Stalking is unwanted behavior passed by an individual or a group towards another person. Normally it’s related to intimidation or harassment. initially in the year 1990,the state of California was the first in united states to enact the law, the law prohibited harassment or making a threat to any person or cause bodily harm, it resulted to other 50 state and the federal government to enact laws that was to address the stalking menace .
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According to Wright and Burgess (1996), Internet has become a widely used way of communication, higher populations of people round the world have accessed thus acts as a prime source of communication .cyber stalking has become a serious a matter and of the recent years .it has gained global attention. Internet being a form of communications have limitless boundaries hence there is need for policies to regulate internet ominous task. For instance without tangible laws to govern the users, cyber user would have been prone to a wide range of abuse, normally they target their victims through chat rooms forums or message board discussions, usually, it occurs to women who are stalked by men or even children who are being stalked by adult predators.
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The state of California have legislated the law to render punishment to the offenders, cal. penal code 422 describe the elements of offence at its dire consequences Attinello,(1993)., it outline s that any person who willfully threatens to commit a crime which will result to death or bodily injury to another person, with specific intent that the statement made verbally, in writing or by electronic means of communication device will face the consequences, it reinforces the safety to the person who is offended by assuring the victim or for his immediate family’s safety. Here the family could be spouse whether by marriage, or not parent, child or any other person related with member whose rights have been violated. The legislation was inclusive to electronic communication devices which include but not limited to telephones, video recorders, fax machines, or cellular telephones, (Zona and Palarea,1998).
However, the legislated laws have certain limitations, generally, the laws covered both the narrow and wide approach ,there is fear that the mentally impaired stalkers would not be conscious of what they do and therefore could not be considered to act in the manner they were considered to act intentional. Punishment impounded could at some point not favor their conditions. Ultimately, the essence of stalking should be appropriate and and it should have the legal and non legal remedies so as to combat the this highly detrimental type of behavior.
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