safety is highly important in ensuring work efficiency and in reducing
unnecessary cost associated with occupational injuries in any organization. It
therefore highly important for any organization to consider safety of any
equipment or structure they intend to use. This can be done by ensuring safety
review during the design stage of any development and employment of possible
changes to maximize on the safety of upcoming structures and equipment. Safety
review, during design stage increases chances of eliminating or substituting
hazards before they take place. This is one of the most effective ways of
addressing hazards in an organization. This paper analyses safety design review
process, role of safety and concept interrelated with the approach of safety
Design Review Process
The safety design process contains five main stages. The first stage involves defining safety goals. Safety goals are intended to assist in maintaining safety focus during the design process. Safety goals need to reflect on legislation, regulatory requirements and project-unique risk tolerability criteria and strategies of sustainability and project-unique environmental and safety goals. The second step involves understanding environmental aspects and hazards. Understanding hazards makes it easy to define effective hazards control process.
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The third stage involves implementation of inherent safer principles of design. With the knowledge of possible hazard, the safety professionals should focus on creating a safer design by eliminating hazards, reducing hazards, simplifying the design or moderating the possible hazards that can be found in the design and substituting hazards. The fourth stage involves controlling residual risk which happens if inherent control cannot be attained. This can be done by use of engineering control, administrative control, or by use of personal protective equipment. The last stage in safety design process involves communication and consolidation (Amec Foster Wheeler, 2016).
Role and Importance of Safety in a Safety Management System
Safety management system is a set of procedures and policies used by an organization to lower illnesses and accidents among workers. Safety in a safety management system is to ensure that all the set policies and procedures put safety in mind and are enacted to reduce, substitute or eliminate hazards in the system. The role of safety is to ensure workers health and wellbeing and to eliminate incidences that would result to injuries, fatalities or loss of properties. Safety in procedures and policies is to ensure that the organization adapts safety culture where workers wellbeing is prioritized on. Safety is important in ensuring that no worker is subjected to injuries or pain while carrying out their duties (Amec Foster Wheeler, 2016).
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Safety Concepts Inter-Relate with the Safety Management Systems Approach
The safety concept
focus on reducing, eliminating or substituting hazards to maximize on a safe
working environment free from injuries, pain, fatalities or destruction of
properties. While safety is a goal, safety management system provides a
mechanism through which this goal can be achieved. An organization can achieve
safety goals by defining procedures and policies that when followed they would
aid in achieving the organization safety goal. The safety management system can
also play a great role in guiding design safety review process to ensure all
possible safety measures are considered before approval of any project.
are among the most precious stakeholders in any organization. It is therefore
important for an organization to invest on their safety and wellbeing. One way
to do this is by ensuring design safety review process where the structure,
equipment or system is assessed to ensure that it is safe for use. This ensures
that workers can go about their daily businesses without experiencing
preventable accidents that can leave them injured or dead.
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