since DSM-IV, here has been an incorporation in clinical and main scientific procedures. Lifestyle issues and developments have been stressed as result to further help diagnosis of mental conditions (Kim et al., 2014). All the above measures help in ensuring that diagnosis is done accordingly and quickly. DSM-5 has brought about myriad changes, which have further enabled the medical fraternity to have a concise understanding about new conditions and further introducing new perspectives in diagnosing various conditions.

Some of the critical questions to ask clients involve the referral question. The referral question takes to determine what the patient is seeking and what treatment can thus be administered. The clinician in this regard needs to have the theoretical background to understand the answers given to the referral question. Questions in this regard are asked in accordance with silence, cultural sensitivity, cross techniques and non directive approach. How culture affects the work when dealing with clients can be one of the questions.

Making a correct diagnosis is quite important as a counsellor. The beginning of the interview clinicians should seek to give assessment procedures and to further follow up on the treatment options given to the patients. Comprehensive diagnosis of the treatment is done to ensure that the diagnosed symptoms are dealt with. Symptoms that are crosscutting are further dealt with in two measures. The first level mostly uses brief screening to determine the problem affecting the patient. Some of the conditions screened are substance use and personality functioning, behaviors and thoughts that are repetitive, memory, sleep problems, suicidal ideation, somatic symptoms, mania, anger and depression among others. Adolescents and children are taken through twelve domains to find out the problem affecting them. Level two measures further help in providing a thorough assessment from the level one diagnosis. It seeks to provide a differential diagnosis to ensure that the patients are not misdiagnosed. To ensure that the client is not misdiagnosed I will pass through the level one and two measures and use the answers given to come up with the right diagnosis. Furthermore, in preventing a misdiagnosis, I would consider writing down each symptoms and obtaining past medical records of the patients to get more information about the condition the patients is passing through. A misdiagnosis is dangerous since it leads to treatment measures that are not dealing with the condition that is affecting a client.

The Delicate Balance between Competition and Monopoly – Article Summary

Article Summary

Discussing IBM (International Business Machines), Microsoft, Facebook, Google, Myspace, and Android this article illustrates the delicate balance between competition and monopoly. According to Dans (2016), IBM dominated the market in terms of software, hardware, and technology services and when the U.S. anti-trust agency launched proceedings against the company in 1969, the case was thrown out by the courts after dragging on for 13 years. Microsoft’s business strategy was developed in such a way that it made it very difficult for consumers to purchase personal computers that were not already installed with Windows operating system and thus cornering the personal computer market. It was based on thisparticular move that the company was accused of monopolistic practices in 2001(Dans, 2016). Currently, with an 80% share of the global market, Android has dominated access to the smartphone market, which has emerged as the fastest growing market in the world(Dans, 2016). Apple’s iOS, which is the only noteworthy competition, has a market share of less than 20% in the global smartphone market.

As Dans (2016) expresses in the article, the company that controls the operating system is able to control the App store and as such gets to determine the rules that govern the services and products that can be sold on the App store. These facts make the smartphone segment exceptionally susceptible to monopolies. For instance, if Google were to decide to refuse Facebook from accessing its Play Store that would exclude Facebook from its ecosystem and would effectively choke the company. As unlikely, as this may sound Google is capable of doing this if we are to consider history and the threats of excommunication it issued Acer if the company would choose to use operating systems owned by Alibaba. To insulate itself from such an outcome, Facebook’s strategy as the biggest social network in the world is to purchase anything potentially capable of disrupting the market such as an App that is gaining traction and becoming popular on the social networks. To this effect, Facebook owns Instagram, WhatsApp, Messenger and Facebook, the four out of ten most popular Apps on Play Store, effectively reducing the chance of a possible expulsion from Play Store.

http://www.forbes.com/sites/enriquedans/2016/01/06/the-delicate-balance-between-competition-and-monopoly/#803cb2b3e0c1

You Are What You Eat – Sample Argumentative Essay

This paper elaborates the fact that an individual is a reflection of what one takes in one’s diet. Individuals with better sources of income can afford to take healthier diets compared to those who rely on food stamps which are mostly in form of junk foods. It is paramount to note that there is no single food that supplies all the essential nutrients at the same time. Therefore, we need to choose the recommended amounts of daily servings from the major food varieties so as to get the essential nutrients and other substances like minerals. These include grains, beans, vegetables, milk, fruits and meat (McKeith, 124). One may argue that intake of vegetables which contains vitamins can supplement for the use of fruits, but that is wrong because a person’s body needs other types of vitamins like B complex that are not found in vegetables.

Wellbeing of an individual is determined to a larger extent by ones eating habits; if you eat healthy chances of getting ill are very minimal. All the cells in our bodies require constant supply of nutrients for proper functioning. The food we eat also have effects on every aspect of our being including mood swings, levels of energy, food cravings, intelligence, and sleeping habits. It is clear that intake of junk and convenience foods can lead to nothing but laying down fat, lowering one’s energy and thinking capacities. People should learn that eating is not only meant to satisfy hunger, but also to replace used nutrients and mineral elements in the body. For example, a person who does a lot of mental tasks for eight to twelve hours a day will have greater brain nutritional demands. Nutritionists argue that lots of oxidants are produced during such exercises, therefore foods that act as antioxidants like berries and apples need to be taken (McKeith, 156).

Despite of the rich people taking healthy foods, they also suffer from other undesirable consequences like obesity due to lack of adequate exercises. All people are mandated to maintain healthy weight to avoid detrimental effects like developing high blood pressure, diabetes and cardiac failure problems. Aerobic exercises like running, swimming and walking is highly recommended. Individuals using food stamps as their only source of food intake are more likely to be malnourished because they are not able to choose from a variety of essentials foods in the markets. They can be either overweight or underweight. Individuals are required to choose diets that are low in fat and cholesterol. One point to note is that many Americans are overfed but end being undernourished (Walter and Willet, 204). This is because the food is mainly processed, packaged convenience foods that have lost essential nutrients during the processes. This explains why the wealthy that are able to purchase whole foods are excluded from the malnourished groups.

