Republic to Empire

Choose one of the several topics below making sure NOT to choose an exact topic selected by another student, for instance, if one student chose to write about the Roman Revolution, you ought to write about the spread of Roman culture or how Roman values either were or were not followed in light of Roman history. My point is that more than one of you may write about the Roman Revolution, but make certain that your choose different reformers to discuss and different events as your evidence. If you have a question about this let me know.

Each discussion should have at least five historic examples that support your assertion about the topic (you are welcome to use the chronology that I emailed to you on this exercise). Your answer should thus be about 3-4 paragraphs long.

Your discussions should use concrete examples from the online content (cite as Unit 5 Online Content), our textbooks, and Internet sources. Each post should have well developed points. Be sure to cite sources.

Consider these questions:

1. What were 3-4 specific contributions did the Romans make to later peoples? Were these contributions specifically invented or founded by the Romans, or did they make use of the intellectual achievements of other conquered peoples, such as the Gauls? How has the value of these contributions changed over time?

2. Provide at least 3-4 specific examples of how the Romans have been considered the ultimate “borrowers” of the ancient world? For instance, how did Romans borrow from Greek, Egyptian, Persian, and Carthaginian culture in standards of education, art, architecture, engineering technology, religion, concepts of governance?

3. Roman people lived by an extremely important set of virtues. The word virtue comes from the Latin, virtus, which meant “manliness.” We can also infer that it meant toughness, courage, and stamina. The key virtues I want you to consider using specific examples from Roman history are the most important ones for them: Iustia (the sense of justice); Pietas (filial piety, family honor and ancestor worship); dignitas (one’s integrity) and gravitas (one’s combined weight in society owing to one’s accomplishments in meeting the previous virtues and one’s sense of responsibility). How did Romans live up to their virtues? It would be best here perhaps to rely on discussions of specific Romans.How has opinion changed over time as to the benefit of many Roman values?

4. Reflect on specific examples of how Roman Reformers through the era of the Roman Revolution corrupted their reform attempts–for instance did they employ violence and how did that affect the response to the reforms? How has the perspective of these reforms, whether they were good or bad, changed over time?

5. How did Augustus (Octavian, Caesar’s nephew and adopted son) change Rome through his development of what was known as the Principate–the first era of truly imperial Roman rule)?

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