The juvenile courts constitute special courts that handle the young offenders by trying and giving judgments to cases related to the crime committed by minors. More often, young adolescent children who commit crime are sometimes treated differently from the adults. The prime role of juvenile court system is to decide the legal issues with regard to diverse cases reported, the handle cases of delinquency that is crime committed by minor and dependency which is non-parental person who is chosen to care for a minor. They further determine the type of services that should be offered to family and whether the child should be returned to the community or the family. such kind of implications in the united states has consequences on survival of families,(Jennifer 2005).
For instance , children are highly valued and are seen as the continuation of their lineage, children are too expected to contribute to the social group by acting as agents of doing the daily chore while in the homestead ,like cooking hence the responsibility of the upbringing become the work of the group or family.
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However juvenile was formed primarily to provide supervision and monitor the youth under the jurisdiction so that they comply with the court orders, while there, they are being assisted by the juvenile probation officers whom they support them in the needs they require, they also give direction, guidance and the rehabilitation services so that they encourage them and support their efforts toward changing the delinquent behavior
According to Piquero, (2000),The courts involves itself in mentoring programs, the officers initiate programs that will provide youth with positive adult contact and thereby reduce risk factors like the anti-social behavior and lack of commitment to schools ,the mentors provide youth with personal connectness and cultural enrichment opportunities ,knowledge of spiritually and values thus giving hope for the future.
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Inspite of great significant The juvenile court has outlived its usefulness in instilling good behavior to children. Psychologist in the United States have identified as a factor that the existing juvenile system contributes to trauma. The practices in the juvenile system would naturally lead to elimination of intellectual practices which also frequently represent unacceptable socialization and development
Indeed ,the negative development consequences existing in the juvenile court simply puts more harm incase a child is in neurobiological and psychological development. just as children have a developmental need s to limits, they too have e an equally important need to encounter predicable boundaries and structure where a balance between the punishment and permissiveness should be measured and timely, this is essential for effective intervening with the low and moderate offenders.
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When dealing with youth in this setting, we ought to be aware of individual disorders that result to conflict and rebellious acts. To bring to its normalcy, juvenile system must further asses the condition resulting to the delinquent behavior of the child. It may be as a result of the family history of problem criminal involvement and family social economic status. The notion of an attention is requirement that s relatively needed for effective rehabilitation program (Benjamin & Emily,(2006).
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