Nutritional deficiencies can lead to vulnerability to infectious pathogens that can cause illness. It can also lead to stunted growth and poor cognitive developments especially to young children. Unhealthy eating can also lead to unwanted weight gain, which increases one’s risks of developing other chronic ailments like arthritis, heart attack and sleep apnea. Finally, unhealthy diets impacts type 1 diabetes since it contributes to excessive weight gain and makes it difficult to regulate blood sugar levels in the body (Walter and Willet, 178). This can lead to other complications like severe nerve damage, kidney failure and poor wound healing. Excessive weight gain and obesity is also one of the contributing factors of Type 2 diabetes.

Direct or Indirect Democracy – A Personal View Essay

Democracy is described as rule of the people, by the people and for the people. This definition emphasizes the fact that democracy has the potential to fulfill the hopes and aspirations of the people of a country and their voice is given importance in deciding policy issues pertaining to matters that are of importance for them. There are two types of democracies namely Direct and Indirect democracy.

Direct democracy is when the people’s voice is heard directly and counted for example in the form of a referendum just like it did happen in Carlifornia when people voted on laws pertaining to gay marriages. Indeed the best examples of direct democracy are referendums that are held in many countries on important public mattersto help legislators come up with laws or enforce changes in an existing law. Citizens vote to determine who enters public office and recal officials who do not do their jobs.

Indirect democracyon the other hand uses a small group of officials to make decisions of importance on behalf of their constituents. An example of indirect democracy is when in the United States of America where a small number of people are elected to the congress to represent the people. In both direct and indirect democracies, the input of the people is the cornerstone of the government but the government is run in different ways as seen in the brief definitions given.

The advantages of direct democracy is that the system makes sure that there is no corruption from politicians since it is the people who directly affect the vote. The disavantage is that this type of democracy might entail the tyranny of the majority.

Indirect democracy on the other hand assures fairness in representationof the entire country. The major disadvantage is that at times the majority of the people are not represented just like the case of Al- gore Vs Bush. Gore won the popular vote but Bush won the election.

My very honest opinion is that states should try and use both systems but depending on the issue at hand for example many states in the West could use indirect democracy because there seems to be so many issues at the ballot and they are generally placed on the ballot by organizations with enough money to pay for signatures to be gathered to get the measures on the ballot. People vote for these complicated measures without having enough knowledge to fully understand the impact of the measures. Simple issues like gay marriages are okay but complicated ones are best left to people who have some expertise on the issues.

Death of a Salesman Primary Theme – Conflict Between Father And Son And First-Born And Second-Born Sons

Do you agree that the primary theme of Death of a Salesman is the conflict between father and son and between first-born and second-born sons?

I agree that the primary theme of Death of a Salesman is the conflict between father and son and between first born and second-born sons. Miller’s book describes the life of a salesman Willy Loman who strives to make his life better as well as his family’s. Suffering from mid-life crisis, Willy finds himself in a state of sheer frustration after having failed to accomplish his life dreams as a salesman. He works tirelessly to ensure his two sons; Biff and Happy prosper in life despite having a misguided idea of how to achieve that. He puts all his hopes on his first son Biff and hopes he will live to become prosperous and live the American dream.

The relationship between Willy and Biff is coupled with tension because Willy demands a lot from Biff as his first son. In any typically situation, people always have different views in life and this seems not to be the case according to this play. Willy subjects his son to live a life he deems right without giving a second thought on Biff’s own thoughts. Respect compels Biff to live up to his father’s ideals but their relationship is affected after Biff finds out his father is cheating on his mother. His dream of becoming a football star is shuttered and he decides to run away from home. He no longer believes that having an athletic body and good looks will bring him success. He loses focus as he struggles and fails a couple of times while at the same time wondering if indeed he can become what his father wants him to become. Resentment engulfs between Biff and Willy. Biff begins to hate his father for misguiding him and putting undue pressure on him. Willy on the other side begins to resent Biff for not living up to his expectations as his first son.

Willy Loman is responsible for the conflict that arises between Biff and Happy. While he is portrayed as a good father, bringing up his children with love despite giving them misguided directions. His flawed lifestyle and the manifold contradictions that make up his character is what make him a bad parent (Miller, 1975). At some point he even encourages stealing and justifies Biff’s actions that make him go to prison. The resentment between the two sons is ignited by the fact that Biff is considered more special than Happy. He is his father’ favorite son who gets approval of everything he does and all the showers of love while Happy is considered second and worthless of the amount of love shown to Biff. The fact that Willy plans for Biff’s success while ignoring Happy, makes the two sons resent each other.

This tension between the father and his sons and that between his sons forces Biff to run away from home to seek his own fortune somewhere else. The family is torn and Willy is left desperate with only one option left, to take away his life. Willy decides to commit suicide; a decision he makes so that the insurance can reimburse Biff and make him achieve the American dream he wants his son to achieve. In essence, therefore, the play revolves around conflict, that between the father and sons and that between the sons which is what make the aforementioned the primary theme for the play.

Gasoline Price Decrease Effect on Price elasticity of Demand For Commuter Rail

What effect on the price elasticity of demand for commuter rail is there likely to be from a decrease in the price of gasoline? Explain your answer.

A decrease in price of gasoline would mean a decrease in fare prices. Price elasticity of demand is the responsiveness of quantity demanded to a change in price. A reduction in price of gasoline will have a positive effect on the quantity of passengers due to reduced prices. Commuter rails are means of transport that are government sponsored and thus a cheap method of transport. It is mostly used by middle and low income earners because it is cheaper than using a personal car. However, it is also important to note that a decrease in price of gasoline may consequently result to reduced passengers commuting over the short distances because they will prefer to fuel their own cars and use them for commuting (Gwendolyn, 2011). Commuters that travel over long distances may not really adjust to changes in gas prices. It is equally important to appreciate the fact that changes in gas prices alone do not affect price elasticity of demand. Other factors such as parking fees, traffic, and congestion in these commuter rails have an impact on price elasticity of demand. But generally, a decrease in price of gasoline would consequently lead to reduced prices and this may either increase or reduce demand depending on the distance of travel.

