Pandemic Influenza Plan
The plan is going to Focus on is the pandemic influenza. Influenza is a disease that needs to be controlled at all costs. The diseases affect children negatively due to the signs associated with the disease. The pandemics are usually uncertain, usually recur over a period, and cause a lot of damages economically, socially and politically. Therefore, to deal with such a pandemic preparedness is required to make sure that the conditions are normalized largely (Meeyai et al., 2013). Therefore, preparedness and advanced planning need to be carried out to ensure that the disease does not wreak havoc on a population. The plans further help in mitigating the impacts caused by influence pandemics or epidemics.
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Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Plan
The plan consists of various successive steps that include the determination of the threat, planning assumptions and the specifications of responding to influenza pandemic threat. The plan further delegates the various responsibilities and roles for action responses to the specific offices that will take the action. The type of plan is intended to provide better positioning of the country in dealing with the pandemic. It better to be safe than to be sorry in such pandemics involving the influence. The plan assesses the influence threat to determine its extent and how the population may be affected regarding spending on health and the areas, which are more susceptible to the threat. This ensures that the plan deals with the various issues according to the threats facing the country and respective county. A thread can be the spread of the disease to other states in the country to other foreign countries especially those that are neighbors. The plan focusses on the key areas that can be gravely affected should there be an influence pandemic.
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The plan includes global and international planning in including all nations to prepare detailed strategies and emergency plans to deal with the pandemic. The plans usually ensure that the countries and region are well prepared regionally and globally. The plan points out various preparations that can help deal with influence at both country level and global level. A national strategy is spelled by the plan for the influenza pandemic. The strategy includes past efforts that help in preparing for future planning for the pandemic. It prepares the country by ensuring that the country is well prepared for all department levels and sectors of the government thus marshaling all efforts to deal with the disease. The country is prepared to further at the county level. The local and state level develop plans in conjunction with other health department and state agencies in coming up with solutions that fit everyone in the state. They prepare to plan to help the state recover from an influenza outbreak. The plans are usually county specific and community centered to ensure their effective implementation. The state and local government plans from the large influenza pandemic plan help in mitigation of the pandemic largely.
The plan includes critical planning, infrastructure, corporate, school systems, healthcare, hospitals, critical service and local infrastructure providers and employers input is usually called upon especially in responding to the pandemic. The plan incorporates other plans in preparing the country for the pandemic. A plan should build on other plans before to ensure that no mistakes are repeated and to promote a more effective strategy to deal with the pandemic. Pandemic influenza response can be optimized by effectively engaging stakeholders during all phases of pandemic planning and response. The plan is under constant review, is the checklist, and updates to ensure that it remains relevant should an epidemic arise. The plan has various strategies that are needed in dealing with influenza on a wider scale. The plan is a global strategic action plan that helps countries globally and even guide the local and state government. The preparedness circle of influenza involves seven steps that help in dealing with the epidemic. The steps include planning, originating, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating and taking corrective action or responding to the pandemic.
The planning phase for the pandemic involves making sure that the influenza is under control should it occur. Hospitals and the state health departments are involved largely to help in reducing casualties by the influenza pandemic (Wood et al., 2012). The avian influenza virus has been evident in Asian countries and such planning ensures that the country remains out of bounds regarding contacting the disease. The influenza virus can spread from anywhere especially in the air or at an airport from people coming into the country. It is a communicable disease, and anyone can contact the disease easily. The planning face will factor in all preventive measures like quarantining the people who are affected by the influenza virus.
The second state in the preparation cycle is the organization, which involves the use of various strategic action plans that twill help to curtail the spread of influenza. The organization is done by focusing on the likely areas that the influenza is likely to be spread or the susceptible population. The relevant authorities involving the local and state government department of health work together to prevent the spread of the pandemic. The states organize action to be carried out. Training takes place to ensure that the relevant authorities have the expertise to carry out treatment and quarantine and further educate the public on what they should do. Hospital staff will be emerged with volunteers who will be trained to help control the situation in the country. The training will increase help that would only be left to hospitals.
The plan will involve the equipping the community with the necessary resource kits especially when influenza spreads to the area. The community will thus be in a position to deal with the disease and reduce the spread of panic in the community. The equipping of the volunteer with the necessary resources that can help them deal with influenza in the community. Since emergencies need, a lot of thoughtfulness especially in planning them it is quite important to consider the various equipment that will be used. The equipment to be used is will be practiced upon to ensure that the plan goes on smoothly.
