Casale, Giancarlo. “The Ottoman Age of Exploration.” 2010.
Giancarlo Casale investigates the Age of Exploration through the lens of Sultan Selim of the Ottoman Empire. Sultan Selim is still remembered by many for his exploits in the Indian Ocean and the contacts that he forged through trade and exploration. In this book, the author explores the Turk’s increased involvement in exploration exploits from 1571 and their interest in areas that had, hitherto, remained unexplored. Their exploits became an international phenomenon when the Portuguese Empire, a veteran in exploration, became aware of their feats and the challenge that they were bound to pose.
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In so doing, Sultan Selim successfully launched a systematic military and ideological campaign during the Age of Exploration and even managed to control various rewarding maritime trade routes. As Assistant Professor of the History McKnight at the University of Minnesota, Giancarlo Casale was qualified to author a book on this subject. His bias stems from vast experience in Islamic history which enabled him to piece together the intricacies of trade during the Age of Exploration. A restrained tone allows him to delve into the facts while exploring emotive issues that have been known to divide opinions in the world of scholarship.
Gallagher, Aileen. Prince Henry, the Navigator: Pioneer of Modern Exploration. The Rosen Publishing Group, 2013.
An investigation of the
Age of Exploration is never complete without an appraisal of Prince Henry the
Navigator of Portugal and his role in its advance. Aileen Gallagher examines
the Prince Henry’s financial support towards this endeavor and how his goodwill
ultimately aided explorers to conquer new lands and spread European influence.
As Grand Master of the Military Order of Christ, Henry amassed a considerable
amount of wealth and resources which he later redirected towards his ambitious
plans for exploration. The prince was acutely aware of his central role in the
empire and was determined to use his position to expand Portuguese maritime
expansion in the far reaches of the Atlantic Ocean. The author explores Prince
Henry’s unusual preoccupation with exploration was manifested in his routine
sponsorship of voyages and expeditions to unknown lands for glory. In addition
to this, he would also collect the infamous o
quinto tax on all profits made during these expeditions and re-invested
this money in exploration. As an
Associate Professor of History at Syracruse University, Aileen Gallagher fits
the profile of a sophisticated scholar well-versed in antiquity which also doubles
as her bias. Her pragmatic tone allows the reader to understand the dynamics
that were at play during the Age of Exploration and the importance of
benefactors in making successful voyages
George, Enzo. The Age of Exploration. Cavendish Square Publishing, LLC, 2016.
In the recent past, the
common and accepted axiom has been that the Age of Exploration was a particular
period in history when European powers decided to organize expeditions to
unknown lands for a number of reasons. However, many seem to ignore key proceedings
that made these expeditions possible and the effects they went on to have on
its legacy. In this particular manuscript, Enzo George introduces this angle by
reminding the reader that the Age of Exploration was not a single event but a
series of connected incidents. These events include the voyages of legendary
explorers such as Zheng He and other infamous actions conducted by voyagers of
his ilk. These include the slave trade and the pernicious piracy that plagued
the high seas for centuries. As a renowned historian, Enzo amalgamates primary
sources from this period to aid the reader to better understand the prevailing
situation at the time. Enzo’s penchant for European History also fuels his bias
towards the subject, although he expertly explores relevant issues that created
wealth for European powers during the 15th century.
Kling, Andrew A. The Age of Exploration. Greenhaven Publishing LLC, 2013.
The Age of Exploration
has always proved a difficult subject to explore owing to it being a hodgepodge
of happenings with many players. In exploring the subject, Andrew Kling sought
to demystify the myths and misconceptions about this historical period by
laying out little-known facts rarely inquired by contemporary authors. For
instance, he dispels the common assumption that piracy was rife across the seas
but points out that it occurred in select areas where naval patrols were few.
In addition to this, he also helps the reader to understand the various players
who made the expeditions possible and the exotic locations that they targeted
once they received funding. Kling engages the readers constantly with pertinent
discussions meant to jog their critical faculties while introducing facts about
the earliest trade routes ever chartered by explorers. Key events mentioned in
the book include Vasco da Gama’s conquest of the African coast and Christopher
Columbus’ arrival in the new world. Kling is a prolific writer and editor,
utilizing an analytical tone to explore pertinent issues.
