Tag: Argumentative Essay

Sexual Objectification of Females Ought To Be Denounced Powerfully – Argumentative Essay

Sexual Objectification of Females Ought To Be Denounced Powerfully

The (Alder & Worrall, 2004; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). There are people with high regard for absolute modesty and others who are convinced that the body should be taken as natural and rather sacred. When in public places, I witness the equilibrium being smashed by the hormone-driven gazes of males as well as females’ quest for perfection. The breaking of the equilibrium occasions altercations, or conflicts, in which the males feel blamed, and the females feel objectified. In the “Looking at Women”, essay, Sanders (2011) mulls over how the males ought to look at the females. For many centuries, females have been viewed as being objects by males. For many centuries, women have often been represented in artwork in the nude. By and large, men view curvaceous women as rather beautiful. The more a voluptuous and curvy a female is the more stunning males see her (Brooks, 1995; Chan, 2014). Over time, females have complained of the marked risks that objectification presents to them, including the risks of street harassment and dysfunctional families. Sexual objectification of females ought to be denounced powerfully.

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(Brooks, 1995; Chan, 2014; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). The persons commonly contend that if females are not keen on being objectified, they would at the very earliest opportunities put an end to their objectification (Alder & Worrall, 2004; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). Some women are accused of persistently defining own bodies with the aim of rendering service to others. A close friend of mine recently quipped that women cannot justifiably argue against their sexual objectification since most of them allow for the usage of own bodies literally by others. Does the apportioning of the blame on women for their sexual objectification sanitize it? Does the apportioning of the blame on women for their sexual objectification address the related risks adequately? Blaming women for their objectification by men and the corresponding risks is not well-founded (Chenoweth, 1998; Karsten, 2006; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). I strongly believe that men are to be blamed absolutely for the objectification and the risks since they elementarily initiate unwelcome sexual engagements, and they focus markedly on the appearances of women. No matter how women what women do, they cannot stop men from objectifying them completely (Chenoweth, 1998; Sanders, 2011). The singular way through which the objectification can be stemmed truly is if men cease doing it.

Read also Violence against Women – The wife of Bath’s Tale, The Clerk’s tale, The Rape of Lucrese, Wuthering heights and The Penelopiad

Sexual objectification of females ought to be denounced forcefully since it exposes women to sexual coercion. The males who markedly zero in on the appearance of given females, especially own partners, have a highly chance of having negative feelings, including shame and anger regarding the bodies of the females (Alder & Worrall, 2004; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). Such men have a high chance of subscribing to sexual ideas that are coercive. They are likely to view the females as being duty bound to offer them sex. Such ideas and the related beliefs make males highly likely to become violent and coercive to force their partners to give in to their sexual demands (Brooks, 1995; Chan, 2014; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). That means that the objectification of females, especially those in intimate relationships, is in every way a grave red flag (Chenoweth, 1998; Karsten, 2006; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). If given females are objectified in their relationships, there are always high chances that their partners will be inclined towards sexually pressurizing and coercing them. The males become convinced that it is the role of own partners to offer them sex on demand (Sanders, 2011). The males are considerably likely to seek sex via manipulation or outright violence in some cases (Chenoweth, 1998; Karsten, 2006; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). I am not surprised that males who sexually objectify own partners are as well highly likely to pressurize them inhumanely to offer them sex.

Sexual objectification makes women remain timid and thus should be condemned strongly. That is largely owing to the double standards that are commonly applied when reflecting on the objectification (Brooks, 1995; Chan, 2014; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). Alder & Worrall, 2004). Objectification happens more or less that way. When a curvaceous woman moves in any given direction, there are random groups of men talking about how stunning she looks. The groups keep the woman from acting or being courageous (Chenoweth, 1998; Karsten, 2006; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). The woman may shy off from venturing outside her house for fear of street harassment, being stared at or even being judged. The woman may shy off from getting into particular spaces (Sanders, 2011). Besides, the woman may be kept away from feeling at ease in given spaces (Chenoweth, 1998; Karsten, 2006; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). The women ought to amass marked physical, as well as mental, strength to get to such spaces otherwise; she becomes incapable of expressing position since she can be delegitimized at any time with recourse to own sexuality and body as opposed to her opinions.

There is a continuing need to denounce sexual objectification of females strongly since it makes them suffer body shame. When a man expresses negative or hurting, feelings regarding his partner’s body, the partner has a high chance of internalizing the expressed feelings, or views (Chenoweth, 1998; Karsten, 2006; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). The partner has a minimal chance of asserting herself and communicating openly regarding her sexual desires, especially if the man is coercive. Owing to sexual objectification, many females live in a continuing state of dishonor, or shame, which feels largely normal presently (Alder & Worrall, 2004; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). Appearance anxiety along with body shame affects the majority of females at high rates, forcing them to go into hiding or change any items that are deemed not to be in line with the applicable internal image standards or external image standards. Body shame is a risk factor for other challenges that females who are objectified are likely to suffer, including depression (Sanders, 2011). Besides, body shame is a risk factor for disordered eating, unsafe sexual practices, anxiety, sedentary lifestyle, cosmetic surgery related needs, and diminished mental activity and performance. These challenges certainly affect the females’ quality of life adversely (Brooks, 1995; Chan, 2014; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). Notably, many businesses now promote anxiety and shame, which affects health choices negatively, among females to market own products. From my encounters with many females suffering from body shame in the past I can only conclude that body, shame is a rather discouraging and debilitating force, which harms everyone regarding body image. The females are dissatisfied with their body images irrespective of the ideals they meet. They are unlikely to partake in physical engagements (Kuhn & Radstone, 1994; Sanders, 2011). That is a very actual phenomenon regarding females who steer clear of physical activities since they take themselves as being too heavy, or fat, to take up the activities. The shame occasions their physical inaction considerably. By and large, objectified women persistently characterize their takes own body shame based in how attractive or unattractive they are adjudged by their partners (Chenoweth, 1998; Sanders, 2011). Presently, many industries are perpetuating and exploiting the females’ anxieties through the representation of the females based on just their appearances, development and diagnosis of flaws, and selling of varied products. Many of the products are marketed as capable of fixing the flaws in the females’ bodies to make them feel valued, happy as well as attractive (Brooks, 1995; Chan, 2014; Kuhn & Radstone, 1994). Notably, the products, though marketed as capable of enhancing one’s appearance, almost all of them never reduce body anxiety (Kuhn & Radstone, 1994; Sanders, 2011). That means that the body shame effects that stem from the sexual objectification of females are rather challenging to reverse.

Clearly, out an end to sexual objectification remains a priority for enhancing the wellbeing of women. Sexual objectification of females ought to be denounced powerfully since it exposes women to sexual coercion. There is an ongoing need to condemn sexual objectification of females strongly since it makes them suffer body shame. Sexual objectification makes women remain apprehensive. Activists ought to go on working straightforwardly with males to lessen romantic relationship objectification and general objectification.

