Components of the Iron Triangle
The iron triangle in policymaking comprises three main components that include congress, interest groups, and bureaucracy. The correlation between the three fractions can develop a self-sufficient sub-governmental condition where the best interests of American citizens are ignored in favor of getting regulation changes and special favor for enacting certain legislation. Bureaucracy refers to agencies of the executive in the government organizations. This component plays the main role in regulation, administration, and implementation. Interest groups refer to associations of organizations or individuals that have shared concerns regarding public policy and try to influence the public policy formation in their favor by lobbying the members of the congress. Interest groups offer money to congress to influence them to pass laws that are favorable to them (Epstein & O’Halloran, 1995). They also woo the bureaucracy to pass favorable regulation in there by offering favorable testimony to the Congress regarding the agencies. Congress refers to the elected legislators that have the basic role of law formation. Congress can sponsor policy and work with others to enact that policy into law. Congress is highly influenced by the interest group that offers money to sponsor a policy that is likely to favor them or fail of a policy that is unfavorable to them. Once the congress is under the control of the interest group, it also considers wooing the bureaucracy by adding their authority and increasing their budget to influence them to make regulations that favor the interest group of their choice. Bureaucracy sets the main guideline in the implementation of new policies passed by the congress. They also assist the congress by keeping the interest group happy but giving policy regulations that favor the interest group. They also pass regulations that are favorable to the interest group, with a promise of being marketed by the interest group to the congress. The three components thus work in a cyclist way trying to influence each other’s decisions in favor of the interest group (Epstein & O’Halloran, 1995).
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