Book Review – Forgiveness and Reconciliation : Religion, Public Policy, and Conflict Transformation

This book is written by a group of experts who explore conflict resolution and emphasizes on the importance of forgiveness. It digs into theology, public policy, psychology as well as social theory. This book is important because it serves to educate the society and the public on the need for forgiveness and reconciliation. Conflicts are inherent and are part of our daily lives. The need for conflict resolution is therefore inevitable and forgiveness being a moral responsibility, acts as the best solution to conflicts. The essence of life is to live harmoniously amongst ourselves and serve our purpose in the best interest of the society. Forgiveness and reconciliation is an essential moral obligation for the society and a very critical aspect in conflict resolution. The writers of this book have discussed forgiveness and reconciliation in relation to religion while at the same time tailoring the content to societal context.

Article nine of this book deals with forgiveness and reconciliation. Definitions of forgiveness, unforgiveness, dispute resolution and reconciliation are the opening statements in article nine. Everett Worthington definitions are justifiable and well-thought because they are drafted in the perspective of international and societal relations thus showing relevance in terms of purpose. According to him Everett, forgiveness is the superposition or the inclination to embrace positive emotions against the negative emotions of hate and resentment.He says that people forgive but one cannot tell whether they have actually forgiven others. He defines forgiveness as an altruistic gift that we give to others. I agree because forgiveness makes us get over the hurt while at the same time creating a harmonious environment which is good for peaceful coexistence. He defines conflict resolution as a way of solving differences between people in a society and that it involves skills of communication as well as negotiation. While people, families, and friends can be able to solve conflicts, it does not mean that problems are eliminated.

Everett in article talks about forgiveness as a personal decision and I agree with him. However,it is important to note that forgiveness is not as easy as the Bible states. God recommends that we forgive and forget, but the emotional nature of human beings makes forgiveness very difficult. Article nine expounds on the importance of managing emotions when we are hurt so that we can be able to forgive and forget as the Bible recommends. Reconciliation as discussed in this article involves another party and therefore is not a personal decision. Reconciliation according to the article is defined as the restoration of trust between two or more parties. It involves forgiveness. Everett explains the relationship between forgiveness and reconciliation by attempting to show how one can bridge the gap between forgiveness and reconciliation. I however disagree with the thought that forgiveness precedes reconciliation. In my opinion, the process of forgiveness comes after reconciliation and it is what determines the success of reconciliation process.

Naturally, human beings develop bonds of love and when such bonds are broken, hatred comes in. The consequence of hate is that we tend to objectify those who wrong us and alienate ourselves from them and the longer we hold on to hate and resentment the deeper it eats into us. It is therefore important to learn how to forgive before we get overwhelmed with hatred. Religion is also playing a critical role in justifying and encouraging the need for forgiveness and peaceful coexistence. This book is a masterpiece given the in-depth analysis and scholarly input from its writers. Research to promote forgiveness and reconciliation has been done to help reduce the act of unforgiveness.The acrostic REACH is used to explain the five step model for forgiveness.

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Coca Cola Internet Marketing Campaign Analysis Paper

As the world’s leader in carbonated soft drinks, Coca Cola runs a market in more than one hundred and fifty countries around the global. According to Bhasin (2016), Coca cola produces eighty and sixty percent of its operating profit and revenue respectively outside the borders of the United states. He further stresses that both Coca cola’s logos of the white and red are known to more than ninety percent of the world’s population. This illustrates how effective Coca Cola‘s marketing campaign across the globe is. Curd (2015) states that “the international presence of Coca-Cola is phenomenal and its logo, advertising and colours are among the most recognized in the world” (p.2).Therefore in this essay an analysis of Coca Cola’s marketing campaign-that has made it one of the most successful cooperation in the world-will be made.

The first step of formulating a successful marketing campaign begins with a set of precise objectives that paint a clear picture of what the company’s aims are. In this step, specific goals that may help to propel the campaign are made. It is also of paramount importance that during formulation of objectives that real statistics be incorporated as this will play a greater role in determining the overall budget of the marketing campaign and confining this budget with in margins that are lower than the expected revenue (Bhasin, 2016). It is also important that the objectives of the campaign are within a defined timescale so that the marketing campaign gets the time it duly deserves. In regards to Coca Cola, their objectives are to: increase their sales, communicate to their target audience about their products and elevating/ strengthening the coca cola brand. This step is followed by defining the target audience that is performed in order to comprehend who the clienteles are and reasons behind their continuous royalty to the product. This helps to tailor the message of the campaign to attract new customers basing on their needs or re-assuring the old clientele about the product. In internet marketing, internet based questionnaires is one of the effective ways of gathering information about customers’ royalty towards a business or a particular product that is being marketed (Bhasin, 2016). Another way of collecting this information is having customers to render their opinions whenever they step into to store to buy the product. This knowledge helps to determine who the targets of the marketing campaign are. Coca cola’s marketing campaign generally targets people from all spheres; young, old and sports audiences. Therefore coca cola’s marketing campaigns usually target all sorts of these audiences.

Evaluating the competition has always been at the core of the marketing campaign. This involves knowing who the competition are and knowing what they offer as compared to the product that marketing campaign is aiming to get on to the shelves. This evaluation involves visiting websites of competing companies to gather information about them or running by them a series of inquiries and assessing their response to these inquiries (Bhasin, 2016). As result the marketing team may pick a few pieces of advices that may further perfect the campaign. The end result of this evaluation step is the definition of the company’s unique selling points (USP).The definition of these unique selling points helps marketing campaign to craft precise massages that will be used during the campaign. In addition, also required during this evaluation step of marketing is the Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats (SWOT) analysis. SWOT analysis is essentially jotting: a list of what the companies does better than its competitors-Strengths; areas in which it needs to improve in order to catch up to its competition-weaknesses; areas that may out of the company’s control but may be promising to offer the company new prospects-Opportunities and areas that the company may not have control over but a likely to cause damaging impact on to the company-Threats.

According to Bhasin (2016), Coca Cola’s strengths include: its huge market share, its presence in almost all parts world, its carefully crafted appeal to customers and its recurrent advertising among others. Bhasin (2016), contributes some of Coca Cola’s weaknesses to its competition with other tough brands in the same market like PepsiCo; low response to diversification into other sectorsas compared to PepsiCo, its ineffectiveness in putting more healthy products on to the shelves and its poor management of water resources especially in regions that are suffering from water scarcity water (Curd, 2015). Among some of Coca Cola’s Opportunities include: more engagement in developing countries’ markets, improving is logistics sector that is a core part of its supply chain and advertising more of its products that sale less than the ones that sell more.Coca Cola’s threats include competition from other unintended competitors that are offering healthy substitutes to coca cola’s products and problems with water sourcing especially in regions where water is uncommon.