Minimum Wage Increase and Its Impact – Argumentative Essay

Minimum wage requirements in the United States are set by USA labour law in some states, state law in others and local law in other states that have no pre-emption laws in place to prevent local governments from setting their own laws. (Bradley, 2016). The question of minimum wage has been a subject of intense economic, legal and political discourse over many years. With the influence of this discourse being seen in the fluctuation in the value of minimum wage with the highest value being in 1968 at $1.60 currently valued as $11.65. This discourse has been fostered by the disparity in research providing insight to the effect of minimum wage increase on fundamental issues such as employment, price of goods and services, poverty, crime and economic growth. In this paper, an attempt will be made to argue in favour of an increase in minimum wage by citing economic research over the past five years. The issues briefly mentioned above will be discussed and the positive implication of a raise in minimum wage on them will be explored. An argument will be made to undercount the opinions of neoclassical economists and to emphasize the plight of the low income earner.

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The payment of wages that do not allow the workers to afford the necessities of life that do not consider the increase in the cost of living, that have declined in value since the 60’s is beyond unfair to the marginalized worker the scope and no business that depends on this for continual existence has any right to operate (Tritch, 2014). Payment of these poor wages erodes the purchasing power of the earner and impacts negatively on economic growth as research by the Congressional Budget Office has shown. A shift of income from high income earners who have a tendency to save more to low income earners who tend to spend more will lead to a positive increase in the GDP. However, an increase in minimum wage according to this research will leads to lower income for business owners that depend on profit and low cost of labor to make profits and the influence of this on the public support for an increase in minimum wage can be seen as African Americans, Latino Americans and Asian Americans give more support as opposed to Caucasians that constitute the greater percentage of high income earners. (DeSilver, 2017).

Read also Factors Determining Minimum Wage

The effect of an increase in minimum wage on employment levels has been the subject of a variety of contradicting research proposals as economists seem to have divergent opinions. Neoclassic economists seem to be of the view that an increase in minimum wage will lead to a decrease in employment opportunity as the increase in the cost of labour will lead to lower demand hence a reduction in employment. In contrast, economists like David Cooper have postulated that an increase in minimum wage will lead to an increase in employment and would have created 85,000 jobs in the 80’s. This has also been proven by a report by the CEPR in 2014 that seemed to find no correlation between minimum wage and unemployment.  Other contrasting views are expressed in a survey done by Fowler Smith (2015). The survey concluded that there would be negative effects on youth employment, adult employment and the flourishing of small businesses if minimum wage was to be raised to the desired $15 in every state. However, as stated earlier and as reiterated the weight economic research that supports an increase in minimum wage would have no correlation on employment as evidenced in states such as Washington that exceeded the average for job growth despite having the highest amounts of minimum wage (Konczal et al, 2014).

Read also Minimum Wage – Raise it or Not – Debate

Another subject that brings conflict around the increase in minimum wage is the assumed increase in the price of goods and services as economists argue that employers may choose to accept lower profits, raise the price of goods and services or choose to do both. This can be seen in the increase in restaurant prices in states with higher minimum wage requirements. This would lead to a lower demand for locally produced products and impact negatively on economic growth. However, this argument seems to bear little weight as it evidenced by the fact that the prices of goods only seem to go up by 0.4% of the initial price (Konczal et al, 2014). It would appear that this argument only seems to work theoretically and less on the practical level.

The issue of crime brings about an interesting argument to minimum wage increase. According to a White house report in 2017, an increase in minimum wage would lead to less crime. However neoclassical economists would argue that a decrease in the demand for labour due to it’s increase in cost would lead to a decrease in employment leading to the inability of marginalized communities to find legal employment opportunities and increase the crime rate. However, since it has been found that the research that supports the view that an increase in minimum wage has no effect on unemployment bears more weight, it can therefore be said and actually increases employment opportunities, then it can be said that the white house report would have to guide my argument on this issue that raising minimum wage has a positive impact on the fight against crime.

Other issues such as the effects on the Federal budget are subjects of divergent views in discourse especially in the political class. However, has been shown that an increase in minimum wage would increase the budget deficit initially but subsequently increase it. Poverty as an underlying factor to minimum wage increase also raises debate, but as research by Arindrajit (2017) shows, a 10% increase in minimum wage would lead to a reduction of poverty levels by 5%. It seems that an increase in minimum wage either reduces poverty or has no effect on it.

In conclusion, although various arguments have been put forward to support or dispute an increase in minimum wage increase, it is my view that an increase in minimum wage in all states that have not implemented the desired $15 per hour would foster economic growth, reduce poverty and crime and foster the creation of more employment opportunities as evidenced in the states that have implemented this policy. Moreover, there appears to be a variety of political consideration that have overshadowed the need for recognizing the plight of the marginalized low income earners as some states pay above the $15 ideal wage while others fall significantly below. There appears to be a need to raise the issue above the prevailing political paradigms and deal with it on a national level since it deals with the livelihood of the common person. The policy regarding minimal wage having been nationalized the wages can then be adjusted for inflation, consumer price index and locality and follow a steady growth pattern hand in hand with these factors of the economy. Finally, it is important for decision makers to realize that the benefits of a better wage to the low income earner has benefits that outweigh the risk and should be considered as vital in its formulation and implementation.

Argumentative Essay – Whether Vaping is a Safe Alternative to Smoking

The tobacco industry has, over the years, focused on diversification and the introduction of new products for a burgeoning number of consumers. These efforts have recently culminated in the introduction of e-cigarettes hand-held vaporizers that have steadily gained traction since their inception. E-cigarettes function by simulating smoking for the consumer but devoid of tobacco. The term “vaping” refers to the act of using an e-cigarette to inhale an aerosol solution created to mimic cigarette smoking (Lardieri, 2018). A heating element, strategically placed inside the e-cigarettes, atomizes the solution that typically contains nicotine, propylene glycol or a range of additives. The main idea behind vaping and the introduction of e-cigarettes was to set off a chain reaction that would ultimately greatly reduce the consumption of tobacco.

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The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved its introduction and even hailed it as a safer alternative to tobacco smoking that would ultimately benefit many of its users. It has even led to the emergence of a “vaping community” with many of its members hailing e-cigarettes as a safe hobby to adopt. E-cigarette companies have been quick to capitalize on this new development largely through an elaborate online presence. Nevertheless, vaping is not a safe alternative to cigarette smoking. Concerns over addiction, safety and health apprehensions are some of the main reasons why e-cigarettes are an existential risk to consumers. However, detractors of this point of view argue that it presents a practical alternative to smoking and has aided many in smoking cessation. It is, therefore, critical to explore the reasons why vaping is not a safe alternative in addition to an evaluation of the recalcitrant view that e-cigarettes are beneficial.

