Tag: Movie Review

Daddy & Papa – Movie Review

Daddy & Papa” is an intriguing documentary movie shot in 2002 exploring the world of same-sex couples who decide to become parents. By delving into a subject that is rarely talked about, director Johnny Symons opens a can of worms that was bound to spark conservations on the issue. Symons expertly does this by presenting his story and that of four other gay couples that had decided that they were ready to become parents. To help the viewer understand the scope of the overarching theme being discussed, the filmmaker first begins by introducing his partner (William Rogers) in addition to introducing their adopted son by the name Zachary. The scenario they present is one rarely seen due to the hurdles that gay people often face in seeking to play a parenting role. There is no doubt that they represent only a small fraction of individuals who are accorded this privilege, a state of affairs which he claims is as a result of the blatant discrimination that persons of their sexual orientation have to grapple with. In reality, the film seeks to document the lives of gay men as they try to start families of their own especially when the parents are of the same gender.

In producing this documentary film, Symons surveys the various dynamics present in relationships that are rarely given the respect they deserve. He seeks to humanize a group of people that have, in the recent past, been ostracized and relegated to the fringes of society their supposed “queerness” would be accepted. The film succeeds in presenting gay men as rational human beings with feelings and longings just like anyone else, which is why they would openly declare their intention to start families. It is remarkable how, throughout the film, Symons and the other gay parents seek to change the age-old pre-conceptions that were appalled by the idea of such an arrangement. By introducing this subject to the forefront, the film succeeds in bringing the plight of gay parents to light and the challenges they have to surmount. The film was a pioneer in presenting the ramifications, both personal and political, that this particular decision had on the lives of these and where they fit in the United States. Moreover, the documentary treats gay couples as normal individuals who lead typical individuals, who like any other parent, would want to raise children in a happy and safe environment. Theirs is a struggle against the status quo prevalent in the mainstream and to open people’s eyes to the reality that is gay-parenting.

The film also serves as a guide for gay couples that would want to start families of their own. Available options include surrogacy, co-parenting and adoption. The documentary relates stories of how the adoption system from picks children from foster care from around the country. A striking feature of the children awaiting confirmation is that a vast majority of them are children of color. Those intent on adopting them are usually white middle-class gay men who offer are generally hell-bent on ensuring that they achieve this goal. I was quite impressed by the film, giving an overall rating of 7 out of 10 and would recommend it to my classmates.

PI and Proof – Movies Review

Proof is a movie that shows Robert’s struggle to make a mathematical proof to a mathematical problem or theory that the viewer was not made to understand. Robert is a renowned mathematician and had a legacy of solving extensive mathematical issues. However, he did not manage to proof the most important aspect of mathematics that he was working on. He got a mental situation which made him lose touch with reality and eventually dies. The mathematical problem he was trying to work on was eventually proofed by his daughter Catherine, despite those in her surrounding doubting her ability to do so.

PI is a movie that demonstrates how Max tried to solve various life problems using mathematical code. Max a renowned mathematician tried to run a certain code which he believes is the lock to all questions in the world. However, every time he tries and is about to get the actual code, he experiences a bug which consequently makes the computer crash. He also experience traumatic headache which he related to the bug issue. He was almost convinced that overcoming the headache to ensure that he focus during that time of traumatic headache had something to do with the solution. He eventually did and found the solution he needed, but somehow lost the mathematical power that he once had, where he could have done complex mathematics with his head.

The two movies demonstrate live of mathematicians who went out of their ways to define mathematical solution. However, the plot of the two movies is considerably different. In Proof Robert struggled but did not identify the solution to the problem he was working on. On the contrary, Max managed to obtain the solution. Nevertheless, they both lost their mathematical ability in the long run. Robert insanity made him lose his mathematical ability and similarly max somehow lost his ability to compute complex mathematics with his head. Although Robert case was related to mental condition he was suffering from, Max condition can only be related with the mental explosion that took place while going beyond the headache to obtain the lock. His determination seems to have created rapture in his part of brain that assisted in mathematical operations.

Proof does not clearly identify the problem that Robert wanted to solve or its benefit to the society. It was purely based on mathematical formulas which could only maybe assist in explaining mathematical theories. On the contrary, PI demonstrates the importance of the Max lock to the society. The mathematical figures 216 seems to contain the ability to assist in solving practical issues which include predicting the stock performance, to predict the weather, and to gain more understanding of Jews God among other things. Thus its full discovery would be of great benefit to the world. The mathematical code was to act as a key to all world problems. However, unlike proof where Robert was able to share the knowledge with his daughter who somehow carried on his talent, Max was unable to share this information. He was even abducted to extract information from him but failed. His key came as a vision and marked as the end of his headaches. Though satisfied with the solution he was unable to pass the information to the world.

In both cases, mathematics is associated with mental illnesses and distress. Robert eventually became mentally ill a condition that resulted to his death, Catherine; Robert’s daughter had episodes of hallucination which made her sister believe that she inherited her father’s mental condition. Max also has episodes of hallucination, mental visions, severe headaches and nose bleeding, which mostly occurred while he tried to solve the problem. Sol, Max mentor seems to have reached where Max reached in the end but become obsolete. The same case happened when Maxed reached that point. Showing that getting the solution does not change things as Max expected, it made everything less important, demonstrating the insignificance of the solution. The both demonstrate the passion in mathematician and the struggle they go through while trying to obtain the solution.

N!ai Movie Review- Africa Cultures

This paper reviews the movie “N!ai” emphasizing on its relevance to the current society. The authors of this movie are John Marshall and Adrienne Miesmer .It was published in United States of America. The movie talks about the way of living of the Kung people while comparing the past and present lifestyles. It elaborates on the various changes in the Kung life over a period of thirty years with the life experiences of N!ai, a Kung woman. N!ai explains how they behaved before the arrival of the white people in their community (Marshall & Miesmer, 1980). The director of the movie is trying to portray changes in the Kung society within a period of thirty years, focusing more on the life history of N!ai. It explains the life and changes of a group of people in the society personified through the strand of actuality of one person, N!ai.

