Tag: Decision Making Process

Role of Perception in the Decision Making Process

Write a 1050 to 1400 words examining the role of perception in the decision making process. Make sure these questions are answered :

  1. what is perception?
  2. how can a person’s perception of others impact an organizations behavior?
  3. what are the positive and negative effects of using perceptive shortcuts when judging others?
  4. how are decisions in real world organizations made?
  5. how can our perceptions shape ethical or moral decisions?

Analysis Of Decision Making Process In Purchasing A Vehicle

The decision to purchase a personal vehicle is influenced by many factors which vary from economic, the performance of the vehicle, social and personal issues. This does not leave out the fact that considerations have to be made on the economic status because this affects many aspects including pre- purchasing and after- purchasing of the vehicle.

The role of interest rates and the cost of financing during decision making process;

As a consumer who is interested in making the right and appropriate decision in purchasing a vehicle, the financial contract one can go for is for instance one where the rates of payment is lower although it will have higher total costs at the end.  A purchase should be made depending on the interest rates and the down payment as well as the payment period(Neumeyer, & Perri, 2005).  The interest rates affect purchase of goods and services in this case the vehicles as high rates lead to less demand for automobiles.  With the existence of loans, people are able to spend money immediately as they get it rather than making savings to purchase it later. In the case where rates are low, more purchases are made for even goods of high purchasing cost as they have more money to spend.  On the other hand when interest rates are high, consumers cut down on spending as a result of less disposable income.

The rising and falling interest rates affects inflation and recession where high interest rates mean that the economy is growing leading to less money borrowing and consequently high inflation(Neumeyer, & Perri, 2005). This is controlled by having the federal system which determines the rate at which banks are able to lend money to each other and hence the rates at which loans are issued to consumers.  Inflation and recession are kept at manageable rates using indicators such as Consumer and Producer Price Indices.

In making the decision whether to purchase the vehicle, the consumer should take the option in which the interest rates are low, so that they are able to pay for the loan without influencing their day to day lives in a case where they would be straining to make huge payments to cover up for the loan. In this scenario the buyer should then purchase when the rates are as low as possible.  Depending on the cost of financing of the particular vehicle, the consumer is able to make an adequate decision according to their financial capability for their new product. In other words the decision should to purchase the vehicle when interest rates are high will not be favorable.

The influence of gasoline prices on the choice of vehicle selected:

The decision to purchase either a new or used- vehicle is highly dependent on what is likely to be the future fuel prices. The prediction, whether simple or sophisticated, will enable the consumer to make good decision as high fuel prices lead to purchasing of fuel efficient automobiles, the only technique that a buyer can apply is that to consider the expected future prices which is influenced greatly on the availability of crude oil and also its efficiency(Castilla, & Haab, 2013).

For instance, purchasing a vehicle without proper knowledge of how fuel prices may fall and rise from time to time may lead to straining in future so that the vehicle has adequate fuel which in the long run may lead to bankruptcy.

Some consumers due to the fact that the changes in fuel prices are not predictable in a short- term go for huge fuel consuming vehicles which is a risk in future given a case where the prices may hike due to low supply and increased demand for gasoline. It is important therefore if the consumer purchases a fuel-efficient vehicle which will not have much effect even when the gasoline prices rise unexpectedly.

For the decision whether to buy a used or a new vehicle, the gasoline prices have more influence on used vehicles. Consequently, purchasing anew vehicle is more resourceful.  Smaller vehicles are efficient for consideration when purchasing a new car since gasoline prices will have less impact compared to purchasing larger more consuming vehicles. (Castilla, & Haab, 2013).

Discuss the following in regard to your household at the time of your purchase

When purchasing the car, I was employed during that time. The economy then was growing at a stable rate.Most of the people do not take into consideration the fact that they may lose their jobs if by any chance recession occurred before they were able to clear their loan. In this case, I was among the victims of such cases. I did not think about what might happen if it happens I lost my job and I had no backup plan as well.

Evaluate the financial trade-offs when making your purchase.

