Article Critique – Functional impairment in Latino children with ADHD

Haack, L. M., & Gerdes, A. C. (2011). Functional impairment in Latino children with ADHD: Implications for culturally appropriate conceptualization and measurement. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 14, 318-328.

The article discusses functional impairment among children with ADHD. The paper specializes on ADHD cases among the Latino community where the effect of culture on ADHD development in the community is discussed. It evaluates how the functional impairment is measured using universal assessment and justifies why this is not very effective in assessing Latino’s whose ADHD condition is highly impacted by the culture.  The article measures and conceptualizes functional impairment associated to childhood ADHD, specifically in the swiftly growing, though underserved Latino community. The main aim of the paper is to critique and examine how the psychology field has measured and understood functional impairment in Latino school aged children suffering from ADHD. The paper manages this by reviewing different literature addressing ADHD and Latino culture. The paper does not have a hypothesis to base its research process. The main conclusion given by the paper is that the ADHD functional impairment in Latino children is highly influenced by the cultural values in the community. However the current ADHD assessment does not consider the cultural aspect, an issue that impact its accuracy in the evaluation of Latino children. In this regard, the paper recommend the development of Latino cultural based ADHD assessment to enhance diagnosis and intervention among Latino school going aged children.

The paper title is very relevant to the paper content. It clearly demonstrate that the paper will focus on ADHD functional impairment among Latino children and how culture contribution to the impairment can be measured and hypothesized. The paper however has a poorly structure abstract. It just gives the general overview of what the paper is all about but not in a structural way anticipated in scientific research paper which would include brief on the paper purpose, research methods, the research results, conclusion and recommendation. The abstract makes it hard to identify the nature of the research, its aim and its outcome. It only gives the research aims at the end. Therefore it would be hard to use the abstract for brief review to establish if the paper is relevant to the researchers’ topic. However, the paper has managed to make its purpose clear as stated above. Its focus on ADHD functional impairment measures among children from Latino community is evident in the entire paper. The paper does not demonstrate any sense of misinterpretation. Its relevance can be demonstrated by the cited literature which are more on Latino culture, Latino parenting and ADHD condition among children.

The authors have evaluated a number of aspects which include the general cases of ADHD among children and also among children from Latino community. The paper has integrated various qualitative and quantitative research with intention of establishing the best cultural measure to employ in this case. It has also considered establishing the best technique to evaluate the validity of the identified measures. It can therefore be said that the authors have employed great effort in defining how to obtain the best cultural assessment tool targeting Latino population. The authors have assumed that the measures developers will have similar experiences as those experienced in the reviewed material. The major research limitation is that it does not give the actual solution but it only proposes the need for a solution. In this regard, more research need to be done to construct the actual tool to use to enhance this assessment.

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