The movie begins with the explanation of N!ai early life, showing the way of living of the !Kung people in the past. It was that of hunting and gathering, shown by how she had enough knowledge about the bush life. With the elaboration of how she used to follow her mother when going to pick berries, roots and nuts while seasons changed showed that women had specific roles to play in the society, while men had the roles of hunting game meat for the family. The Kung people also encouraged early marriages to the ladies, exemplified by the dissatisfaction of N!ai to her husband of whom she was married to at the age of eleven (Marshall & Miesmer, 1980). The movies goes on to explain that N!ai eventually accepts her husband at a later stage of their lives when he becomes a healer in the society, showing a sign of changes in occupations and ways of living in the community.

The second part of the movie explains the changes in the Kung community upon the arrival of the white people. With the formation of government structures and administrations, they are restricted to live in sedentary camps formed by the governments of the day. The habit of hunting and gathering is prohibited, and they have to find alternative means of living. Their eating lifestyles changes from berries, fruits and game meat to maize meal, and they earn money from tourists who take their pictures upon visiting the community (Marshall & Miesmer, 1980). The men are forced to look for employment opportunities in the South African army, and they are forced to respect and remain loyal to the white men in the army since they really need food and money for their families back home. N!ai on the other hand because of her fame, and the quilt of not contributing anything in the family, is very ready to be paid by those who take photos of her. Other opportunities like healing are available, N!ai explains that she was comfortable with her husband when he became a healer.

The movie shows a community trying to adopt modernity while at the same maintaining their tradition, same as what is elaborated in the “Umgidi” movie. Despite of the men agreeing to live a sedentary life, they still have the desire for hunting which necessitates the use of horses. But since the officials argue that the use of horses while hunting causes harm to wildlife, they are restricted from doing that. It also shows the existence of social stratifications upon the arrival of the white people (Marshall & Miesmer, 1980). The white army employees are seen as superior or of a different class compared to the !Kung army employees. It is elaborated from the fact the white army employees were respected by the Kung who feared that they would lose their sources of income, if they disagreed with their seniors. The aspect of culture change is also elaborated in the movie. The Kung people have abandoned their past culture due to the influence of the white man. Roles for both men and women have changed due to the elimination of nomadic lifestyles and introduction of sedentary lifestyles. Due to the fact that they have to feed on maize meal, they have to practice crop farming.

Comparing this movie with the “Umgidi” it is seen that they have some similarities and differences. It is evident that the communities in both movies were influenced by the occurrence of colonization in Africa, and experiences changes in their cultural practices (Schuttle & Singiswa, 2011). Due to the colonization, and visiting of the white people, both communities encountered culture changes. The differences is that for the Xhosa people in the “Umgidi” they accepted the modern lifestyles but still practiced some of their cultural beliefs like circumcision despite the influence from the white man. The Kung people in the “N!ai” on the other hand completely left their behind their cultural practices with their past and adopted the white man’s culture.

In conclusion, it evident that changes in culture had more positive impacts to the African communities than the negatives, and that it promoted the level of growth and developments in the various communities.

Personality Development – Girl, Interrupted Movie Review


Cognition refers to the processes that the mind involves in acquiring knowledge and understanding. Some of these processes include problem-solving, judging, remembering, knowing, and thinking (Monsell & Driver, 2000). In actual sense, they comprise high level brain functions, which include planning, perception, imagination and language. On the other hand, cognitive processes provide the basis for most type instruments in psychology. These processes include sensation, thinking, feeling and intuition (Monsell & Driver, 2000). Sensation enables a person to know that there is something. Thinking provides information of what that thing is. Feeling tells a person whether something is agreeable or not, whether it deserves rejection or acceptance. In considering Kaysen as the Main character in the movie: Girl, Interrupted. Intuition, on the other hand, is a natural ability, which enables someone to know something in the absence of evidence. It is a feeling that directs an individual to act in a particular manner without knowing why.

Girl, Interrupted is a movie in which Susanna Kaysen reflects on her past life with a sense of astonishment, and wonders whether such memories are really hers. The movie is about Susanna’s sequence of reflections on her time while she was at the mental hospital.  In 1967, an eighteen year old Susanna Kaysen agrees to an admission into a Massachusetts’ residential psychiatry facility known as McLean Hospital (Wick & Mangold, 1999). In respect to the admission form, Kaysen makes description of Borderline personality disorder (Wick & Mangold, 1999). She plans to stay there for not longer than two weeks, but ends up remaining at the hospital for close to two years. On the other hand, the doctors who force her to remain in a psychiatric hospital do not even give her enough time during an interview. While at the mental hospital, Kaysen encounters different people and experiences. Therefore, in this movie she decides to narrate this story in a nonchronological vignettes’ series. There are several patients admitted together with Kaysen in the same ward; however, among all of them, she takes note of Polly whom she describes as a kind patient. Polly has self-inflicted burns, which disfigured her face and her body. Kaysen, also, finds another patient called Lisa to be entertaining especially when she makes attempts to escape. The movie portrays her as a powerful personality in the ward. She becomes a frustrating figure when she disregards the authorities of the hospital (Wick & Mangold, 1999). To other girls, she is attractive in a dangerous manner. Georgina, another roommate of Kaysen’s, has an unstable and violent boyfriend, Wade, whom she struggles to sustain a relationship with. Wade is in a different ward. He enjoys telling the girls weird stories about the exploits of his father with the CIA (Wick & Mangold, 1999). Georgina is a fragile girl and depressive in her personality. She is same as various other girls who do not show any apparent symptoms of sickness. A newly arrived patient called Daisy becomes an object of a lot of speculation especially because of her twin obsessions of laxatives and roast chicken. On her birthday, she commits suicide after leaving the hospital.

