How Clinical Treatment of Offenders is impacted by Correctional Concerns
The delivery of effective treatment to the various population types found within the prison system is affected by a number of issues. Highly effective treatment programs and services delivered within the prison system are designed to reduce recidivism effectively by addressing how the thoughts of offenders are linked to their behaviors. While correctional facilities advocate for restriction in order to control and potentially change behavior, there is sufficient evidence to show that in order to appropriately transition functioning inmates from the prison environment back into the community and ensure they maintain stable behaviors upon release; least restrictive environment is the most beneficial (Hoke, 2015). Based on the concept of equivalence, where prison facilities aim to provide healthcare services to inmates that is equivalent to care available in the community whenever possible is one that has improved prison healthcare. Be that as it may, there are limitations faced in healthcare provision as a result of prison settings such as overcrowding and high demand for treatment facilities and resources that are in short supply (Hoke, 2015).
Examples of how Correctional Concerns can Impact Treatment Interventions
Prisons are designed to keep society safe while accomplishing the mission of corrections. This very mission becomes one of the biggest barriers to the provision of health treatment due to the challenges involved in providing safety to staff and inmates and maintaining security within the institution. Segregation, which separates inmates from the general population whether administrative or disciplinary, has been found to harmful psychologically, especially when prolonged. Despite inducing psychological effects such as paranoia, anxiety, obsessive thoughts, anger, psychosis, perceptual disturbances, cognitive disturbances, and depression it also serves as a major barrier to health treatment (Hoke, 2015). Coercive action against offenders through rehabilitation and treatment programs aimed at reducing recidivism have shown positive impact on fighting crime for instance through treating substance abuse. This approach of tackling the core problem of addiction has not only helped to curb criminal behavior but has also eased the burden imposed on government budgets (Belenko & Peugh, 1998).
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