Deploying 4g Next Generation Services – Wireless Technology Full Final Project

Deploying 4g Next Generation Services – Project Proposal

Introduction

Optimum Systems Incorporation is a software-based networking solutions and broadband provider that is looking into ways of providing faster and more cost-effective broadband services to its customers. The companyrequires an assessment of the need and viability of upgrading its existing telecommunication carrier to a more advanced forth generation (4G) network carrier. The recommended upgrade is Long Term Evolution (LTE), astandard for high-speed wireless communications for fourth-generation (4G) wireless broadband network.

Telecommunication systems are critical to any organization, especially one that deals with software networking like Optimum systems. These systems enable an organization to communicate effectively with all its stakeholders hence ensuring smooth running of its operations (Lathi, 1998). With the introduction of 4G networks, the organization will be able to provide high-speed data services to its customers and all the other stakeholders effectively.

Objectives of the Study

To recommend an upgraded wireless technology to be used as a major telecommunication carrier.

Statement of the Problem

Wireless technologies allow organizations and individuals to communicate without wired connection using radio frequency(RF) as a medium oftransmitting the data (Ekstrom, e.t. al., 2006). Customers expectations for speed, bandwidth and access have increased over the recent past where they now expect to have access to Internet connection throughout, day and night, and a connection that will give them instant access to thecontent and numerous applications they use. This has created a need for Internet providers to offer greater bandwidth, enhanced responsiveness and faster speeds than was previously offered (Pandya, Jain &Lupu, 2003). In addition, rapidly evolving telecommunication technologies and the Broadband Personal Communications Service (PCS) that has brought about the promise of a quick and cost-effective service by the organization and its competitor, Optimum services Inc. needs to upgrade its existing carrier in order to meet this complexcommunications needs and also get a competitive edge over its competition.

Project Summary

This paper offers a synopsis of Long Term Evolution and an analysis of how it simplifiesinfrastructures, reduces costs and improves the quality of services offered to subscribers. The information presented will assist the reader in understanding the revolution and potential that LTE offers, why it is recommended and itspower to change mobility.

Project Details

This project will focus on how LTE will help Optimum Services Company to improve their services. It is estimated that the project research and analysis will take two weeks and will be delivered before the given deadline.

Conclusion

Long Term Evolution technology advances will help Optimum services Inc. deliver superior wireless Internet connectivity and improved mobility to its patrons (Ekstrom, e.t. al., 2006). The improved speed, larger bandwidth and lesser latency provided by LTE will help redefine the conventional organization with increasedproductivity for mobile employees.

Deploying 4g Next Generation Services – Wireless Technology Full Final Project

1.0 Introduction

Telecommunication systems are critical to any organization, especially one that deals with software networking like Optimum systems. These systems enable an organization to communicate effectively with all its stakeholders hence ensuring smooth running of its operations (Lathi, 1998). With the introduction of 4G networks, the organization will be able to provide high-speed data services to its customers and all the other stakeholders effectively.

1.1 Reasons for Upgrading

Over the past decade, mobile data traffic has been outperforming voice traffic (Anjum, 2003). This new trend has been mainly fueled by the rise of new digital consumers who use various mobile devices to access the Internet. This overtake by data traffic is not just for voice services, but for DSL usage too as clients’ applications uses increase on fixed and wireless networks. High bandwidth demand is increasingly growing but revenues remain constant leaving technologies such as HSPA and HSPA+ struggling to survive (Penttinen, 2011). Consequently, it is evident that broadband providers require a new technology that will fill in the gap while allowing them to stay afloat.

The new technology should allow the firm to scale but maintain total cost of ownership (TCO). Long Term Evolution (LTE) is a technology that allows broadband providers to realize data output levels required to meet the Internet needs of its users. Furthermore, LTE can also provide an alternative to the operative’s DSL service and offers mobility that increases key premium value.

Upgrading also helps a broadband provider keep up with its competitors. In 2011, about 30 operators, based mainly in the United States of America and Nordics, had launched LTE services, and over 200 operators had announced that they had plans to launch LTE services within the following two years (Billonnet, e.t. al., 2011).

