Memory Change from Childhood to Old Age


Memory is a multifaceted process which contains three phases that include recalling, storing and encoding. Therefore, there are various brain areas which are involved in memory based on the type of memory in question. There are three types of memory which include short-term memory, long-term memory and skill memory. Short-term memory takes part in the prefrontal cortex part of the brain. It keeps information for 1 minute with a capacity of 7 items per minute. Long-term memory takes part in the temporal lobe hippocampus and it is activated when one want to memorize something for a longer duration. Skill memory on the other hand takes place in the cerebellum that transmits information to the basal ganglia. Memory is a brain function which changes with time as one grow and develop (Stannard, 2011). This paper focuses on evaluating the memory change from childhood to old age.

Difference between Children and Adults in the Area of Memory

The main difference between children and adults with regard to memory is that, the adult’s memory ability is a bit stable as compared to that of children. Children normally experience a continuous growth of most all their body organs including the brain which is responsible for memory. In addition, the transfer of information from short-term memory to long-term memory is an art which is acquired based on the children’s stage of growth. It is also determined by the development level of their nervous system. Though unstable, their memory ability keeps on increasing and growing as they grow in age. However, adults have a fully developed brains, nervous system for information relay and comprehensive life skills to assist in effective information transfer from the short-term memory to long-term memory. Therefore, adults have more stable memory ability as compared to children. After reaching the maturity level, the brain ability starts going down and at older age, as their bodies weaken. The adults’ ability to keep memory decreases with time. Therefore, elderly ability to keep memory keeps on decreasing, though the skill memory is hardly lost completely.

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