In recent years, safety and security have become of the priority sectors in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) due to the rapidly-evolving security threats in most parts of the world. Over the years, UAE has become one of the significant contributors to the security and stability of the Gulf region and also play a major role in the global security infrastructure related to the global war on terror. Although the UAE has made tremendous efforts in activities related to security, the country still has a minimal local capacity for security-related production. In this regard, UAE is one of the countries in the Gulf region that has a high number of foreign security and safety companies to aid in activities related to the protection of the country’s infrastructure and citizens. Notably, according to Strohmeier et al. (2018) the UAE safety and security sector is made up of five main components which include: Commercial Security & Information Security; Aviation Security; Homeland Security & Policing; Fire & Rescue and Safety & Health. All these segments in collaboration with foreign security and safety companies play a significant role in ensuring that the UAE is safe and secure.
One of the security areas that are usually vital to the day to day activities in UAE is Aviation Security. The Aviation Security in the UAE is essential as it deals with the safety of passengers, crew, ground personnel and all other persons during civil aviation related activities as well as implements regulations, practices, and procedures that are against regularity and efficiency of flights (Al-Moalla, 2017). Furthermore, Aviation security in UAE is mandated to respond and deal with security threats that face passengers, crews, ground personnel, and the general public during the day to day operations in the aviation sector (Al-Moalla, 2017). As a result, aviation security in UAE entails a combination of several inter-related activities.
The Aviation security sector in UAE is made up of several departments like the Air Navigation and Aerodrome (ANA), Regulation and Planning (PRP), and Licensing (LIC) and Policy, among others. Notably, all these departments are overseen by the Director General (DG) and works closely with the Executive Director who is mandated to regulate and conduct oversight of the overall security and safety of the aviation industry in UAE. In essence, each airport in UAE has an airport authority which is mandated to undertake all security activities regarding passengers, luggage, and screening, among others. In this regard, at Abu Dhabi International Airport and the country’s other airports, the UAE Civil Aviation Authority must collaborate with other agencies such as Immigration Authority, airlines, UAE Police Force, and other security agencies to ensure all aviation-related activities in the country are secure (Khan & Khan, 2016). Therefore, Aviation security in UAE is one of the components of the security structure in the country that has over the years grown to become an essential pillar.
Another component related to Aviation security in the UAE is the issue of cabin safety. The main objective of the Cabin Safety discipline is to ensure that both local and foreign operators comply with the UAE Civil Aviation Regulations for their safety and that of the passengers. More so UAE General Civil Aviation Authority is one of the agencies in the world that has licensed Cabin Crew Members who are required to deal with the safety of passengers in the event of an emergency on board aircraft (Arora, Garg & Sareen, 2016). Other security-related measures conducted in UAE’s airports include: screening of passengers at security checkpoints before they enter the passport control, weighing and screening of all luggage entering the airport. In this sense, security agencies in the UAE have invested a lot in ensuring all passengers and luggage entering and leaving UAE are not a security threat in any way.
Notably, due to the high number of Muslim women in UAE, the country’s airport has dedicated counters with automated doors which facilitate discreet security checks to protect the dignity of our veiled female passengers. Some of the prohibited materials in the UAE aviation sector include: firearms, knives and cutting tools, explosives, disabling or incapacitating Items, and flammable materials, among other items (Konnangath, 2019). In this sense, Aviation security in UAE is an area that deals with safety measures within the airport and inside the aircraft to ensure passengers and the infrastructure is safe from any kinds of threats.
In conclusion, security is paramount to the growth and development of any country in all parts of the world. In this regard, due to the increased security threats that have emerged in recent years, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has come with measures to protect its infrastructure and citizens. For years, UAE has grown to become one of the major contributors to the security and stability of the Gulf region as well as important in matters related to curbing terrorism-related activities. Notably, UAE is one of the countries in the Gulf region that depends on foreign companies to aid in activities related to the protection of the country’s infrastructure and citizens. Aviation Security has been one of the security areas that usually play a vital in the day to day activities in UAE.