Read also Smoking Cessation – New Hampshire Community Program

Vaping creates a state of dependence which may consequently trap users in a vicious cycle of addiction. Most e-cigarettes contain nicotine e-liquid solutions known for being extremely addictive.  At the heart of the disease of addiction is the creation of neural pathways strengthened over time through repletion. Neuroplasticity creates a scenario where the repeated use of nicotine based e-liquids is wired into the brain and marks the beginning of dependence. Moreover, researchers are now cautioning anyone who intends to start smoking e-cigarettes for it introduces both physical and psychological dependence. A study by the Truth Initiative Schroeder Institute revealed that 10 % of young adults who used the popular e-cigarette JUUL were soon hooked on nicotine and were unaware that the product contained this addictive chemical (“E-cigarettes: Facts, Stats and Regulations,” 2019). The brain’s reward system is hijacked by nicotine use leaving the user hooked on the aerosol vapor to function normally. In addition to this, nicotine addiction may worsen any underlying cognitive and mood disorders. Addicts will continuously seek this nicotine “kick” which originates from a surge in the release of adrenaline. Similarly, addicts experience an increase in the blood sugar since nicotine inhibits the release of insulin. Individuals who suddenly stop consuming nicotine based e- liquids may experience dreadful withdrawal symptoms (Press & Hale, 2016, p. 21). Strong cravings, anxiety and irritability are commonly reported when individuals discontinue their vaping habit which is eerily similar to the effects of cigarette smoking. The worst of these symptoms is depression which may affect every aspect of an individual’s life especially since nicotine is one of the hardest substances to quit.  

Read also Reversing Effects of Smoking and High fat Diet

The use of e-cigarettes has also been linked to a host of health and safety concerns. In fact, vaping now considered a grave public health concern which should be approached with the seriousness it deserves. Concerns have recently been raised over vaping and its ability to induce seizures. Some e-cigarettes brands such as JUUL have been found to deliver high doses of nicotine which may impact users negatively. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) now links the spike in seizure cases to vaping as a rare side effect. Furthermore, vaping may also lead to cardiovascular problems. As mentioned earlier, nicotine stimulates the adrenal glands which results in the production of adrenaline. A sudden increase in its production activates the sympathetic nervous system that raises the blood pressure in anticipation of a “fight or flight” response (Gordon, 2018, p. 45). Narrowing of the arteries soon follows and may be blocked, resulting in an ischemic stroke. Correspondingly, vaping is also linked to sudden heart attacks. The aerosol vapor produced when puffing an active e-cigarette contains microscopic particles which may cause cardiovascular toxicity.  These pollutants, mainly formaldehyde and acrolein, cause health complications which may result in sudden death.  The combustion process irritates the lungs and worsens any pre-existing conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Lung inflammation and the aggravation of respiratory tract infections become common after a stint using e-cigarettes. Since e-cigarettes are generally thought to be a safer alternative to cigarette smoking, passive smokers may bear the brunt of this new trend by unknowingly inhaling metal nanoparticles.

Proponents of vaping argue that it is an invaluable innovation that has helped thousands of tobacco fiends to quit smoking. Individuals who aim to remain smoke free have been known to switch to vaping as a strategy to help them kick the habit. Many smokers are said to enjoy this new found habit and, in the process, trick the brain into adopting this new-found routine. Also, vaping is said to be safer than tobacco and offers better recovery odds when compared to lozenges and nicotine patches.  E-cigarettes deal with the nicotine withdrawal symptoms by serving a practical replacement that leads users to avoid normal cigarettes. Those struggling with smoking addictions have recently revealed their techniques and how they have served them in their long-term strategy. Pairing vaping with prescription nicotine receptor blockers such as bupropion has been hailed as an effective technique that has helped many in smoke cessation.

Nonetheless, the reality is that vaping does not help persons seeking to stop smoking.  A study by Georgia State University recently revealed that individuals who vaped to stop their smoking soon ended up as dual users (Wilcox, 2016). These details support the claim that e-cigarettes are not capable of helping smokers to stop their smoking addiction. E-cigarettes contain a low concentration of nicotine which is why many turn to cigarettes to satisfy this urge. Therefore, vaping does not help smokers to quit the habit but simply disrupts their usage patterns.

In conclusion, vaping is now in vogue and strives to ape cigarette smoking. Even so, it may lead to addiction and health concerns that have largely been overlooked by users. Exponents of its use argue that it has helped many quit smoking, although scientific evidence rules out the veracity of these claims. Hence, it is fundamental to investigate the real dangers associated with vaping to establish an authentic implication of its use.

Legalization of All Drugs Sample Argumentative Essay

Legalization of All Drugs

The push towards legalization of all drugs previously been deemed illegal is a paradigm shift that is quickly gaining traction across the globe. Now commonly referred to as drug liberalization, this idea calls for the legalization of all drugs whose use had been prohibited while also working towards reducing and eliminating all laws that impede the actualizing this goal. All over the globe, attitudes towards drugs are transforming with many even suggesting that their legalization will solve those problems they have time and again been blamed for. The states of Colorado and California are prime examples of jurisdictions that choose to embrace this concept by decriminalizing marijuana and making it possible for those who required it the most (persons suffering from chronic diseases) to access it. These states are aping similar policy changes that had been implemented in The Kingdom of Netherlands where possessions use, and sale of marijuana had been legalized (Becker). It was through this pilot program that researchers were able to establish that the possession of this particular substance had no impact on the rate of use among individuals in a selected population. Legalization of other drugs was therefore seen as the only viable course of action that would now relieve governments and law enforcement agencies of the strenuous probation work. The purpose of this essay is, therefore, to help bring this issue into perspective by exploring arguments on the benefits of the legalization of drugs together with a look into possible adverse effects.

Read also Four Categories of Street Drugs and an Example of Each

Legalization of drugs is fast becoming the best option since prohibition has apparently failed. The War on Drugs is an indication of the failure of this policy where the Federal government pumped millions of dollars in taxpayer money. Instead of using prevention and setting up social programs to tackle social issues that may be plaguing the inner city, the response to the drug menace has been the deployment of law enforcement agencies to curb drug use. The result of this strategy has been crippling to marginalized communities caught in the cross-fire. Young individuals have been arrested for possession of these drugs and slapped with mandatory minimum sentences (Bogart 34). It is even more surprising is that these sentences are handed out with full knowledge of the fact that a majority of the said individuals are non-violent first-time offenders. In most cases, these individuals are the sole breadwinners for their families and their incarceration deals a blow to their families. Criminalization of drugs has done more damage than good. Illegal trafficking of these drugs still thrives, leaving a trail of death and destruction. Abuse ruins the lives of habitual users while violence escalates to unprecedented levels. Mexico is a prime example of the damage caused by laws prohibiting drugs. Drug barons have made massive gains both in wealth and influence, sparking turf wars for the control of territories to conduct their illegal trade.  Legalization of drugs would enable enterprising individuals to set up a legitimate business that will be taxed by the government, evaluated for quality control in addition to constant quality control.

Secondly, there is lack of reliable evidence on the purported harmful nature of illicit drugs. In fact, proponents of the criminalizing drugs are usually at pains to provide empirical evidence proving that illegal drugs are indeed detrimental in comparison to other substances and human activities. The only harmful effects that are apparently visible from making these drugs illegal are the thousands of individuals jailed for possession or intention to distribute, locking a considerable section of society behind bars. Housing these individuals is a costly venture that requires substantial funding from state and federal governments, money that could be put to better use dealing with social problems that draw people to drugs. Moreover, the intentions of those criminalizing drugs are not yet clear since most of them often use shibboleth principles to justify their stance. Legalizing drugs would have a wide range of benefits that may improve the lives of thousands of individuals. Most recently, scientists have acknowledged the benefits of using MDMA and psychedelic mushrooms in dealing with a wide range of depressive disorders. Persons that had been struggling with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and bipolar disorder have found reprieve in the use of these drugs since they aid them in suppressing symptoms associated with the conditions mentioned (Goldstein). Medical marijuana has been used as a remedy for patients experiencing chronic pain and is a better option compared to its synthetic counterparts. Opiates have been widely criticized for their adverse effects on patients in addition to being a leading cause of addiction. Even more surprising is the fact that they are legal while marijuana, a drug that has been found to have a wide range of medicinal benefits declared illegal. The only convincing argument explaining this phenomenon is that corporations (in the form of pharmaceutical companies) are trying to create a monopoly for their selfish gains.

