HA535 – Childhood Obesity in America – PowerPoint Presentation

HA535: Data Analysis for Health Professionals – Childhood Obesity in America – PowerPoint Presentation

Introduction

  • Childhood obesity is a health-based concern that has continually affected a considerable percentage of children in the 21st century. In the United States, approximately 21-24% of adolescents and Children are obese (Sabin et al., 2015).

Causes

  • Biologically, obesity is as a result of insulin resistance resulting in the development of type 2 diabetes among other health related issues.
  • A decline in engagement in physical activities and well as increased consumption of unhealthy meals has resulted in the development of obesity among children in the current age.

Facts and Figures

  • Between 1980s and 1990s, the prevalence rates of obese children aged between 2 and 19 years has greatly risen.
  • Approximately 17% of children within the identified age bracket are obese in America.
  • The prevalence rates of obesity among children aged 2 and 5 has been declining significantly to about 8.4% in 2012 from 17.7% (Gagnon & Stephens, 2015).

Risk Factors

  • The choice of foods such as high fat foods as well as sugary foods results in obesity.
  • Decline in the rates of physical activity
  • Engaging more in sedentary activities
  • Genetics

Societal role in obesity

  • The society has played a significant role in the increased prevalence rates of childhood obesity through;
  • Increased cost of healthy foods
  • Increased portion sizes
  • Increased use of cars
  • Increased marketing of unhealthy foods and drinks

Childhood and Adult obesity

  • Childhood and adult obesity are directly interlinked.
  • It is a high possibility that an obese child will remain obese even during the adolescent stage and become overweight as an adult.
  • Approximately 80% of overweight adults were obese as children (Sabin et al. 2015).

Social Problems For Obese Children

  • Obese children records a lower level of self-esteem compared to the non obese ones
  • Increased chances of suffering other health related concerns as adults

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