1.2 LTE Overview

Long Term Evolution, frequently referred to as 4G LTE, is a wireless communication that transmits high-speed data for both mobile phones and data terminals. LTE’s power allows the user to download and transfer data quickly and easily making it the largest and the most dependable network in the U.S. The LTE standard was developed by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) and was founded on a number of network technologies including GSM/EDGE and UMTS/HSPA technologies (Myung& Goodman, 2008). Although the network is advertised as a 4G service, it does not meet the entire requirement for a new standard generation as set by the 3GPP group. Inversely, the group decided to refer to it as a 4G technology due to market demand and the evolutions that it brought to the original 3G technologies (Pandya, Jain &Lupu, 2003).

LTE’s technology enables the operator to deliver better Internet connectivity and mobility to its subscribers. The technology offers higher speed; superior bandwidth; and lesser dormancy all of which enhance productivity in traditional office through providing in-office commercial applications that increase productivity of mobile employees. LTE offers superior communication features such as direct-connect access to files and real-time videoconferencing, which improve business operations (Penttinen, 2011). Generally, LTE technology builds upon the preceding technologies in order to improve consumers’ overall experiences and ensure that all their wireless connectivity needs are sufficiently met.

1.3 The Evolution of Wireless Technologies

A wireless technology is any technology that uses radio frequencies to transmit data thus allowing devices to correspond without a wired connection. Wireless technologies are quickly evolving in the effort to meet the consumer’s complex communications desires. Wireless communications technologies can be categorized under the distance they are designed to cover. These categories include the personal area networks, usually limited to 10 meters; the local area networks, usually limited to 100 meters; and the wide area networks, usually uses cellular data networks to cover large areas (Willig, Matheus&Wolisz, 2005). All these wireless networks are the mechanism that connects devices and conventional wired networks.

Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPAN)

WPANs normally provide connections that are designed to connect devices that are within close range of each other. This device-to-device connection is referred to as an ad hoc connection since it does not require a network infrastructure for it to function. The devices interconnect and perform the needed communications without accessing any network devices. Bluetooth is the most common WPAN network standard (Willig, Matheus&Wolisz, 2005). Bluetooth allows users to transfer wireless audio, synchronize devices wirelessly, print material wirelessly, transfer files and image, and dial-up networking among other functions.

Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN)

WLANs provide connections that connect devices to a wired network. WLAN is more advanced than a wired WLAN in that it devices connect to a close access point wirelessly through Ethernet and thus does not use cables to connect devices to the router. The access point communicates with devices within its coverage, usually about 100 meters. This kind of connection allows users to use the connection anywhere within the coverage areas hence they can move freely and still access Internet on their mobile devices. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Standards Association defined WLANs as Wi-Fi (or IEEE 802.11). Wi-Fi defines a number of protocols, which address various operating frequencies and throughputs. Wi-Fi standard is presently the prevalent protocol that is adopted in WLAN completions (Willig, Matheus&Wolisz, 2005).

Wireless Wide Area Network

WWANs deliverextensive broadband data networks through cellular technologies such as GPRS, HSPA, 1xEV-DO and LTE among others. Commercial data carriers allow users with wireless devices to connect to this type of network without any cable connection as long as they are within the coverage area. These two factors providing network users with greater mobility than all the other network connections. WWAN networks featurecomplex user identification methods that help in ensuring that only authorized users can use the network.

2.0 Strategic Business Assessment

Optimum Systems Incorporation is a software-based networking solutions and broadband provider that is looking into ways of providing faster and more cost-effective broadband services to its customers. The company requires an assessment of the need and viability of upgrading its existing telecommunication carrier to a more advanced forth generation (4G) network carrier (Billonne e.t. al., 2011). The recommended upgrade is Long Term Evolution (LTE), a standard for high-speed wireless communications for fourth-generation (4G) wireless broadband network.

2.1 Competitive Landscape

The wireless market is one of the largest and fastest growing sectors in the American telecommunications industry. Although winning the Personal Communications Service (PCS) spectrum offers Optimum Systems the opportunity to offer quick deployment and cost-effective service, one of its competitors have also won the same amount of PCS spectrum. In addition, there is a service provider already offering 800 MHz TDMA cellular services in 16 cities. This means that both already existing providers and new entries threaten Optimum System’s success. It will thus need to come up with strategies that will give it a competitive edge over the two competitors and help it expand and retain its market share. However, Optimum Systems has an already existing subscriber market share and with the launch of 4G LTE networks this market share is projected to grow significantly. What’s more, the wireless market is expected to grow gradually over the foreseeable future. This means that there are opportunities for even further growth.

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