Major Changes in Political Structures, Social and Economic Life During The Tang Dynasty

Tang Dynasty

            The Tang dynasty emerged in AD 618-609 and 705-907 where it was deemed as an imperial dynasty of China heralded by the Sui dynasty and pursued with the Ten Kingdoms period and Five Dynasties. This dynasty was established by the Li family who snatched headship at the decline and collapse of the Sui Empire. Genuinely, this dynasty was briefly interrupted during the time Wu Zetian grabbed the throne, thus proclaiming the Second Zhuo dynasty that existed in between 690-705 and appearing as the single Chinese empress regnant. However, this dynasty was confirmed to bring about various political, social and economic changes during its reign (Harry Rothschild, Alon & Fetscherin, 2012).

In political view, the Tang emperor was proved to expand Chinese territories and this expansion happened in Korea, Tibet and Mongolia. Tang emperors also broadened the Confucian bureaucracy as well as its meritocratic system of exams’ entrance. Generally, Tang leaders managed to sustain the capital within Chang’an, where two million residents were viewed as the global largest city during that reign. Tang emperors also instigated the Chinese census for the first time and employed what they studied to gather more taxes from the Chinese people.  On the economical observation, the Tang is confirmed as time of great modernism.  For example, the letters of paper and credit money managed to mature, leading to booming trade beside Indian Ocean Sea and Silk Roads. To be specific, the artisans generated silk, porcelain and other goods for export. Moreover, the Grand Canal also improved thereby chancing more substantial domestic trade within China (Robbins, 2009).

Socially, the Tang Dynasty proceeded with various elements of initial Chinese traditional practices. In particular, the society sustained extremely patriarchal and hierarchical geared by widespread of Confucian attitudes. Exemplarily, the upper-class ladies indicated some lessening of patriarchy, hence being able to inherit substances and being subjected to fewer restrictions outside the homestead. Originally, Buddhism continued to spread at the Tang dynasty era and it was favoured by immense early Tang emperors such as Empress Wu. In confirmatory, the Longman Grottoes are example of famous Buddhist monumental architecture established by Tang leaders during their era (Peng, 2004).

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