Environmental pollution has been one of the major international challenges due to it many sources that are hard to completely eliminate. Some of the major sources of environmental pollution include biodegradable pollutants, non-biodegradable pollutants. Biodegradable pollutant can be a great nuisance but for a short period of time after which they can be managed and be converted to be useful. However, when released in large volume biodegradable pollutants can act as a great source of air pollution. Non-biodegradable refers to pollutants which cannot decompose and thus, they persist for quite a long time in the ecosphere. They include radioactive isotopes, plastics, some herbicides and pesticides, glass and metal. Fossil fuels that include coal, gas and oil are also sources of environmental pollution. Fossil fuels combustion produces very high degrees of air pollution and it is extensively acknowledged that this is one the major source of environment pollution.
Fossils fuel can also cause water pollution and soil contamination in case there is a leakage during their pipeline transportation. Fossil fuels is one of the reason why transport and manufacturing industries have been identified as the major contributor of air pollution. Chemicals used in farming also contribute a great deal in water pollution and soil contamination. They normal cause a high residue effect on the soil and when washed by rains they are drawn into the rivers and other water bodies. Industrial wastes and construction wastes can also act as a great source of land pollution and water pollution. There are other secondary sources of environment pollution which happens when trying to build the economy of a country. This include power generation, manufacturing and residential sectors among others (Patrick et al., n.d).
Environmental pollution has resulted to a number major health and environmental impacts. Among a number of health complications resulting from pollution include air pollution related conditions that include asthma attacks, throat, nose, eyes and eyes irritation, dizziness and headache, lowered lung functioning, respiratory symptoms that include wheezing and coughing, and bronchitis among others. Water pollution has resulted to water borne conditions that include typhoid, amoebiasis, hookworms, diarrhea, stomach ache, vomiting, rashes, hepatitis and gastroenteritis among others. Pollution has caused death of animals especially in the seas, radioactive materials can cause destruction of the organs, still birth and genes mutation among other problems. Pollution also act as the major cause of climatic change in the world and greenhouse gas effect (Spiegel & Maystre, n.d.).
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