History of Singapore
Singapore was established by British traders who needed a port of call in 1819. It was operated by the British settlers until in 1941 when it was invaded and colonized by Japanese who renamed it to Syonan. The country was ruled by Japanese for three and half years when the British force returned and administered the country until 1946 March. It turned to be Crown Colony on 1st of April 1946. The country first election was done on March 20th 1948, but experienced a state of emergency on June same year which remained for 12 years. Another election was held in 1956 June, and attained self-governance in 1959. In 1963, the country merged with Sabah, Malaya, and Sarawak to form Singapore and later separated in1965 August, where it becomes independent, democratic, and sovereign nation later in the year. It has since managed to grow politically, socially, and economically (Singapore Expats, 2017).
Geographical Landmarks and Important Geographical Features
Singapore has a number of distinct features that one can use to describe the country or to take directions. Most of them are manmade which are used to complement the natural landmarks for tourist attraction. These landmarks include Marina Bay Sands Resort Complex, Little India ad Arab Street, Singapore Flyer, Raffles Hotel, Garden by the Bay, Changi Chapel and Museum Botanic Gardens, Singapore Zoo, China Town, Fort Canning Park, PulauUbin, Orchard Road, Asian Civilization Museum,Sentosa Island, and Clarke Quay among others. The country’s landmarks clearly show that this is a multicultural city where diversity has been enhanced.Below is a picture of Marina Bay Sands (Hynes, 2017)
The country has been experiencing negative economic trends since 2015 when its GDP declined from that of the previous years, economic growth declined, rate of consumption increase, and rate of investment and manufacturing declined. Singapore economy is highly influenced by India which is her strategic partner (Focus Economics, 2017).
Major and Minor Regions
Singapore has a total of 10 main religions. The main religion in Singapore is Buddhism which accounts for more than three-fifths of the population of Singapore. Others religions include Islam which accounts for 16% of the population in Singapore, Christianity, and Hinduism. Taoism is another main region which involves ancient Chinese Lao Tzu religious philosophy teachings. There are other small religions which only involve a small part of the Singapore population. They include Jews with only 300 followers, Sikhs which accounts for only 15000 people in the country.A good example of the religious diversity in the country will be seen in the picture below (Santa Grand, 2016; Guruswamy, n.d.).
The Overall Culture
The country has a diverse population originating from different parts of Asia and Europe. Its culture is highly influenced by Eurasian, Malay, East Asia and South Asia. Therefore, its culture and local customs are a mixture of different ethnic influence and unique. The Singapore culture is defined by various ethnic groups in the country. Western, Chinese, Indian, and Malay influences are all tangible in the country, resulting to a mix of local and traditions customs. The country’s culture diversity in Singapore is also seen in a number of spoken languages which include Tamil, English, Malay, and Mandarin. This cultural diversity can also be seen in different religions in the country (Internations, n.d; Yilmaz, 2013).