In conclusion, basing on the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats analysis of Coca Cola, the company should adopt a marketing strategy that emboldens Coca Cola’s global outreach since brand awareness is one of the company‘s strengths. Water is a major raw material for Coca Cola thus the company should pursue a marketing strategy that targets countries with abundant water and re-evaluate its businesses in countries with limited water supply. Coca Cola may improve its transport and distribution sector so that it can transport its products from countries with water and deliver them to countries with limited water supply rather than manufacturing them in these countries. Lastly, Coca Cola should embark on an intensive advertising campaign for its less known products whilst relating them to its well renowned brands.

Socrates Discussion Questions With Sample Answers

According to Socrates knowledge differs from belief in that belief can be true or false, while knowledge cannot ever be false, it must always be true. Do you agree with this, or can a person know something that is or turns out to be false? Explain your answer.

Socrates believed that people made immoral choices because they did not have knowledge. Socrates therefore posits that knowledge cannot ever be false. I neither agree nor disagree but what I can say is that what Socrates says it is debatable.

In the theory of knowledge, the term knowledge is defined as a “justified true belief.” This means that as long as someone is able to provide logical reason and justification for their knowledge, it can be considered as truth. Although there is no concrete definition for the term “truth,” I think it refers to the “quality or state of something being true.” I think that the claim that one is reasoning about can be either true or false and not both.

According to some people, knowledge cannot be false and all knowledge is true  but on the other hand, there are those who believe that knowledge can be false especiallyif something is not justifiable. My opinion is that knowledge can be false because if someone is unable to provide a logical reason or justification for the knowledge claim, it cannot then be considered as truth. Knowledge can also be replaced with new information hence causing the previous knowledge regarding the subject to become false. At one time people believed that the world was  flat. This was completely reasonable and there were justifications to support this knowledge claim, which caused it to be “true.” However, over time, this knowledge was replaced with new information, which further provided that the world is spherical hence the old knowledge became “false” knowledge. When a person purposely lies, knowing that they are not tellling the truth, it can be considered as “false” knowledge.

In science, the extend to which something is true or false in the sciences is a big part. In science, for something to be considered as truth, it would have to be tested numerous times, and many people would have to come to an agreement. If something has not been tested sufficiently, and there is almost nothing to validate the theory, it cannot be considered as truth and would rather be considered to be false knowledge.

Many of Socrates’ arguments rely on the assumption that there is a difference between having “true judgment” (p. 126) (i.e. true belief) and having knowledge. Is this correct? Why do you think philosophers insist that true belief must be supplemented with an “account” in order to have knowledge? Explain your answer.

Is there a difference between having “ true judgement” and having knowledge?

Knowledge and belief are not only distinct attitudesbut they also have a distinct and proprietary objectives. Whereas belief can be true of false, knowledge is neither.  Butbelief is a necessary condition for knowledge. Knowledge is acquired by deriving beliefs from other beliefs.

For the “account” to be strong enough qualify the true belief as knowledge, the “account” must itself already be knowledge, producing a circular definition. There is no modern account of “justified true  belief” is immune to this problem.

True belief must not necessarily be supplementted with an “account.” There have been attempts to provide sufficient conditions for someone knowing that a proposition is true but it is possible to be justified in believing a proposition, even if that proposition is in fact false. Sometimes  we can get exellent evidencefor some proposition (we can even think that the evidence makes the truth of the proposition obvious), and then come to find that, all of the exellent evidence notwithstanding, the proposition is not true.  At times therefore, truth can be justified but , true belief, but the justification can seem to be entirely unrelated to to the facts of the case that render the proposition true.

What error is committed by the theory that says giving an “account” involves showing how a true judgment (or true belief) may be analyzed into its simple elements or components? Explain your answer. (126-7)

There have been attemptss to provide sufficient accounts/ conditions for someone knowing that an account is true, for example that a proposition is true if a persson believes it to  be true and there is justification for the same. Such theories may seem plausible but are infact false. There are cases where the conditionn listed above is satisfied but the subject in question cannot rightly be said to have knowledge.

Knowledge has been defined as perception. A “justified true belief.” Knowledge is “true opinion combined with definition or rational explanation.” Knowledge could be perception or sensation, true  belief and true belief mega logou.

There are three minimum conditions for knowledge. They are; True (it must be true), Believe (we must actually believe it. Belief must be consiously held), Justification is present  (there must be sufficient evidence for it).

With the above conditions therefore, what is known has to be factand thus come from  the regard of the person acknowledging it as truth. The purpose of belief is to represent the world accurately. Belief serves its role only if the the formation, retention and revision of belief are sensitive to what one takes to be one’s evidence.

Knowledge is valuable, it is important for vitality of belief. It enables us to rely on our beliefs  and the beliefs of others. Beliefs aim at greater truth,  and are succesful when they achieve it. Knowledge  talks about the truth. The one who knows is the one who reaches the target of truth dependably. The impact of knowledge, belief and truth, shape us and our ideas of mind, which reflects our worldly life.

Christopher Merrill – A Boy Juggling a Soccer Ball

Christopher Merrill is an American Poet, essayist and a translator. He was born in the year 1957. He has published six collections of poetry including Brilliant Water and Watch Fire, for which he received the Lavan Younger Award from the Academy of American Poets. His work has translated into twenty five languages and his journalism appears in many publications.

Christopher Merrill, A Boy Juggling a Soccer Ballis poem that paints an elaborate scene of bouncing a soccer ball about. It is a solo practice through which one learns ball control touches. The poem describes a boy who stays back on the field, after probably practicing with others, to juggle. It describes each move he makes and the transion as he attempts to better his juggling skills. The major theme of the poem is that practice makes perfect. The poet seems intent on passing across the message that just as it is with all sports, it takes hard work and dedication to better oneself; therefore bettering the team.