Cognitive development entails a person’s realization, over time, about his/her state of psychology and it change. In other words, how much a person is able to observe is what limits an individual’s personality development (Monsell & Driver, 2000). For example, when a person who is in his or her late twenties thinks about how he/she was at eighteen, he/she would realize how/his/her thinking has changed. If the same individual reaches in his/her late thirties and reflects on life and his/her thinking capacity at eighteen, he/she would realize a difference in cognitive development. It is possible that an individual may not be aware when his/her personality changes over time and in a particular manner. This is the same situation in which Kaysen finds herself when she reflects on her life in the movie. She finds herself in the hospital following her refusal to proceed to college. This refusal prompted her to go intimate with her high school teacher who taught her English. After realizing that she was pregnant, she took aspirin in overdose in order to pump her stomach (Wick & Mangold, 1999). The movie, however, does not touch a lot on either her family, past or friends. As the main character in the movie, she takes viewers through social conformity and the scenery of sanity, and a deep description of their interrelation. She feels extreme discomfort due to the system’s condemnation that limits her. At the hospital, she understands the kinds of obstacles that women encounter in the society. She, also, learns the kindness and brutality of other people.  The movie, also, reveals a sense of disengaged befuddlement. It does not show Kaysen’s anger about the past events in her life. She does not show any concern about the actions of other characters even in regards to the attempts to commit suicide.

The biological approach to psychology, in most cases, has effect on cognitive processes, and one of these biological factors is memory. Various factors ranging from rehearsal and culture affect memory. Therefore, human brain affects the physiology of memory. Different sections of the brain perform different functions. Al these parts; however, work in coordination to perform various processes such as memory. In terms of environmental factors, there is family configuration, and this may entail a larger family that has kin members as well as siblings. According to Bekman (2011), old siblings, in such families, provide preschoolers with complicated beliefs and experiences that scaffold their cognitive processes. Another environmental factor is the level of risk families stand to face. Such risks may include parental factors. Such risks may increase the level of disturbance among children, therefore, affecting their cognitive processes. In a preschool; for instance, essential physical facilities in the environment can boost the development of cognitive processes in among children.

According to evolutionary theory, parents influence the personality of their children in a number of ways especially when they pay attention to what their children pass through from an early age. These parents do affect the learning of their children so that the entire process produces a competent adult after several years. Parents, also, encourage only appropriate information for their children to learn, and this depends on the social setting within the family. Most biological parents rare their children in bonded-pair arrangement especially where there is a network of narrow kinship (Bekman, 2011). Parents, also, influence the personality of their children in a number of ways according to biological/genetic theory. In more direct way; for instance, both parents pass their genetic instructions down to their children, and this influences the kinds of personalities that their children develop into. Such genetic inheritances may cause children to have similar personality characteristics as their parents. However, influences on the expressions happen in two ways: the continual interaction of genes with one another, and two, continuous interaction between the genes and the environment (Bekman, 2011). Temperament is another feature that a child’s personality. It refers to innate personality features. Every child shows certain temperament immediately after birth. This aspect, in children, entails soothability, responsiveness, excitability, and reactivity. Parents, in most cases, affect the temperament of their children to a large extent.  Parents, also, can influence the personalities of their children through a number of ways according to behaviour theories. In this case, a parent can be permissive to some extend in the sense that he/she behaves in an affirmative, acceptant and nonpunitive manner in regards to the child’s actions, desires, and impulses (Bekman, 2011). A parent can even consult with the child about certain policy decision as well as explaining family regulations to the child. In this manner, parents influence the personalities of their children by presenting themselves to them as resources. Besides being permissive, a parent can, also, be authoritative. This way, a parent tries to control, evaluate and shape a child’s behaviour in respect to a given standard of regulations and norms (Bekman, 2011). Through behavioral theory, parents influence the personalities of their children by acting as role models. They encourage them to emulate their behaviour as senior individuals of the family (Bekman, 2011).

Self-efficacy is a person’s belief in his/her abilities to perform a particular task in a certain way in order to accomplish a certain goal. There is a deep relationship between self-efficacy and personality in the sense that it is the core of Bandura’s social cognitive theory, which insists on the role of social experience and observational learning in personality development (Urdan & Pajares, 2006). This, therefore, implies that a person with a high level of self-efficacy has a strong personality. Taking an example of Kaysen in the movie, she manifests self-efficacy when she shows determination to remain in the hospital during the entire period of her treatment. A Nobel laureate called James Watson and, also, a friend of the Kaysen family visits her one day. She rejects his voluntary offer to take her out of a prisonlike, cold medical facility. She maintains that she is ready to stay in the facility throughout the course of the treatment. At this point; however, she decides to open up about her unsuccessful attempt to commit suicide way back in high school with the use of an overdose of aspirin (Wick & Mangold, 1999). In considering the nature of her sickness that makes it hard for her to make visual sagacity of patterns, she compares sanity to illusion, which people build in order to feel normal. She, also, realizes that McLean Hospital hosts a lot of famous people. Therefore, she concludes that people with creative minds such as poets would most likely suffer from psychiatric problems.

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It’s My Party – Movie Review

Crises are events that are or are anticipated to occasion dangerous or unstable situations that impact on specific societies, communities, groups, or individuals. Typically, a crisis is taken as an adverse change in the environmental, human, societal, political, or economic affairs, particularly when they happen abruptly, devoid of or with little caution (Ebert, 1998). Those going through crises, such as Nick in “It’s My Party”, are deemed as going through emergency events or testing times. The major crisis in the film is his being diagnosed with PML (Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy).

In “ It’s My Party ”, Nick implores Brandon not to leave him shortly after confessing to her that he has had a blood test that has shown that he has HIV. Nick fears that he will die alone. Regardless of Brandon’s protestations, their relationship becomes increasingly strained. The love they have expressed for each other for long gets ruined. After a year of separation, Nick, whose immune system is markedly ravaged already, undergoes various clinical tests that confirm that he has PML (Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy). The PML has made him more and more forgetful (Ebert, 1998). Nick has seen several of his friends succumb to PML. He promises himself that he will not go down with the same condition. He has the will to live.