Tradeoffs in simpler terms are the sacrifices one has to make in order to purchase another better product or service(Ostrom, & Iacobucci, 1995). When buying my new car, I had to make some sales in order to be able to afford the car. Even though it dint cover the whole cost. I had to sell my old car so that I could purchase this new one. I also had to sell my old television set so as to top up on the cash. This was able to take care of some cash for purchasing the new car. The maintenance cost was not too high but I obviously had to cut my budget a little so as to cater for the finances needed for the maintenance as well as the payment of insurance services.

Discuss the influence of any of these Federal or state level programs on your decisions to purchase a vehicle

The state-supported car ownership programs that have been brought forth bring encouragement to the people who are wishing to purchase vehicles.  Transportation is in most cases considered as a barrier to employment. Most people who face transportation challenges find it hard to maintain as well as even find employment (Clifton, 2004). This is mostly for those who live in the rural areas. These are places that face a hardship in the transportation sector as public transport is limited or at times none at all. In this case, car ownership turns out to be the most effective and efficient way to move about. Over years, research has showed that the people who own cars are more likely to stay in employment for longer period. The state has come up with several programs that has allowed the low-income families to benefit with the transport issues. These programs include the reimbursements, transportation allowances as well as the contracts for buses as well as other transportation services (Clifton, 2004).  This at times also involve the assistance with the purchase of a vehicle as well as car maintenance programs. These services and assistants are provided for many states. Most states have recognized the importance of car ownership as a means to meet the needs of the low-income families. They have thus come up with programs to help them in the purchase and maintenance of their vehicles.

Explain the influence of environmental factors such as emissions & health concerns on your decision

Generally, my old car used to have very high fuel consumption and its emissions were a little bit too pronounced. This used to be so irritating not only for me but also to the public. At most times someone would follow me to a petrol station and give a kind advice that I should service my car. The sound it produced when in motion was also quite irritating. These are some of the things that pushed me to getting a new car. I was faced with charges of pollution severally especially for the emissions as well as the sounds. This led me to find another car as fast as I could.

Discuss the ways in which your purchase illustrates one piece of circular flow models of economic activity.

The circular flow follows a certain pattern. This is Production, Income, Expenditure, and Production again. This model represents the monetary transactions in the market economy (Schumpeter, 1934). The flow involves two things. This include the flow of the physical things (goods and labor) and flow of Money (the use of monetary services to purchase the physical things). In the circular flow model, my purchase makes a representation of the expenditure which is the third level of the model. This is because after earning the income, I utilize it by spending on the vehicle. The other parts include the production, where the product in manufactured, the income stage where the person intending to purchase the vehicle received the income most probably from their employer. The expenditure stage is the stage where the person makes a purchase on what they wish to buy(Schumpeter, 1934). This money then goes back to the production process and the cycle continues.

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Environmental Factor /Risk That Affects the Decision-Making Opportunities Within An Organization

One of the external environmentalfactors that affect the decision making is economic environment of  the nation. Economic environment in modern world is very dynamic .It includes various external factors as well as internal factors like employment, interest rates, which effects the business. With the growing economy, countries experience an increase in per capita income, which allows for the purchase of more consumer items such as an automobile and vice versa. For example, as global crude oil prices increase, accompanied with an uncertain future supply and global competition for other raw materials that comprise automobiles, the necessity of micro cars for basic transportation will increase. Consequently this will help in increasing the sales and the overall business performance.

Managers have to deal with the changing economic environment factors frequently and has to consider it which making any decision of the organization.Prevailing economic conditions of the nation will have an effect on the spending patterns of citizens. Increases in interest rates and/or a high level of unemployment will depress consumption. Global economic recession of 2008 is the fine example of such factor.

While making any financial or non-financial decision managers needs to observe this factor especially hiring of workforce and production decision with respect to the prevailing and potential demand in the economy. Since such decision have a direct impact on the finances of the organization thus it is true that such factors havefinancial requirements that must be considered when processing decision within a company.

