Automation and its Effects on Industry : An Annotated Bibliography

Fortunati, Leopoldina, Anna Esposito, and Giuseppe Lugano. “Introduction to the Special Issue “Beyond Industrial Robotics: Social Robots Entering Public and Domestic Spheres”.” Information Society 31.3 (2015): 229-36. Education Research Complete. Web. 11 June 2017.

Fortunati in this article talks about Industrial and domestic robotics. He provides an interesting and insightful perspective into current and the possible future of automation in society. Fortunati goes on to compare the rise in industrial automation from the 1960’s to today. Moreover, he explains how domestic automation is still uncharted. He also gives a good overview on how social automation is changing the world and explains how industry has changed due to automation. This article is a great resource for people who wants to discuss how automation has changed the world in domestic and industrial terms.

This will be a great resource to use for the presentation because it gives a good overview of domestic and industrial automation and its impact on the world. It is a good source for information pertaining to how automation got its start in the 1960’s and how it is used today. Overall, this article pertains to the scope of the course and will provide answers to the required questions for the presentation. It will help answer how this technology is a solution to the workforce and how it can influence economic power.

Frank, Morgan R., et al. “Small Cities Face Greater Impact from Automation.” 16 May 2017. EBSCOhost,

Morgan explains in this article how automation is affecting small cities. Morgan provides a comparative picture of the impact of automation across U.S. urban areas and how these areas will have to undertake greater adjustments as far as worker employment and job displacements. Morgan does a good job of providing statistics and figures to help explain the impact of automation in small cities compared to major employment hubs such as state capitals or major population centers. This article is a good source for people interested in exploring how automation is affecting small cities specifically.

This resource will provide a good amount of useful material for the presentation. Morgan provides answers to some of the required questions that will be answered. More specifically Morgan helps explain how automation is creating new problems and how it is affecting people in small cities in terms of employment. Moreover, this article will provide a good source of additional information to add into the presentation. More specifically it will provide information on a small city outlook on automation compared to major employment hubs.

Tyagi, Amit. “Artificial Intelligence: Boon or Bane?.” IUP Journal of Computer Sciences, vol. 11, no. 2, Apr. 2017, pp. 43-56. EBSCOhost,

Tyagi provides good research on how automation is transforming the nature of almost everything that is connected to human life. Furthermore, Tyagi talks about both the advantages and disadvantages of using automation. He also talks about how it is changing the world around us and the impacts on the workforce. Moreover, Tyagi explains how he feels that automation will help shape the world in the future and what he sees as the outcome of the workforce in many years after automation is further developed. This article in is a great source for general audiences looking for information on the definition of automation.

This article will be useful in providing general information on automation and will help answer most of the questions required for the presentation. Tyagi uses his point of view to explain the advantages and disadvantages of automation which will be incredibly useful to the project. Moreover, it will help give a good definition of automation and how it is changing the world around us. Overall this article is a great resource for the presentation and also a great resource for the overall scope of the course itself.

Ebel, Karl-H. “The Impact of Industrial Robots on the World of Work.” International Labour Review, vol. 125, no. 1, Jan. 1986, p. 39. EBSCOhost,

Ebel makes great points in this article which talks about the impact of industrial robots on work environment in manufacturing industries. To add on to that, Ebel goes on to talk about the barriers of automation in industries and how it will impact employment overall. Ebel uses reliable sources and talks about how is impacting other countries as well. Furthermore, Ebel explains the robot to human ratio in the industrial workforce which will be crucial information to know for the presentation. This article is a great resource for students or people interested in researching the statistics involving human to robot employment and how automation as a whole is affecting employment for humans.

Overall this article will be a great resource for the presentation. Ebel makes good comparisons between the human to robot ratio when talking about industries. This article will be great in explaining how humans will have to adapt to the automated workforce. The article specifically provides useful figures and research that will help explain the new problems that can arise from the use of automation. Ebel also uses trusted sources for his research.

Davis, Keith. “Individual Needs and Automation.” Academy of Management Journal, vol. 6, no. 4, Dec. 1963, pp. 278-283. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2307/255153.

The article discusses the impact of automation on the fulfillment of human dignity, creativity and potential of a free man. Davis also defines what automation means and talks about how important it is for skilled human workers to maintain the automated systems. Davis also talks about the expanded role of humans when working with automated systems. Furthermore, Davis talks about the relationship between automation and unemployment, and the moral and ethical aspects of implementing automation into an industrial organization. The article is a good source of information for engineers and students learning how to interact with automated machines.

This article will be helpful in discussing how automation is impacting the work force as a whole and how humans will play an expanded role in maintaining the automated systems. This will be helpful when answering the required questions for the project presentation. More specifically this article will help answer the question about whose problem it is and what people might be harmed by this technology. Overall Davis makes great points and this article contains many great points that will be used in my presentation.

Winthrop, Henry. “Some Psychological and Economic Assumptions Underlying Automation, I.” American Journal of Economics & Sociology, vol. 17, no. 4, July 1958, pp. 399-412. EBSCOhost,

The article focuses on psychological and economic aspects of automation. First and perhaps the most potent of the current beliefs used to allay the fears of industrial workers that automation threatens their job security and future, is the emphasis on the opportunity for upgrading. Winthrop goes on to explain how automation will impact the use of humans in technological societies. Furthermore, Winthrop goes on to discuss how automation will positively affect the work force by requiring upgraded labor needs that are performed by industrial engineers and managers. The author shows bias toward automation, but overall is a great resource for students interested in learning about the future of the world with automation and how jobs will be impacted.

This article will be very useful for the upcoming project as it contains a wealth of research and information that pertain to the required questions. The article also contains information that can help facilitate possible discussion or any follow on questions regarding the project. The author also does a great job comparing the negative effects of automation on low-skilled workers to the likes of industrial engineers and managers.

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