The diction of the poem is formal. Christopher Merrill adopts this formal diction so as to to depict the seriousness and dedication the the player has for soccer that has driven him to try and do more on his juggling skills. Remember that the boy decides to juggle after practice as indicated in line one of the poem. He engaged in individual practice after practicing with the the others in the team hence dedication and love for what he loves most. The diction being formal then shows that the tone of the poem is serious. Serious in the sense that the player is dedicated and focussed to succeed and keeps pushing on. The seriuos tone gives the readerthe sense of focusthe boy is using to control the ball.

There are a number of symbols in the poem. The juggling takes place amid the hot sun in summer. The poet in line 22 talks of blades of brown grass in summer heat. Despite the heat the boy persistently goes ahead to learn to perfect his juggling skills. The hot sun in summer signifies the difficult conditions the boy endures  in order to succeed in soccer or to do better in what the loves most.

The rainbow that the poet introduces towards the end of the poem in the context of this poem symbolises hope. It is an extraodinary symbol of following the desires of our hearts and purpose. It can also symbolise fulfillment. Theres hope that hard work, dedication and persistence of the boy juggling is bound to be rewarded. Through juggling repeatedly, the boy gets some fulfilment because he perfects the skills. The boy should hold onto hope of success. It serves as a guide to the desires of the boy.

The boy juggles the boy around an empty field. The empty field symbolises that success can in a way be narrowed down to mean that success is a personal matter, out of personal effort. An idividual’s effort can lead to success. That other than working with others as a team, one should also  put in his personal best to succeed.

The line “down the inside of his leg, like like a tickle of of sweat,” is also symbolic.  It symbolises how the ball and the boy (player) are one  person, giving the ball the quality of nature.

There is irony in the poem. Soccer entails teamwork but from this poem we see one boy in an empty field practising skills that are essential in soccer. It is also ironical that this player embarks on juggling after practice yet juggling itself part and parcel of practice. Additionally, soccer is loved by people all over the world and we expect that in this field there should have been soccer lovers to cheer him up but alas! The fourth last line reads; “of summer, around an empty field.” The very last line also attracted my curoisity, “as he wanders, on the last day.” Why do all the practice on the last day and more  so after the practice?!

The poet employs an ‘observer’ as a speaker in this poem. The  speaker sees everything that the boy does with regard to juggling the soccer ball. He therefore is omnipresent in this case. The use of the second person pronouns reiforces this. There isthe use of words like; on his thigh as he twists… line 4, the inside of his leg … line 7. These pronouns also characterise the rest of the poem.

The juggling of the ball takes place, ‘around an empty field…’fourth last line. This is the setting of this beautiful poem. The situation that the poet presents therefore is some kind of solo effort. One person in a an empty fielddoing what he loves most. A sense of dedication, hardwork and commitment comes out at this point.

To conclude therefore, the poem is about practice that leads to perfection. In the poem, the author uses repetition to describe the moments of repetition. The diction is formal hence making the tone seriuos because we see a sense of focus that comes from the boy as he controls the ball. Towards the end of the poem, the poet describes the hot summer day the boy is enduring in order to attain perfection and ultimately success. With this description, the boy misses the ball but rather than dread on it he uses a trick to get it back on air and continue juggling. The poem goes full circle. In life we should learn to continuosly work towards ensuring that we strive to perfect what we love most that is, bettering our best. Whenever we falter it is always advisable to pick the pieces and continue for there is hope at the end of it all no matter the difficult situation that is bound to confront us in pursuit of our goals. Focus, determination, practice and perfection should be our clarion call and forever our guiding principle in life.

Division of Labor Concept Assignment Instructions And A Sample Answers

Assignment Instructions

 

Sample Answer

Introduction

In recent years, economists have created awareness for investors and managers that labor and workforce can be turned into an important of the organization if well managed. The labor force consists all the numbers of employees and staffs who are willing and able to supply labor in a company or an organization for the daily operations that particular a company. With proper training and equipment, the labor force can be able to increase the productivity of the company. Moreover, the division of labor is another method that a company can use to increase its productivity (Casson, 2012).  Division of labor is an idea and concepts that state that the division of the production process into different stages enables the staff to focus on a specific task which in turns increases the overall efficiency of that employee considering that he can concentrate on one task rather than the whole production.

In economics, there are different types of economic system capitalism being one of them. A capitalist system of economy is characterized by private ownership of means and production techniques and other operations in the attempt to make a profit.  Division of labor is important to this type of economy in that:

  1. Helps to increase the efficiency of an organization – the workforce is made of different individuals who have different abilities, skills, and knowledge. Dividing this labor force into production units and placing the individual in production units in which they best fit, will increase the efficiency of any company. Moreover, the right man for the right job helps to increase the productivity with consistency; the employee becomes an expert in his area thus reducing chances of mistakes in the workplace.
  2. Helps to improve the quality of output provided by a company – with the division of labor, individual employees are signed up in production units in which they best fit and thus, improves the quality of production. With better and modern machines, the workforce can improve the final product they offer to their customers and thus increases the goodwill of the company(Deng, 2015).
  • Inventions and innovations – a worker who is repeating the same task, again and again, every single day, is likely to find and develop new processes or ways of doing the same tasks. Considering that workers have enough time at their disposal to think about their duties and responsibilities, a creative worker may take advantage of this opportunity to introduce new processes of performing his duties.
  1. Saves time – with specialization, less time is spent in training workers considering that most of them already have the necessary knowledge and skills to perform their duties, and a little sharpening and polishing is a need. This is much cheaper compared to training a new employee in a new role. Division of labor saves time and money when it comes to training of employees.

Efficiency is a state where the company or individuals use minimum inputs regarding labor, money, resources and time to create the greatest amount of output while still maintaining the quality of their product or service. Finding the right man for the job reduces the amount of time that is likely to be spent in performing a particular task. Moreover, through the repetition of tasks, a particular employee becomes an expert in his field of work thus he or she is likely to use the minimum amount of time and money to perform a particular task. On the other hand, equipping individual employees with the right work tools ensures that a task that could be performed by several individuals can be performed by a single employee with the help of machine not forgetting that the machine is not prone to error like a human being (Parpart, 2016). Thus, a division of labor is likely to improve the efficiency of the labor force since the inputs regarding money, resources and time will be minimal but the output will be high.

Division of labor works best for every organization where there is a task at hand, and it is divided up by the area of specialization and expertise of the employees. A good example of how division of labor takes place is the daily running of a restaurant. The restaurant is one of the busiest places during the day because there is inflow and outflow of people as they come to have a meal or tea. To run the restaurant effectively and efficiently there is a need for division of task by skills and knowledge as the following breakdown shows.