Group Decision Making Processes

Introduction

Group decision making is form of participatory procedure where in multiple persons acting collectively evaluate situations or problems, assess and consider other course of action and chose the best solutions or solution among the identified action. The number of individuals engaged in group decision making differ greatly based on the situation, though they mostly range from two to seven. Unlike individual group making, group decision making can be challenging since more time is required to evaluate each alternative. To make a decision the group members may be force to research for a wide range of information. This can easily result to group conflict, prolonging the process further. To handle such problems, there are a number of group decision making techniques created to make this process to be more organized and effective. This paper reviews the application of three group decision making techniques that include brainstorming, Delphi technic and Nominal group technique recommending their application in three provided case scenarios.

Scenario 1

The best group decision technique to be employed in this case is brainstorming. Brainstorming is unstructured form of generating new ideas in a group discussion. This technique is recommended since it initiate the generation of new ideas based on ideas of others and thus, it eases the generation of the solution. Moreover, the group members share the same extroverts’ characters and thus, it will be easier to engage every member in the process of making a decision. In this case, no one has a specific idea on what should be done, however, the members are sure that something need to be done. Thus, the group can only be guided by a general agenda of resolving the problem at hand. Therefore, the best technique to employ to resolve the issue is brainstorming. The problem seems to have equal importance to all members and thus, it will be easy to enhance a discussion that can result to a solution since a similar form of attention is anticipated from all members. Moreover, an urgent answer is needed which means Delphi form of decision making would not be a solution (PSD, n.d.).

Scenario 2

The best decision making technique for the second scenario is nominal group decision making technique. This technique is recommended in this case because the group is heterogeneous based on individuals’ characters. Some group members are extroverts while others are introverts. This implies that, the decision may be made without considering the opinion of introverts since the meeting is normally dominated by introverts when other decision making techniques are employed. Nominal group technique of decision making is a structure technique for group brainstorming, which encourages the contribution of all members. It is normally used when some members of the group are vocal than others, when some members think well in silence, when some members are found not to be participating, when the group fail to easily contribute enough ideas, when there are new team members and when there is a heated conflict or controversies. Therefore, nominal group technique in this case will serve well in ensuring that the discussion does not only involve the few extroverts individuals in the group but it also engages introverts who may be having more ideas but are shy speaking out or intervening in heated extroverts debate. It allows writing of ideas other than verbal discussion and thus, ensuring that even the introverts participate fully in decision making. The fact that the process involves writing and thinking in silence enhances the group’s leader to get hold of the group control (Sample, 1984).

In this scenario, the group leader is unable to maintain group control and in most cases the discussion goes out of topic. This means that, normal uncontrolled brainstorming process will be hard to control and only when there is a systematic way of enhancing this process will the group manage to stay within their operation agendas. Thus nominal group will serve well since it forbids discussions and encourage thinking in silence in the first part of the session and thus, it is easier to ensure that members work within the anticipated limit. The discussion phase is controlled by the written ideas and each member is given a turn. Thus the chance of conflicting and creating heated debates is normally eliminated. Each member is given equal opportunity and at the end of the day, the main ideas addressed by the majority are considered. Flipcharts are used to document ideas and ideas are provided equal importance. Brainstorming is then done based on the ideas and their strengths. With this structured operation, the group will manage to come up with an agreed solution within a short period of time and thus, eliminating the chances of any delay that could be created if the group was to continue in the same messy condition (Sample, 1984).

Scenario 3

Delphi is the best technique to employ to make decision in this case. This is because Delphi involves a number of experts in decision making who can be contacted irrespective of their distance since the technique include the use of questionnaire. The problem in this case is very specific and can easily be solved by IT experts in any part of the world with a similar or almost similar solution. The nature of the problem create a greater chance of having a consensus among the involved experts. Thus even when situated apart, the group coordinator can easily initiate consensus from the group using round questionnaires. Delphi process can be iterated continuously until consensus is established to have been acquired (Hsu & Sandford, 2007). Normally three iterations are normally enough to gather the required information and to attain consensus. In this case, Delphi is very applicable since the group members are located in different parts and thus, questionnaires can be sent to them in each round until their response demonstrate a high sense of consensus. Delphi is normally time consuming based on the fact that the group members do not necessary sit on one table to answer the questionnaires. This may take a number of days before all responses are received and evaluated and another questionnaire set based on the response of the first until consensus is attained. In this regard, Delphi serves well in this scenario since the urgency of decision making in this case is about 3 months. Thus, the scenario offers enough time for Delphi implementation (Hsu & Sandford, 2007).