Knobler, Adam. Mythology and Diplomacy in the Age of Exploration. BRILL, 2016.
There are a number of
factors that motivated 15th century Europeans to explore the new
territories, although some are rarely explored. One such area is in mythology
and its impact on the European psyche at this critical time. Knobler is aware
of this fact and investigates the relationship between these explorations and
the mythologies that were prevalent in medieval Europe. Knobler points out
those European nations had adopted Christianity during this period, which made
it possible for various actors to formulate various myths meant to objectives.
For instance the belief in the Ten Lost Tribes of the Jewish nations led
Europeans to search for them in unknown lands. Thus, Knobler suggests that
mythologies and cosmologies played a central role during this period, acting as
primary motivators in the development of myths about figures such as Prester
John the priest-king. Adam Knobler is professor of History in The College of
New Jersey and it is his specialization in medieval European expansion that
fans his bias. He uses a laudatory tone to assess the role of early Europeans
and their contribution to the Age of Exploration.
Leibman, Laura A. Gale Researcher Guide for: Jewish Voices from the Age of Exploration. Gale, Cengage Learning,
Jews were part of a
minority group that was scattered across the Iberian Peninsula and actively
participated in key historical events. Leibman explores their role using
writings from Crypto-Jews during this era to reconstruct their participation in
the Age of Exploration. She explores the relationship that Jewish players such
as Manuel Cardoso de Macedo had with the Spanish and Portuguese crown and how
they took part in successful expeditions. The author also acknowledges that the
Jewish spiritual brotherhood was at the crux of their involvement in these
endeavors since most of them included members of the same faith. Even though
they contributed greatly to the Age of Exploration, Jews were not spared by the
establishment during the Spanish inquisition and were soon expelled from the
Iberian Peninsula without any considerations being made. Laura Leiman holds a Ph.D.
in History from the University of California and currently serves as Professor
of English and Humanities at Reed College. His informative tone allows the
reader to fully appreciate the participation and contribution of the Jewish
players during the Age of Exploration.
Pletcher, Kenneth. The Age of Exploration: From Christopher Columbus to Ferdinand Magellan. Britanncia Educational Publishing, 2013.
The Age of Exploration
was a unique period in European history. Trade routes were chartered for the
first time, allowing various empires to actively search for raw materials that
would benefit their nations greatly. Pletcher allows the reader to have a feel
of how it was like for an explorer during this period of territorial expansion
and a quest to understand lands that lay beyond the horizon. His approach is
systematic and seeks to provide a clear background of key players who
participated in this age from its inception. Ferdinand Magellan, Christopher
Columbus and Francisco Pissarro are key figures mentioned in this account owing
to their prominence. Most of them led exiting lives even though tragedy was
always a part of their lives. They waged various wars for their empires with
the intention of changing the course of history and achieving glory for the
crown. Pletcher is a Senior Editor working with the Geography and History for
Encyclopedia, which informed his bias and objective tone when crafting his
Weaver, Stewart A. “4. The Age of Exploration.” Very Short Introductions, 2015.
An in-depth look at the origin of the techniques used for sailing is usually vital when reviewing the Age of Exploration. Thus, Weaver embarks on a quest to pinpoint the technological breakthroughs that made it possible for 16th century explorers to master the high seas. In particular, she identifies the precision compass, caravels and the astrolabe as novel innovations that enabled navigators to undertake their arduous tasks without the risk of failure. Weaver is an expert historian from Stanford University, but also doubles up as an Associate Professor of Physics at Yale. It is this unusual combination of expertise that allows him to explore this epoch in world history, allowing her to pinpoint areas of innovation that were accurately applied for maximum. Weaver’s bias towards these tools as the primary reason why sailors achieved relative success during this era stems from his interest in physics. He uses an academic tone coupled with a myriad of technical terms to aid the reader in understanding the complexity of the technology that was in use during this period.
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