Anyone is allowed to draft a bill. However, only the congress has the express permission to introduce a legislation, and by doing so become the sponsor(s). Legislation can be classified into four types that is, bills, joint resolutions, simple resolutions and concurrent resolutions. The legislative process begins with either a bill or a resolution. The legislative process comprises of 13stages which include referral to committee, committee action, subcommittee review, mark up, committee action to report a bill, publication of a written report, scheduling floor action, debate, voting, referral to other chamber, conference committee action, final actions, and overriding veto (Sarah, 2016).
The legislative process impact policy shifts and trends. The stakeholders involved in the legislative process are all representatives of their electorates and therefore, they are subject to addressing the issues that have significant impact on their electorates. Given the diverse nature of the legislative process in terms of the people involved, the views and opinions are varied and this offers a good platform for policy development and promotion of trends that have positive impact on not only the political systems but also the economic and social systems.
Certain policies that do not meet the common requirements of the state’s fundamental objective are revoked during the legislative process. More often than not, the legislative process involves review of bills or resolution. The review process ensures that policies and trends that are tuned to the national agenda are upheld and those that are not are dropped. The several stages through which bills or resolutions become law are important to defining the policies and development of laws that are fair, relevant and widely accepted.