The PML is rather aggressive; his conscious life will be gone in a matter of days. His plan to escape from the tribulations facing him is to end own life voluntarily. He conveys the plan to his friends and family. He is keen on ending own life voluntarily before the PML makes him appear odd, as well as unrecognizable, to those close to him. He is keen on ending own life before he becomes unable of recognizing them as well. A farewell party is held for him. Brandon is not invited to the party. That notwithstanding, she attends the party. Those in attendance jeer her. To them, she comes off as having deserted Nick when he needed her the most.

Nick’s death is not an unexpected and sudden event. Rather, it is a long process that commences with the PML diagnosis, goes on through the reflections Nick has, and ends ultimately in his death. The process means that both Nick, his close friends, and close family members are more and more confronted with the necessity of living with the notion of Nick’s impending death for long. Nick does not suffer all alone. His close friends and close family members are adversely affected by the crisis. As they spend time with him, they commence to interrogate how each of them relates to him intensely as seen in the party.

In the face of the crisis presented in “It’s My Party”, Nick, his close friends, and close family members should be assisted to alleviate it and develop resiliency. Particularly, that can be achieved via teaching them how to cope with the crisis. In some instances in “It’s My Party”, Nick, his close friends, and close family members come off as helpless. They have difficulties communicating own feelings. In the case of Brandon, she is pushed away from Nick to the side. All these individuals can be supported by ensuring that they are listened to by professionals or authorities such as counselors who acknowledge their efforts as well as pain (Ebert, 1998). Nick’s close friends, and close family members should encouraged to trust him to elect his own level of involvement in finding solutions to his suffering without appearing to control his decisions automatically.

In “It’s My Party”, the grieving of Nick, his close friends, and close family members during the crisis can be facilitated by acknowledging the pain they are undergoing. That would console (Bermeo & Pontusson, 2012). Notably, consolation begins when individuals accepts the feelings conveyed albeit how frightening it might be. Nick, his close friends, and close family members can be assisted to cope with the crises by guiding them through discussions of other crises that they have experienced in their lives and how they have coped with them. Such discussions would be helpful in re-engaging their coping mechanisms and action gears in the present crisis (Martz & Livneh, 2007). Given that Nick’s close friends, and close family members may literally put out of their minds from self-care, their ideas on self-support should be encouraged.

Nick, the primary victim of the crisis arising from the PML condition, goes through various phases of grieving. He appears to grieve effectively through the impending loss of his life and social relations. First, the diagnosis creates a crisis for him, his family as well as friends. Brandon leaves her, demonstrating that the diagnosis disrupts the equilibrium of Nick’s family and social relations (Martz & Livneh, 2007). In the first, or crisis, phase, Nick appears to have gotten guidance on what to expect of the condition and the need to share own emotions and memories, hence his thinking of the party. Second, Nick goes through the unity phase. In the phase, the actuality of his looming death presses him to put on hold the grudges and complaints that he may be having. His needs become paramount (Ebert, 1998).

Third, Nick enters the upheaval phase (Martz & Livneh, 2007). Various emotions, including anger and guilt emerge. He goes through the phase effectively by communicating to those close to him honestly. He appears more and more open to communicating his feelings and thoughts regarding the upheavals he is facing. Fourth, he enters the resolution phase. He decides that the best way to deal with his adverse situation is end own life voluntarily. During the phase, he decides to cast into oblivion all the grudges and complaints typifying own life (Ebert, 1998). Lastly, he enters the renewal phase; he appears energized at the party and comfortable that he is going to end own life before long.

Umgidi And Its Significance To The Society – Movie Review

This paper reviews the movie “Umgidi” and explains its significance to the society. The authors’ of this movie are Sipho Singiswa, Gillian Schutte and Vuyo Singiswa. It was published in San Francisco by California Newsreel, in 2004. The movie talks about two brothers who are struggling to accept modernism while at the same time trying to keep their culture and tradition. The director of the movie is trying to explain the importance of accepting changes in the society with the changing economic, social and political cultures of the time (Schutte & Singiswa, 2011). The aspects of kinship and gender are also explained by how the male in the community have to undergo circumcision and how it is seen as a serious event especially to the men in the society.

The movie shows how Vuyo, who is younger brother to Sipho Singiswa, tries to run away from their culture and tradition. The main practice of circumcision is a routine in their tradition, a rite in which it is believed that younger men are transitioned into adulthood. Sipho, who had been formerly imprisoned on Robben Island for five years, can be seen receiving a call from his father who seeks his assistance in convincing Vuyo to undergo circumcision. Tagging on that, a letter is sent to him from his brother enlightening him how he had discovered that he was adopted at birth (Schutte & Singiswa, 2011). The only option to Sipho was to return to Cape Town to try and help Vuyo who is convinced that his elder brother knows the whereabouts of his biological parents.

So as to act as a role model to his younger brother, Sipho who had been secretly undergone circumcision while serving his sentence in Robben Island prison but did perform the complete ceremony as per their tradition, decides to do so at that time. While preparing for the day, Vuyo reveals that he is gay; a practice that is seen as an abomination in their culture. This news takes the family into another shocking and confusing mood. To add insults to their condition, Vuyo attempts to commit suicide on the eve of the circumcision ceremony (Peter, 2014). The movie reconnoiters a family unit as well as a country attempting to give value to modernity and tradition, it shows the way Sipho is trying to assist his younger brother so that he can accept his culture, but Vuyo is trying all the means to run away from the realities at that moment.

Initiation observances are important in many societies since they represent periods of transition in the life of those people who embrace it. Most of these practices exceed time besides remaining conserved despite the rising modern cultures. The significances of such rites differ greatly owing to the existence of varying interpretations; for example, in some setups, circumcision is undertaken among children to protect them from catching infectious diseases while among religious societies such as in Judaism, it is a symbol of manhood and cleansing (Peter,2014). For the case of Xhosa people in South Africa, circumcision represents the beginning of new age filled with accountabilities and opportunities. It is the significant moment for boys to become men, to be differentiated from a woman and be able to take full responsibility of a family on his own. In this community, circumcision and all the other rituals that accompany it, is a crucial initial stage in the attainment of manhood.

