Major Changes in Political Structures, Social and Economic Life During The Song Dynasty

The Song Dynasty

            The Song Dynasty was confirmed to start in 960 AD and ended in 1279 AD, and it consisted of the Southern Song that ruled in between 1127 to 1279, and the Northern Song that reigned in between 960 to 1127. With regard to affluent economy and glowing culture, this juncture was witnessed as the next period of ‘golden age’ that followed Tang dynasty that ruled in between 618 to 907. However, this leadership was confirmed to bring about various changes in Chinese country and these transformations were experienced in political, social and economic fields (Nutton, 2004).

Economically, the Song Dynasty was confirmed to facilitate prosperity in various respects of the society. For instance, in agriculture the production technology was advanced through promotion of output of food. The handicraft industry also started division labour, hence becoming more detailed into an extent of reaching to advanced level. Moreover, the improvement of the commodity financial system also exceeded the potential level, primarily on there was noticed an improvement on the earliest paper currency which occurred at this period.  Culturally, there was experienced a development of cultural issues, where tremendous achievements were attained during the period. At this juncture, both of four China’s inventions, that is, compass and typography were both invented and this lead to development associated with gunpowder for the security purpose. Furthermore, large number of outstanding poets and scholars including Su Shi, Zhuxi, Shen Kuo and Ouyang, emerged and instigated the splendid cultural atmosphere for the Song dynasty (Harry Rothschild, Alon & Fetscherin, 2012).

In the view political impacts, the Zhao Kuangyin was confirmed to launch a mutiny within Chenqiao in 1960 (within the current Henan province). Moreover, the King of the Latter Zhao was pressured to relinquish as a result of formation of this insubordination. As a result, the new dynasty was formed within Kaifeng. Moreover, the Song leadership was also considered to facilitate unification of China’s territory.  While summing up, this government was cumbered by higher political corruption that led to decline of opinionated activities within China (Nutton, 2004).



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