Biological theory and how it is used to conduct assessment
For thousands of years, many theorists have strongly maintained that the genetic make-up of humans determines their personality. These theorists argue that physical characteristics such as body type, height, eye color and general looks are strongly determined by biological component. Even though biology does not play a direct role in the personality of human beings, the way people look certainly affect how individuals view themselves and how they interact with others. This is a form of indirect effect that plays a big role in how human beings develop and who they are as adults. These statements explain why biological theory has stood out as one of the major personality theories for several years (Eysenck, 1967).
Several studies that utilize correlation studies have determined that certain aspects may be directly linked to genetic make-up of humans. However, the idea of inherited traits has been found to be partially correct. Even though biology plays a big role in acquired traits such as inherited intelligence, it is difficult to ignore the significance of the environment. Hans Eysenck is one theorist who believes that biological theory greatly determines personality of individuals, and he is one of the best known biological theorists in terms of personality development (Eysenck, 1967).
Biological theory has been used to conduct assessments in organizations to determine human qualities possessed by employees and managers, with the aim of understanding matters related to leadership, empathy, motivation, self-development, helping others, how they relate with others, and general behavior. According to Hans Eysenck, human traits can be divided into three dimensions namely; Introversion/Extraversion, Neuroticism/Emotional Stability, and Psychoticism.Direct attention to inner experiences is referred to as introversion, while focusing attention to the environment and other people is what extraversion entails. This dimension of Eysenck’s biological theory holds that an individual high in introversion might be reserved and quiet, while a person high in extraversion might be outgoing and sociable (Eysenck, 1967).
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