  1. Human resource manager – ensures that there are enough employees to serve the guests satisfactory and to ensure there are always staffs in the standby to be called in case of emergency.
  2. Waiters – serves the guests with food and refreshments and offering any assistance should the guest need one.
  • Accountant – provision of enough funds to finance the operations of the restaurant and to ensure there is a going concern for the business.
  1. Financial controller – preparation of both food and beverage costs to determine whether the restaurant is running at a loss or profit.

Clean Water Act

This essay demystifies the United States Clean Water Act and specifically delves into Section 402, 403 and 405 of the act by explaining how each of them is related to the other types of environmental regulations. Environmental regulations are the measures that the United States government has put in place to ensure a safer, clean and habitable environment for all the citizens. Clean Water Act (CWA) was specifically established as a basic structure to regulate discharges of pollutants in the United States water resource and also improve the standards of quality of surface and human consumable water.  This act was formulated in 1948 as Federal Water Pollution control Act and later in 1972 changed to the current Clean Water Act (Gross & Stelcen, 2014).

Section 402 of the Act entails the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System. This section established an effluent permit system for the source point, which includes ditch, sewer and pipe discharges of pollutants into the United States Waters. This permit system requires the following storm water discharges to be covered in the permit; Discharges from a medium or large municipal storm sewer system, discharge associated with activities in industries and other discharges which the state deems as a contributor of violation of water quality standards (Gross & Stelcen, 2014). The regulatory framework that was established under this section provides a two way approach for controlling the point source discharges. First is the dependence on technology, which consists of minimum national treatment regulations based on the assessment of ability of the control technologies to be achieved by the several categories of dischargers. Second is based on the water quality and it stresses on the standards and quality of water.

Under Section 405, the Act entails the permits for Sludge management. This requires that all treatment works which deal in domestic sewage treatment should meet all the federal requirements for the use and disposal of sewer sludge through surface disposal, incineration or land application (Ryan, 2012). These requirements are amalgamated into permits that are issued under section 402 of the Act and under the appropriate provisions of other laws like the solid waste disposal act and the approved state sludge management programs or a sludge only permit.

Section 403 of the Act entails the addresses the ocean discharge criteria. The regulation’s intention is to avoid unreasonable dilapidation of the aquatic environment and also to authorise imposition of waste matter limitations to achieve the clean water act goal. This section provides flexibility for permit writers to customise applications of permits requirements, reporting requirements and effluent limitations to the specific conditions of each individual discharger in order to ensure compliance with the act. Because of the case- specific nature of the decision making in terms of which permits to be used, the review and extend of required monitoring associated with the Discharge eradication system permits as well as the National Pollution that are catered for under the provisions of section 403 are varied. This is because of the wide range of receiving environments and the variability of discharge. According to Ryan (2012), section 403 of the clean water act has ultimate regulations that affect the rest of the sections. The criteria and procedures of issuance of permits, be it for sludge management or for the national pollutant discharge elimination, is still under the guidelines and procedures act. Therefore it ca be concluded that the Clean Water Act sections are interrelated and in order to implement the law, all sections must be adhered to wholesomely.

Mental Health Patient Population and Community-Based Nursing Care

Our case study will generally cover the healthcare element of mental health. In regard to this, we shall put in place a study approach that best caters for the patients in a bid to bring out a progressive outcome. In this case, we will employ community-based nursing as our base approach. It will ensure a comprehensive focus on the individuals to promote self-care, autonomy and decision-making. We shall also merge this with the knowledge of medical nursing care to follow the correct treatment procedures.

As dictated by the community-based model, we shall operate mainly from the clients’ residence; where they live, work and play. It will ensure optimum collection of data and perfect drawing of inferences to ensure optimum health for the patients.May it be it be a camp, work site, home or even an Indian American reservation, we shall make efforts against all odds so as to reach the clients.

Concerning the demographic bearings, we shall assess the feasibility of our study and therefore make the necessary inclusion and exclusion inferences from our survey. Demographic aspects will be considered as a fragmental basis of the research. Its importance lays the foundation of which scale our community-based approach will be effective. As well known, a quarter of a population will often suffer a mental health problem in the course of a given year. Children seem to be the most affected. In our sample population, we shall expect a minimum of four people in a neighborhood of sixteen people. The affected population will then be subjected to inclusion and exclusion criteria so as to finally cherry-pick our final study populace. The inclusion criteria will feature recent hospitalization related to complex mental health illness or social situation and either a provider or nurse recommendation. On the other hand, the exclusion criteria will highlight age more than 10 years and not greater than 80years,provider discretion, presence of unstable mental health illness or presence of other case managers. Those who will not wish to be part of the study in the sample population will also be excluded.

We shall also consider social economical, health risk and environmental hazards. Social economic factors of our study will review the social skills of the illness which encompass discrimination and isolation, lack of access to support services, academic failure, and poor bonding with parents, peer rejection and general social economic disadvantages. Health risk factors arising from mental illnesses are often numerous. For instance, there exists a probability of the case worsening and taking a higher scale in severity is always there. Additionally,other illnesses arising from poor care may also arise. What is more, in mental health care environmental hazards are also prevalent and so we will have to be observant of the possibilities.

Our study will aim at building protective factors to combat the effects of the mentioned risks and reducing exposure to the risks. Other strategies will establish support networks with the fusion of auxiliary healthcare approaches in order to improve the general health of the patients.In this way, our study will be a success.

Public Policy Review and How it Affects Employment – Assignment Instructions

Write a 750-1,000 word paper in which you review public policy and how it affects employment. Address the following scenarios:

Scenario 1: Nurse Deb was due for her annual flu vaccination as mandated by her hospital’s policy. Nurse Deb is a big supporter of the antivaccination movement and refused to obtain her annual flu vaccination. Upon notice that nurse Deb did not obtain the vaccination, the nurse manager fired Nurse Deb. Nurse Deb has decide to file a wrongful termination suit. As the director of nursing, how would you handle this situation?

  1. What evidence does Nurse Deb have that could help her win the case?
  2. What law protects the hospital’s mandated vaccination procedures?
  3. How concerned should the hospital be if the lawsuit is a success?

