USA Patriotic Act
The law to be considered in this case is the USA Patriotic Act which was enacted in 26th of October 2001.USA Patriotic Act is a congress act which was developed to correct the five failures or weakness perceived after the 9/11 attack in the US. The law was enacted to strengthen and unit America by offering suitable tools needed to obstruct and intercept acts of terrorism like the one that took place in 2001. The law was signed by President Bush a few months after the twin tower terrorism act in America (Panetta, 2001).
The Law Amendments
The law has undergone two major amendments. The first amendment took place of 2006 where The USA Patriot Act was added Reauthorizing Amendment Acts. The act focused on modifying and extending authority required to fight terrorism. This was followed by 2011 amendment where Patriot Sunsets Extension Act of 2011 was signed with intention of extending the three key USA Patriot Act provisions. The law was created with expiring section, however, the amendments has always been used to extend these provisions (Congress.Gov, 2012).
Law Intention during Creation
The USA Patriot Act was created after America experienced the most severe terror attack in its own soil. The country realized the urge to fight terrorism and to ensure such act does not happen ever again in the country’s soil. In this regard, the congress designed a bill which would help the country to tighten its measures on fighting terrorism in the country. The bill focused more on eliminating the loopholes that resulted to a successful terror attack in the country. Five major loopholes were identified and counter measures employed. The law amendment was not based on changing the first law but extending the provisions for the most important aspects of the first act. The amendments are basically done to extend the measured to fit the current techniques employed by the act to fight terrorism (Panetta, 2001).
Main Topic Covered in the Law
The law major topic was the country’s internal security. The law focused on controlling all aspects related to internal security. The law focused on addressing all departments that in one way or another influences the country’s internal security that include migration, communication and the intelligence departments of the country. The law addresses five major topics. They include how to enhance information sharing between foreign intelligence agencies and law enforcement, to collect antiterrorism intellect by manipulation the flexible foreign intelligence surveillance (FISA) warrants, to extend wiretap authority against electronic communications, to seize money used in funding terrorist activities and to enact mandatory deportation and detention of non-U.S. citizens who are alleged to have a connection with terrorist organization (Panetta, 2001).
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