Political Projects Of Machiavelli Vs Aristotle – Discussion

Introduction

There are some similarities between the Political Projects Of Machiavelli And Aristotle especially in regards to the relationship between “self “  and “other.” Both of these philosophers had a considerable role to play in political science especially considering their views about revolutionary politics. Through these two scholars, individuals can learn more about the necessity of equality based political system with associated structures of governance. Their arguments on the importance of fair and just rule have continued to influence modern politics and the views on elite democracy continue to have a significant impact on these processes. These people have radically changed the trends in the policy and furthermore have led to new ways of reasoning regarding occurrences in the political world. Therefore, through their theories, some political views have developed especially concerning the democratic process and its development.

Discussion

Machiavelli recognized the importance of the superiority of the state and knew its advantage in the human society. Machiavelli has managed to efficiently address the deficiencies of the opposite poles of contemporary democracy. He discusses the institutional features of the institutional character of the current government as an important cultural dimension and looks to explain these theories further. Machiavelli theorized the extensive, constant and animated modes through which people belong to different political classes (Butler and Jowett 2012).Machiavelli has managed to include some theories to the judgment of politics and seeks to promote substantive and participatory political activity. Machiavelli’s sociopolitical beliefs reveal the necessity for reform as well as citizen participation in political activity. Machiavelli gives open views as to how people can be manipulated by political systems and he explains that the elite are a base of political power. Machiavelli had a general attitude towards elites, and he seems to despise and distrust them. Machiavelli seems to revel at the fate of elites, and he believes that the causes, as well as the outcomes of their political practices, should be avoided as much as possible. He believes that the people deserve their position in the society because they are trustworthy and noble. Furthermore, he believes that they are less capable of usurping the liberty of the republic as compared to the nobles who are most likely to misuse their position in the society.

He shows that the people can defend their freedom. He believes in the peoples’ power to ratify policy and select officials to realize these systems. Machiavelli believes that the people have a responsibility to earn their place of prominence. Machiavelli recognizes the institutions of contemporary liberal democracy and recognizes that the economically elite often take advantage of the other citizens (Sims 2015).Machiavelli’s political theories also acknowledge the fact that people often recognize the truth in assemblies. He understands the big ability to discern better policies regarding the dominance of their desires. He recognizes that people are better than the elites in the distribution of policies are, and they only need a simple democracy. Another important recognition is the fact that the elites have no humility towards their governing abilities and recognizes the need for regulation. He also acknowledges the fact that when disputes over offices between the nobility and the people become intense, then autocratic means may seem reasonable.

A healthy population does not allow officials to get away with bad behavior because they have performed their duties well in the past. The practices of direct democracy and class divisions have become less common in democracy because the people understand their rights. There is a relationship between the ability to appeal to a broad audience and the necessity to appeal to a foreign arbitration. He also suggests that the capacity of people to discern political reality is always transparent and open. Aristotle has similar views with Machiavelli, and he believes that injustice often stands in the way of common good (Winter 2012).He looks to understand the dilemma of politics and believes that governments should focus on the common interest. Correcting injustice is a major issue, and it is the main path to justice and equality in politics. Aristotle looks at the dangers of lack of moderation, and he maintains that when we make the right or need dominate the rest, then happiness is undermined. Aristotle recognizes that the best politics is negotiable and reflects the changing conditions of the society. His cosmological politics provides a structured space that holds governments together and prevents it from disintegrating. His political ideals reveal the different needs, strengths, opportunities, and the vulnerabilities of the population and he tries to explain the presence of various political occurrences and their significance.

Aristotle realizes the importance of political friendship as well as developing bonds that develop citizens and the institutions of the political community. The “common good” that Aristotle refers to can be interpreted as liberalism and it emphasizes moral individualism in political thinking. Machiavelli’s beliefs were that people often have allegiances to massive forms of power. The understanding is that the construction of the modern state is part of a process that helps bring meaning and reality in politics of modern times (Murphy 2014).Machiavelli opened the path to the conception of the republic theory ad he believes that this is a central and fundamental part of the modern state. Machiavelli believes that the state is the result of a mixed political body and politics is a form of government. Machiavelli looks at the political structure and furthermore tries to understand social conflict regarding the oppressed and the great as two different aspects of the society. Furthermore, Machiavelli believes that the state is always the possession of someone and it refers to the capacity of the state to dominate over the rest. Machiavelli’s rule relates to the form of the political regime and identifies the state with a political system that brings about dominance. Both Aristotle and Machiavelli look to distinguish between a republic and principality, and he asks the question as to whether a body of people can become sovereign.

Aristotle and Machiavelli believe that the government has the role of providing each citizen with life, liberty, and estate. Human beings have the impulse of self-preservation and therefore the government has the role of providing all these for the society. However, the common belief is that the government is made to follow clear and set rules that are made for the majority and therefore should work to preserve the lives of the citizens of the nation. However, tyrannical rulers exist, and they make it difficult for these rights to be realized in the society (Butler and Jowett 2012). Murray and Revolution against a tyrannical government may occur if it fails to recognize the rights of the citizens. When a few people are oppressed, then it is not recognized, but when majority citizens are oppressed then, it could lead to revolution. Those who hold the governmental power are more likely to provoke a resolution, and this often occurs because power has a corrupting influence and may change the leaders. The common belief according to the theories of these two philosophers is that the rulers will need to refrain from attacking the property of their subjects,

Misdeeds by rulers are often interpreted as threats to the security of citizens, and they may consider taking steps to change such a situation. Aristotle warns oppressive leaders that they will not be able to fool the people every time. Wealth is part of the political power and therefore people should have appropriate thinking where property is concerned. Aristotle also warns against deception by the government, which may aim at deceiving the population. He believes that democracies should, therefore, adopt laws that are intended to regulate the power of the government. He argues concerning the importance of providing links that ensure successful regime survival especially from attacks on the property of people. Machiavelli agrees with Aristotle and adds that what ordinary people want from the government are security and protection. He argues against the wrong behavior of leaders and how it violates the rights of the ordinary citizens (Dunning and Barker 2013).Aristotle identifies political attacks on the property of the well off as a common provocation of the elite led seditions against the democracies. The property is a serious issue and preventing the government officials from taking the ownership of the people is dangerous in a democracy. Aristotle therefore demonstrates the operational theory of a revolution, which is similar to the thoughts of the regular citizen. The actual concern of both Machiavelli and Aristotle is to prevent the occurrence of tyranny by any means possible. In addition, they also add that the closer a government gets to tyranny the more likely a revolution will occur. They believe that politicians commit errors by failing to recognize the rights of the citizens and failing to provide for their needs. They note that the people in government are more interested in their needs than those of the citizens of the nation. The nature of justice is to ensure moral excellence as well as a better life for all the citizens of the country.

Conclusion

Aristotle and Machiavelli understood the importance of the fulfillment of the rights of citizens and the importance of understanding their rights. Justice and equality are an important part of the society as stressed by these two organizations and it is important to exercise the rights of the citizens of the nations in this respect. Through political power exists, these philosophers stress for the right of obeying the law as well as considering the rights of the individual citizen.Therefore, if all these considerations are considered then a revolution will be ignored, but failure to adhere to these will have costly implications for the nation and the citizens of the country.

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