Criminal Justice and Security Management Researches Warranting the Utilization of Mixed Methods Research

Various criminal justice, as well as security management, researches are best conducted using the mixed-methods approach, research, or methodology. The approach focuses on specific research questions, which require actual contextual appreciations, cultural influences, and multiple perspectives. In researches, including criminal justice, as well as security management, researches, the approach employs thorough quantitative along with qualitative research. The quantitative research appraises specific constructs’ frequencies and magnitudes while the qualitative one examines the constructs’ meaning and understanding. In mixed methods research, multiple methods such as in-depth interviews and intervention trials are utilized according to Bryman (2006). The methods are combined or integrated to exploit the strengths defining each of them. This essay examines the types of criminal justice, as well as security management, researches that warrant the employment of the mixed methods approach.

Studies in Which Qualitative Method or Quantitative Method is Insufficient in Itself

            Ideally, the research approach employed in a given investigation or research ought to fit the attendant research questions or problems. In some criminal justice, as well as security management, researches, the qualitative method or the quantitative one is insufficient on its own. That is especially so when there is a need to formulate diverse perspectives and an all-round appreciation of the questions. For instance, in various criminal justice, as well as security management, researches, quantitative outcome determinants may be understandable utilizing qualitative data. On the other hand, in the researches, qualitative determinations may helpful happen before the formulation of effective measurement tools. Through the inclusion of qualitative methods within mixed methods, criminal justice and security management researchers can explore new initiatives and questions, intricate phenomena, interactions, and constructs that are hard to quantify or measure in particular common along with experimental contexts or settings (Greene, 2007).

The mixed methods approach is recommended where criminal justice, as well as security management, researchers are keen on focusing on particular meanings and contexts of human experiences on one hand and describing them and examining their relationships on the other hand, concurrently (Morse & Niehaus, 2009). One of the obvious strengths of the qualitative approach is its focus on the meanings and the contexts especially in researches driven by the driven by the need to develop particular theories and inductive researches. Quantitative inquiries help in the testing of the theories as well as any related hypotheses, examining variable relationships and gathering descriptive information.

Social Inquiries

The mixed method approach is rather suitable for criminal justice, as well as security management, studies, which are by their nature social inquiries. When the qualitative approach and the quantitative one are jointly used in the same criminal justice, as well as security management, studies, researchers collect evidence in accordance with the character of the corresponding theoretical persuasions and questions. The evidence helps the researchers appreciate the social, security, and criminal justice worlds and their diverse interfaces. The usage of the two approaches in the same criminal justice, as well as security management, researches helps turn them into well-rounded social inquiries according to Bryman (2006).

The inquiries are directed towards diverse sources, as well as multiple levels, which influence security management and criminal justice problems, including individuals, families, organizations, policies, and statutes. Given that quantitative methods are deductive, they allow for the determination of the pervasiveness of particular security or criminal justice-related phenomena. They allow for the determination of the pervasiveness of particular phenomena association patterns, including causality inferences. Given that qualitative methods are inductive in nature, they allow criminal justice, as well as security management, researchers to identify previously unfamiliar processes and justifications of the occurrence of particular phenomena. Besides, the methods allow the researchers to identify the phenomena’s effects. The combined strengths of the qualitative and quantitative methods mean that the mixed methods approach best suited for social inquiries that require the international gathering of data via each of its constituent methods according to Bryman (2006).

Studies Entailing Multiple Theoretical Perspectives or Frameworks

The mixed methods approach is recommended where criminal justice, as well as security management, studies requiring researchers to draw from multiple theoretical perspectives, including biological, behavioral, and social perspectives concurrently (Greene, 2007). When the diverse perspectives are adopted in the same study, they ought to be considered in each of the study’s phases. In such studies, mixed methods afford researchers platforms, or opportunities, for integrating diverse theoretical perspectives, including the critical theory and criminological theories according to Bryman (2006). Mixed methods allow the researchers to examine criminal justice, as well as security management, problems from diverse perspectives thus enriching and enhancing the meanings they draw from particular studies.

Mixed methods help the researchers in contextualizing the data that they come along by taking macro pictures of the societies in which they base their researches and focus on the individuals constituting the societies (Morse & Niehaus, 2009). The researchers formulate complementary pictures, develop well-rounded appreciations of particular research problems, and provide contextual illustrations for particular trends, for instance, changes in the racial representation of those convicted of burglary annually over a ten-year period.

Studies Aimed At Building Databases on Others

Besides, the mixed methods approach is suitable for criminal justice, as well as security management, researches aimed at building particular databases over others. When quantitative applications, or phases, come after qualitative applications, researchers can formulate survey interventions, programs, or tools hinged in qualitative outcomes. When qualitative applications, or phases, come after quantitative applications, researchers find it easy to establish the best subjects for follow-up studies or for explaining particular mechanisms underlying quantitative outcomes (Greene, 2007).

Conclusion

 

 

There are various classes of criminal justice, as well as security management, researches that warrant the employment of the mixed-methods approach. They include the researches for which the qualitative method or the quantitative one is insufficient on its own. Mixed methods are appropriate where researchers are keen on focusing on particular meanings and contexts of human experiences on one hand and describing them and examining their relationships, on the other hand, concurrently. It is suitable for researches that are by their nature social inquiries. Besides, the mixed methods approach is suitable for criminal justice, as well as security management, studies requiring researchers to draw from multiple theoretical perspectives

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