Tuckman’s Five Stages of Group Formation Review

Tuckman documented five stages that groups must pass through to be considered fully developed. The five stages of group formation as outlined by Tuckman are forming, storming, norming, performing, and adjourning. During forming stage, all team members desired to be accepted in the group and be assured of its safety. Members try to gather the similarities and differences among themselves while avoiding serious topics. Here, the team leader is responsible for directing the team towards the right direction. In the second stage called storming, conflict and competition among team members is very common. Team members struggle to mold their feelings, beliefs, and ideas, but the most important thing is to have a problem-solving mentality and move forward (Tukman, 1965).

In Norming stage, team members begin to come together and acknowledge the contribution of each member. Members demonstrate willingness to change their beliefs and opinions. The main task during norming stage is to try and share feelings and be ready to give feedback when any member of the team needs it. The fourth stage of group development which is known as performing is characterized by independent work among team members where they adjust their roles to meet the needs of all members of the group. During performing stage, members remain task oriented and focused on problem solving. Tuckman’s final stage of group development, adjourning, involves finalization of tasks and withdrawal from initially formed relationships. It is at this stage when the team leader recognizes participants and gives members the opportunity to say personal goodbye (Tukman, 1965).


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