Enter your food intake for 3 full days in iProfile by following the WileyPLUS® iProfile instructions. Save this information.
Write a 850- to 1,050-word paper that addresses the following points about your 3-day food intake:
- Recorded intake of protein, carbohydrates, and lipids
- Which foods in your recorded daily intake provide protein? Which provide carbohydrates? Which provide lipids?
- Review how your recorded protein, carbohydrate, and lipid intake compares with the recommendations of the dietary reference intake. If your recorded protein-carbohydrate-fat intake was too high or too low, which foods might you add or remove to achieve your goal and keep other nutrients in balance?
- Is the protein in each food you ate complete or incomplete, combining to become complementary? Why is this important?
- How much of your daily recommended protein, carbohydrates, and lipid intake did you achieve? If your macronutrient intake is insufficient or excessive, what might you do to bring it into the recommended range? Provide specific recommendations.
- Macronutrient intake ranges
- Is macronutrient intake within the recommended range important? What are the effects of too much or too little of a macronutrient? What happens if you consistently eat too little protein? What happens if you eat too few carbohydrates? What happens if you eat too few lipids?
- Fiber intake ranges
- Does your fiber total meet 100% of the recommendation for you, as calculated at iProfile?
- Does your diet meet the minimum number of servings of foods from each fiber-containing group? If not, which of the fiber-containing groups–fruits and vegetables–fell short of the recommended intake?
- Which specific foods provide the most fiber in your meals? Which provide the least? Identify trends in your food choices that might affect your fiber intakes.
- Dietary modifications
- What changes might you make to increase the fiber in your diet?
- How might insufficient or excessive amounts of proteins, carbohydrates, fats, or fiber contribute to health or illness? Provide examples.
- What have you learned about your diet?
My Food Intake For 3 Days
The food item that was taken in three days and contained high protein was Caesar Italian Cheese Bread with 24.0g, the second food item in protein level was Taco Bell Mexican Pizza with 21.0g and the third food in protein level was Beef, Ground, Lean, Raw with 20.1g.
The findings indicated that the food item taken in three days with highest level of carbohydrate was Little Caesars Italian Cheese Bread containing 52.0g, followed by Starburst Fruit Chews, Original fruits with 48.0g and third was Taco Bell Mexican Pizza with 47.0g.
The food item taken in three days with highest levels of lipids was Taco Bell Mexican Pizza with 30.0g, followed by Little Caesars Italian Cheese Bread with 28.0g and third food item with high levels of lipids was Beef, Ground, Lean, Raw with 23.5g.
The recommended protein intake level ranges from 68 to 239g, but the data indicated that the intake was 49g which is too low from the recommended levels. Therefore, some food item needs to be added in order to achieve the goals. These food items are Beef, Ground, Lean, Raw which contain protein levels of 20.1g. By adding this food item, it brings total protein intake in three days to 69.1g which is within the DRI range but still below the DRI based on body weight which is 89g (Whybrow, et al., 2006). Therefore, additional food such as Taco Bell Taco Supreme Crunchy, Blue Bell Ice Cream Cup, Vanilla, Homemade and Cheese, Cheddar and Shredded may be added to supplement the deficit. Similarly, the DRI recommended carbohydrate intake in the range of 307 – 443g, but the intake in three days was 140 g which is very low. This means that additional food items needed to be added in order to achieve the goals. Additional food items that needs to be considered include Kellogg’s Pop Tarts Frosted Chocolate fudge, Cake, Chocolate with frosting, Ready to Eat and Tortilla, Corn (Sheth, et al., 2011). However, in terms of lipid, the DRI recommendation was 61 – 106 g and the intake in three days was 74 g. This indicated that the intake was within the recommended range. Therefore, no addition is required in order to achieve the goals.
In order to ensure that food items taken in three days was balance and provide all the nutritional value needed for the growth and health body, some food items might be supplemented with others that have other nutritional values. For example, Kellogg’s Pop Tarts Frosted Chocolate Fudge have protein level of 37.3 g which is among the food items with high carbohydrate level (Wallgren, & Hojer, 2009). However, it has high sugar levels as compared to Tortilla Corn which has 21.4 g of carbohydrate and 0.4 g sugar. Therefore, Tortilla Corn can be supplement Kellogg’s Pop Tarts Frosted Chocolate Fudge.
The protein consumed in three days was incomplete since it lacked the actual quantities of insoluble fiber, water and vitamin A (RAE). Therefore, it is recommended that these food items be supplemented with food items such as Beef, Ground, Lean, Raw, Tortilla, Corn which are complete. These types of food items are important in our bodies because it provide balanced diet needed by our bodies (Riley, & Buttress, 2011). Complete protein contain all the essential amino acids needed by the body. Although beef contain all the essential amino acids it can be supplemented with rice and beans which contain at least eight essential amino acids. Essential amino acids are important in our bodies since it cannot be produced in our bodies hence they must obtain from food source we take.
After additional food items the daily protein intake was 65.1 g, carbohydrates was 239.5 g and lipids was 94.3 g. This indicated that protein and carbohydrates were below the DRI, but lipids was within the range recommended by DRI. In order to bring the range into the required level, it is important to add food items that contain more protein and carbohydrate into the daily food intake (Sheth, et al., 2011). Food items such as eggs, beans, pasta, ricotta and rice should be considered in the daily intake because they serve as supplementary food that are contain high protein and carbohydrates. These food items also provide at least eight essential amino acids, therefore vegetarians can still get the required nutrients without consuming meat.
Low protein in the diet leads to redundant growth, increase muscle loos, negative nitrogen balance, marasmus, kwashiorkor and edema. These are serious diseases that affects normal functioning and growth of the body (Sheth, et al., 2011). Lack of enough carbohydrate in food leads to underweight, galactosemia, ketone, pentosuria and hyperglycemia. Also, excessive of protein, carbohydrates, fats and fiber affects normal functioning of the body and leads to various illness such obesity, diabetes, high blood pressure.
In order to ensure that food diet is balance and contain all nutrients in the required levels, it is important to supplement food current food items with other food items that will increase the level of protein and carbohydrate to the required levels and reduces lipids to the desired levels. The important lesson learned from this course is that different food items have different nutritional values and each nutritional value is very important in the body. Also, excess intake of one of the nutritional item leads to illness.
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