What is a priori knowledge? How is it acquired? And how do we know whether a priori propositions are true? Explain your answer, using an example of your own.
A priori knowledge refers to propositional knowledge gained through rational thought. These propositions are always true. This knowledge is acquired through rational thinking, self-understanding and personal reflection. A priori propositions are true when knowledge acquired is free of sense experience. We know they are true when propositions are derived from conceptual thought. For example, if I’m hungry, then I need food.
What is a posteriori knowledge? How is it acquired? And how do we know whether a posteriori propositions are true? Explain your answer, using an example of your own.
A posterior knowledge are basically propositions that people arrive at as a result of sense experience. These propositions are capable of being falls due to inaccurate thinking, illusions, incomplete perception among other errors. These propositions are acquired through the engagement of perceptual faculties or by sense experience. It is knowledge acquired through our interaction with the environment. We know a posterior propositions are trues from sense experience. For example, it is cold today.
What is inferential knowledge? How is it acquired? Should it be considered a separate kind of knowledge different from a priori and a posteriori knowledge? Explain your answer, using an example of your own.
Inferential knowledge refers to knowledge gained or arrived at from inferring. It is derived from a premise through logical reasoning. It is acquired through logical reasoning to infer. Inferential knowledge may either be a priori or a posterior proposition. This is, however, dependent on the kind of premise on which inference is made. For this reason, inferential knowledge should not be considered a separate kind of knowledge different from a priori and a posterior knowledge. For example, if I am hungry, then I should eat.
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