Gloria Anzaldua describes and exposes her feelings concerning cultural and social difficulties that Mexican immigrants experience while they are being raised in the United States of America. Gloria ascertains and creates comparisons between Spanish, English, their differences, and how cultural colonialism control and manipulate people’s inclination to speak a particular language instead of the other. Also, she brings to our knowledge the significant social issues such as low self-esteem, identity construction, reprimand, colonialism, racism, and sexism. She luminously starts the essay with an allegory in which she identifies and describes the acculturation process as a thing that exceptionally cruel and violent (Kaye 1). Additionally, the expose intends to reveal the two sides of the acculturation process, which consist of the Hispanic and the Anglo side. The Anglo side explains the urgency of adoption where a person who desires to immigrate to America should learn, and embrace the American culture, and language so as to be accepted. The Hispanic side states that parents with Mexican culture, desire their children to live the American dream and succeed, thus the children are obligated to speak correct American language with no accent.
The desire of Gloria is to have an opportunity to have their language recognized and respected, and freely speak the Chicano Spanish. From her article, there is some advancement made, since there is the existence of political parties that defend Chicano’s rights. Also, books that were published in Chicano Spanish language (Anazaldua 317) Nevertheless, there is some questioning mark regarding the sense of belonging, freedom of expression, race, identity, and culture. As a consequence, she expresses her feeling anger and indignation, revealing how the Chicano Spanish disparaged by the Anglo people and Latinos. Further, she points out that Chicanos are linguistically isolated, leading to adverse effects on their self-esteem.
Gloria’s article is tremendously significant and valuable as it highlights crucial social issues that need to be addressed. The fundamentals of the article can be substantiated and upheld by intellectuals like Fanon, Zizek, Goffman, and Foucault. Even though it was printed in 1987, she is referred as a modern writer of the Chicano movement. Ethnically, she was inclined and influenced by social mayhem, and tumult, as she wrote the article (Anazaldua 314). Conversely, the affluence and opulence of her writing comes from personal experience and goes on knowledge. Furthermore, the strength of the article is depicted by Gloria, when she exhibits and qualifies the acculturation process as cruel and violent. Additionally, she points out the outlook of languages as a narrow and inert pathway of adjustments, which go beyond the new grammatical rules, where these changes are integrated with social and cultural aspects.
In conclusion, Gloria in her article has revealed and developed thoughts of the social turmoil caused by the Chicano movement. Consequently, I stoutly believe that her ideas and thoughts concerning the Chicano Spanish language have added strength to the article. In the olden times, American-Mexican communities that lived in Texas and California went through 20 years isolation and segregation. The Chicanos were denied the right to quality education while the American-Mexican obtained college equal opportunities while the Chicanos were forced into vocational schools. Hence, the Chicano’s were ashamed of speaking Spanish and of their origin as they were psychologically and physically punished in school because of speaking Spanish. It is evident that cultural imperialism endorsed a stigmatized and stereotyped Mexican populace, with a little academic ability that resulted in thousands of school drop-outs.
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