Detractors of the Legalization Lobby often make repeated attempts to poke holes at the argument that billions of dollars have been wasted in fighting. The Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) however claim that the money has been put to good use, preventing this menace from reaching dangerous levels. Their task has been to dismantle organizations responsible for trafficking and permeation of these drugs into the United States, and in the process saving young persons from descending into addiction. Legalization of drugs is hence viewed as an undoing of efforts that had been made previously in the fight against its spread. Addiction rates and use amongst underage individuals would soar as was the case in Alaska (Wainwright 13). Other view legalization of drugs as a dangerous mirage that is capable of harming a people more than they could even imagine. Legalizing drugs such as cocaine and heroin would make the drug easily accessible and cheaper, also when users are acutely aware of the extent to which it can harm their lives. It is viewed as an unrealistic approach since a black market for the drugs would still exist and with an increased chance of drug overdose. The numbers of individuals institutionalized due to addiction would also be on the rise since it is a widely known fact that there are those with an eroded sense of willpower that would be susceptible to drug abuse. Legalization is seen as allowing individuals to make conscious decisions that will most likely end up harming their bodies and the relationships that they have with those around them.

Read also Drug Abuse in Teenagers – Research Paper

In conclusion, legalization of drugs is a nascent point of view that is quickly gaining popularity around the world. Proponents of this idea believe it to be a lasting solution to the so-called drug nuisance coupled with the medical benefits that would accrue from lifting the ban. Nevertheless, legalization would also lead to a black market resulting in cheaper low-quality drugs worsening the state of addiction within a defined population.

Social Media’s Adverse Effects with a Special Focus on Cyberbullying – Argumentative Essay

Social Media: Friend or Foe?

Over the past century mankind has made inordinate advances in innumerable fields within a relatively short span. This great leap forward took hold in the 21st century owing to the availability of new technology and novel innovations prevalent in this era. Incidentally, futurists contended that technological advancements will herald a new era and influence every facet of human life. Thus, the Information Age soon became a plausible reality, with pundits predicting that it would greatly influence the economic systems that would now depended on information technology. Similarly, the development of the internet accorded innovators a unique opportunity for exploitation and promoting improved interactions between human beings. The general idea was to seemingly create a knowledge –based society where top-notch technology would be implemented to influence computer microminiaturization and the development of nascent communication platforms (Kowalski, et al. 34). Social media thus emerged from this premise seeking to provide an interface where computer-mediated advancements could be harnessed appropriately hence promoting the transfer of ideas and information. It is therefore an undisputed fact that social media has been responsible for the creation of virtual communities where individuals interact through a wide range of web-based applications. In essence, a farmer in rural Iowa can now communicate directly with a nomad on the steppes of Mongolia through web-based technologies that allow them to share messages instantaneously. These drastic changes have brought about sudden modifications in human interaction and transfer of information that differs greatly from paper-based media. One of its distinctive features is its shift from mono-logic traditional dissemination of information toa new style of interaction. Nonetheless, it is vital to remember that social media is a double-edged sword that bredcyber-bullying amongst young individuals. The purpose of this argumentative essay is, therefore, to elucidate the position that social media is a contemporary foe, with a special focus on the rise of cyber-bullying as a new-fangled phenomenon.

Firstly, social media has had a relatively negative influence on society with regard to creating ideal opportunities for bullies to seek out new victims. In this social media epoch, nearly 71 % of American teens participate actively in a social networking website(“Cyberbullying: How to Make it Stop | Scholastic.com”).  With such huge numbers of potential victims surfing the inter-webs, bullies have discovered a new niche to exploit mostly targeting vulnerable individuals. Prior to the introduction of social media, bullying often involved a small clique of individuals who would ordinarily derive pleasure from harassing their counterparts. Though harrowing, these face-to-face interactions had a silver lining of their own. Victims were familiar with the perpetrators and could even avoid them. Contrary to popular belief, the number of individuals being subjected to such forms of harassment was lower then, compared to those of individuals currently grappling with cyber-bullying. According to the National Crime Prevention Council on Cyber-bullying Research Report (NCPCCRP), 43 % of middle and high school students admit to being harassed in online spaces(“Cyberbullying Continues to Challenge Educators”). It is vital to acknowledge that this phenomenon was made possible by the introduction of the social media portent that seemingly created a new realm for prospective bullies. In reality, social media has also made the situation worse making victims easy pickings for their tormentors. They are unable to hide from them and are easily humiliated in public forums with thousands of participants. Social networking sites such as Facebook, MySpace and Whatsapp allow users to create these group mediums meant to aid in sharing vital information in real-time. Unfortunately, they soon become openings for cyber-bulling cases where teens have been particularly known to abuse this privilege.  School administrators are at this battle’s front-line advising students to act responsibly while in online spaces. Students are thus expected to be constantly aware of the contents they intend to post online and whether or not it has the capability of adversely affecting others.

Social media has also emboldened bullies, making them even more callous and without the possibility of them being sanctioned for their actions. Cyber-bullies have now come up with new and innovative ways to harass persons and ultimately becoming the bane of their victim’s existence. One way is through fake profiles that use pseudonyms. Behind this veneer they can post mean and hurtful material with malicious intent knowing fully that their real identity will remain a mystery(“Kids on Social Media and Gaming”). The misuse of these websites and applications has also been further worsened by the Communications Decency Act. Through this piece of legislation, web operators cannot be held liable for any inappropriate behavior that takes occurs on their online platforms. The result is a breeding ground for bullies who are well aware of the fact that they can get away with these heinous and vile acts. Moreover, the introduction of social media also made it possible for bullies to operate incognito, therefore making vulnerable students regular targets. In sites such as 4chan, Chatroulette, Foursquare, and Stickam users have the ability to send messages anonymously to select individuals. As a result, messages are sent anonymously with the victims being unable to fathom their origin. It is particularly worse in the case of rumors spread since they can reach a large audience in a short amount of time. Through social media, bullies have been able to hatch elaborate plans on how to lash out and abuse their targets while being fully aware that their identities will remain a mystery. Nevertheless, teachers and school administrators can deal with this problem by immersing themselves in social media and comprehending the various dynamics in play. Through such actions they gain insight into all happenings around them, learning the slang currently in vogue and being aware of students who are habitually targeted for harassment. In so doing, they are able to intervene and provide counseling and avert eventualities such as suicide.