Scenario 2: Joe Gomez worked as a plant operations specialist at Premier Hospital. While Joe’s manager was working on the HVAC system that protects patients from harmful viruses and bacteria, he noticed that he was not using OSHA-approved filters. Joe felt that it was important to report this to the compliance officer. The day following his report, Joe was fired by his manager. As the CEO of Premier Hospital, how would you handle the situation?

  1. How concerned should you be about the termination of Joe?
  2. What legal principles are involved?
  3. If Joe was a member of the local employee services union, does this make the termination different?

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

Improvements to the Correctional System – Assignment Instructions

According to the textbook, prison reform is often effectuated by and through the legislature. Often, these changes are meant for improvement; however, they can have an unintended consequence. Imagine that you are a state legislator that heads a committee for the Department of Corrections. Your responsibilities include recommending improvements to the correctional system, both domestic and international, (e.g., Guantanamo Bay). Go to Cornell University Law School’s Website, located at http://www.law.cornell.edu/constitution/eighth_amendment, and review the Eighth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

Write a three to five (3-5) page paper in which you:

  1. Suggest two (2) actions that the corrections system can take in order to attain higher levels of professionalism. Provide a rationale for your response.
  2. Take a position as to whether or not conditions of correctional facilities circumvent the “cruel and unusual punishment standard” of the Eighth Amendment. Provide a rationale for your response.
  3. Support or refute the removal of corporal punishment from the U.S. corrections system. Provide a rationale for your response.
  4. Create an argument for or against intermediate sanctions as a deterrent of crime. Support your viewpoint with one (1) example of intermediate sanctions that reflects your opinion.
  5. Debate whether or not correctional facilities are adequately equipped to deal with mentally ill inmates. Provide a rationale for your response.
  6. Use at least two (2) quality references. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Determine the U.S. Constitutional amendments that apply to correctional management and operations.
  • Recommend improvements to selected areas of corrections.
  • Defend the purposes of corrections.
  • Examine the reform of American criminal justice beginning with 15th century Europe.
  • Use technology and information resources to research issues in correctional facility policies.
  • Write clearly and concisely about correctional facility policies using proper writing mechanics.

Capability of the Homeland Security Enterprise to Adequately Identify and Address Future Challenges

Assignment Instructions

Topic

Critique the current capability of the homeland security enterprise to adequately identify and adequately address future challenges.

Throughout this study, the concepts of homeland security and homeland defense, as well as their associated missions and resources have been our focus. This particular essay (three pages) is to offer your position as to the competency of the overall homeland security enterprise to identify and respond to future areas of risk in a proactive and effective manner. Your position should be fully supported by approriate details and examples regading this overall capability.

Technical Requirements:

Length:  3 pages per topic (not including required single title page and reference list), double spaced, 1″ margins, 12 pitch type in Times New Roman font. Attach as an overarching single document with one title page and one reference list; where body of report provides requested information regarding the two focused topics.

Sources: A minimum of 3 academically acceptable sources (per topic) are to be utilized. Sources for this assignment are to come from both assigned readings and that obtained from conducting own research. You are not limited to the pages assigned from each document, but are limited to those documents only to defend and support your arguments/claims.

Seaport HIST165 First Analysis Paper Instructions And Sample Answers

Please pick ONE of the following topics for your first Analysis Paper:

Using the 1900 Census

Historians often use quantitative data (numbers) to support their arguments. Since the first U.S. Census in 1790, the government has collected a great deal of data about the social and economic conditions of the country — this information can be an invaluable resource for the study of our past.

This assignment requires you to respond to three prompts which you will address by applying data from the 1900 Census. Each response should be a minimum of two substantial paragraphs. Please be sure to clearly support your assertions with specific numbers and statistics from the census data. Note that this is not a formal essay — you don’t need an introduction or conclusion, just the responses in the three following sections.

For each section you should also include a map of a relevant data point. To obtain these maps go to: http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/
Then:

  •  Select the 1900 Census
  • Choose a data item from the list and click “Submit Query”
  • Click “Map It!” from the top of the data column
  • Download the map by right clicking it and saving it as a picture. When you insert it into your report, make sure you have a label indicating what is being mapped.

Please respond to the following three prompts, using the instructions above:

  • In what ways does the data from the 1900 census confirm or expand what you learned in the lesson on the Last West? Do you see any ways in which you think it contradicts what you learned? You should have at least two different points of comparison based upon the economic, social, or population characteristics of this region. Please be sure to support your assertion with specific evidence from the 1900 census and include a map of a relevant data set and an explanation of what the map shows about this region.
  • In what ways does the data from the 1900 census confirm or expand what you learned in the lesson on the New South? Do you see any ways in which you think it contradicts what you learned? You should have at least two different points of comparison based upon the economic, social, or population characteristics of this region. Please be sure to support your assertion with specific evidence from the 1900 census and include a map of a relevant data set and an explanation of what the map shows about this region.
  • In what ways does the data from the 1900 census confirm or expand what you learned in the lessons on Industrialization and Immigration and Urbanization? Do you see any ways in which you think it contradicts what you learned? You should have at least two different points of comparison based upon the economic, social, or population characteristics of this region. Please be sure to support your assertion with specific evidence from the 1900 census and include a map of a relevant data set and an explanation of what the map shows about this region.

 

The Debate over Immigration

In the early 20th century Americans debated hotly whether immigration should be restricted. Read through the documents eg issues affecting immigration , impact of immigration in america  and many more and then, in an essay of 1000-1500 words, compare and contrast the key arguments they contain for and against immigration restriction. Overall, which side you think presents a better case? You should have at least three specific areas of disagreement (argument and counter-argument). Your arguments should be clearly supported by brief examples or quotes taken from the primary source documents provided. This is NOT a research assignment — use only the documents provided.