Summary

Group decision making can be quite challenging especially when the members have different characters, different views and when they take a problem with different weight. In this regard, the group leader need to understand his or her member to decide on the best group decision making technique to employ to be able to attain the required goals. Delphi normally needs experts’ decision making, uses questionnaire and its time consuming and thus it is more applicable in the third scenario. Nominal group is very structured, and normally used when members have diverse characters and can easily go out of control and thus, it is best applicable in the second scenario. Brainstorming on the other hand is unstructured and normally used where members have the same character. It also required where there is urgency, new ideas are needed and a similar magnitude of the problem is felt by all members. Therefore it is best applicable in the first scenario.

IT Governance Structure and Decision-Making Processes – Case Assignment

Case Assignment Instructions

Write a 4-5 page essay describing the IT governance structure and decision-making processes in your organization. Include a discussion on the strengths and weaknesses of your organization’s circumstances and present and justify one specific improvement you would make to either the structure or a process; be sure to apply the concepts and use the terminology provided in the readings.

Assignment Expectations

Your assignments will be graded following these expectations:
  • Precision: the questions asked are answered.
  • Clarity: Your answers are clear and show your good understanding of the topic.
  • Breadth and depth: The scope covered in your paper is directly related to the questions of the assignment and the learning objectives of the module.
  • Critical thinking: It is important to read the “required readings” posted in the background material plus others you find relevant. Your paper should include important concepts from these readings and incorporate YOUR reactions and examples that illustrate your reflective judgment and good understanding of the concepts.
  • Your paper is well written and the references are properly cited and listed (refer to TUI guidelines http://support.trident.edu/files/Well-Written-Paper.pdf)
  • Your paper meets the page requirements not counting the cover page or the references pages.

 

Sample Answer – IT Governance Structure and Decision Making Processes

Good decision-making is an essential skill for general career success and more so for effective leadership. If a leader can make timely and well-considered decisions, then he or she can often lead his or her team to remarkable and earned success. However, if a leader makes poor decisions it can result in issues that can make the organization to tumble. Regardless of the size of organization you are in, whether a large corporation, a small company, or a home based business, effective communication skills are essential for success of the organization, especially when a decision has to be made(Feurer, Chaharbaghi, Weber & Wargin, 2000). Decision-making in management is an important skill and making the right decisions is essential. The role of management is to take these decisions, communicate with all the departments in the organization that are involved, and make the right decision. In line with this, managers should constantly strive towards improving theirdecision-making and communication skills (Feurer, Chaharbaghi, Weber & Wargin, 2000).

The people charged with governance, this may includemembers of the organization at different ranks, must work together to ensure that the decision making process runs smoothly. To do this, they all need to communicate and bring out their point of views before making a decision.In my organization, IT governance is entrusted to a number of individuals who are responsible for making, implementing and evaluating IT related decisions. This paper will discuss the IT governance setting as well as the decision making process. It will also make recommendations on how these processes can be improved.

IT governance

My organization has a team of IT executives and IT committees who make strategic decisions and monitor their implementation through IT balancedscorecard. IT governance in my organization is founded on IT participation, tactical negotiations, and effective communication. The organization divides the complex challenge of IT governance into smaller pieces, which are solved separately.The main objective of the IT governance project is to help the organization manage its IT effectively so as to derive maximum economic benefits. The team charged with IT governance is expected to create awareness of the business needs as well as establish clear agreements andengagements(Feurer, Chaharbaghi, Weber & Wargin, 2000). IT defines what it intends to deliver, the time frame, and the cost of delivering.To achieve their core objective, IT has established structures, processes and relational mechanisms. A projectmanager installs the fundamental structuresand processes while acommittee made of different business units’ general directors and the Chief Information Officer introduces improvement projects on regular basis.

