Essay Questions Book The earth and Its people 5th Edition Author Bulliet
- What relations did Japan have with Westerners in the early modern period between the Warring States era and the isolation of Japan?
- What relations did China have with Westerners in the early modern period in China, especially Jesuit missionaries?
- Discuss how Russian went from being a vassal of the Mongols to becoming a legitimate European power in the 18th century.
- Discuss the major tenets of the Enlightenment. How did the Enlightenment affect the American and French Revolutions?
- How did the French Revolution affect European politics in subsequent (19th) century?
- How did industrialization change the way people lived in the 19th and 20th century? Be sure to use examples that highlight shifts in product availability, price, living conditions, environmental conditions, the daily lives of families, women and children, and political conditions.
- How did the Industrial Revolution affect relations between the industrialized world and the non-industrialized world? Be sure to use examples of the resulting imperialism.
- What effects did the French Revolution have on the Latin American Revolutions? Be sure to use examples from at least two of the revolutions in Latin America that were mentioned.
- Discuss how women participated in the creation of political, social, and economic change in the 18th and 19th centuries. Be sure to use examples from Europe, Asia, and America in your answer.
- Why did anti-foreign and anti-Qing sentiment grow in China (be sure to treat these separately)? What were the consequences of the anti-foreign and anti-Qing sentiment?
- Discuss how Japan went from an isolated nation to a burgeoning global power in the 19th and early 20th century.
Sample Answers In An Essay Format
Japans and westerners had limited and restricted association with one another during the early modern period especially between the warring era and the isolation of japan, the contact between them was restricted but then there was still some traces of contacts between the two entities, a small group of Dutch traders existed on the island of Nejima near Nagasaki and provided some level of commercial and cultural contact. Japan was not completely isolated under the sakoku policy.
The relationship was however hindered by so many factors, among others was forbidding the publication of the Western book in Japan. There were still some other books in Japan that could still discuss the Western scientific advances. Through these publications the relationship managed to overlook some of the restrictions that existed between the two entities. Not until the mid-1850’s, the time that Commodore Mathew Perry (US Navy) sailed into Tokyo Harbor to open trade relations with the Island of Japan. From this time, trade relations had a greater impact in improving the trade relations that were once broken and restricted.
The history of relations between China and the Western world in the early modern period can be generally be described as slightly welcoming. Most of the big Chinese Confucian scholars were the first converts to be the Jesuits. The missionary efforts and other work of the Society of Jesus, or Jesuits, between the 16th and 17th century played a significant role in continuing the transmission of knowledge, science, and culture between China and the West, and had an impact on Christian culture in Chinese society today.The first attempt by the Jesuits to reach China was made in 1552 by St. Francis Xavier, Navarrese priest and missionary and founding member of the Society of Jesus. Xavier never reached the mainland, dying after only a year on the Chinese island of Shangchuan. Three decades later, in 1582, Jesuits once again initiated mission work in China, led by several figures including the Italian Matteo Ricci, introducing Western science, mathematics, astronomy, and visual arts to the Chinese imperial court, and carrying on significant inter-cultural and philosophical dialogue with Chinese scholars, particularly representatives of Confucianism. At the time of their peak influence, members of the Jesuit delegation were considered some of the emperor’s most valued and trusted advisors, holding numerous prestigious posts in the imperial government.
Russian transition from being a vassal of the Mongol to a legitimate European power had its foundation on the progressive policies of Peter the Great and Catherine the Great that led to the development of education system. Catherine went to become the most powerful sovereign in Europe. This begun with the increasing of the central control over the provinces. After the fall of the Khazars in the 10th century, the middle Volga came to be dominated by the mercantile state of Volga Bulgaria, the last vestige of Greater Bulgaria centred at Phanagoria. The Mongols held Russia and Volga Bulgaria in sway from their western capital at Sarai, one of the largest cities of the medieval world. The princes of southern and eastern Russia had to pay tribute to the Mongols of the Golden Horde, commonly called Tatars; but in return they received charters authorizing them to act as deputies to the khans. In general, the princes were allowed considerable freedom to rule as they wished, while the Russian Orthodox Church even experienced a spiritual revival under the guidance of Metropolitan Alexis and Sergius of Radonezh.
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