Pre-war Experience on The Home-Front

War can have numerous adverse effects on any nation. World War I, like any other war, had many negative effects on all the countries involved. Among the countries affected by the war were Britain, Germany and France. Before the First World War, Britain and Germany engaged in naval arms race (Watt, 1984). Britain was enjoying her position as the world’s dominant naval force after the Napoleonic wars but Germany decided to disturb Britain’s peace by contending her dominance. This resulted to naval war that featured trade blockades, dreadnoughts and submarines. Germany was adversely affected by the trade blockades as they were experiencing food scarcity. Britain’s merchant vessels were attacked by German’s U- boats; this disrupted the Allied trade and weakened Britain’s economy. The naval war prompted the United States to declare War after British ship carrying American’s passengers was sunk in the sea.

Reaction to British v. German naval battle scars;

The naval war resulted to huge loss of innocent lives since ships were sank in the sea, also economies of the countries involved in the war were greatly affected. There was food scarcity particularly in Germany which was affected by the trade blockades (Watt, 1984).  This war also promoted tension and rivalry between nations involved in the war and fastened the outbreak of Second World War. In my opinion, the war was not warranted and it could have been avoided since it resulted from desire to compete and pride from the nations involved.

 What changed because of the movement from isolationism?

The United States stayed away from First World War, as they had nothing to benefit by being involved. Therefore, they tried not to pick sides but upsurge kindness towards Britain and indignation towards Germany for sinking British ship carrying American’s passengers pressed United States to be involved in the War. In 1930, Americans faced immense economic hardships because of the World’s depression and many Americans believed they were tricked in joining First World War (Massumi, 2002).  The emergence of vicious leaders like Hitler and Mussolini made America change its foreign policies as Americans realized fascism would surmount European countries. The dread of the fascist threat toward American democracy prompted the end of isolationism and inducted the period of American interventionism.

 The experience of the local populations and varied demographics, including African Americans, women and lower classes

First World War affected all aspects of life in America. First, industrial production increased as manufacturers produced more goods to meet the rising demand. New technologies were implemented to enable manufacturers address the growing needs of the government and the citizens. As a result, the lifestyle of most Americans rapidly improved due to availability of new job opportunities and improved economy. In addition, African-American experience in the World War 1 brought a transformation in black history. Black soldiers faced racial discrimination and hostility (Watt, 1984).  The African American population also migrated to the cities to be employed in the factories. Further, World War I prompted women movements in America and as a result, women were allowed to vote.  Job opportunities opened for women and this made them to be independent, this has been passed over to the after effects of World War I. Due to the boom of industries and improved economy, the gap between the high and the low social economic classes was breached.

Assess the relevance of your subject’s concerns about the war’s impact on the international community

First World War altered relations between Britain, Spain, France and their colonies. For example, Britain achieved control of the French colonies and expelled them. In an effort to attain full control of the colony, Britain was obliged to make adjustments to accommodate its conquered subjects. Signing of treaties was significant as it marked the end of war (Teegen, Doh & Vachani, 2004). These nations also suffered financially because of the war with momentous long term consequences.

 The War’s Economic Impact and Compare/contrast pre/post war experience

World War I affected the United States adversely, the economy boomed as industries increased their production of war materials (Humphreys, Thompson & Miner, 1998).  The growth in the American economy made loans available to the warring nations. New technologies were discovered and implemented to enable manufactures produce and supply war materials. United States involvement in the war led to the Great depression and World War II. Inflation rates were high and affected both skilled and unskilled workers.  Both wars are pointer events in the modern history. Existence of a prevailing super power was common in the two wars. In World War I, European nations were the principal super powers while in World War II, United States was the principal Super power (Watt, 1984).  In the First World War, women made little contribution to the results of war but the emergence of women movements in 1930 led to intense participation of women in the Secord World war.

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