Schizopheria in Today’s Youth – Annotated Bibliography

Chan, V. (2017). Schizophrenia and psychosis: Diagnosis, current research trends, and model treatment approaches with implications for transitional age youth. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 26(2), 341-366.

This paper is a review of schizophrenia among the young people. The paper investigates more on the onset symptoms, diagnosis and chances for accurate diagnosis, and the measures employed in managing and treating the condition. The paper reviews on individuals with high risk of acquiring the diseases and the challenges experienced in its diagnosis in the onset of the symptoms at young age, especially due to matching symptoms with other co-curing conditions, and lack of some conspicuous symptoms of schizophrenia in the first episode at young age. Thus, there is always case of misdiagnosis which delays treatment. The paper also encourages the use of evidence-based intervention methods for youths as a way of reducing risks of mortality and increasing chances of living close to normal life in adulthood. The paper will be used to inform the research on schizophrenia diagnosis challenges among the youth and the best intervention methods that can be used.

Hollis, C. (2000). Adolescent schizophrenia.Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 6, 83-92.

This paper was among the first papers to focus on schizophrenia among adolescence and young people. The paper focused more on etiological and clinical significance unusual early schizophrenia onset in adolescence and children. The main focus was to determine if the children and adolescent experienced similar symptoms as adults who suffered from schizophrenia. The paper also determines whether their reaction to treatment was similar to that of adults. This article mainly focuses on understanding schizophrenia among young people and children, with intention of determining whether the discovered methods of diagnosing and managing schizophrenia are good enough to handle the condition among young people. The paper will be used to inform the research more on diagnosis and management of schizophrenia among young people.

Schwartz, C., Waddell, C., Barican, J., Garland, O., Nightingale, L., Gray-Grant, D., &Pauls, N. (2009).Understanding and treating psychosis in young people.Children’s Mental Health Research, 3(3), 1-29. 

This paper provides a review of previous studies on schizophrenia. The paper gives detailed information on the condition. It includes statistics on the number of children and young people diagnosed with the condition in Canada, determining when the first episode occurred. The paper discusses the causes of schizophrenia and how it affects the life of the patient, as well as the diagnosis challenges and the importance of accurate diagnosis. The paper also determines how others can intervene to assist and support youths diagnosed with this condition especially with financial challenges associated with schizophrenia treatment. The paper also touches on the best method to treat schizophrenia by reviewing the previous evidence based researches. The identified techniques include therapy and pharmacology. Other methods of promoting their quality of life like training them to be independent and to overcome the mental symptoms are discussed. This paper will be used to inform the research on the best measures that can be employed to minimize the negative impact of schizophrenia on life of young people.

Thara, R. (2005). Schizophrenia: Disabling today’s youth. Harvard Health Policy Review, 6(2), 81-88.

This paper gives a general overview of schizophrenia and demonstrates how it affects life of young people across the globe. The paper describe both the indirect and direct costs of schizophrenia, and the challenges that still exist of understanding the disease especially among the young people. It touches on biological and genetic factors and how they influence the disease occurrence across the globe. The paper discusses incidence and prevalence of schizophrenia, its symptoms and signs, outcome and cause, and care methods that can be applied to improve the quality of life of young people diagnosed with the condition. The paper will be used to inform the research especially on the spread of the disease across the world and its preference among other things.

Winklbaur, B., Ebner, N., Sachs, G., Thau, K., & Fischer, G. (2006).Substance abuse in patients with schizophrenia.Dialogues ClinNeurosci, 8(1), 37-43.

Drug abuse is considered as one of the major comorbidity among schizophrenia patients. According to the article, majority of schizophrenia patient are drug or alcohol users, especially male patients and those with low education level. The paper discusses schizophrenia and drug abuse comorbidity and how it affects the life of young people. The paper discusses the use of cannabis, cocaine and nicotine among schizophrenia patients and how these drugs act as a relapse risk factor. The paper also demonstrates how the use of drugs interferes with schizophrenia treatment plan and how they add to the psychotic symptoms among these patients. This paper will contribute in demonstrating the risk of drug abuse comorbidity among schizophrenia youths and how it can worsen their condition and quality of life.

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