The most striking significant fact about the Xhosa people is that, even the education they receive from school as well as the Christian teachings, and the continued interaction with the Europeans in migratory employment has impact on their view of how circumcision is vital mark of manhood. It is a practice which every young boy is yearning to pass through irrespective of their level of education or modernization (Peter, 2014). This in comparison to what happens in the Umgidi movie, shows how the Xhosa community are ready to connect to their past by sticking to their cultures and the roots of their ancestors.

For the community, the practicing male initiation has to commence with an official preparation by elders at home mostly by the fathers to their sons. It differs from one person to the other since some will have to return from their places of work or schools, while others will have the better advantage of being with their parents all through making the means of communication easier. These has some similarities with what is seen in the movie, Sipho, returns to Cape Town to undergo full initiation practices despite of being circumcised while in prison(Schutte & Singiswa, 2011). The main reason is to familiarize with his culture and fulfill what is required of every man in the society. During the initiation ceremonies, speeches are delivered by elderly men in the society advising the initiates how to take care of their homesteads, something taken seriously in the African context.

In conclusion, it is evident that initiation rites have a purpose in the society, having effects not limited on domestic surroundings, but beyond the native level as well. They build bases for strong relationships among communities that have a shared culture and assist in outlining roles and giving prominence to people who have attained a certain level or age group (Peter, 2014). In regard to the Xhosa community, circumcision is perceived as a tool for improving where a man adopts an image of aggression and governance.

Twilight Film Review – Psychology Media Review Paper

On the viewers of all ages, the Twilight movie became the talk. With a view point of how the tutors may find scenes from the Twilight series ready to lend a hand and appealing for learners, the article tries to find the make use of the film in psychological lessons. First, I will start by illustrating the scenes in the Twilight film that talks about adolescent development theories. I will also provide a list of proposals for utilizing the film as a teaching tool in psychology.

Adolescent is a time of investigation that over and over again results to individual sense getting perplexed of self. However, this quizzical time and again results to wishing for to better comprehend what is fiction and what is realism. Adolescent start on to discover their lives, centering on what they are in the current and what they are likely to be in prospect. However, as a way of altering their realities, a number of adolescents may take on in fantasy. Adolescents who get involved in fantasy may get concerned in discovering constituents of fantasy and supernatural happenings for instance zombies, ghosts, vampires, and angels. By interpretation novels and screening films concerning paranormal happenings, adolescents can look into the “darker side of humankind whilst authenticating their belief in the paranormal” (Meloni, 2007). However, this assists young people to better grow an improved intelligence of individuality. On top, by discovering new means of belief apart from what they have in their daily lives, young people become conscious that there is an immense world of them to explore. Through media, chiefly on film, the college learners are capable of taking on in fantasy.  In isolation, film is mainly helpful in assisting adolescent to better comprehend themselves in addition to assisting those that work with young people.

Twilight illustrates adolescent development theories in different ways.  In the scenes where there is interaction with parent and talks of adolescent with parents about love and sex touches on the topics of families and sexuality on adolescent development. The school cafeteria and places like gym touches on the school peer groups. Town of Forks and Bella’s quizzical and watching of Edward’s deeds discovering Quileute fable are illustrations of culture and cognition respectively. Social practices of vampires and Edward and Bella affiliation are indicators of family peer groups’ culture and sexuality individuality. Activities with Cullen family and Bella protection by Cullen family also represent peer groups family. Fighting with other vampires, vampire mob, and isolation of Bella touched on the peer group psychosocial issues and psychosocial issues. Additionally, the scenes where Bella and Jacob ride a motorcycle with a biker where Bella jumps into water off cliff is also is a psychosocial issue. However, women vampires, men vampires and Bella is an indication of gender identity.

The adolescent development is very vital topic in psychology as it assists the learner to learn and understand the behavior and the consequences of the involved in the adolescent stage of human growth. Therefore, a tutor should utilize the entire teaching tool in teaching this concept so that the learners can understand it. In this course, the tutor can utilize the Twilight film to demonstrate adolescent development theories. On the lives of adolescents, there has been rising impact of media (Strasburger, 2005). For example, there are magazines and web sites that are devoted to speaking to the attentions of adolescents. Advertisers even spotlight on the adolescent inhabitants in line to aid sell a diversity of products varying from beverages to fashion. There are plentiful volumes and volume series that attribute pubescent central characters.  Also, there are a lot of songs that talk about the lives of youngster. Besides, there have been an escalating amount of films in the preceding few decades that attribute teenagers as the leading role and spotlight on pubescent themes. However, on such films, Twilight has been the most tremendous significant to the lives of pubescent.

The twilight series centers on Bella, a being adolescent that get concerned to a vampire by the name Edward. The series discover the various escapades that upshot from their love matter in “a place where anyone could suppose the supernatural existed.  A place where you just anticipated Snow White to walk right in with her apple in hand or a unicorn to stop and chew at the rosebushes” (Meyer, 2005, 479). In the course of the progress of Bella and Edward’s affiliation, the movies lend a hand to elucidate a diversity of topics that are pertinent to a pubescent development course.

The Twilight series is very important to many courses owing to its depiction of abundant adolescent theories. To comprehend the motives of adolescent, the tutor can get assisted by viewing the twilight series. The Twilight film also assist the educators to comprehend that adolescent are discovering reality and the paranormal as it acts a as a reminder to them. The film illustrates that adolescent are pushing the peripheries during this period as well as intensifying their objectives and dreams. Moreover, it is clear fro the film that adolescents have an enthrallment with those dissimilar from themselves and even more tolerant to others than grownups.

