Mesopotamia is a land that was founded between the rivers. The name Mesopotamia is a classical name that was given to the land that existed somewhere between the Tigris and the Euphrates in the ancient land of Assyria and Babylon. The most strange thing about Mesopotamia is that it was divided such that some part of it currently lie in the present Iraq while a part of it lie in Syria, Turkey and Iran. The Syrian Desert that is located to the west is a land that was formerly occupied by the semi-nomadic groups that kept moving from one region to the other in search of water and pasture for their animals (Curtis, 1982, p. 15). The nomadic groups included the Armenian, Arabs and the Amorites. On the eastern part of the mountains were other tribes such as the Guti and the Lullubi
The transformation and development of Mesopotamia first began to take place in the southern part, particularly in the Sumer region. The kind of transformation that took place in that region was enough to enable it transform into a first class urban society. One of the factors that transformed the region was the intensive agricultural activities that took place in that region. The Mesopotamia people practiced a lot of agricultural activities that earned those farmers a lot of income. Additionally, there was a lot of industrial production that were going on in that region that attracted even other workers from other regions (Gwendolyn, 2001, p. 6-7). Since the outsiders had nowhere to stay, they started looking for accommodation within the Mesopotamia region. Consequently, the region grew in terms of the population size and in terms of the housing facilities. The architectures had to come up with housing designs that could match the standards of the people during those times so that they could easily offer enough accommodation for the growing population.
As a result of the population that was slowly growing in that region, their emerged a state-controlled religion in Mesopotamia. As a result of the sudden growth of the population in the Mesopotamia region, the place became a region composed of a complex and stratified society that eventually resulted in the growth of a city. One of the factors that led to the development of Mesopotamia was the intense agricultural activities that ate people engaged in at that particular time. The agricultural activities played a significant role since it was the main activity that sustained the livelihoods of the large populations. Moreover, the interaction of the people from different societies led to the use of modern methods of farming that resulted in massive harvest of the farm produce. Additionally, the introduction of an education system that taught the society how to read and write was so important because it enabled them to get a formula of preserving their culture. It was also trough the education system that they were able to inherit the technological knowhow from those who invented it (Daniel, 1997, p.14). Mesopotamia was a place where development and innovations were first seen and built upon.
The neighboring regions surrounding Mesopotamia played a great part in the establishment of the region. Additionally, its lack of natural boundaries made it difficult to stop the influx of outsiders from other regions. The constant entrance of immigrants led to the increase in trade contacts and a diffusion of foreign tribes in to the country.
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