Acne – Clinical Conditions of the Skin

What factors can cause acne?

Acne is a common skin condition known to originate from hair follicles filled with dead skin cells and oil. This results in a degree of blockage in the hair follicles which then causes pimple development within a wide array of age groups. Although acne can be treated with some degree of efficiency, it may persistis often associated with a great deal of emotional distress among sufferers. Depending on the severity, acne may manifest as tender bumps, pimples, whiteheads, blackheads, nodules, or cystic lesions. The most common factors known to precipitate acne development include the presence of bacteria in the hair follicle, excess sebum,  and inflammation (Poli, 2012). This may cause acne development on the face, chest, shoulders, and even the upper back area. Moreover, it is important to note that acne may be worsened by the use of certain medications, intake of specific foods, and hormonal changes. For instance, corticosteroids and the use of anabolic testosterone coupled with the consumption of carbohydrate-rich foods is among the most common acne triggers. Changes in the level of androgens during puberty is also known to cause the enlargement of the sebaceous gland and the subsequent overproduction of sebum.

What is a common myth about the cause of acne?

            Acne is, arguably, one of the most misunderstood health conditions today. This may explain some of the myths and misconceptions peddled about the condition and the actual cause of acne. Some of the most common myths associated with the cause of acne include poor hygiene, the consumption of greasy foods, and cosmetics. However, acne development is not associated with poor development and may actually be exacerbated by the use of perfumed soaps harsh to the skin. Eating greasy foods also has a minimal effect on the skin while non-oily cosmetics don’t necessarily cause acne or alter skin composition. It is, therefore, essential to consider some of the main risk factors known to cause and promote acne development (Kumar et al., 2018). They include age, hormonal changes, genetics, and direct skin irritation. For instance, it is quite common for teenagers going through puberty to develop acne due to hormonal changes compared to any other age group. Similarly, children whose parents had acne at any given stage in their lives are also likely to develop the condition given that it is known to be hereditary and whose development is largely influenced by genetic factors. Friction on the surface of the skin may also cause a great deal of irritation resulting in acne development.

What are some treatments for acne?                       

         Although acne can be a debilitating and embarrassing health condition, it is important to note that it can be treated and managed using a wide array of medical available today. Treatment options should, however, be FDA-approved and supplemented by regular visits to a dermatologist. Self-management, especially with non-prescription over-the-counter medications, is particularly important and should make it possible for one to control acne development while preventing additional damage to the skin. Physicians may prescribe topical medications such as retinoids, antibiotocs, and dapsone as a treatment option and in managing the condition(Fabbrocini et al., 2018). Medications of this kind act by reducing sebum production and inflammation while also attempting to address any sign of bacterial infection. Nevertheless, it is worth noting that the treatment regimen chosen will largely be influenced by the patient’s current age, severity of acne, and the side effect risk profile of specified pharmacological intervention.

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