The use of film to demonstrate concepts is an educational practice that has been regularly utilized in the college. Twilight film has been utilized to educate a range of educational disciplines counting from counseling (Higgins & Dermer, 2001), and psychology (Bluestone, 2000; Boyatzis, 1994). Educators may chose this film based on the topic or lesson that will tag along the film. Chief features of films that do well in the lesson comprise strong themes, high-quality temperament progress, attractive faces, a quickly rated plot, and edifying implication. Topics that utilize film in the classroom vary from making a film variation of a fictional work and restructuring the film in a different language or through a different cultural view.

However, when an educator is selecting a film to utilize as a teaching technique, it is very vital to consider several issues. The educator should determine the purpose of the film so that to draw attention to important themes to the learners. The film should be recent so as to be pertinent to the learners both socially and culturally. Additionally, the educator should make sure that the film is pertinent to the topic he or she is teaching in a various ways. Finally, the educator should find external sources for reading to support themes illustrated by the film on the topic and look for a chance of self-reflection.

Utilizing Twilight in education adolescent development theories is helpful for whole class and as an individual. When utilizing aforementioned assignment, learner is capable of connecting main adolescent development theories and the film. Teachers can make use of particular clips to strengthen the course understanding and to spread out application of the theories by the learner. Incorporating film in a lesson is however very important to the leaner as it brings a clear picture of what is expected from the learner. It also help leaner see the reality of concepts taught in class as get acted by the characters in the movie. The development theories of adolescent incorporated in the Twilight film makes it the best movie for the educator to utilize when delivering these lessons. The learner can get the concepts of themes in the movie summarizing all the scenes which touches on the adolescent development theories.

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Google Search Results Review – Nutrition: Getting Rid Of Obesity

Search: getting rid of obesity.

website: http://slism.com/diet/prevent-obesity-top10.html

Obesity is substantially associated with the food taken by some of the populations throughout the world, especially first foods. It is a problem affecting many urban centers since most of the people use fast foods, which are plenteous in fat and have little or no nutritional values. Various websites propose different solutions to obesity.

Various websites talk of how obesity can be treated. Slism.com talks of the treatment of obesity and how it is caused though it does not point out explicitly the various ways to deal with obesity since it uses languages that are sometimes indecipherable. Various English words are confused for example instead of used food it uses well. Therefore, one may be confused as a result. The website provides valuable information on the various misconceptions like eating less food to reduce obesity. Refraining from eating fatty meals as the website says is not a solution since people may get more calories from other foods. The website provides valuable information but does not provide the required linguistic understanding.

The website has a copyright of 2013 and still operates without having renewed its copyright. The websites have the domain of .in, which may be questionable since people who are not proficient in providing information concerning nutrition may have formed it. The website does not have references, which help people to know if what they are showing is credible, or not. Therefore, the sources and credibility of the information is questionable.

Website: http://www.myhealthtips.in/2013/09/home-remedies-to-treat-obesity-naturally.html

Author: Sharib

The website dwells on the treating obesity using home remedies.

The site proposes various treatments for obesity. One of them is green tea. Using quality green tea leaves to reduce obesity has been proven to reduce obesity significantly. It proposes the taking of green tea three times a day.

The second option of dealing with obesity as Sharib suggests is apple cider, vinegar and lime juice. The website encourages exercise in dealing with obesity. It gives reliable and realistic ways of dealing with obesity and therefore it can be proved a valid site. The presentation of the information by the website is relevant and provides invaluable information on how obesity can be treated using natural means.

The website, as a result, provides relevant information on obesity as the topic states and the sites name health tips is relevant to the topics. The website is copyrighted, and this adds to its credibility. As such, the site provides information for authorization.

Website: http://www.rediff.com/getahead/slide-show/slide-show-1-health-10-ways-to-get-rid-of-obesity/20111011.htm

Author: Unknown

Topic: 10 ways to get rid of obesity

The article is in the form of slides, which focus on the prevalence of obesity in India. The article has various references to support what it puts across. Therefore, there is credibility in the information posted on the website. The website has a copyright of 2015 and therefore it is current and up to date with its information. The website also has the .com domain name, which is a valid domain name.

The website provides information on obesity mainly focusing on the effect it has on the economic and social standing of a nation. It concentrates on causes of obesity and looks at very low-calorie diet, using foods that are low in fat and carbohydrates. The article critically analyses the various solutions that obese people need to follow to help in treating their condition. The website provides relevant information since it provides news on business, movies, and health among many others. Therefore, a site offers information on various topics with health included.

Website: http://www.livestrong.com/article/355436-how-to-get-rid-of-obesity-with-slim-fast/

Search term: getting rid of obesity

Author: Hannah Rice Meyers

Topic: How to get rid of obesity with slim fast

That people have different reactions to obesity and even to its treatment. The articles look into the various steps that people can follow to contain obesity. It suggests different treatments that include shakes that have either chocolate, vanilla, strawberry. The website does not give references to prove that the shakes or solutions proposed by the articles have been shown. It suggests the eating of snacks between meals and balanced diets during dinner without stating whether the lunch and breakfast should have a balanced diet. The references are given near the bottom of the website and are Slim-Fast.com and the diet channel. The information does not have academically researched information that backs up the various steps that deal with obesity.

The websites credibility is not in question since it has an updated copyright of 2015. It has the domain of .com, which is a commercial domain and further shows its credibility.

There are many perspectives when looking at nutrition. The academic world has come up with various measures and ways of dealing with nutrition and the nutritional disorders. Some of them embrace traditional forms of eating while others look onto modern forms of treating the various disorders. Culture has changed the way people deal with nutrition. In the modern context, people are wont to consume unhealthy foods than in the traditional setting. As a result, the culture of a place determines the nutrition. Nutrition is an important area that should be greatly researched to input important information that will help people to avoid various eating disorders.

