What is an Academic Research?
A suitable academic research is defined as an experimental development that comprises of original work which is carried out in a systematic manner with the aim of increasing the knowledge pool of a given individual or group (Brew & Lucas, 2009).
There are a number of ethical issues that can arise from an academic research, especially during the data collection process. This paper focuses on four major ethical issues that may arise during data collection process, Scientific, Scholarly and Scientific standard; Public Communication; Research Planning; and Teaching, Training and Administering Education Programs.
OI am going to discuss how these issues would be used in both qualitative and quantitative research for data collection and I will also provide examples of how the ethical standards selected might impact methods of collecting data.
Scientific, Scholarly and Scientific Standard
All researchers must observe scientific and professional standards relating to their work regardless of the data collection method used. The researcher is fully accountable for his or her work and must strive to earn and maintain public trust.
Qualitative research is usually elected on a subject whose phenomena is already known.
In line with this, the researchers not only needs to ensure that they observe the ethical boundaries while conducting their research but they also must ensure that the foundation research used was also conducted ethically.
Quantitative research on the other hand is used when the subject is new and under investigation thus it does not rely on other researches heavily. In line with this, the researchers are only required to ensure that the research is conducted ethically.
Researchers are expected to should inform the public about the services they offer, their credentials, previous works, and publications. They should also communicate the research findings correctly an accurately.
In qualitative study, the researcher and the participant might have different definitions of the correct way of communicating thus creating issues.
Researchers are expected to uphold integrity of the participants.
Qualitative research is used for explaining and investigating a phenomenon thus researchers are allowed to interpret the participant’s experiences if need be. In such cases, the researchers are likely to be faced with a dilemma of choosing between the right to know and the right to privacy, especially when dealing with sensitive issues or populations.
Teaching, Training and Administering Education Programs
Education researchers who are also educators must perform their duties carefully, knowledgably, while observing integrity.
Qualitative research methods are more evolutionally, which might make this challanging.
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