It entails the cooperation between the police and the communities in which they serve, whereby both parties work together in solving crimes and other related problems in the community. It also entails the strategies that are meant to bring the police closer to the people they serve with the aim of reducing crimes and solving crime related situations in the given community. It entails programs like police patrols using bikes or even foot patrols, having mini police stations in the community, police having meetings in the neighborhoods with the people, and police being involved in any activity that takes place in the area (Braga et al, 2014). This type of policing reduces the level of stereotypes both the police and the communities have against each other. This leads to better modes of communication hence promoting peaceful coexistences.
This does not help in reducing crime rates only, but also helps the police have a better understanding of the communities and enable easy identification and control of possible crimes in the society. The communities will also develop positive attitudes towards the police and will more likely report any crime to the police. This model however has its drawbacks; one of them is that there is less cooperation between the police and the communities in regions with high crime rates, who are mainly the minority and poor communities (Rebecca, 2014). If not handled in the right manner, community policing can be seen as increased observation of the underprivileged by the police, which can lead to more harm than good to the communities.
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