Nothing But a Man(1964) – Film Review

The African-American cinema has also intrigued many and has always been the source of adoration by many. Many of these films often feature moving stories about racism, repression, segregation, hopefulness, struggle and a lot of spiritual hope. The road to the mainstream cinema has been difficult for people of color in the United States. The earliest individuals from this demographic to appear on screen often did play the minor, insignificant roles and were less noticeable to the audience. It was the expectation of these Caucasian movie directors that the African Americans not be seen to perform major roles in a movie. Any person of color during the early 20th century was inferior in the eyes of the average White man which would often prompt directors of these works of art to relegate them to the periphery. It is for this reason that I also chose the African American cinema as my category of choice, and in particular, Nothing But a Man(1964) directed by Michael Roemer.

Nothing But a Man(1964) is one militantly tone-deaf creation that directly confronts the Holywood muzak and in particular with regard to race relations during the 1960s. Its script is written by Michael Roemer and Robert M. Young and does a perfect job at eschewing the vast superficial overtures to the elusive political relevance.  The film has a novelistic richness, especially in detail, that is second to none while giving us the moving saga of Duffy(Ivan Dixon) a misfit who is secretly soulful. He would otherwise make something out of the life if it were not for the relentless, unending efforts of “The Man” to trample him and maintain the status quo. For keen observers,  this films illustrates a couple of rough experiences that Duffy has with White folk. Additionally, the film obstinately refuses to give the audience hints as to where the deep Southern racism comes to an end and the beginning of  Duffy’s happy self-regard.

The film is full of numerous occasions of the suffering that Duffy goes through owing to his skin color and his discrimination he faces from a large majority of the White people at his workplace. What is most striking about this film is that it seeks to help Duffy, a young ambitious African American, find himself in a society that sought to convince them that they were lesser human beings. An air of romance also permeates the film in the person of Josie( Abbey Lincoln) who is courting Duffy, increasing its overall appeal. The smiles that she smiles during the first few dates with Duffy go to show that even with their present situation and the wanton discrimination that they experience, they can still take a pause and love each other. Furthermore, smiles have been put to good use in this film, with some occasions depicting happiness and, a genteel alibi for an individual’s sexual desire, masking envy, giving bitter recriminations and verbal sparring. Duffy has also been an expert at employing the use of smiles. Whenever things don’t go according to plan, he resorts to smiling as he knows the other alternative is to break things in a fit of rage.

The film presents a bleak pessimistic outlook that seems to suggest that things will be a whole lot worse for African Americans before they get any better. Duffy makes a difficult decision to finally meet his father( Julius Harris). He comes face to face with a harsh reality that there is a very high possibility that the life of an average African-American seems to be similar to a “like-father-like-son” phenomenon of genetic coding. After meeting his father and coming to this shocking truth, the relatively minute dimensions of self-loathing that he experiences worsens and increases exponentially.Moreover, Nothing But a Man(1964) also earns a political heft when it decides to fully dedicate itself to some specific characters found in the film while following their day to day lives. Roemer presents a subdued style that presents the audience with an elaborate theater that sees Duffy make decisions on his own and finally becoming, irreducibly, a strong man. His choices, whether from his apparent emotional sickness or hopes, are still his own.



Chinese Peking Opera Review

Chinese opera (Pinyin) is a popular form of drama and musical theatre in China with roots going back as far as the third century CE . The art form changed very little until the Cultural Revolution (1966-1976). During those turbulent ten years, traditional Beijing opera was banned and replaced by five “modern revolutionary Beijing operas” known as yang ban xi. Although also called Beijing opera, these new creations were, in effect, the complete opposite of traditional opera. The traditional form is purely an artistic endeavor that focuses on the interpretative talents of the actors; in contrast, yang ban xi are meant to serve as political education. Yang (1969) argued that “The traditional Peking drama, in the view of the Communists, could only depict the lives and needs of the old ruling class: emperors, princes, ministers, generals, scholars, and beauties” (p. 167). Much other research focused on similar subjects, such as the analysis of “Eight Model Plays,” which deal with heroic stories during the revolutionary period before 1949. Researchers also paid close attention to the fact that the “Eight Model Plays” replaced all traditional dramas that appeared to be “feudalistic superstitious and anti-labor themes …” (Houn, 1959, p. 226).

Over a considerable amount of time techniques, from many other local operas were incorporated. Peking opera began when the famous four Anhui opera troupes came to Beijing after 1790. Wang (1937) provided the most basic and important historical record of Peking Opera based on the official record of the Qing Court. It records the dramas, the actors, the time, and the location for each performance in the Emperor’s Palace (the Forbidden City). The information in the book provides valuable and authentic data for later research of Peking Opera. Various writers and scholars of Peking Opera’s history rely on Wang’s work and refer to his book when they discuss the ancient artists’ names, plays, and performances Peking opera developed quickly during the reign of Emperor Qianlong and the Empress Dowager Cixi under the imperial patronage, and eventually became more accessible to the mostly common people. Long ago, Beijing Opera was performed on open-air stages in markets, streets, teahouses, or temple courtyards. In order to be heard over the crowds, the orchestra was forced to play loudly while the performers had to develop a piercing style of singing (Wichmann-Walczak, 2000, p. 98).

Peking Opera is a harmonious combination of Grand Opera, Ballet and acrobatic display, In each performance, there is dancing, dialogue, monologue, acrobatic combat and mime. This type of opera is thus more physically demanding, requiring an actor or actress to be more diversely qualified than those in other forms of performing art. He or she has to be a performing artist, a singer, and a dancer at the same time. It usually takes the student more than ten years of training to learn singing and acrobatic skills. Therefore, it is often extremely difficult and challenging to become an able performer in Peking Opera.