The Chief Information Officer (CIO), who reports to the Executive Committee and manages a number of IT divisions, heads the IT department. The CIO and the general director’s committee are both in the same line of reporting to the Executive Committee.The department has a number of divisions, division of strategic processes, process management, and the distribution channel divisions. The Strategic Processes division is liable for management reporting, training, communication, andinformation management. The division of Process Management manages IT projects. The process management division also offers advice on design, architecture, and testing. The distribution division accountable for markets and distribution channels.

The Board of Directors, which is made up of 8 members, 2 managing directors 4 principle shareholders and 2 independent directors is entrusted with the organization’s IT governance. The board of directors meetstwice a month to address the company’s IT issues and make decisions on ITbudgets as well asresolutions on investment projects. The CIO attendsExecutiveCommittee meetings regularly. This ensures that a close link between business and IT iscultivated. The IT strategy committee finds ways in which the Board could become more involved in IT governance as well as ways to incorporate the Board of Director’s role in IT, businessstrategy, and the degreeof the committee’scontinuing role in IT governance. The committee also establishes and reviews the organization’s IT strategies.

The process of making decisions relating to IT governance in our organization is organized in a number of stages. The first step in the process is to identifying and diagnosing the problem (Bateman & Snell, 2011). When deciding to implement a new IT strategy, many questions arise. The strategy’s profitability, cost, time, how it will affect the organization and who will implement the strategy.

Next, the committee needs to generate alternative solutions to the problem (Bateman & Snell, 2011). So committee members look into different ways to achieve their goal, how each of them fits into the organization’s setting, the cost involved in implementing them, and how the program works.

Then after gathering all the information one would need to evaluate the alternatives (Bateman & Snell, 2011). Once all the alternatives were researched thoroughly, the committee goes through all the information to see which option would meet all their needs, along comparing cost of the options.

Then making the choice, (Bateman & Snell, 2011). The committee has to be comfortable with all the information they have gathered and asked all their questions that needed answered. Once all this is done the committee members can make a choice which option they prefer.

Then onto implementing the decision since it has been made (Bateman & Snell, 2011). Once the committee members have decided on the option to implement and the decision approved by the Board of Directors, those responsible for implementation start executing the strategy.

Recommendations:

Dividing the complex IT governance problem into smallerpieces and solving each problem, the way my organization approaches the issue,does not always ensure that the problem is fully solved. A method that ensures that IT governance problems are solved more comprehensively has to acknowledge theircompound and dynamic nature. The organization should implement an approachthat consists of a mix of structures, processes and relational mechanisms that address the issues without dividing them into smaller pieces.

The decision-making process steps are a model to use when making any decision, big or small. Following the six steps involved helps ensure that the organization comes up with the best decision to have a good result.

U.S. Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster Decision Making Process And Political Dynamics

The Challenger Disaster Case Study Assignment

The Challenger disaster is a classic case study for observing the political frame and the dynamics that create a potentially negative outcome. Sometimes data and other facts are overlooked in the decision-making process to instead deal with political pressures of other groups and/or coalitions. The general public has heard that the root cause of the space Challenger was due to O-ring failure. In the case study, you may have noticed the actual root cause of the Challenger disaster—the push for approval from a “managerial perspective.”

Review this week’s resources, including the Challenger case study in Chapter 7 of the course text, Reframing Organizations. After reading the case on the Challenger disaster, develop your initial post. (Note: Use Exhibit 6.1, “Organizations and Modes of Political Rule,” on p. 153 in the course text, Images of Organization.)

The Challenger Case Study disaster Questions

  • Identify and explain the modes of political influences in the U.S. space shuttle Challenger case study (Chapter 9 in Bolman & Deal).
  • Describe the impact of inter-organizational politics between NASA and Thiokol.
  • Describe the impact to the ecosystem that NASA was operating in at the time of the U.S. space shuttle Challenger disaster.
  • Explain how you think managers could have prevented the failure of the space shuttle Challenger disaster.