Thirdly, social media has had a deleterious effect on the psychosocial state of students in learning institutions across the country. In most cases, those targeted by cyber-bullies are normally individuals at the furthest fringes of society. They typically hail from low-income families, a broken home, are insecure about their physical appearance and position in societal stratum. It is estimated that 61% of such individuals are ordinarily suffering from depression even before having to deal with their peer’s ruthless(“Cyberbullying Continues to Challenge Educators”). What is even more shocking is the fact that victims opine that bullying is a rite of passage that every school-going individual has to go through. They, therefore, fail to inform their parents or guardians whenever it occurs and, as a result, gets worsens as time goes by. Cyber-bullies take advantage of such situations to constantly taunt their victims to a point where some end up become clinically depressed. An immediate consequence of these actions is a steady drop in academic performance since they are unable to concentrate on their education. Their thoughts are usually preoccupied with the harsh comments that they read online which ultimately affects their psychological equilibrium. Absenteeism in victims of cyber-bullying is rife with some even preferring to quit school altogether. Social media thus ends up becoming an impediment to education. Schools are supposed to be the best years of an individual’s life, especially since they are quite impressionable and able to learn efficiently. Social media prevents this process from taking root since the primary preoccupation of victims is the constant barrage of insults that usually comes towards their direction. Teachers can help prevent such eventualities by being involved in their student’s lives. By so doing they can observe the emotional energy that students bequeath and hence being able to point out, with accuracy, a situation that warrants their attention. Spending time with the students during recess in the hallways and lunch hour allows them to observe any sudden changes and students being ostracized by their colleagues.

Even with a large majority of schools adopting a zero-tolerance policy towards cyber-bullying, a grey area still exists when tackling inappropriate out-of-school behavior. Strict codes of conduct have made it clear to students that they are bound by the school rules even when away from the school premises.  The reason why this is the case is often due to students usually having unsupervised time which can be spent engaging in retrogressive activities. Students may be attacked during this period, but the theatre of confrontation is the school since this is where they face their tormentors. It is for this reason that educational institutions have sought to broaden the scope of intervention, playing an active role in social networking sites. Common Core State Standards(CCSS) have been implemented across the United States to make certain that students feel safe while at school and free from stress. Manual and computer administrated assessments have recently been utilized to ascertain the general well-being of students. On the other hand, controversy still exists with regard to the extent to which punitive measures can be executed. The American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) has been at the forefront of ensuring that administrator’s actions do not end up being an affront to the freedom of speech. After the Tinker v. Des Moines 393 U.S503 (1969)and the Wisniewski v. Board of Education rulings the Tinker Standard was implemented, limiting the powers that were previously enjoyed by teachers(“We Hate Ashley”). Before implementing any punitive measure for off-site behavior, schools had to prove that these particular actions were of a foreseeable nature. This meant that they had the foresight of causing a form of disruption within the learning environment. Administrators have developed feasible strategies to surmount this challenge. Clearly defining the schools code is one such approach that often makes certain that the rules and regulations are reviewed in the presence of both parents and students.

In finality, social media is relatively newfangled innovation with undesirable effects while promoting cyber-bullying amongst school-going children. Social media was responsible for introducing cyber-bullying into the mainstream, allowing perpetrators to hassle their targets anonymously which often resulted in adversative psychosocial effects. Even with the implementation of zero-tolerance policies to deal with this problem, there are those who still believe in free speech espousing the Tinker Standard before making any determination.

You Are What You Eat – Sample Argumentative Essay

This paper elaborates the fact that an individual is a reflection of what one takes in one’s diet. Individuals with better sources of income can afford to take healthier diets compared to those who rely on food stamps which are mostly in form of junk foods. It is paramount to note that there is no single food that supplies all the essential nutrients at the same time. Therefore, we need to choose the recommended amounts of daily servings from the major food varieties so as to get the essential nutrients and other substances like minerals. These include grains, beans, vegetables, milk, fruits and meat (McKeith, 124). One may argue that intake of vegetables which contains vitamins can supplement for the use of fruits, but that is wrong because a person’s body needs other types of vitamins like B complex that are not found in vegetables.

Wellbeing of an individual is determined to a larger extent by ones eating habits; if you eat healthy chances of getting ill are very minimal. All the cells in our bodies require constant supply of nutrients for proper functioning. The food we eat also have effects on every aspect of our being including mood swings, levels of energy, food cravings, intelligence, and sleeping habits. It is clear that intake of junk and convenience foods can lead to nothing but laying down fat, lowering one’s energy and thinking capacities. People should learn that eating is not only meant to satisfy hunger, but also to replace used nutrients and mineral elements in the body. For example, a person who does a lot of mental tasks for eight to twelve hours a day will have greater brain nutritional demands. Nutritionists argue that lots of oxidants are produced during such exercises, therefore foods that act as antioxidants like berries and apples need to be taken (McKeith, 156).

Despite of the rich people taking healthy foods, they also suffer from other undesirable consequences like obesity due to lack of adequate exercises. All people are mandated to maintain healthy weight to avoid detrimental effects like developing high blood pressure, diabetes and cardiac failure problems. Aerobic exercises like running, swimming and walking is highly recommended. Individuals using food stamps as their only source of food intake are more likely to be malnourished because they are not able to choose from a variety of essentials foods in the markets. They can be either overweight or underweight. Individuals are required to choose diets that are low in fat and cholesterol. One point to note is that many Americans are overfed but end being undernourished (Walter and Willet, 204). This is because the food is mainly processed, packaged convenience foods that have lost essential nutrients during the processes. This explains why the wealthy that are able to purchase whole foods are excluded from the malnourished groups.

Nutritional deficiencies can lead to vulnerability to infectious pathogens that can cause illness. It can also lead to stunted growth and poor cognitive developments especially to young children. Unhealthy eating can also lead to unwanted weight gain, which increases one’s risks of developing other chronic ailments like arthritis, heart attack and sleep apnea. Finally, unhealthy diets impacts type 1 diabetes since it contributes to excessive weight gain and makes it difficult to regulate blood sugar levels in the body (Walter and Willet, 178). This can lead to other complications like severe nerve damage, kidney failure and poor wound healing. Excessive weight gain and obesity is also one of the contributing factors of Type 2 diabetes.

The Society Should Shun Homosexuals – Argumentative Essay

The term homosexuality’s root is a Greek term that means the same or similar. As well, it is thought to have originated from the term sexus, a Latin word, which means romantic or sexual attraction or conduct between same-gender members. Homosexuality, which is one of the commonest sexual orientations, is a persisting pattern or trend of sexual, romantic, or emotional attractions between males or between females (Aldrich, 2015). Besides, the term is commonly utilized when one is referring to an individual’s sense, or feeling, of identity in the light of such attractions, the connected behaviors as well as membership to gay communities according to Cele (2015) as well as Santos (2015). It is an actuality that homosexuality is in existence and every society ought to address it. Sullivan (2011) in “What Is a Homosexual? according to Schmidt, Shelley and Bardes (2014). The acceptance of homosexual orientations by the society is now rather low in African and Asian nations. The acceptance of homosexual orientations by the society is rather high among Americans, Australians, and Europeans. Over time, the West has increasingly accepted homosexuality (Bradshaw, Heaton, Decoo, Dehlin, Galliher & Crowell, 2015). This essay contends that the society should not embrace homosexuals. Rather, the society should shun homosexuals.