In different parts of China, opera was performed using distinct vocal styles and in some cases, also using different musical instruments. Along with percussion, the major musical instrument for opera is a type of fiddle, or bowed string instrument, most often the er hu. This instrument is held in the lap (not under the chin, like the violin), with the bow passing between its two strings. The player stops the string with the fingers of one hand, but without pressing them to the instrument’s neck—again, unlike the violin. One form of Chinese opera, kunqu, has been a passion of many literary types and lovers of poetry in China. It is a more ‘classic’ form, with a softer instrumental accompaniment by string and reed instruments. Other more popular forms of opera also include everyday language, and loud percussion instruments;

The following is a list of instruments used; the aerophone and cross flutes (usually played along with singing), Ta-lo and Siao-lo gongs(signify the beginning of the performance), chordophone violin like Hu-ch’in and Bu-ch’in ,Siao recorded flutes- usually played along with singing, Sona Trumpet(announces prosperous occasions), guitar like Yue-ch’in ,four-stringed instrument San-sien and Tan-pi-ku Kettle Drum(Used to create the tempo of the performance).

Huangmei Opera was originally a body of tea-collecting songs that developed in the Chinese region of Huangmei around 200 years ago. In the 1960s a number of these songs were incorporated into many movies that were extremely popular in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Southeast Asia,The most popular Huangmei Opera film, The Love Eterne (1963), held the box office record for two decades until the record was broken by Jackie Chan’s Project A in the 1980s (Lau 1994, p. 69). About 50 films, based on a combination of ancient stories and Huangmei folk music, established a film genre that enjoyed strong cult popularity and lasted into the 1970s. However, because of its lyrical music and Chinese literary traditions, the Huangmei Opera film genre was considered slow-paced by the next generation and was finally replaced by wuxia (swordfighting) and kung fu movies, which were full of rapid action scenes and poeticised violence.

According to Geertz (1973), culture is “a historically transmitted pattern of meanings embodied in symbols, a system of inherited conceptions expressed in symbolic forms by means of which men communicate, perpetuate, and develop their knowledge about and their attitudes toward life” (p. 89). Ahn (1972) dealt with the process of reforming Peking Opera during the Cultural Revolution, which followed political debate in the Communist party. Traditional Chinese cultural values have been transmitted and re-created by people who go to see Peking Opera and then practice what they learn. Meanwhile, Peking Opera producers create and transmit ideas symbolically to people. As a communicator of Chinese culture, Peking Opera relies on symbolic expression through archetypes that derive from traditions of ancient periods. These archetypes are communicated through certain symbols that have been created and used to diffuse certain messages. In traditional China, theatrical plays have long been a significant public space where crucial information is disseminated.

In the Peking Opera the makeup, the masks, the costumes as well as the stage props are stylized and strictly standardized. They all have very clear symbolic meanings. The more a spectator knows about the symbolism, the better he can understand what is happening on the stage. The makeup and the masks give clear clues about the characters that are being impersonated. Encoding and decoding of symbolic meanings is of central importance in a jīngjù performance. The fact that the traditional stage used to be illuminated only by oil lamps explains partly the strong colors of the masks and the costumes.

The role type includes information on gender, age, temperament, social status and the profession of the character. They are further divided into “civil” and “military” types. As different roles require different skills, an actor usually specializes mainly for one role type. The masculine role types are divided into 6 main categories. The lǎoshēng, the most common male role type, usually impersonate dignified middle aged or elderly men, who wear a beard and light makeup, the jìng or huāliǎn portrays a romatic type with a rough and bold character, who can impersonate a gallant and brave, but also a cruel and treacherous man, the wǔshēng impersonate most often warriors, outlaws, rebels and bandits, the xiǎoshēng are often young scholars or officers, a wáwashēng, a little boy, symbolizes the childish innocence and the chou or clown.

The women also have roles in the Peking Opera and they are usually in 5 categories; The lǎodàn are elderly women. The lǎodàn wear a light makeup and light lines in the corners of the eyes and cheeks to indicate their age, qīngyī, virtuos woman-the qīngyī are mostly young or middle aged , the huādàn ,who are young women, often servant girls with a low social status, or unmarried daughters of a good house. They wear colorful costumes, often short jackets and trousers, the wǔdàn must be good in martial skills as they impersonate e.g. female generals, as well as heroic outlaws, fairies and spirits and finally the cǎidàn, who are mostly sly and humorous characters. Like their male counterparts they impersonate clever, good-hearted and humorous women but also dull, mean and deceitful characters. The cǎidàn wear a simple costume. They sing and recite in the natural voice.

Mei Lanfang was one of the greatest artists of Peking Opera, who traveled to United States, Russia, and Japan in his heyday. Many cultural study researchers studied Mei’s trip to the U.S. in 1930. Carter (1930) discussed the relationship between Chinese people and traditional art.The story happened in Tang Dynasty around 745-755 AD. This is one of the masterpieces by Mei Lan-Fang. It is almost a one-person show. The story is quite simple. Mei had made this play famous by his vivid performance reflecting the concubine’s disappointment, her drunken charming, and her intentional show-off of her beauty. There are many movements difficult to perform, including drinking a cup with the performer’s teeth only and placing the cup on the tray by bending over backwards.YANG Yu-Huan was Emperor Ming-Huang’s favorite concubine. Banu, Wiswell, and Gibson (1986) studied Mei Lanfang as a symbolic figure and analyzed his performance based on various dramatic theory systems. Cosdon (1995) documented the success of Mei’s performance in New York. Cosdon also compared the rules for the Peking Opera performers to theater rules in Shakespearean times, such as the prohibition of female performers.

One evening the two had arranged to meet in a pavilion in the imperial gardens after the Emperor was off his duty. So YANG prepared a banquet and was sitting there waiting for him. But the Emperor failed to his promise and went to see one of his other beautiful concubines. The two eunuchs, Gao Li-Shi and Pei Li-Shi, who were serving YANG, informed her of her humiliating position.

Through Peking Opera we further identify how Chinese traditional ideas, Confucian thought, Chinese art forms, and Chinese stylized activities or rituals have combined to communicate and transmit Chinese spirit for thousands of years. The people and the culture they created embodied their perceptions of the world. The dynamic interactions also reflected the basic philosophical idea of the combination of “heaven” and “people” in imperial China.