Biological, Psychological and Social Factors In Sexually Transmitted Diseases In The Young Adult Population Within The UK

From an interdisciplinary perspective consider the biological, psychological and Social factors in sexually transmitted diseases in the young adult population within the uk

Psychology

• Effects of smoking on the foetus – effects of nicotine on psychological development
• Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS), on features, organ development psychological development e.g. concentration, IQ, Irritability
• Mothers emotional state, stress, music ad effects on the foetus. Pregnancy stress may lead to bullied kids. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry (2012). Full article in the nutrition folder in module materials in NILE.
• Mental health in children using Piaget’s work. Stages of development.
• Erickson’s work on adolescents and their identity and what implications this has for ‘healthy’ lifestyles.
• The many different effects of excessive alcohol consumption.
• Diabetes – types, causes and consequences, complications, psychological effects and quality of life.

Nutrition

• Fathers diet prior to conception and how that affects health outcomes in children
The full article addresses research on mice that affect chronic diseases such as cancer, diabetes, autism and schizophrenia. Look in the nutrition folder in NILE http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2013/131210/ncomms3889/full/ncomms3889.html

• Changes in iron status
• Risk factors for preterm delivery
• caffeine intake in pregnancy
• foetal Programming and chronic disease, “Influences upon fetal growth The growth trajectory of the foetus is determined by the genotype. Genetically determined growth rates may be constrained by influences from the mother or placenta.”
• The Developmental Origins of Health and Disease hypothesis. For more information, read: Read Langley-Evans (2009) Nutrition: A Lifespan Approach, Wiley-Blackwell. (Look in the nutrition folder in NILE).
• Growth charts can signal problems of under- or over-nutrition.
• Major nutrition related problems in childhood e.g. obesity, anemia, growth retardation, and dental caries.
• The role of dietary protein in development of the child
• In class you covered the learning outcome ‘Discuss factors that affect nutritional status of young adults and how nutritional status affects their lives.’ You also worked on this on your own. Use this information in the essay.

Sociology

• Effect of socioeconomic status on birth weight in humans – covered in Nutrition
• Pre-natal genetic testing and implications for health status
• Neo-natal genetic testing and different types of tests
• Benefits and risks
• Reproductive Technologies and the welfare of the child
• The parental role
• Tobacco and its effects in health and well being
• Alcohol and social problems.

Biology

• allelic variation affect development
• Autosomal Dominant – Huntingdon’s disease, Polydactyly, Schizophrenia
• Autosomal Recessive – Phenylketonuria (PKU), Sickle cell disease, Cystic fibrosis, Albinism
• Sex linked disorders and sex chromosome disorders
• Complications in pregnancy
• Diseases and arising conditions in both childhood and adolescence – puberty
• Menopause, Osteoporosis
• Coronary Heart disease (CHD)
• Cancer
• Sexually Transmitted Diseases
• HIV
• Liver disease


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