Four Components of the SARA model
The four components of SARA are scanning, analyzing, responding, and assessing. “Scanning refers to identifying problems in the community and understanding their nature and extent. Analysis refers to learning the causes of sources of the problem and researching what has been done to intervene in the past (so one can know what has worked and what has not worked). Response involves designing and implementing a policy or program to address the problem and ideally reduce it. Finally, assessment means making sure the plan was properly implemented, collecting data to see whether goals and outcomes were achieved, and making needed changes to the policy or program to make it more effective (Center for Problem-Oriented Policing, 2011) (Robinson, M. B., 2013).”
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Role SARA Plays In Identifying An Appropriate Crime Prevention Program.
The SARA model contributes to identifying and narrowing crime by identifying risk factors for crime and then addressing those risk factors. “POP relies on intelligence generated by patrol officers as well as crime analysts to pinpoint where problems are most likely to arise or have already arisen and then directs resources at those places. It also frequently involves other agencies in the community to help reduce the problem before it leads to serious crimes (Robinson, M. B., 2013).”
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It is important to follow each step consecutively and not skip steps because that could lead to incorrect analysis of crime and incorrect development of pragmatic responses. It can also lead to the misuse of strategic resources which could have a negative effect on how law enforcement agencies respond to crime. It would definitely lead to pitfalls when trying to combat crime.
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This is a program set up for you to follow certain steps to help you obtain the information that you were looking for. SARA is set up to hopefully help you when studying your crime. Using SARA helps us narrow down the specific crime and we do not waste valuable time. If using SARA correctly it can prove to be very helpful and a very good tool. By using SARA you will be able to just worry about what is important you won’t have to mess around with unnecessary data. It is important that you follow every step even if you think that it is not important or does not pertain to the crime you are studying that way you are sure that you do not miss anything. Because skipping around on steps on thinking you do not need to do one is not good because you could miss valuable steps you did not think you would need or that would be helpful.
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- Scanning- is the process of scanning through all the information to see what is going to be helpful into the study of this specific crime
- Analysis- Is analyzing all the data that you got and start to piece things together
- Response- How we respond to the information that we found out and how we will proceed
- Assessment- After we have gathered everything now we need to assess what the outcome will be of this and how we will carry on from there.