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according to Schmidt, Shelley and Bardes (2014).The related thinking is that several genes, possibly interacting with specific environmental realities and influences, explain variations in given sexual orientations. Those in support of the position that the society ought to welcome all sexual orientations, including homosexuality, hold that genes markedly determine one’s sexual leanings (Aldrich, 2015). Notably, the argument that homosexuality is a consequence of particular genes almost always breeds explosive debates. There is a high chance that the debates are fueled by the political, as well as social, ramifications of homosexuality, which affect the core foundations of every nation. There have been fears that those advocating for the embracing of homosexuality by the society many not be communicating the truth regarding homosexuality (Bradshaw, Heaton, Decoo, Dehlin, Galliher & Crowell, 2015). There have been widespread fears that there may not be a genetic foundation for the homosexual orientation after all. Notably, to date, there is yet not scientific evidence demonstrating that there is a rather substantial, significant genetic element to homosexuality. There is a wide-ranging religious view that if God meant heterosexuality and homosexuality accepted by the society, He would have incorporated genes that would have made some persons heterosexual and others homosexual in their body makeup according to Cele (2015) as well as Santos (2015). There is yet no credible evidence demonstrating that the homosexual orientation is genetic in nature (Bradshaw, Heaton, Decoo, Dehlin, Galliher & Crowell, 2015). The claim that homosexual orientation is genetic in nature is only made by the media and, miserably, a number of researchers when engaging the public casually. Even though the homosexual orientation may run in my family, I may get bacteria from my parents as well, and various bad habits according to Schmidt, Shelley and Bardes (2014).

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According to me, the society should not embrace homosexuals since it destabilizes the typical, or traditional, family (Aldrich, 2015). according to Cele (2015) as well as Santos (2015). Both females and males make essential contributions to the life of the child. One of my friends frequently reminds me that young men who are devoid of father figures in their lives have a high chance of being incarcerated and engaging in destructive endeavors and behaviors. He is frequently quick to argue that he is well-behaved since his father and his mother have always been involved, as well as present, in his life. (Bradshaw, Heaton, Decoo, Dehlin, Galliher & Crowell, 2015). according to Cele (2015) as well as Santos (2015).  Is it caring to expose one’s child to the principally hurting way of life of gays? If individuals could learn homosexuality, what is the implication on the contention that some persons are born homosexuals?

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The society should not embrace homosexuals since gays have an elevated prevalence of infidelity. When one characterizes a relationship between homosexuals as monogamous, as well as loving, he or she fails to take into account the actuality of same-sex unions (Bradshaw, Heaton, Decoo, Dehlin, Galliher & Crowell, 2015). There is wide-ranging thinking that the principle or premise, on which the society ought to welcome the unions is that a number of the unions are relationships that are monogamous as well as loving according to Schmidt, Shelley and Bardes (2014).Even though the relationships may come off as monogamous, as well as loving, (Aldrich, 2015). (Bradshaw, Heaton, Decoo, Dehlin, Galliher & Crowell, 2015). When one leads or guides other persons into sin, he or she is not at all walking in actual love. There is only a limited chance that gays who are sexually involved with one another will remain faithful to each other always according to Schmidt, Shelley and Bardes (2014).The rate of fidelity between homosexuals is way below the rate of fidelity between heterosexuals. It is not odd for a gay person to have tens of tens of persons he or she is sexually involved within own life according to Cele (2015) as well as Santos (2015).

Read also Homosexuality – Is it Right or Wrong? – Ethics Paper

Besides, the society should not embrace homosexuals since homosexuality hurts the society’s fabric, particularly children. If the society were to embrace homosexuality and the unions, it would present to disadvantaged young people the message that the unions are healthy, morally welcome, and good (Aldrich, 2015). Notably, most religions shun and are averse to homosexual behaviors. Almost all medical practitioners concur that the unions are unhealthy. If the society embraces the immoral unions, it would make its young ones fall into immorality. If the society embraces the odd acts that define the unions, it would set itself up for sexual, as well as gender, confusion (Bradshaw, Heaton, Decoo, Dehlin, Galliher & Crowell, 2015). The confusion would breed wide-ranging immorality and tear down families. If the society allows advertisements projecting homosexuality as accepted, the young ones would think that homosexuality is proper. Notably, the agenda of the unions is to re-characterize the typical marriage all in all, which would destabilize and undermine the family regardless of its stability.

Read also The Society Should Embrace Homosexuals – Argumentative Essay

Without a doubt, the society should not welcome homosexuality and homosexuals. Rather, the society should eschew homosexuals. Credible evidence does not back the widespread disputation that the society ought to welcome homosexuals since they do not choose their odd sexual orientation. Notably, there is up till now no convincing evidence demonstrating that the homosexual orientation is hereditary in nature. The society should not embrace homosexuals since it destabilizes the characteristic family. All children require the family’s steadiness. The society should not welcome homosexuals as they have an eminent commonness of infidelity. As noted earlier, the rate of fidelity between homosexuals is way below the rate of fidelity between heterosexuals. Above and beyond, the society should not embrace homosexuals since homosexuality hurts the society’s fabric, for the most part, children. If the society hails the immoral unions, it would make its young ones fall into wickedness.

Manliness Is a Goal That Every Man Ought To Pursue – Argumentative Essay

In every society, manliness is linked to varied ephemeral and cultural guideposts. Over time, some societies have been characterized by a crisis of manliness. While some men keep holding on to their past strongly, others are keen on redefining manliness in ways that strip it of its exceptional vitality (Dean, 2013; Gregg, 2009). Therefore, the characterization of manliness obviously ought to be hinged on a static and firm foundation. The characterization ought to be one that works across culture, place, and time, and is attainable for all men. There is a wide-ranging thinking that one of the critical virtues that men should have is manliness. Ancient Greeks, including Aristotle, frequently opined that manliness is leading a life typified by excellence and human flourishing (Aristotle &Reeve, 2014). Manliness enables men to act in ways that are directed by logical thoughts, which occasion excellence in own lives and the lives of their dependants. Even then, there are several voices, including that of Theroux (2011) in “Being a Man”, that project manliness as a vice. Theroux (2011) understands manliness as being characterized by stupidity, subservience, and heartlessness. In this essay, I demonstrate that manliness is a goal that every man ought to pursue.

The contention by Theroux (2011) that there is no justification for pursuing manliness is founded on untested premises. Theroux (2011) argues that men should not go for manliness as it is an unhealthy objective. He contends that it is unhealthy since it is socially hurting and emotionally draining. The support he presents to substantiate this claim is rather weak since he does not adequately show why manliness is socially hurting and emotionally draining. His efforts only stretch up to laying a basis for the blemished outcomes of how the society understands manliness. The basis is the contention that manliness makes men incapable of having natural relationships, or friendships, with females, a notion that Aristotle and Reeve (2014) refutes. As well, I do not concur that manliness makes men incapable of having natural relationships, or friendships, with females. He purports to demonstrate how sporting hurts marriages and societies and turns virtuous persons into potential rapists, louts, and sadists. Even then, he comes off as incapable of demonstrating the links between such sad outcomes and manliness. It appears that his conviction that manliness is bad is so strong that that he sees no need for demonstrating how it is socially hurting and emotionally draining (Aristotle &Reeve, 2014; Dean, 2013; Gregg, 2009). Rather than demonstrating the correlation if any, he goes on a self-probing mission on how that thinking personally annoys him.

