You will write a research paper about the demographic transition model and global food production and distribution for a growing human population to meet global food security goals. You must use APA format for the paper and documentation.
Include the following:
- Describe the demographic transition model and how it was developed by demographers.
- Describe the 4 phases of demographic transition.
- For each phase, compare crude birth rates (CBR) to crude death rates (CDR), and state whether the population is stable, growing, or declining in each. ·
- According to demographers, what factors lead to a decline of the CDR in phase two and the CBR in phase three of the demographic transition? ·
- Briefly describe 3 living conditions in developed countries that have reached phase four, and contrast them with these same conditions in developing countries that remain in earlier phases.
- Note: When comparing and contrasting, include details for each of the entities being compared and contrasted. For example, if comparing availability of clean water in a developed country, contrast availability of clean water in a developing country.
- Research and describe a program for developing countries that would help improve 1 of the 3 conditions that you compared.
- Food security means that everyone has an adequate amount of nutritious food to lead healthy lives. Research and describe 1 specific program that helps developing countries reach food security goals.
Briefly describe 3 living conditions in developed countries that have reached phase four, and contrast them with these same conditions in developing countries that remain in earlier phases.
The developed countries such as United States, Germany and United Kingdom are in phase four of the DTM (Bongaarts, 2009). Some of the living conditions in the developed countries that have reached stage four are health care, nutrition and water. The developed countries have an access to clean water, while the developing countries have less access to clean water. The entire population in the developed countries has access to clean water, while a large majority of the population in the developing countries still struggle to access clean water.
Another living condition in the developed countries that has reached stage four of the DTM is access to healthcare. In the developed countries, there is high quality care and almost every individual has access to the health care. In addition to high quality care, the health care facilities are evenly distributed making its access easier and the ratio of doctor to patient is high compared to developing countries. The developing countries struggle to match the doctors and the population needs; in addition, the hospitals are less staffed with inadequate medical equipment and healthcare coverage. In the United States, for example, the health care coverage is high and the hospitals have modern healthcare equipment with adequate healthcare personnel.
Moreover, there are improved education and nutrition in the developed countries, which are in stage four of the DTM. Most individuals have attained higher levels of education and there is high food security. Similarly, there are lower unemployment rates in developed countries unlike higher unemployment rates in developing countries. Most people in developed countries have access to good housing, food and job opportunities. In the developing countries, there is lower food security and less developed housing infrastructure.
Research and describe a program for developing countries that would help improve 1 of the 3 conditions that you compared.
A Program for Developing Countries That Would Help Improve Access to Healthcare
The higher CDR in developing countries compared to lower CDR in developed countries, can be attributed to poor access to healthcare. According to (Peabody, Taguiwalo, & Robalino, 2006), the improvement of healthcare is based on the quality rather than quantity of care. Moreover, the author points to the influence of political, social, cultural and institutional factors in the delivery of care. In order to improve health care delivery in the developing countries, there is need for structural programs (O’Donnell, 2007). These include increasing the number of medical staff through increased training of personnel, building of more healthcare facilities and provision of medical supplies to the institutions.
A Program for Developing Countries that Would Help Improve their Food Security
Most developed countries have advanced and mechanized agricultural production (Hopfenberg, 2014). In addition, there is extensive research in the agricultural sector to boost production to meet national consumption. To boost their food security, the developing countries must incorporate research and mechanization of farming practices. The use of research helps in developing good varieties of plants and animals that can produce sufficient food under minimal resources. Moreover, there is need for reduction of wastages in the agricultural sector. A lot of food is wasted from harvesting, processing to usage. Clear policies must be developed to reduce losses in farms during heavy rains and dry season (Rudel & Meyfroidt, 2014). Finally, there is need for use of modern farming practices, such as irrigation as this ensures food is produced throughout the year. Most African countries are struggling with inadequate food, yet they have vast lands. Although draught and heavy rains is to blame, using modern farming practices such as irrigation can help in producing food even when there are no rains.
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