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Translocation in the study of DNA involves the synthesis of proteins from ribosome structures. It starts when the mRNA leaves the nucleus (end of transcirption) and moves to the cytoplasm. From there a tRNA molecule carrying the corresponding amino acid for each codon on the mRNA forms the corresponding chain of proteins. This process continues until all of the codons on the mRNA are read by the tRNA. Each time a protein is bound to the tail end of the mRNA, an amino acid is added to the end of the link. By the end, a long chain of proteins has been constructed, based on the original DNA blueprint for that particular protein to be built.