U.S. Space Shuttle Challenger Disaster Decision Making Process And Political Dynamics – Sample Answer

Introduction

Decision making in an organization can highly determine the success or the failure of a process in the organization. Effective decision making is highly enhanced by the use of the right and sufficient data. This implies the process of decision making is enhanced by presence of sufficient information and data which should be thoroughly evaluated and considered before a decision is made. Decision made in rash without the consideration of the right data and information may highly result to a number of problems which can be disastrous to some extent. In addition, effective decision making can be influenced by internal organization politics which can easily overlook various important facts, data and information, and influence the process of decision to fit their interest. This paper focuses on evaluating the involvement of politics in challenger disaster case study.

Modes of Political Influence in the U.S. Challenger Case Study

The main issue in the challenger case study was whether to launch the space shuttle first flight on 28th of January or not. The involved engineers raised a last minute alarm on the possible danger in launching the flight as a result of a technique problem that they had a problem with for the last 8 years. However, the management did not heed to the warning since it had already made its preparation in making the launch, and it was not ready to bare the shame associated with the fail. The need to fulfill their goals and not to let down the nation made them ignore the engineers warning. They used various excuses such as there was no such communication on 27th of January and thus, they had not managed to stop their launch mission on time. Engineers lacked power the power to stop the launching, while the management used their power to ignore engineers warning. This eventually resulted to a disaster (Ufuk & Nejat, 2015).

Impact of Inter-Organization Politics between NASA and Thiokol Engineers

The inter-organizational politics between NASA and Thiokol was the main cause of poor decision making in the organization, which eventually resulted to the shuttle accident. NASA had a goal to accomplish which they wanted to attain at whatever cost. They looked forward to the day they would launch their first space shuttle. Thiokol engineers on the other hand were responsible of the construction of the space shuttle and they had for a longtime had a problem with the O-ring. They were still not convinced that the machine was safe enough to be launched. NASA had a deadline to beat and they were not ready to back off. This made NASA ignore the safety warning provided by the engineers. They considered it as a hindrance to attain their goals. NASA enhanced heavy schedule on the shuttle construction which Thiokol engineers disapproved. All these political conflict resulted to wrong decision making which involved launching the shuttle despite the danger involved. This eventually resulted into a disaster that claimed the life of seven people and destruction of the space shuttle (Ufuk & Nejat, 2015).

NASA Ecosystem Impact during the Challenger Disaster

NASA functioned under the U.S. government and also operated with the Thiokol Engineers, Marshall Engineers, and astronauts among others. The incident highly impacted the entire NASA ecosystem where by their effort to make a space shuttle was nullified. A project that had consumed a lot of government resources, engineering knowledge and space flight personnel contribution resulted to a disaster which was quite traumatizing to the space flight center that lost six of their colleagues. It also resulted into a blame game among the involved parties, particularly between the management and the Thiokol engineers. The disaster was a complete demonstration of a failed ecosystem (Matthew et al., 2014).

Managers Ability to Prevent the Disaster

Managers have the duty to make decisions in an organization. This was not an exception, the managers’ main goal was to meet the set goals and the main organization goal was to successful launch the space shuttle.  They were the main decision maker and thus they had the power to prevent the disaster. The manager decision was supposed to be highly based on the engineers’ approval of the machine functionality. They were only supposed to set the launch date based on thorough evaluation of the machine operation efficiency and approval of its safety from the necessary individuals. They never had power to authorize anything without engineers’ approval. Engineers had expressed their last minutes fear and being individuals with higher knowledge than managers regarding the machine functionality, managers were supposed to heed to their warning. However they decided not to and launched the flight. This simply means the managers could have prevented this disaster if only they considered adhering to last minute warning (Ufuk & Nejat, 2015).

Application of the Information in an Organization

The information demonstrates the importance of respecting everybody’s contribution in an organization. It act as a warning to the managers not to be drunk with power and to always consider gathering information extensively from  different specialists before making their decisions. Managers should always make their decision based on information and data and not emotionally or driven by their ego to prove their power in an organization.