Manliness is worthy pursuing since it makes men very suitable for the execution of their traditional fatherly role as protectors. Elementarily, the importance of protection, or fortification, is the need to put up and safeguard boundaries. Boundaries bring out as a sense of trust as well as identity. When boundaries are crossed, it is men who are naturally expected to act accordingly. Every man has a duty to safeguard the boundary between safety and danger, safeguarding family and community from natural disasters, human enemies as well as predators. To execute that role effectually, the man ought to have a characteristic that defines manliness: courage in the face of risk and danger (Aristotle &Reeve, 2014). (Dean, 2013; Gregg, 2009). The high testosterone levels in men aggravate their desire to face such risks courageously. Manliness helps men to add to own honor through the development and demonstration of skills in executing their protector role. Manliness enables men to bolster the reputation of their communities, tribes, or families. The reputation helps protects the communities, tribes, or families as it deters possible attacks from particularly human enemies as well as predators. The attributes of manliness that are rather relevant to the role include physical endurance, physical strength, competence in the usage of strategy and weapons, courage, emotional stoicism, physical stoicism, and voluntary admission of personal expendability (Gregg, 2009; Haley, 2013). Only males who pursue manliness can execute the role properly since the males have a high chance of being physically stronger than females.

Manliness is a goal that every man ought to pursue since it strengthens him in the execution of own role as a procreator (Aristotle &Reeve, 2014). The attributes of manliness that are rather relevant to the role include energy. Ideally, men are expected to triumph over passivity and remain, active doers, as they strive to gain ceaselessly. Men are charged with being initiators in every given endeavor, including in business and courtship. Procreation necessitates that men pursue women and impregnate them successfully, creating vigorous and large families. The families expand the male lineages (Gregg, 2009; Haley, 2013). Only males who pursue manliness can execute the role properly since they are naturally initiators in the courtship or seduction of females. Only males who pursue manliness can execute the role properly since they are full of potency as well as virility (Aristotle &Reeve, 2014; Dean, 2013; Gregg, 2009). m according to Mansfield (2013). Notably, the society has traditionally charged men with the role’s execution owing to their high sexual drive stemming from their high testosterone levels and their capability of having many children.

(Gregg, 2009; Haley, 2013). Only males who pursue manliness can execute the role properly since they are keen on creating more but consuming less, which is the definitive benchmark for manliness. Individuals come off as manly when they are capable of pulling own weight, serving as contributors rather than absorbing sponges, and being a boon to those around them rather than burdening them (Dean, 2013; Gregg, 2009). I concur with Dean (2013) and Gregg (2009) that individuals come off as manly when they are capable of pulling own weight, serving as contributors rather than absorbing sponges, and being a boon to those around them rather than burdening them. The individuals strengthen the reputation of own communities, tribes, or families rather than detracting the reputation via cowardice and physical frailty. The individuals strengthen the reputation of own communities, tribes, or families rather than detracting the reputation via electing fruitfulness over sterility. As well, the individuals strengthen the reputation of own communities, tribes, or families rather than detracting the reputation via the adding of valuable things to the pots of the communities, tribes, or families rather than taking away from the pots (Aristotle &Reeve, 2014; Gregg, 2009). I concur with Aristotle and Reeve (2014) that the individuals strengthen the reputation of own communities, tribes, or families rather than detracting the reputation via the adding of valuable things to the pots of the communities, tribes, or families rather than taking away from the pots. Men who pursue manliness are purposive constructors, giving off assertive and commanding actions, which add measurable things to the stores of their communities, tribes, or families. They are good and committed hunters and strive to have the requisite skill with tools, physical strength, determination, discipline, and initiative. Hunting parallels sex, sport, and battle. They are resourceful, clever, capable of maneuvering around impediments, and capable of solving problems creatively (Aristotle &Reeve, 2014; Dean, 2013; Gregg, 2009). They easily transform limited resources into valuable opportunities and items. They are self-reliant: manly men do not engage in shameful dependency but strive to remain independent. Manly men are generous with their communities, tribes, or families (Gregg, 2009; Haley, 2013).

Manliness is an objective that every man ought to chase. The pursuit of the objective makes men extremely appropriate to the execution of their conventional fatherly role as protectors. The attributes of manliness that are rather germane to the protector role include corporeal staying power, physical might, proficiency in the usage of the line of attack and weapons, nerve, emotional stoicism, animal stoicism, and intentional admission of individual expendability. The quest of the objective strengthens men in the execution of their role as procreators. The characteristics of maleness that are rather relevant to the procreator role include liveliness. As well, if at all possible, men should pursue manliness since they are providers. Manly men strengthen the standing of own communities, tribes, or families rather than jeopardize it via spinelessness and defenselessness.

Women Should Smile Less – Argumentative Essay

The overriding contention in the “Why Women Smile” essay by Cunningham (2011) is that women should express themselves less via smiles. Some people wear smiles, and you can tell from miles away that the smiles are a sham. Ideally, one smiles when he or she is contended and happy. Even then, I often come across persons who are in difficult situations but wearing bright smiles at the same time. I concur wholly with the claim by Cunningham (2011), which is that women especially smile so frequently and indiscriminately particularly when they are sad and intense that smiling is often used negatively in stereotyping them. I encourage women to join Cunningham (2011) in her quest to quit smiling: they should smile less frequently and more discriminately if they must smile. In this essay, I contend that women should smile less, demonstrating that there are sound reasons for expressing themselves less via smiles.

One of my close friends recommends to me that I should smile more every day as, according to him, smiling gives happiness to individuals. He frequently indicates time there is a close link between my mind and my body. There is a common perception that smiling communicates to one’s brain that she or he is happy, and when one is happy, the body generates endorphins, which are feel-good hormones (Benenson, 2014 Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010). The friend opines that when an individual mimics varied emotional expressions his or her body generates physiological changes that mirror the corresponding emotions. Such changes include breathing rate and heartbeat rate changes (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010; Philippot, 1999). (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010; Eppley & Eppley, 1997; Kraetzig, 2007). I am convinced that if smiling was as contagious as the instructor was us to believe, there is a high likelihood that the world would be devoid of people who are not cheery. The actuality that the world is full of people with sad faces amidst others who are smiling disabuses the notion that women should be encouraged for the singular reason of making others happy (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010).

Women should smile less since their smiles help subjugate females, especially the lowly ones, globally. Notably, females dominate many jobs in the West (Benenson, 2014). Most of the jobs need women to be excessively friendly as well as smile always (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010; Philippot, 1999). Firms require women who wear smiles for long hours since the smiles make their clients view the firms as caring and more likely to offer them repeat business (Eppley & Eppley, 1997; Kraetzig, 2007). Cunningham (2011) examines numerous subjugated jobs that are typically the preserve of women: flight attendant, receptionist, personal assistant, or waitress. A female flight attendant, receptionist, personal assistant, or waitress who does not smile when talking to her seniors or bosses or customers is often misunderstood (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010; Eppley & Eppley, 1997; Kraetzig, 2007). There is a common expectation that she will smile regardless of the economic or socio-cultural difficulties she is facing (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010; Philippot, 1999). The continued smiling by working women will only serve to project them as persons who do act in given ways out of own volition (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010; Philippot, 1999). As well, it helps in the projection of women as having agreed to work in situations in which they are forced to wear bogus smiles in ways that are not meaningful to others. Through the fake smiles, the women appear to say that they are humbled by the trust that others have thrust upon them (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010; Philippot, 1999). Let’s engage the leaders who grace our discourses from time to tome. Women should only be encouraged to smile where they can do it meaningfully and where they have a say in what concerns them. Most of those expressing disaffection with the continued smiling of women have a valid point: that smiling continues to subjugate women in the society (Benenson, 2014; Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010).