Exercising the Plan
The exercises to be carried out will be functional and full scale concerning the gravity of the spread of influenza. The functional exercise involves equipping individuals and preparing them for influenza. The participants in such a case complete various actions while working. Full-scale exercises involve actions that simulate the real event involving the people who will be involved together with the deployment of equipment and personnel. The exercise will conduct drills at the various places that will help personnel and volunteer to be ready for their duties when the influenza pandemic catches up with the country and the various states. The pandemic flu is quite a bad disease that should be dealt with, and the exercise will ensure that the people are well prepared. Preparedness is an important issue that will help people carry out various exercises that will help in avoidance of the pandemic.
Evaluation of the Plan Success
The framework that includes the success of various programs in dealing with influenza has helped in ensuring that the disease does not come back and affect the people with the same gravity. Various activities like developing a national strategy to deal with the pandemic have taken place. The pandemic plan encompasses a strategic plan capable of helping the government and related agencies deal with the phenomena largely. The world health organization has contributed greatly to the pandemic plan by helping in developing various strategies that help respective countries deal with the pandemic. The world health organization has led to the initialization of planning and other efforts like coming up with policies, actions, objectives in planning for the pandemic. The pandemic usually occurs in various areas and need local planning that is consistent with that area.
Influenza should thus be dealt with according to the plan and the specific strategies involved. Further research is an important part of evaluating the various ways the pandemic has been handled especially since the disease has occurred on a global scale. The plan has the strategies of using various immunizations and vaccines, drugs and further diagnosis in using the research available to prevent the occurrence of the disease or ensure its spread is minimized. The plan quickens the development of the diagnostics, vaccines and drugs. Further studies of the various animals that are the carrier and how they can be treated to prevent them hosting the virus are still under investigation.
Influenza is an infectious disease and, therefore, should be dealt with as soon as possible. The pandemic plan for influenza has various actions that need to be taken to the battle with the pandemic that are somewhat effective (Chao et al., 2011). Influenza has caused the death of many people throughout the world, and, a plan is, therefore, necessary to prevent further deaths. Many plans have been used, but, most of them have been a bit effective. The current plan borrows from all the others in dealing with their inefficiencies and ensuring that the plan is efficiently carried out. The avian flu can be passed from birds and animals, which are careers of the virus. The human beings are greatly affected by avian influenza, and, many steps have been made to ensure that the pandemic is under control.
The inspection units involve the screening of food involving poultry and other birds in the food market for the presence of avian flu. A lot of resources have been geared towards dealing with the pandemic globally. Countries have lost economically and borne the burden of losing a substantial part of their populations, which affects them negatively. Pandemic reach papers from other parts of the world and in the United States have contributed greatly to the knowledge on the avian flu and have enabled advancements to be made in finding actions and strategies for dealing with the pandemic. Research has been carried out globally, and this has enabled the development of preventive strategies against the disease.
The pandemic plans available are for avian influenza and will thus help greatly since that there is a spread of avian flu worldwide (Fouchier et la., 2012). The evaluation looks at the various steps of training, equipping, learning, organization and the planning phase to determine the various successes and SWOT analysis regarding the strategies that have been put in place. The evaluation, therefore, helps to determine the programs strengths and weaknesses and determine various measures that will help in dealing with the pandemic especially improving the working environment.
Designing an Exercise
The cost of the exercise should be considered greatly in the design phase. Cost determine how the activity will be carried and the cost of the various parameters to be used in clinical and emergency kits. The cost determines the coverage of the exercise to ensure that the population of specific areas is educated on how to manage the disease. Time is another factor that is important for designing exercise. Time will be used to the advantage of promoting the exercise and ensure that there is efficiency in the carrying out of the exercise. Some exercises need ample time especially those that are full scale. Availability of the people is another important facet. People may have time, but one has to know when they are available for such exercises. Time, cost and availability are important in implementing the exercise. Therefore, the factors should be used to the advantage of making the exercise effective.
Stakeholders in this exercise are private and public clinical laboratories, hospitals, pharmacists, nursing organizations, and the local and state health departments. The stakeholders above will help in the clinical testing of the virus to ensure that new vaccines and immunization are constantly developed to deal with any instances of viruses that have undergone mutation. The state and health department will help in providing an ample environment for health care institution and professionals to continue developing and improving the control of the pandemic. The county government can involve various stakeholders in the decision making of dealing with health issues, especially pandemics (Doshi, 2011). The government may provide various forums in which they deal with the local health issues or provide advice to the government through such forums.
There are private sectors that have the necessary equipment to test the various strains of influenza virus, and, therefore, the government should encourage such stakeholders in either assisting them with technology or financial assistance in dealing with testing in the various laboratories. Therefore, pharmacists and clinical laboratories can be brought to the table to contributed and participate in the process of coming up with solutions to the influenza virus. Recommendation to deal with the pandemic is to include more stakeholders in the plans. The government should continue investing much in research and collaborating with other countries in the progressive way in that they do on do what another country has already done (Schuchat, 2011). Therefore, the country should undertake various directional efforts towards improving stakeholder participation.
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