Conclusion

The challenger disaster is one good example of a failed decision making process. Managers who have the upper hand in making decision in an organization failed in making the right decision by refusing to consider the provided information. Poor decision making can be prevented by basing decisions on available data and information.

Impacts of Decision Making Process on a Team’s Performance

Overview

Group dynamism and decision making are a fundamental process and activity that every organization and person must perform at all levels on a regular basis. The process of group formation and decision making is either complex and requires intensive information and collective effort or simple and based on an individual. The process of group work and decision-making in today’s business environment is a tactic that every organization should adopt. Organizations should carefully build on this good strategy to enhance not only their business outcomes and decision-making process but also to leverage efficiency and work performance (Griffin & Moorhead, 2012).

Thesis Statement: Personality skills factors and communication, together with intrinsic values and gender are critical to the effectiveness and success of a group, specifically in the levels of satisfaction, confidence, communication, and compatibility. Group decision making through systems that are computerized (GSS) are preferred to the traditional way of group decision making especially with regards to communication facilitation among group members as a way of encouraging creativity and innovation and in enhancing result.

Keywords: Conceptual Model, Group Dynamics, Consensus, Team Decision, Groupthink, Teams Work.

Literature Review

Group Support Systems (GSS): Descriptions of the technologies deployed to increase the quality of group decision making and stimulate meaningful interactions that curb the negative aspects of a small group decision (Dornyei & Murphey, 2004).

Cognitive Performance: Certain personality or cognitive type performs better than other types of different phases (Dornyei & Murphey, 2004).

Decision Quality Variation: The Team variations from different cognitive styles of a group and their impacts on business decision quality (Dornyei & Murphey, 2004).

Familiarity and Gender Impacts on Group Decision Making: A description of how group decision-making performance is influenced by group diversity, environmental and personal factors. The task including Task type, Group composition, Technology type, Group Structure, Culture, Age, Gender, Group structure, and group member familiarity.

Gender Grouping: Similar gender grouped together would probably result in a well-matched pair in a team, while mingling gender would less likely lead to compatibility (Griffin & Moorhead, 2012).

Gaps in Research: Little statistics is available exploring group decision-making process and group dynamic behaviors with respect to group performance and its implication on the effectiveness of a group work, communication facilitation(Franz, 2012).

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How Information System Can Enhance Decision Making Process

The health information systems is a progressive technological advancement within the health care service provision. It refers to the capturing, storage, management and transmission of information related to an individual’s health, or the activities of the organization working within the health sector (Tyrrell, 2002). The nursing practice entails a netted framework of continues critical decision-making in regards to the health of their clients and the general nursing practice.

This information technology application encompasses on the disease surveillance systems, hospital patient administration systems (PAS), laboratory information systems and even the human resource management information systems (HRMIS) (Doyle, 2010).A fully integrated healthcare information technology collects, process, reports, and apply the health knowledge and information in influencing the healthcare systems decision-making, individuals and public outcomes, research and program action.

From a personal perspective, the application of information technology within my professional duty of nursing has hugely changed the way business is done. I remember using a patient personal health record (PHR) in following her health information for an efficient operation of the current illness she came to get treatment for. The information showed her health record track which enabled me to have a basis of undertaking her through the health program.

Weekly Assignment: Analysis and Research for the Decision Making Process

Read the synopsis of the scenario you viewed at the beginning of this module:

The two companies will need to merge their business information systems or find a new one that will work in a distributed organizational environment. The first order of business is to determine which platform would be best.

You will analyze what needs to be done for the platform analysis. In order to determine the solution, you must first understand what information you already have or need in order to move forward.

Estimate the future growth opportunities of Summit Solutions, Inc. and determine the most appropriate business information systems to accommodate the merger and future growth.

  • Describe at least three characteristics of enterprise architecture
  • Describe how enterprise architectures support information and can create value for the organization.
  • Compare open, proprietary, and web service business information systems and describe which will work in a distributed organizational environment.
  • Support and defend the decision for Summit Solutions, Inc. to run on “open” platform. Use at least 3 outside resources in your response

Write a 3 to 5 page report in Word format. Apply current APA standards for writing style to your work.