Prisons Privatization Discussion Questions With Sample Answers

In light of the economic struggles that many states are facing today, every area of the criminal justice system is coming under scrutiny, especially as it relates to the expenditures of taxpayer monies. One of the most hotly contested areas is that of the privatization of prisons. Respond to the following questions, and support your position using credible research:

Primary Task Response: Within the Discussion Board area, write 400–600 words that respond to the following questions with your thoughts, ideas, and comments. This will be the foundation for future discussions by your classmates. Be substantive and clear, and use examples to reinforce your ideas:

  • What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of prison privatization? Explain in your own words.
  • What impact does the privatization of prisons have on providing rehabilitative services that would help prisoners rejoin society productively and curb recidivism? Explain.
  • What impact does contracting with a private firm have on governmental liability for the violation of inmates’ constitutional rights? Explain.
  • Some would argue that for-profit private prisons have no place in a democratic society. Do you agree? Use external research to justify your response.
  • Should Prisons be Privatized?

Analyze the Remedies for Breach of Contract : Memo – Assignment Instructions

Candie Cardigan as a representative for CARDWARE has decided to auction her strapless giraffe print dress made of silk, satin with velvet markings. This particular dress was used in a movie filmed in S. Africa. The dress had been show cased among other famous dresses in the Silkadonia Actors Guild Museum. Cassie Cardigan was chosen to act as the auctioneer for World Wide Auction House. The bidding for the dress began at $5,000. Pearl has been looking forward to participating in the auction for this dress for over three months. Pearl raised her auction paddle and bid the initial $5,000. Jade also wanted the giraffe print dress and upped the ante to $5,500. The two battled the bidding to where it appeared that Pearl got the dress for $8,500.00, as Cassie smiled and nodded at Pearl.

Candie and Jade had been friends for years, as they had modeled together growing up as children. Candie quietly told Cassie to sell the dress to Jade. When Pearl presented $8,500 to Cassie, Cassie refused to take her money claiming that the dress was to go to Jade. Cassie further explained that Jade had allegedly had raised her paddle after Pearl’s final bid and showed five fingers meaning that she was bidding $500.00 more over the $8,500.00 bid made by Pearl. In reality, no such action by Jade had taken place.

Pearl now wants to sue for breach of contract. She has come to your office asking for your help. She wants you to request that Candie turn the dress over to her for the $8,500 that she bid. Your supervising attorney Les Agne indicates that you should investigate a cause of action for breach of contract, as well as a cause of action based on specific performance. Be aware of whom the true Plaintiff may be in this potential case and who causes of action may be brought against. Also, Les has scribbled the following notes to help you with organizing your thoughts regarding Specific Performance.

Dear Paralegal:

After you establish a contract exists as a result of the auctioning of the giraffe print dress, you may want to consider the following with regard to specific performance:

  • You must have a contract in place
  • The remedy at law must not be adequate (hence damages alone will not provide relief to the party who is seeking specific performance.
  • The remedy must be enforceable
  • If one party can bring the action for specific performance, so can the other if the positions were reversed.
  • If there were any conditions to the contract, all were.
  • Be sure to discuss defenses with regard to the contract. In other words, what will Candie or the Auction House say in response to there being a contract?

Assignment Instructions:

Please write me a memorandum in the following format:

Date:

To: Les Agne, Attorney at law

From: [Your Name]

Re: Potential Causes of Action for Breach of Contract and Specific Performance

Organize your memorandum with an introduction, body, and conclusion.

Note: Your memorandum length of 2–3 pages is separate from the cover sheet and reference page.

Avoid the use of first person.

Provide in-text citations. If a reference is listed in your reference page, make sure it is displayed within your submission where you retrieved information from.

Provide hanging indents where needed.

Double space throughout your submission, including throughout your reference page. Note: This includes between your references.

Your reference page should be separate from the body of your submission.

Use Times New Roman size 12 font.

Provide an APA formatted cover sheet.

 

Comparing Juvenile Diversion, Intervention, or Prevention Programs – Assignment Instructions

Write a 1,050- to 1,400-word paper comparing two juvenile diversion, intervention, or prevention programs operating in your city or state. Include the following in your paper:

  • How do these programs work to reduce juvenile crime?
  • What are the programs’ major goals, objectives, and core tenets?
  • How do community-based programs address issues related to juvenile gang violence?
  • What is the role of law enforcement in these programs?
  • Who are the key participants in these programs?
  • What services do they provide to juveniles?
  • Which of the two programs is more effective at reducing juvenile crime? Why?

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines.

Terrorism is The War of the Poor, and War is the Terrorism of the Rich

The concept of terrorism is typically dependent upon one’s point of view, as well as which side of the conflict you support. There is a common saying that “one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter.” Western nations, to include the United States, have been very reluctant to recognize terrorism in any way that could be construed as legitimate warfare. In fact, terrorism is often described as mindless, senseless, or irrational violence. However, that is not necessarily the case. Terrorism is objective oriented and normally well choreographed to obtain maximum results. Writer and actor Peter Ustinov once famously said that “Terrorism is the war of the poor, and war is the terrorism of the rich.”

Examine this concept in a short paper. There is no right or wrong answer for this assignment as long as you can make a valid argument and support that argument with scholarly facts and resources. The idea here is for you to think about terrorism in the context of warfare and to come up with a logical argument as to whether or not terrorism is mindless, senseless, irrational violence, or legitimate warfare.

Using Financial Ratios to Assess Organizational Performance – HSA525/HAS 525 Assignment 2

HSA525/HAS 525 Assignment 2: Using Financial Ratios to Assess Organizational Performance

Using the financial statements from your selected health care organization in Assignment 1, develop a financial plan for the next three (3) years.

Write a four to five (4-5) page paper in which you:

  1. Suggest the financial ratios that most financial analysts would use to evaluate the financial condition of the company. Provide support for your rationale.
  2. Speculate on the organization’s ability to meet its financial obligations as they come due. Provide support for your rationale.
  3. Based on your financial ratios analysis, determine whether the profitability trends are favorable or unfavorable and explain your rationale.
  4. Using financial ratio analysis, predict whether or not the company will be viable in five (5) years based on its performance over the past three (3) years. Provide support for your prediction.
  5. Use at least two (2) quality academic resources. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not qualify as academic resources. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. •Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

Evaluate the financial statements and the financial position of health care institutions. •Describe the overall planning process and the key components of the financial plan. •Use technology and information resources to research issues in health financial management. •Write clearly and concisely about health financial management using proper writing mechanics.

Are you looking for help on a financial ratios paper or a related paper? Our professional writers at Unique Writers Bay are here at your service. Just give us your paper guidelines and leave the rest of the work to us.