Impacts of Electronic Health information on Nursing Process
EHRs improve communications
The nursing practices is a complex undertaking, and therefore practice tools should ensure management of such complexities. The findings of a survey by NAMCS shows that electronic health records help in improving the communication between members of the care teams and physicians. More that half of those physicians using EHRs indicated that the system facilitated communication among the care team along with improved management of referrals.
Improvement of Patient Safety
The application of electronic health information system has ensured safe use of the health IT and facilitate improvement of the overall safety and quality of care delivery through the system.
How quality improvement (QI) data improves patient outcomes
It focuses on patients
The quality improvement (QI) data improves patient outcome through advancement of quality by ensuring that the expectations and the needs of the patients are explicitly looked into. This is done by ensuring that specific services are undertaken; assessing the level of patients’ access, support initiatives for patient engagement and affirmation of patient safety.
QI operates as systems and processes
The QI data makes improvements on patient outcome by ensuring that the organization understands its own delivery system and key processes. This QI concept takes into account the input resources, processes to address improved quality of care (outcomes).
QI data improves patient outcomes through promotion of team participation
At the core of QI is the team process. The team harnesses skills, knowledge, experience, and various perspectives of he different people to achieve lasting improvements. The system gives health care services delivery through a team approach across its different facets.
By emphasizing on using data and credible information of healthcare improvement initiatives.
The credibility and reliability of the health care data is one of the pillars of QI. This data describe how effectively the current systems work, the effect of applied changes, and the documentation of successful performance.
How an electronic health information system supports safety
Making available health information and data
The legible, longitudinal, and globally available health record data provides EHR users with the information they need to make sound clinical patient care decisions. The CHCS II system captures essential data from the patient/ provider interaction in a clinically friendly and efficient manner.
Results reporting and retrieval
Subsequently, as test results (e.g., laboratory findings or radiology) are managed electronically in the EHR, results are available sooner at the point of care to enable providers to initiate treatment sooner. The system automatically issues distinct displays of test results or abnormalities to providers.
Decision support for prescriptions
The decision-support core function of CHCS II uses reminders, prompts, and alerts to assist physicians with diagnoses and treatments, while at the same time improving compliance with clinical best practices, periodic screenings such as mammograms, and other preventive practices.
Order entry and management
The Composite Health Care System II (CHCS II )speeds the entry orders for laboratory, radiology, and pathology tests, as well as those for prescriptions. The system also issues reminders when tests or medication refills are due, further enhancing the efficiency of patient care. Such information is entered once, after which ordering occurs in real time. Order entry in a computer-based system eliminates legibility issues, while reducing duplication of effort, and all orders and changes are saved for future reference.
Reporting and tracking safety risks
Another major benefit of the military EHR is the highly structured and categorized health data it provides to support sophisticated data mining. Enhanced health care delivery for deployed troops is due in part to this technological innovation and its ability to recognize potential patient safety risks, such as influenza epidemics or biological weapon threats. The military EHR increases the efficiency with which uniform standards can be used to track diseases and fabricated threats, while sharing these trends with other organizational entities.
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