Obligating women to smile more and more serves to limit their expression and related rights. I am convinced that numerous women smile excessively. When the women smile, the expressions that register on their faces should of concern to all of us. The difficult times that the expressions mask are never addressed by the concerned parties (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010). I have many female friends who must smile to win over clients. It is only after studying their smiles carefully that those opposed to them can tell when they smile to mask own uneasiness. That means that requiring women to smile more forces them into situations in which their smiles come off as products of communications that have already been edited out (Benenson, 2014; Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010). Obligating women to smile more helps in suppressing their emotional feelings. Women should be free to elect when to smile and where to do so since our society is defined by expression, equality, autonomy, and freedom (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010; Philippot, 1999). Societies that compel women to smile more in essence trample on their right to self-expression. The societies rob women of the right and force them to suppress their actual problems. There is no justification to have women smile more and mask the trying realities that they face every day.

Women should smile less since there is substantial literature supporting the call for fewer and fewer smiles from women (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010).Notably, Cunningham (2011) integrates ethos into the essay through the inclusion of claims and information previously tendered by authoritative sources on smiling women (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010; Philippot, 1999). One of the sources is Oscar Wilde. Most of the works executed by Wilde, an influential and bright, person, regards the American society and human nature. In “The Importance of Being Earnest. They are afraid that they may publicly reveal given flaws (Coon, Mitterer, Talbot & Vanchella, 2010; Philippot, 1999). In most of the treatises penned by Wilde, The Smiling Woman character is quite common. The character prefers to be a romanticized person as opposed to being taken as being a realized person. Wilde effectively integrates the character in his writings to ridicule the human beings contemptible nature. Cunningham (2011) manages to project herself as credible, as well as trustworthy, in her call to women to smile less by substantiating the need for the call using Paul Ekman’s writings. Ekman is a psychologist. As well, Cunningham (2011) manages to project herself as credible, as well as trustworthy, by backing her call for reduced smiling among women using information supplied by Heidi Berenson. Berenson is a media coach and producer. Besides, Cunningham (2011) manages to project herself as credible, as well as trustworthy, by backing her call for reduced smiling among women using numerous history references.

Many women are keen on masking their real feelings and emotions using smiles. Many women are compelled to keep smiling against their will and other odds by their employers. I know many women who keep smiling to mask own uneasiness. There is a need to ensure that women smile less since their smiling is used as a tool for subjugating them. Women ought to smile less since their smiles facilitate the subjugation of females, especially the lowly ones, by male colleagues, globally. As noted earlier, there is no justification to have women smile more and mask the trying realities that they face every day. By and large, I hold the view that women should smile less since there is considerable literature supporting the call for the reduction of the frequency at which they smile.

Females Are Evidently Different From Males – Argumentative Essay

By and large, from an early age, almost everyone realizes that there are obvious variations between female persons and male persons. The variations are mirrored in actions, emotions, and even attitudes. Quindlen (2011), in the “Between the Sexes, a Great Divide” essay, explores the variations. She comes off as convinced that girls and boys are and have always been elementarily different. She presents the typical middle school dance as the venue where the variations become most obvious. According to her, the marked divide between females and males is starkly clear from the floor where the dance happens. Even then, she contends that as girls and boys become older and older, the gender-linked variations between them become fader and fader as the boundaries between the traditionally gender-assigned roles die away. I find that submission disagreeable. To me, it is clear that the variations remain unchanged throughout everyone’s life. In this essay, I demonstrate that males and females are evidently different from each other, socio-culturally, psychologically, and even physically.

There are psychological variations, albeit less evident, between females and males. Even though the psychological variations are challenging to describe, they considerably affect how females and males form, as well as maintain, relationships, including workplace relationships and marriages (Nicholson & Nicholson, 1984). One of my friends is a psychologist. He frequently asserts that males and females approach differently, males and females approach the experiences constituting life differently, and males and females work differently. Males and females parent differently, males and females love differently, and even that males and females ask for particular directions differently. Such differences emanate from the actuality that the psychological wiring of males is different from that of females (Aries, 1996). In numerous cases, females express heightened physical alarm reactions to perceived threats or dangers. The males’ sympathetic, as well as autonomic, systems have a higher arousal threshold and lower reactivity than females. More females than males are more concerned about life-work balance while more males than females are keen on statuses and the related symbols, including cars and houses (Nicholson & Nicholson, 1984; Seabright, 2012). Women and men do not attach the same value to recognition, money, and the balance. Psychologically, women are more likely to express or share own emotions than men to relieve themselves of stress. Notably, males are highly likely to mask their emotions in line with long-running social expectations and since the expression of the emotions does not afford them considerable physical satisfaction (Aries, 1996; Gray, 1992; Nicholson & Nicholson, 1984). Other psychological variations between females and males include that women are more likely than males to fight in conflict situations, the typical female has more friends than the typical male, and women are more capable of multitasking than males.

It is an unquestionable actuality that females and males have different physical features. The differences in the features are starkly obvious. They are all observable and measurable. Anatomy, size, weight, and shape are not mere opinions (Aries, 1996; Gray, 1992). They are measured easily and are tangible. The differences in the features offer individuals functional strengths. The differences have considerable survival value. By and large, males have more upper body strength, put on more muscle easily, develop thicker skin, and have more resistance to physical injuries than females (Nicholson & Nicholson, 1984). Females have a higher awareness threshold regarding injury extremities than males. Elementarily, males are built for corporeal conflict and the utilization of physical strength. A man’s joints are well adapted for throwing items. The physical features of the typical male are linked to a particularly male pull towards reckless conduct and high-speed engagements, which frequently entail collisions with vehicles or other men (Aries, 1996; Gray, 1992; Nicholson & Nicholson, 1984). In own spare time, males appear to charge, as well as crash into, others much. Women have highly comparable numbers of brain cells on both side of own brains and thus can zero in on multiple problems concurrently. On the contrary, men have more brain cells on own brains’ left sides, and thus cannot zero in on multiple problems concurrently. The certainty that females and males have unlike physical features is absolute (Aries, 1996).

Even though I agree that females and males are and should be equal before every applicable law, I am convinced that the equality, or similarity, does not extend to other spheres. Their equality before the applicable law in no way negates my position that males and females are plainly dissimilar to each other, socio-culturally, psychologically, and physically. The “Great Divide” alluded to by Quindlen (2011) is and shall always remain alive. The socio-cultural persuasions and sensitivities of males are different from those of females. Besides, females are psychologically, as well as physically, different from males.

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